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Section 17. Slavery and involuntary serito

tude illegal, except as punisha

ment for crime. 18. Unreasonable searches and seize

ures not tolerated. 19. Treason against the State de

fined. 20. Special privileges shall not be

granted to a certain class of citizens which is not granted

to all. 21. Provisions of this Constitution

are mandatory and prohibi

tory. 22. Right and justice to be admin

istered without sale or delay. 23. Malicious interfering with those

in employment and those seek

ing it. 24. To guard against transgressions

of the high powers which we have delegated, we declare that everything in this article is excepted out of the general powers of government, and shall forever remain inviolate.


Legislative Department. 25. Legislative power is vested in

the Senate and House of

Representatives. 26. Senate to contain not less than

thirty, nor more than fifty

members. 27. Term of office of Senators. 28. Senator must be qualified



Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are by nature free and

have certain inalienable rights. 2. All political power is inherent in

the people. 3. The State is inseparable from

the Union. 4. Freedom of religious belief and

6. Writ of habeas corpus.
6. Bail shall be accepted, except

for capital offenses.-Bail shall
not be excessive. Witnesses
shall not be unreasonably de-

7. Right of trial by jury.
8. Offenses shall be prosecuted

criminally by indictment, or

9. Freedom of speech.
10. The citizens have the right to

assemble together in a peace-
able manner for the common

11. All laws of a general nature

shall have a uniform opera

tion. 12. The military shall be subordi

nate to the civil power.
13. Right to a speedy and public

trial.-No person shall be put
in jeopardy twice for the same

14. Private property shall not be

taken for public use without

just compensation. 15. In regard to imprisonment for

16. No law impairing the obliga-

tions of contracts shall be

29. The division of the State into

senatorial districts. 30. Senators divided into two

classes. Term of office of

each. 31. President of Senate pro tempore.


Section 82. House of Representatives shall

contain not less than fifty, nor more than one hundred and

forty members. 83. Representatives elected for two

years. 34. Qualifications for Representa

tive. 35. Beginning with 1895, and every

tenth year after, an enumeration is to be made of the in

habitants of the State. 36. The House of Representatives

shall elect one of its members

as speaker. 37. Those who may not hold two

offices.-Exceptions. 38. Those not eligible to be members

of the General Assembly. 39. No member of the Legislative

Assembly shall be elected, nor appointed, to any office which was created during his term

of office. 40. Solicitation of bribery, penalty

of. 41. When the term of office of the

Assembly shall begin. 12. To be privileged from arrest

during the session, except for treason, felony and breach of

the peace. 43. Members may not vote on any

bill in which they have a personal interest without the

consent of the house. 44. Governor to fill vacancies. 45. Compensation of members. 46. A majority of the members of

each house shall be a quorum. 47. Each house shall be the judge

of the qualifications of its

own members. 48. The powers of each house, 49. Each house shall keep a journal. 60. The sessions are to be open, ex

cept in special cases. 61. As to adjournment. 62. Senate and House shall be called

the Legislative Assembly. 63. Time of meeting. 64. When shall vote viva voce.

Section 55. Sessions to be biennial. 56. Duration of sessions. 57. Origin of bills may be in either

house, and may be amended

by either. 58. No law shall be passed except

by a bill adopted by both

houses. 59. Enacting clause of every law

shall be: Be it enacted by the Legislative Assembly of

the State of North Dakota. 60. When a bill for the appropria

tion of money may be intro

duced. 61. No bill to contain more than one

subject. 62. The general appropriation bill

to contain what. 63. Every bill shall be read three

times. 64. In regard to the revision of a

bill. 65. For a bill to become a law. 66. In regard to the signing of bills. 67. When legislative acts are to

take effect. 68. The Legislative Assembly shall pass

all laws necessary to carry into effect all the pro

visions of this Constitution. 69. Local or special laws not to be

passed in any of the thirty

five cases enumerated. 70. In regard to general and special



Executive Department. 71. Executive power vested in Gov

ernor. 72. Lieutenant-Governor to act as

Governor, when. 73. Eligibility for office of Governor

and Lieutenant-Governor. 74. Election of the same. 75. Governor commander-in-chief of

military and naval forces.Has power to convene Legis

lature.-His duties. 76. His powers. 77. Lieutenant-Governor to be presi

dent of Senate.

Section 78. Governor to fill vacancies in

certain cases. 79. All bills to be presented to the Governor for


signature before becoming a law. 80. He may disapprove of any items

in a bill. 81. The giving and receiving of

bribes by the Governor, the

penalty. 82. The choosing of other State offi

cers, qualifications of the same

and place of holding office. 83. Powers and duties of same to

be prescribed by law. 84. Salaries of the same.


Judicial Department. 85. Enumeration of State courts. 86. Supreme Court shall have ap

pellate jurisdiction only, ex

cept as provided. 87. Its powers. 88. Number of terms of. 89. To consist of three Judges. 90. Election of. 91. Term of office. 92. The Judges of Supreme Court

to be classified by lot.-The one having the shortest term

to be Chief Justice. 93. A clerk and reporter of Su

preme Court to be appointed

by the Judges of the same. 94. Requirements to be eligible for

Judge of Supreme Court. 95. When the number of Judges

may be increased. 96. Judges shall have no duties

imposed upon them but such

as are judicial. 97. The style of process, how to be. 98. Governor to fill vacancies. 99. Compensation of Judges of

Supreme Court. 100. In case a Supreme Court Judge

being interested in a cause, a District Court Judge shall

take his place. 101. In regard to a reversed or con

firmed decree.

102. The court is to prepare

syllabus of the points adju

dicated in each case. 103. Jurisdiction of District Court

and Judges. 104. State divided into six judicial

districts. 105. Enumeration of districts. 106. How judicial districts may be

increased. 107. To be eligible for office of Dis

trict Judge. 108. Clerk of the District Court. 109. Appeals from District to Su

preme Court allowed under

certain regulations. 110. County Court to be established. 111. Jurisdiction of County Court,

and how it may be increased. 112. Justices of the Peace, number

of, jurisdiction of. 113. Election of police magistrates. 114. Appeals. 115. The time of holding courts to

be prescribed by law. 116. Judges of District Courts may

hold court in other districts

than their own. 117. No Judge of the Supreme or

District Courts shall act as

attorney or counsel-at-law. 118. Terms of courts, how fixed. 119. Judges of Supreme or District

Courts may not be elected nor appointed to any other than

a judicial office. 120. Tribunals of conciliation.


Elective Franchise. 121. Requirements for being an

elector. 122. Legislature may further ex

tend suffrage. 123. Electors to be privileged from

arrest on day of election. 124. General elections to be biennial. 125. Service under United States

does not cause loss of rest. dence.

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