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State capitol and other necessary public buildings at the seat of government, said lands to be sold under the direction of the Legislature; and the legislature shall pass suitable laws to carry this section into effect.

ARTICLE XVII. Mode of Amending the Constitution of this State. Section 1. The Legislature, at any biennial session, by a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, to be entered by yeas and nays on the journals, may propose amend. ments to the Constitution, to be voted upon by the qualified electors for members of the Legislature, which proposed amend ments shall be duly published once a week for four weeks, commencing at least three months before an election, the time of which shall be specified by the Legislature, in one weekly news paper of each county in which such a newspaper may be published; and it shall be the duty of the several returning officers of said election to open a poll for, and make returns to the Secre tary of State of the number of legal votes cast at said election for and against said amendments; and if more than one be proposed, then the number of votes cast for and against each of them; and if it shall appear from said return that a majority of the votes cast have been cast in favor of any amendment the said amendment so receiving a majority of the votes cast shall become a part of this Constitution, and proclamation shall be made by the Governor thereof.




A declaration of the rights of the

inhabitants of the State of Ver

mont. Article 1. All men born free; their natural

rights; slavery prohibited. 2. Private property subject to pub

lic use; owner to be paid. 3. Freedom in religion; right and

duty of religious worship. 4. Remedy at law secured to all. 5. People by the Legislature, to

regulate internal police. 6. Officers servants of the people. 7. Government for the people; they

may change it. 8. Elections to be free and pure;

rights of freemen therein. 9. Citizen's rights and duties in

the State. — Bearing arms.

Taxation. 10. Rights of persons accused of

crime. Personal liberty. 11. Search and seizure regulated. 12. Trial by jury to be held sacred. 13. Freedom of speech and of the

press. 14. Immunity for words spoken in

legislative debate. 15. Legislature only may suspend

laws. 16. Right to bear arms; standing

armies; military power subor

dinate to civil. 17. Martial law restricted. 18. Regard to fundamental princi

ples and virtues, necessary to

preserve liberty. 19. Right to emigrate. 20. Right to assemble, instruct and

petition. 21. No transportation for trial.

1 Section

2. Superseded.
3. Superseded.
4. Courts of justice in each county;

5. Courts of chancery may be

erected. 6. Legislative, executive and judi

ciary departments to be dis

tinct. 7. Town representation. 8. Election of representatives. 9. Powers of the Legislature. 10. Election of Governor, Lieuten

ant-Governor and Treasurer. 11. Governor and executive power. 12. Representative's oaths. 13. Doors of general assembly to be

open. 14. Journals, with yeas and nays to

be printed. 15. Style of laws. 16. Superseded. 17. Only money appropriated by

act of legislation to be drawn

from treasury. 18. Residence of representatives. 19. Represeutatives not to act as

counsel or take fee for advo

cating bill. 20. Legislature not to declare any

guilty of treason or felony. 21. Freeman's qualifications and

oath. 22. Inhabitants to be armed and

trained.-Officers of militia. 23. Form of commissions; State

seal. 24. Impeachments; all officers liable

no bar to prosecution at law. 25. Officers of

profit forbidden.Officers to have reasonable compensation. - Fees to be lessened. — Receiving illegal

fees. 26. Incompatible offices. - Federal

officers ineligible.



Plan or frame of government.
1. Superseded.


Section 27. Superseded. 28. Treasurer's accounts to be aud

ited. 29. Oaths of allegiance and office.

Every officer to take and sub

scribe them. 30. Eligibility of Governor and

Lieutenant-Governor. 31. Trials of proper issues to be by

jury. 32. Form of prosecutions and indict.

ments.-Fines. 33. Imprisonment for debt restrict

ed.-Prisoners bailable.-No ex

cessive bail. 34. Elections to be free and volun

tary; punishment for corrup

tion. 35. Deeds to be recorded. 36. Entails to be regulated. 37. Punishment for crimes not capi.

tal to be hard labor. 38. Suicide's estate not to be for

feited.-No deodand. 39. Citizenship, how obtained. 40. Liberty to hunt, fowl and fish. 41. Laws to encourage virtue and

prevent vice to be kept in force. - Schools to be maintained and religious societies

encouraged. 42. Declaration of rights not to be

violated. 43. Abrogated.

Article 7. Senate to try impeachments.

Extent of judgment. 8. Governor supreme executive,

his powers.-May appoint sec-
retary of civil and military

9. General assembly to

votes for Governor, Lieuten-
ant-Governor and Treasurer;
and to elect these officers if

the freemen do not. 10. General assembly to elect Sec.

retary of State and certain

other officers. 11. Bills to be sent to the Governor;

to be signed by him if approved.-Veto and proceedings

thereon.-Bills not returned. 12. Writs of habeas corpus not to

be suspended. 13. Effects of certain amendments

to the Constitution. 14. Freemen to elect assistant

judges of the County Court. 15. Freemen to elect sheriffs and

high bailiffs. 16. Freemen to elect State's attor

neys. 17. Freemen to elect judges of pro

bate. 18. Freemen to elect justices of the

peace.-Number of justices in

each town, 19. Officers named in five preceding

sections to be elected by bal

lot. 20. Election of assistant judges of

the County Court, sheriffs, high bailiffs, State's attorneys, judges of probate, and justices of the peace; the Governor to

commission them. 21. Legislature to provide for va

cancy in offices of Governor, and Lieutenant - Governor. Governor may appoint a treas

urer to fill a vacancy. 22. Securities to be given by trea

surer, sheriffs and high bail

iffs. 23. Senators; their number, qualifi

cations and apportionment.


Article 1. Forcigners to be naturalized be

fore becoming freemen. 2. House of Representatives. 3. General assembly; like powers

of Senate and House in legislation. - Revenue bills. — Ad

journment. 4. Superseded. 5. Election of Senators; duties of

several officers therein.-Legislature may regulate the elec

tion. 6. Powers of the Senate.-Lieuten

ant-Governor to be present and have casting vote.

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