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CONSTITUTION

OF THL

STATE OF WASHINGTON.

CONSTITUTION OF TIIE STATE OF WASHINGTON.

Articles 1. Declaration or rights. 2. Legislative department. 3. The Executive. 4. The Judiciary. 5. Impeachment. 6. Election and election rights. 7. Revenue and taxation. 8. State, county and municipal in

debtedness. 9. Education. 10. Militia. 11. County, city and township or

ganization. 12. Corporations other than munic

ipal. 13. State institutions. 14. Seat of government. 15. Harbors and tide water. 16. Schools and granted lands, 17. Tide lands. 18. State seals. 19. Exemptions. 20. Public health and vital statis

tics. 21. Water and water rights. 22. Legislative apportionment. 23. Amendments. 24. Boundaries. 25. Jurisdiction. 26. Compact with the United States. 27. Schedule. Preamble

ARTICLE I.

Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All political power is inherent in

the people. 2. The Constitution of the United

States is the supreme law of

the land. 3. No person shall be deprived of

life, liberty or property with

out due process of law. 4. The people have the right to as

semble in a peaceable manner to consult for the common good.

Section 5. Freedom of speech. 6. The manner of administering

an oath, 7. No person shall be disturbed in

his private affairs or his home invaded without authority of

law, 8. No law granting any privilege

or franchise shall be passed by

the Legislature. 9. No persons shall be compelled to

give evidence against themselves, or be twice put in jeop

ardy for the same offense. 10. Justice to be administered open

ly and without delay. 11. Freedom of religious thought

and worship.--No appropriations for support of religious instruction.-No religious qualifications required for public

office. 12. No law granting to any class

of citizens, etc., privileges or

immunities. 13. The privilege of the writ of

habeas corpus shall not be sus

pended. 14. Excessive bail or fines not to be

imposed, nor cruel punishments

inflicted. 15. Conviction shall not work cor

ruption of blood nor forfeiture

of estate. 16. Private property shall not be

taken without just compensa

tion. 17. No imprisonment for debt, ex

cept. 18. The military shall be subordi

nate to the civil power. 19. All elections shall be free and

equal. 20. Bail accepted for all crimes ex

cept capital offenses. 21. The right of trial by jury shall

remain inviolate.

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Section 22. In criminal prosecutions, the ac

cused shall have the right to appear and defend in person, etc., and demand the nature and cause of the accusation

against him. 23. No bill of attainder, ex post

facto law, etc., shall ever be

passed. 24. Right to bear arms. 25. Offenses heretofore required to

be prosecuted by indictment may be prosecuted by infor

mation. 26. How grand juries may be sum

moned. 27. Treason against the State de

fined. 28. No hereditary emoluments or

privileges shall be granted. 29. The provisions of this Constitu

tion are mandatory unless de

clared to be otherwise. 30. The enumeration of rights in

this Constitution not to deny

others retained by the people. 81. No standing army.--Quartering

of soldiers. 82. A frequent recurrence of funda

mental principles is essential to the security of individual rights and the perpetuity of a free government.

Section

stitution shall be on the first Tuesday after the first Mon

day in November, 1890. 6. After the first election Senators

shall be elected in the same manner as members of the House

are required to be elected. 7. To be e'igible to the Legislature. 8. Each House shall be judge of

the election and qualification

of its own members. 9. Each House may punish for con.

tempt and disorderly behavior. 10. Each House shall elect its own

officers; when Lieutenant-Gov. ernor is acting as Governor the Senate shall choose a tem

porary president. 11. Each House shall keep its own

journal. 12. When the first Legislature shall

meet. 13. Members of the Legislature may

not hold a civil office, etc. 14. Those who are not eligible as

members of the Legislature. 15. The Governor shall issue writs

of elections to fill such vacan

cies as may occur. 16. When members of the Legisla

ture may be privileged from

arrest. 17. Absolute freedom of speech

and debate. 18. The style of the laws.—No laws

shall be enacted except by bill 19. No bill shall embrace more than

one subject. 20. A bill may originate in either

House. 21. Yeas and nays shall be entered

on the journal, etc. 22. Requirements for a bill to be. come

a law. 23. Pay of legislators. 24. The Legislature shall not au

thorize any lobby or grant

any divorce. 25. No extra compensation to be

granted to any public officer, agent, etc.

ARTICLE II.

Legislative Department. 1. Vested in the Senate and House

of Representatives. 2. The House shall consist of not

less than sixty-three nor more than ninety-nine members.The number of Senators not more than one-half nor less than one-third of the members

of the House, 3. A census to be taken in 1895 and

every ten years thereafter. 4. Election of the members of the

House.-Term of office. 5. The next election of members

after the adoption of this con

Section 26. The Legislature shall direct by

law in what manner and in what courts suits may be

brought against the State. 27. All elections by the Legislature

shall be viva voce. 28. The Legislature is prohibited

from enacting any private or special laws except in the fol

lowing cases. 29. Contract convict labor shall be

abolished. 30. Corrupt solicitation of the mem

bers of the Legislature shall be punished by fine and imprisonment.-A member who has a private interest in any bill

shall not vote thereon. 31. No law, except appropriation

bills, to take effect until ninety days after the adjournment of the session at which it was

enacted. 32. Every bill to become a law must

be signed by the presiding otficer of each of the two Houses

in open session. 33. The ownership of lands by aliens

who have not declared their intention to become citizens of the United States is prohibited, except when acquired by in

heritance. 34. There shall be established a bu

reau of statistics, agriculture

and immigration. 35. Laws to be passed for the pro

tection of persons working in

mines, factories, etc. 36. Every bill must be introduced

at least ten days before the

final adjournment, unless. 37. No bill shall ever be revised

or amended by mere reference

to its title. 38. No amendment to any bill shall

be allowed which shall change the scope and object of the

bill. 39. Officers of the State may not

accept a pass from any railroad or other corporation.

ARTICLE III.

Executire. Section 1. The executive department shall

consist of Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Secretary of

State, etc. 2. The supreme executive power

of the State is vested in the Governor.-Term of office four

years. 3. Term of office of other State

officers. 4. What is to be done with the re

turns for the election of the

officers named above. 5. The Governor may require

information in writing from

the officers of the State. 6. He shall communicate by mes

sage. 7. He may, on extraordinary occa

sions, convene the Legislature

by proclamation. 8. He is commander-in-chief of the

military of the State. 9. The pardoning power shall be

vested in the Governor, with

restrictions. 10. When the Lieutenant-Governor

is to act as Governor. 11. The Governor is to report to the

Legislature at its next meet. ing

each case of reprieve, commutation or pardon grant

ed. 12. Every act to be signed by the

Governor before it becomes a

law. 13. Certain vacancies to be filled by

the Governor by appointment. 14. His salary. 15. All commissions, how issued and

signed. 16. Lieutenant-Governor presiding

officer of the Senate.-His sal

ary. 17. Secretary of State.-His duties. 18. Seal of State, to be kept by

Secretary 19. Treasurer.-His duties and sal

ary. 20. The Au litor.-His powers, duties

and salary.

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