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corporation, officer, or public, as if the change of government had not been made; and private rights shall not be affected by such change.
Sec. 11. Until otherwise provided by law, the judicial districts of the State shall be constituted as follows: The counties of Jackson, Josephine and Douglas shall constitute the first district. The counties of Umpqua, Coos and Curry, Lane and Ben. ton shall constitute the second district. The counties of Linn, Marion, Polk, Yamhill and Washington shall constitute the third district. The counties of Clackamas, Multnomah, Wasco, Colum. bia, Clatsop and Tillamook shall constitute the fourth district; and the county of Tillamook shall be attached to the county of Clatsop for judicial purposes.
Done in Convention at Salem, the eighteenth day of September,
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty. seven, and of the independence of the United States the eightysecond.
MATTHEW P. DEADY, President
CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA.
ARTICLES. Article 1. Declaration of rights. 2. The Legislature. 3. Legislation. 4. The executive. 5. The judiciary. 6. Impeachment and removal from
Section 12. Limitations upon suspension of
laws. 13. Excessive bail or fines and cruel
punishment forbidden. 14. Bail to be accepted. - Habeas
corpus. 15. No commission of Oyer and Ter
miner. 16. Imprisonment of insolvent debt
ors limited. 17. Laws ex post facto, etc., for
bidden. 18. No legislative attainder of trea.
son or felony. 19. Attainder shall not work cor
ruption of blood or forfeiture
beyond life. 20. Rights of meeting and petition, 21. Right to bear arms. 22. Military subordinate to civil
power. 23. Quartering troops in houses. 24. No title of nobility, etc. 25. Emigration permitted. 26. Everything in this article ex.
cepted from the powers of government.
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. Equality and rights of men. 2. Political powers inherent in the
people. 3. Freedom of religious thought
and worship. 4. Religious opinions not to dis
qualify for holding office. 5. Freedom of elections. 6. Trial by jury. 7. Freedom of the press. 8. Searches and seizures limited. 9. Rights of defense and privi
leges in criminal prosecutions. 10. Criminal informations limited.
Twice in jeopardy. 11. Justice to be free and without
The Legislature. 1. The legislative power vested. 2. Biennial elections. 3. Legislative terms. 4. Biennial meetings. 5. Qualifications of Senators and
Representatives. 6. Disqualification for appointment
to office. 7. Conviction of certain crimen to
disqualify. 8. Compensation. 9. Presiding officers. 10. Quorum.
Section 11. Powers of each. 12. Each house to keep a journal. 13. Sessions to be open. 14. Adjournments. 15. Privileges of members. 16. Senatorial districts. 17. Representative districts. 18. Apportionments.
Section 26. Concurrent orders, resolutions
and votes to be presented to
the Governor. 27. No State inspectors of merchan
dise. 28. Changing location of State capi
tol. 29. Bribery of members. 30. Bribery of officers. 31. Corrupt solicitation to be pun
ished by fine and imprison
ment. 32. Witnesses to testify in cases of
bribery, etc.-Punishment. 33. Interested members shall not
ARTICLE IV. The Executive,
Legislation. 1. Passage of bills. 2. Reference and printing. 3. Bills to contain but one subject. 4. To be read on three days.
1. Executive officers. 2. Governor.-His election. 3. His term. 4. Lieutenant-Governor. 5. Qualifications of Governor and
Lieutenant-Governor. 6. Congressmen, etc., disqualified. 7. Governor to command militia. 8. Powers of Governor to appoint
with consent of Senate. - To fill vacancies.-Votes to be re
Amendments to be printed.
Yeas and nays. 5. Votes concurring in amend
ments to be yeas and nays. 6. Revival of law. 7. Limitation on special legisla
tion, etc. 8. Notice of local or special bills. 9. Signing of bills by presiding
officers. 10. Legislative officers. 11. No extra compensation to off
cers or contractors. 12. Public printing. 13. No extension of official terms or
increase of pay. 14. Revenue bills. 15. Appropriation bills. 16. Payments of moneys from the
treasury. 17. Appropriations to charitable in
stitutions. 18. Appropriations for charitable
purposes, etc., limited. 19. Appropriations for widows and
orphans of soldiers. 20. Power over municipal adminis
tration not to be delegated. 21. No limitation of damages for
certain injuries.-Nor of times
for bringing suits. 22. Investment of trust funds. 23. Changes of venue, 24. No obligation of corporations to
the State to be released. 25. Limitations of legislative power
corded. 9. Pardoning power. 10. Governor may require informa
tion. 11. Shall give information and re
commend measures to General
Assembly. 12. May convene General Assembly,
and adjourn the two houses
when they disagree. 13. Lieutenant-Governor to act as
Governor. 14. President pro tempore of the
Senate. 15. Approval of bills.-Veto of bills.
-Retained bills to become law. 16. A partial veto allowed on ap
propriation bills. 17. Chief justice to preside on trial
of contested election of Gov
ernor or Lieutenant-Governor. 18. Secretary of Commonwealth.