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CONSTITUTION OF STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.

ARTICLES. Article 1. Declaration of rights. 2. Legislative department. · 3. Executive department. 4. Judicial department. 5. Jurisprudence. 6. Eminent domain. 7. Impeachments. 8. Right of suffrage. 9. Finance and taxation. 10. Education. 11. Charitable and penal institu

tions. 12. Corporations. 13. Militia. 14. Miscellaneous. 15. Amendment and revision of the

Constitution. 16. Amendments.

ARTICLE I.

Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are equal and have the

right of defending their lives and liberties and of acquiring

property. 2. Slavery and involuntary servi

tude, except as a punishment

for crime, prohibited. 3. All political power is vested in

the people. 4. Paramount allegiance to the

Constitution and government

of the United States. 5. This State shall ever remain a

member of the American

Union. 6. The people have the right to as

semble peaceably to consult

for the common good. 7. Freedom of speech and of the

press. 8. In prosecutions for libel the

truth may be given in evidence

Section

9. Freedom of religious worship. 10. There shall be no established

religion.-Laws shall be passed to protect religious de

nominations. 11. The right of trial by jury shall

remain inviolate. 12. Personal rights. 13. Rights of accused persons.-Not

compelled to testify against

himself. 14. Ex post facto laws prohibited. 15. All courts shall be public and

justice shall be administered

without delay. 16. Right of bail.-Excessive shall

not be required nor cruel pun

ishments inflicted. 17. The privilege of the writ of

habeas corpus. 18. No one shall be twice put in

jeopardy for the same offense. 19. All offenses less than felony.

How tried.-No person shall be held to answer

for any higher crime unless on pre

sentment of a grand jury. 20. No imprisonment for debt. 21. Obligations or contracts.--NO

conviction shall work corrup

tion of blood, etc. 22. Unreasonable searches and seiz

ures prohibited. 23. Private property shall not be

taken for public use without

just compensation, 24. The laws shall not be suspended

except by the General Assem

bly. 25. Only those in the army or navy

shall be subject to martial law. 26. The legislative, executive and

judicial powers of the government shall be separate and distinct.

Section 27. Redress of grievances. 28. The people have the right to

bear arms for the common defense.--The military subordi

nate to the civil authority. 29. In time of peace soldiers may

not be quartered in any house without

the

consent of the owner. 30. No person with scruples against Seotion 28. No person shall be eligible to

bearing arms shall be com

pelled to do so. 31. All elections shall be free and

open.
32. No property qualifications nec-

essary for an election or to
hold office.-Any person who
shall fight a duel shall be de-

barred from holding office.
33. Right of suffrage.
34. Apportionment of representa-

tion.---No person shall be dis

franchised except by laiv. 35. Temporary absence from the

State shall not forfeit resi

dence. 36. Taxation of property.-Right of

life, liberty and property. 37. Impost taxes and duties shal!

not be established without tlie

consent of the people.
38. Excessive fines and cruel punish-

ment prohibited, nor shall wit-
nesses be unnecessarily de-

tained.
39. Titles of nobility and distinctions

of race and color prohibited. 40. All navigable waters shall re

main forever public highways. 41. The enumeration of rights in

this Constitution shall not im-
pair others retained by the
people.

.

Section
3. Judicial districts.
4. House of Representatives shall

consist of 124 members.
6. Assignment of Representatives.
7. When to take effect.
8. The Senate.-Number of.-Term

of office. 9. They shall be divided into two

classes. 10. To be eligible as a Senator or

Representative. 11. The first election for Senators

and Representatives. 12. Time of meeting of the Gen.

.eral Assembly. 13. When term of office begins. 14. Each house shall judge of the

election and qualifications of its own members.-A majority

shall constitute a quorum. 15. Each house shall determine ils

own rules and punish its orein.

bers. 16. Each house may punish per

sons not members, etc. 17. Members to have certain prir.

ileges. 18. Bills for raising revenue shall

originate in the House of

Representatives. 19. The style of the laws. 20. But one subject, which shall be

expressed in the title. 21. Bills to be read three times.

Must be signed by the President of the Senate and Speaker

of the House. 22. No money to be drawn from

the treasury but by appro

priation. 23. Pay of members. 24. In all elections by the General

Assembly the vote shall be

viva voce. 25. Neither house may adjourn for

more than three days. 26. Each house shall keep a jour

nal. 27. The doors of each house shall be

open.

ARTICLE II.

Legislative Department.
1. The legislative power of the

State shall be vested in the
Senate and House of Repre-

sentatives.
2. Representatives.-How chosen.

the General Assembly who holds any other office of profit,

etc. 29. Failure to elect.-Refusal to

qualify.-Writs of election. 30. Oath of office. 31. Cause of removal from office. 32. The homestead of the head of

the family exempt from at

tachment. 33. Taxes on property, real and per

sonal.

ARTICLE III.

E.recutire Department. 1. The supreme executive author

ity is vested in the Governor. 2. The manner

of

electing the Governor.-Term of office two

years.-May be re-elected. 3. To be eligible to the office of

Governor. 4. The returns of election of Gov

ernor.-The person having highest number of votes elected.-In case of tie.-Contested

elections. 5. Election of Lieutenant-Governor.

-President of the Senate. 6. He shall only vote in case of tie. 7. The Senate shall choose a Presi

dent pro tem. 8. Vacation of seats. 9. When the duties of Governor

shall devolve on Lieutenant

Governor. 10. The Governor shall be Com

mander-in-Chief of the militia. 11. Pardoning power vested in the

Section

sions convene the General As

sembly. 17. He shall commission officers. 18. Seal of State. 19. Grants and commissions.-How

issued. 20. Oath of office. 21. Residence of Governor. 22. Bills which have passed the

General Assembly to be signed by the Governor.-He may sign or veto.-May be passed

over his veto. 23. Comptroller-General, Treasurer,

Secretary of State.-Term of office, duties and compensation prescribed by law.

ARTICLE IV.

Governor. 12. He shall see that the laws are

executed.
13. Compensation of Governor and

Lieutenant-Governor.-It shall
not be increased nor dimin-

ished.
14. Executive officers to report to

the Governor. 15. The Governor's message. 16. He may on extraordinary occa

Judicial Department. 1. The judicial power of the State

is vested in the Supreme and

certain other courts. 2. The Supreme Court.-Number of

judges. Quorum.-How elected.-Term of office six years.

- To be classified. 3. The Chief Justice and associa

ates.-Their terms. 4. The Supreme Court shall have

appellate jurisdiction. 5. Sessions of the same. 6. No judge shall, if interested, etc. 7. The judge of said court shall

appoint a reporter and clerk. 8. When a judgment or decree is.

reversed. 9. Compensation of judges of Su

preme and Circuit Courts.Not to have fees nor hold any

other office. 10. To be eligible as judge of Su

preme and Circuit Courts. 11. Vacancies.-How filled. 12. Decisions.-Concurrence of two

judges necessary. 13. The State to be divided into

Circuits. 14. Interchanging. 16. Court of Common Pleas.-Its

terms and jurisdiction.

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Section 17. Preservation of records. 18. Jurisdiction of Court of General

Session. 19. Repealed. 20. Probate Court.- Its jurisdiction. 21. Justices of the peace.- Term of

office two years. 22. Jurisdiction of the same. 23. Powers of the same. 24. Right of appeal. 25. Judges of Probate.-County com

missioners. Justices of the peace and constables, their

compensation. 26. How judges shall charge juries. 27. Clerks of courts. 28. Attorney-General. — His election.

Duties.- Term of office and

compensation. 29. Solicitors.—Their election.-Term

of office and compensation. 30. Sheriffs and coroners, term

of office four years. 31. Writs and processes. 32. Decisions of the Supreme Court. 33. The fourteenth article of amend

ment of the United States

Constitution shall be ratified. 34. Slave contracts void.

! Section 2. Impeachments shall be tried by

the Senate. 3. All executive officers liable.

Judgment not to extend be

yond removal from office. 4. Causes of impeachment.

ARTICLE VIII.

Kight of Suffrage. 1. Popular elections shall be by

ballot. 2. Qualifications of electors. 3. Registration of electors. 4. Residence not lost by reason of

absence in the service of the

United States. 5. Soldiers and seamen not deemed

residents by reason of being

stationed in this State. 6. Electors exempted from arrest. 7. Electors eligible for any office. 8. Those deprived of the right of

suffrage. 9. Presidential electors. 10. The person receiving the highest

number of votes elected. 11. The term of residence necessary

to hold office not applicable to,

etc. 12. Former slaves not disfranchised.

ARTICLE V.

Jurisprudence. 1. Differences may be decided by

arbitrators, 2. The General Assembly shall pass all laws necessary

for the change of venue. 3. Codification of the laws.

ARTICLE VI.

Eminent Domain. 1. The State shall have concurrent

jurisdiction on all rivers bor

dering on the State. 2. Land titles. 3. Ultimate right of property.

ARTICLE IX.

Finance and Taxution. 1. Assessment and taxation. 2. Poll tax. 3. An annual tax sufficient to de

fray the expenses of the State

shall be provided for. 4. The object of a tax to be stated. 5. Public, charitable and certain

other institutions to be ex

empted from taxation. 6. Valuation and assessment of

lands. 7. The State may contract public

debts for extraordinary ex

penditures. 8. Municipal taxation. 9. Incorporation of cities and

towns. 10. Evidences of State indebtedness. 11. A statement of receipts and ex

penditures to be published.

ARTICLE VII.

Impeachment. 1. The sole power of impeachment

is vested in the House of Representatives.

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