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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF OHIO.
Article, 1. Bill of rights. 2. Legislative. 3. Executive. 4. Judicial. 5. Elective franchise. 6. Education. 7. Public institutions. 8. Public debt and public works. 9. Militia. 10. County and township organiza
not be tried twice for the same
offense. 11. Freedom of speech and of the
press.--Trials for libel. 12. Transportation for crime forbid
den.- Conviction not to work corruption of blood or forfeit
ure of estate. 13. Quartering of soldiers. 14. Exemption from illegal seizures
and searches. 15. No imprisonment for debt in any
civil action, or mesne or final
process, except fraud. 16. Right of Justice Courts to be
open. 17. Hereditary emoluments, honors
or privileges not to be granted. 18. Laws may be suspended only by
General Assembly. 19. Private property taken for pub
lic use to receive just compen
sation, 20. Other rights not denied or im
paired, and all powers not herein delegated to remain with the people.
Bill of Rights. Section. 1. All men are by nature free and
have certain inalienable rights. 2. Political power inherent in the
people.-Object of government,
right to alter and reform it. 3. The people have the right to
meet together peaceably to
consult for the common good. 4. Right to bear arms for defense
and security.-Standing armies forbidden. Military subor
dinate to civil power. 5. Right of trial by jury. 6. Slavery forbidden. 7. Religious freedom; test oaths
not to be required, witnesses not to be excluded on account
of religion. 8. Writ of habeas corpus. 9. Excessive bail and fines and
cruel punishments forbidden. 10. Rights of persons accused of
crimes, witnesses, counsel, may.
Legislature. 1. Legislative power vested in
General Assembly.-How com
posed. 2. Senators and Representatives to
be elected biennially. 3. Residence of the same. 4. Persons holding office under the
United States or lucrative otfices in the State, not eligible
to Legislature.—Exceptions. 6. Persons convicted of embezzle
ment of public funds and nonaccounting holders of public moneys are debarred from office,
Section. 26. General laws to be uniform in
their operation. 27. The election of officers in the
filling of vacancies not otherwise provided for, to be made according to law.-The vote to
be viva voce. 28. General laws to be passed for
certain purposes. 29. Extra compensation to contract
ors and public officers forbid
den. 30. Limit in formation of counties,
removal of county seats. 31. Pay of officers and members of
General Assembly to be fixed, extra pay in any form not al
lowed. 32. Divorces not to be granted by
Executive. 1. Officers included in executive
department.-Time of their
election. 2. Terms of certain officers of the
same. 3. Election of return of officers of
the same. In case of tie how
decided. 4. Proceeding in case of non-ses
sion.--The General Assembly
January next after election. 5. Supreme executive power vested
in the Governor. 6. He may require information of
officers in the executive department.-He is to see that the laws are faithfully exe
cuted. 7. He is to communicate by mes.
sage. 8. May,
extraordinary OCCA sions, convene the General As.
turns of its own members.-
scribed by law. 1. Each house to choose its own
officers.-May punish members.
-Power of expulsion.
Majority of all members elect-
journal. 11. Vacancies in either house, how
Alled. 12. Privileges of Senators and Rep
resentatives from arrest, free
dom of debate. 13. Proceedings to be public unless
two-thirds require secrecy. 14. Adjournments restricted. 15. Bills may originate in either
house. They shall embrace
but one subject. 16. Every bill shall be distinctly
read.-No bill shall contain
more than one subject. 17. Signature of bills and joint
ed must concur in the passage
not eligible to certain offices
of office and compensation,
mined as the law may provide. 22. No money to be drawn from the
Treasury except by laws.
impeachment.-Tried by Sen-
limit of judgments. 25. Beginning of sessions, first ses
sembly. 9. May adjourn General Assembly
in case of disagreement. 10. To be commander-in-chief of
militia. 11. Pardoning power, limited in
cases of treason or impeachment.
Section 11. Classification of judges of Su
preme Court. 12. Judges of the Court of Common
Pleas to reside in their dis
tricts. 13. Vacancies in office of judge to
be filled by Governor. 14. Salaries of judges not to be in
creased or diminished, they
hold no other office. 15. General Assembly may increaso
or diminish number of judges, may establish other courts, but not to vacate the office of any
judge. 16. Court of Common Pleas to have
clerk elected from each
ernor. 13. Grants and commissions, how
sealed and signed. 14. What persons may not act as
Governor. 15. In case of vacancy, the duties to
devolve on Lieutenant-Gov
dent of the Senate.-Casting
case of vacancy.
Governor in a certain case.
of executive department till
to report to Governor before
county, his terms and duties.
diction of Chambers, as may
be directed by law. 19. Courts of Concilliation may be
established, parties to agree to
abide by their judgment. 20. Style of process.
Judicial. 1. Judicial power, how vested. 2. Supreme Court, how composed,
jurisdiction and terms, elec
tion of judges. 8. Nine Common Pleas districts to
be formed, terms, etc. 4. Jurisdiction of Courts of Com
mon Pleas and of judges to be
fixed by law. 6. District Courts, how formed.
To be held in each county.
lished in each county, to be a
elected, terms and powers to
be fixed by law.
vided in the Constitution to be
Elective Franchise. 1. Qualifications of electors. 2. Elections to be by ballot. 3. Privilege of electors from arrest
at elections. 4. Exclusion from voting for bri
bery, perjury or other infa
mous crime. 6. Persons in military, marine or
naval service not to acquire residence by being officially
stationed. 6. Idiots and insane persons may
Education. 1. Funds granted or intrusted to
State for educational and religious purposes to be invio
late. 2. Funds to be provided for main
taining schools.-No sect to have control of school funds.
Public Works to be fixed by law.
Public Institutions. Section 1. Institutions for insane, deaf and
dumb to be fostered and sup
ported. 2. Election of Directors of Peniten
tiary and trustees of other State institutions appointed by
Governor and Senate. 8. Governor may fill vacancies in
offices aforesaid until success.. ors are appointed.
Public Debt and Public Works.
1. Restrictions on the formation of
State debts. 2. Debts to repel invasion and sup
press insurrection.-To redeem present indebtedness.--Debts
payable from sinking fund. 3. With these exceptions, no debts
shall be created by the State. 4. State credit not to be given or
loaned.—May not become a
stockholder in any company. 6. State not to assume county or
other local debts, except in
time of war. 6. State not to authorize
any county, city or township to become a stockholder, or to raise money or to loan credit to cor
porations. 7. Faith of State pledge for pay
ment of public debt.--Sinking
fund. 8. Commissioners of the sinking
fund, how organized. 9. Duties of these commissioners, to
estimate and make provision for raising and disbursing the
fund. 10. Duty to apply fund to the pay
ment of interest and principal
of debt. 11. To report semi-annually to the
Governor.--To report to Legis
lature. 12. Board of Public Works.--Mem
bers to be elected. 13. Powerg and duties of Board of
Militia, 1. Persons liable to military duty. 2. Officers elected by persons sub
ject to military duty. 3. Appointment of staff officers.
Non-commissioned officers and
musicians. 4. Officers to be commissioned by
Governor.-He may call out militia, execute the laws, suppress insurrection and repel
Invasion. 6. General Assembly shall provide
by law for the safe keeping and protection of public arms.
ARTICLE X. County and Township Organization. 1. General Assembly to provide for
election of county and town
ship officers. 2. Time of elections.--Term not to
exceed three years. 3. Sheriffs and county treasurers,
not to hold more than four
years in six. 4. Election of township officers.
Time.-Towns. 5. Money to be paid from county
or township treasury only by
law. 6. Removal of justices of the peace
and county and township offi
cers. 7. Powers of commissioners and
counties.-Trustees of townships are to be fixed by law.
Apportionment. 1. To be made once in ten years
after 1851. 2. Ratio of counties for Representa
tives.-How adjusted. 3. Fractions.-How assigned.-Rule
prescribed. 4. Counties.-when entitled to sepa
rate representation.-Changes only to be made at regular de cennial periods.
Section 6. Counties falling below the new
ratios to be attached to other
counties for representation. 6. Ratios for Senators, how ascer
tained. 7. Present Senatorial districts. 8. Rule for apportioning of Sena
torial districts to be similar to
that for Representatives. 9. Counties, when entitled to sepa
rate Senatorial representation. 10. First apportionment of Repre
sentatives to be as provided in
schedule. 11. Governor, Auditor and Secretary
of State to determine the ratio of causes to be published.
Judicial apportionment. 12. Present judicial districts. 13. New counties to be attached to
such districts, as may be most convenient.
to taxation the same as of in
dividuals. 5. No right of way to be appropri
ated until full compensation
in money is paid. 6. Organization of cities and vil
lages by general laws.-Re
strictions upon their credit. 7. Laws authorizing banking pow.
ers to be submitted to the people.
Jurisprudence. 1. Three commissioners to be ap
pointed.-Their tenure, pay and mode of filling vacancies to be
fixed. 2. To revise, reform, simplify and
abridge the practice, pleadings, forms and proceedings of
Courts of Record. 3. Proceedings of Commissioners to
be reported to General Assem.
1. Poll taxes forbidden.
ing. 4. Revenue to be raised sufficient
to defray expenses of State
and interest on State debt. 6. No tax to be levied except by
law. The object of every tax.
Law to be specified. 6. State not to contract debt for
Miscellaneous. 1. Columbus to be the seat of government
until otherwise di. rected by law. 2. Public printing to be let on con
tract to the lowest responsible
bidder. 3. Receipts and expenditures to be
published. 4. None but electors to hold office. 5. Duelling to disqualify from hold
ing office. 6. Lotteries illegal. 7. Oath of office to be taken before
entering upon duties. 8. Bureau of Statistics to be estab
lished in Secretary's office.
Corporations. 1. General Assembly to pass no
special act conferring corporate
powers. 2. Corporations may be formed
under general laws.-Such laws
may be altered or repealed.
cured.-Liability of stockhold-
Amendments. 1. Amendments, how made by the
General Assembly.-To be submitted to the people at elections.