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Articles 1. Bill of rights. 2. Suffrage and elections. 3. Distribution of powers. 4. Legislative department. 5. Executive department. 6. Administrative department. 7. Judicial department. 8. Education and school lands. 9. Finance. 10. Militia. u. Corporations and internal im

pruvement. 11. State printer. 13. Salaries. 14. Seat of government. 16. Miscellaneous. 16. Boundaries. 17. Amendments. 18. Schedule. Preamble.


Bill of Rights. Section 1. All men are of equal rights. 2. Religious worship. 3. Religious opinion. 4. Religious test. 6. State money shall not be given

to any religious sect or denomi.

nation. 6. Witnesses. 7. Oath or affirmation. 8. Freedom of speech. 9. Searches, selzures and warrants. 10. Courts not to be secret. 11. Rights of defendant. 12. Not to be tried twice for same

crime. 13. Treatment of persons under ar

rest. 14. Ball. 16. Punishment of crime. 10. Excessive bail and fines.-Pow

er of jury in criminal cases. 19 Civil cases.-Right of trial by

Jury shall be inviolate.

Section 18. Private property taken for pub

lic use. 19. Imprisonment for debt. 20. Exclusive privileges shall not

be granted to any class of cit

izens. 21. What laws shall not be passed. 22. How laws may be suspended. 23. Habeas corpus. 24. Treason against the State, evi

dence of. 25. No conviction shall work cor

ruption of blood or forfeiture

of estate. 26. The people shall have the right

to assemble together in a peaceable manner for the com

mon good. 27. The right to bear arms. 28. Quartering soldiers. 29. Titles of nobility. 30. Emigration. 31. Rights of white foreigners.

What emigration may be re

strained. 32. Taxes and duties. 33. Enumeration of rights, how con

strued. 34. Prohibition of slavery. 35. Free negroes and mulattoes.


Suffrage and Elections.

1. Elections free. 2. Qualifications of voters. 3. Idiotic, Insane or convict per

sons not voters. 4. Residence. 5. Soldiers, seamen or marines may

not vote. 6. Negroes, Chinamen or mulattoes

may not vote. 7. Bribery at elections disqualifies

from holding office. 8. Laws concerning elections.

Section 9. Duels, disqualify from holding

any office of trust or profit. 10. Lucrative offices. 11. Collector, when ineligible to of

fice. 12. Appointment pro tempore. 13. When electors are free from

arrest. 14. General elections to be held bi

ennially. 15. Votes to be given viva voce. 16. Plurality shall elect. 17. Electors.


Distribution of Powers. 1. Powers of government.

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Legislative Department. 1. Legislative authority.-Style of

a bil:. 2. The Senate shall consist of six

teen and the House of thirty

four members. 3. By whom chosen. 4. Terms of senators and repre

sentatives, – Senators, how

classified. 8. Census to be taken every ten

years. 6. Apportionment. 7. Senatorial districts. 8. Qualifications of senators, etc. 9. Senators, when they are to be

free from arrest.-Words ut

tered in debate. 10. Sessions of the Legislative As

gembly. 11. Election of officers.-Judge of


19. Reading of bills and vote a

final passage.
20. Subject and title of act.
21. Act to be plainly worded.
22. Mode of revision or amendment.
23. What local or special laws may

not be passed. 24. Suit against the State. 25. Majority necessary to pass

bill.-Bill to be signed

26. Protest.
27. What statute a public law.
28. When act is to take effect.
29. Compensation of members.
30. When members are not eligible

to office.
31. Oaths of members.

qualifications of members, etc.
12. Quorum.
13. Each house to keep a journal.-

Yeas and nays. 14. Open doors.-When sessions may

be secret. 16. Punishment and expulsion of

members. 16. Punishment of a person not a

member. 17. General powers. 18. Bills may originate in either



Executive Department. 1. Executive power vested in bo

Governor.-Term of office. 2. Qualifications of Governors. 3. Who not eligible. 4. Election of Governor. 5. In case of a tie how decided. 6. Contested elections. 7. Term of office. 8. In case of vacancy or disability. 9. Governor commander-in-chief of

military and naval forces of

the State. 10. To take care that the laws are

executed. 11. He shall, from time to time,

give the Assembly information. 12. He may convene the Legislature. 13. To transact all necessary bun.

ness with officers. 14. May grant reprieves and PN

dons. 15. Veto power.-Reconsideration.

Vote to be by yeas and nays. 16. Governor to nil vacancies by

appointment. 17. He shall issue writs of election. 18. Commissions.

ARTICLE VI. Administrative Department. 1. Election of Secretary and Treu

urer of State.


Finance. Section 1. Assessment and taxation. 2. Current expenses. 3. Law levying taxes. 4. Money to be drawn from treas

ury only by appropriation, 5. Publication of receipts and ex

penses. 6. Tax for deficiency. 7. Appropriations. 8. Stationery, how furnished.


Militia. 1. Militia. 2. Who are exempt. 3. Governor to appoint Adjutant

General and other chief of

ficers, 4. Staff officers.-Governor to com

mission. 5. Legislature to make regulations

for militia.

ARTICLE XI. Corporations and Internal Improve

2. Secretary of State.
3. Seal of State.
4. Power and duties of Treasurer.
6. Office and records of executive

6. County officers.
7. Other officers.
8. Qualifications of county officers.
9. Vacancies.


Judicial Department. 1. Judicial power of the State, in

whom vested. Municipal

Court. 2. Supreme Court, Justices of. 3. Term of office. 4. Vacancy. 5. Who to be Chief Justice. 6. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court. 7. Terms of Supreme Court. 8. Circuit Courts. 9. Jurisdiction of Circuit Courts. 10. When the Supreme and Circuit

Judges may be elected in dis

tinct classes.-Duties of. 11. County Court. 12. Jurisdiction.-Commissioners of

County Courts. 13. Writs granted by County Judges.

-Habeas corpus. 14. Expenses of court in certain

counties. 15. Election of County Clerk, etc.

Legislature may divide the

duties of County Clerk. 16. Sheriff. 17. Prosecuting attorneys. 18. Jurors. 19. Official delinquencies. 20. Removal of judges. 21. Oath of office.

menis. 1. Prohibition of banks. 2. Corporations to be formed under

general laws.-Municipal cor

porations. 3. Liability of stockholders. 4. Compensation for property taken

by corporations. 5. Restrictions upon municipal cor

porations. 6. State not to be a stockholder in

a corporation. 7. Credit of the State not to be

loaned. The power of con

tracting debts. 8. State not to assume county

debts, unless. 9. Municipal corporations. 10. Limitations upon powers to con

tract debts by counties.

ARTICLE VIII. Education and School Lands. 1. Superintendent of Public In

struction. 2. Common school fund. 3. System of common schools. 4. Distribution of school funds. 6. Board of commissioners for sale of school lands.


State Printer. 1. State printer.–The rates to be

paid him to be fixed by law.

Sec. 4. The General Assembly shall provide for raising reve nue sufficient to defray the expenses of the State for each year, and also a sufficient sum to pay the interest on the State debt.

Sec. 5. No tax shall be levied except in pursuance of law; and every law imposing a tax shall state distinctly the object of the same, to which only it shall be applied.

Sec. 6. The State shall never contract any debt for purposes of internal improvement.


Corporations. Section 1. The General Assembly shall pass no special act conferring corporate powers.

Sec. 2. Corporations may be formed under general laws; but all such laws may, from time to time, be altered or repealed.

Sec. 3. Dues from corporations shall be secured by such individual liability of the stockholders and other means, as may be prescribed by law; but in all cases each stockholder shall be liable, over and above the stock by him or her owned, and any amount unpaid thereon, to a further sum at least equal in amount to such stock.

Sec. 4. The property of corporations now existing or here after created shall forever be subject to taxation, the same as the property of individuals.

Sec. 5. No right of way shall be appropriated to the use of any corporation until full compensation therefor be first made in money, or first secured by a deposit of money to the owner, irrespective of any benefit from any improvement proposed by such corporation, which compensation shall be ascertained by a jury of twelve men, in a court of record, as shall be prescribed by law.

Sec. 6. The General Assembly shall provide for the organization of cities and incorporated villages, by general laws, and restrict their power of taxation, assessment, borrowing money, contracting debts and loaning their credit, so as to prevent the abuse of such power.

Sec. 7. No act of the General Assembly authorizing associations with banking powers shall take effect until it shall be submitted to the people, at the general election next succeeding the passage thereof, and be approved by a majority of all the electors voting at such election.


Jurisprudence. Section 1. The General Assembly, at its first session after the adoption of this Constitution, shall provide for the appointment of three commissioners, and prescribe their tenure of office, compensation and the mode of filling vacancies in said commission.

Sec. 2. The said commissioners shall revise, reform, simplify and abridge the practice, pleadings, forms and proceedings of the courts of record of this State; and, as far as practicable and expedient, shall provide for the abolition of the distinct forms of actions at law, now in use, and for the administration of justice by a uniform mode of proceeding without reference to any distinction between law and equity.

Sec. 3. The proceedings of the commissioners shall, from time to time, be reported to the General Assembly, and be subject to the action of that body.


Miscellaneous. Section 1. Columbus shall be the seat of government until otherwise directed by law.

Sec. 2. The printing of the laws, journals, bills, legislative documents and papers for each branch of the General Assembly, with the printing required for the executive and other departments of state, shall be let on contract to the lowest bidder, by such executive officers and in such manner as shall be prescribed by law.

Sec. 3. An accurate and detailed statement of the receipts and expenditures of the public money, the several amounts paid, to whom, and on what account, shall, from time to time, be published, as shall be prescribed by law.

Sec. 4. No person shall be elected or appointed to any office in this State unless he possesses the qualification of an elector.

Sec. 5. No person shall hereafter fight a duel, assist in the same as second, or send, accept or knowingly carry, a challenge therefor, shall hold any office in this State.

Sec. 6. Lotteries and the sale of lottery tickets, for any pur pose whatever, shall forever be prohibited in this State.

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