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corporation, officer, or public, as if the change of government had not been made; and private rights shall not be affected by such change.

Sec. 11. Until otherwise provided by law, the judicial districts of the State shall be constituted as follows: The counties of Jackson, Josephine and Douglas shall constitute the first district. The counties of Umpqua, Coos and Curry, Lane and Ben. ton shall constitute the second district. The counties of Linn, Marion, Polk, Yamhill and Washington shall constitute the third district. The counties of Clackamas, Multnomah, Wasco, Colum. bia, Clatsop and Tillamook shall constitute the fourth district; and the county of Tillamook shall be attached to the county of Clatsop for judicial purposes.

Done in Convention at Salem, the eighteenth day of September,

in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty. seven, and of the independence of the United States the eightysecond.

MATTHEW P. DEADY, President
CHESTER N. TERRY, Secretary.

CONSTITUTION

OF THE

STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA.

CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA.

ARTICLES. Article 1. Declaration of rights. 2. The Legislature. 3. Legislation. 4. The executive. 5. The judiciary. 6. Impeachment and removal from

office.
7. Oath of office.
8. Suffrage and elections.
9. Taxation and finance.
10. Education,
11. Militia.
12. Public officers.
13. New counties.
14. County officers.
15. Cities and city charters.
16. Private corporations.
17. Railroads and canals.
18. Future amendments.

Schedule.
Preamble.

Section 12. Limitations upon suspension of

laws. 13. Excessive bail or fines and cruel

punishment forbidden. 14. Bail to be accepted. - Habeas

corpus. 15. No commission of Oyer and Ter

miner. 16. Imprisonment of insolvent debt

ors limited. 17. Laws ex post facto, etc., for

bidden. 18. No legislative attainder of trea.

son or felony. 19. Attainder shall not work cor

ruption of blood or forfeiture

beyond life. 20. Rights of meeting and petition, 21. Right to bear arms. 22. Military subordinate to civil

power. 23. Quartering troops in houses. 24. No title of nobility, etc. 25. Emigration permitted. 26. Everything in this article ex.

cepted from the powers of government.

ARTICLE I.

Declaration of Rights. Section 1. Equality and rights of men. 2. Political powers inherent in the

people. 3. Freedom of religious thought

and worship. 4. Religious opinions not to dis

qualify for holding office. 5. Freedom of elections. 6. Trial by jury. 7. Freedom of the press. 8. Searches and seizures limited. 9. Rights of defense and privi

leges in criminal prosecutions. 10. Criminal informations limited.

Twice in jeopardy. 11. Justice to be free and without

male.

ARTICLE II.

The Legislature. 1. The legislative power vested. 2. Biennial elections. 3. Legislative terms. 4. Biennial meetings. 5. Qualifications of Senators and

Representatives. 6. Disqualification for appointment

to office. 7. Conviction of certain crimen to

disqualify. 8. Compensation. 9. Presiding officers. 10. Quorum.

Section 11. Powers of each. 12. Each house to keep a journal. 13. Sessions to be open. 14. Adjournments. 15. Privileges of members. 16. Senatorial districts. 17. Representative districts. 18. Apportionments.

Section 26. Concurrent orders, resolutions

and votes to be presented to

the Governor. 27. No State inspectors of merchan

dise. 28. Changing location of State capi

tol. 29. Bribery of members. 30. Bribery of officers. 31. Corrupt solicitation to be pun

ished by fine and imprison

ment. 32. Witnesses to testify in cases of

bribery, etc.-Punishment. 33. Interested members shall not

vote.

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ARTICLE IV. The Executive,

ARTICLE III.

Legislation. 1. Passage of bills. 2. Reference and printing. 3. Bills to contain but one subject. 4. To be read on three days.

1. Executive officers. 2. Governor.-His election. 3. His term. 4. Lieutenant-Governor. 5. Qualifications of Governor and

Lieutenant-Governor. 6. Congressmen, etc., disqualified. 7. Governor to command militia. 8. Powers of Governor to appoint

with consent of Senate. - To fill vacancies.-Votes to be re

Amendments to be printed.

Yeas and nays. 5. Votes concurring in amend

ments to be yeas and nays. 6. Revival of law. 7. Limitation on special legisla

tion, etc. 8. Notice of local or special bills. 9. Signing of bills by presiding

officers. 10. Legislative officers. 11. No extra compensation to off

cers or contractors. 12. Public printing. 13. No extension of official terms or

increase of pay. 14. Revenue bills. 15. Appropriation bills. 16. Payments of moneys from the

treasury. 17. Appropriations to charitable in

stitutions. 18. Appropriations for charitable

purposes, etc., limited. 19. Appropriations for widows and

orphans of soldiers. 20. Power over municipal adminis

tration not to be delegated. 21. No limitation of damages for

certain injuries.-Nor of times

for bringing suits. 22. Investment of trust funds. 23. Changes of venue, 24. No obligation of corporations to

the State to be released. 25. Limitations of legislative power

at sessions.

corded. 9. Pardoning power. 10. Governor may require informa

tion. 11. Shall give information and re

commend measures to General

Assembly. 12. May convene General Assembly,

and adjourn the two houses

when they disagree. 13. Lieutenant-Governor to act as

Governor. 14. President pro tempore of the

Senate. 15. Approval of bills.-Veto of bills.

-Retained bills to become law. 16. A partial veto allowed on ap

propriation bills. 17. Chief justice to preside on trial

of contested election of Gov

ernor or Lieutenant-Governor. 18. Secretary of Commonwealth.

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