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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF OHIO.

Article, 1. Bill of rights. 2. Legislative. 3. Executive. 4. Judicial. 5. Elective franchise. 6. Education. 7. Public institutions. 8. Public debt and public works. 9. Militia. 10. County and township organiza

tion.
11. Apportionment.
12. Finance and taxation.
13. Corporations.
14. Jurisprudence.
15. Miscellaneous.
16. Amendments.

Schedule.
Preamble.

Section.

not be tried twice for the same

offense. 11. Freedom of speech and of the

press.--Trials for libel. 12. Transportation for crime forbid

den.- Conviction not to work corruption of blood or forfeit

ure of estate. 13. Quartering of soldiers. 14. Exemption from illegal seizures

and searches. 15. No imprisonment for debt in any

civil action, or mesne or final

process, except fraud. 16. Right of Justice Courts to be

open. 17. Hereditary emoluments, honors

or privileges not to be granted. 18. Laws may be suspended only by

General Assembly. 19. Private property taken for pub

lic use to receive just compen

sation, 20. Other rights not denied or im

paired, and all powers not herein delegated to remain with the people.

ARTICLE I.

ARTICLE II.

Bill of Rights. Section. 1. All men are by nature free and

have certain inalienable rights. 2. Political power inherent in the

people.-Object of government,

right to alter and reform it. 3. The people have the right to

meet together peaceably to

consult for the common good. 4. Right to bear arms for defense

and security.-Standing armies forbidden. Military subor

dinate to civil power. 5. Right of trial by jury. 6. Slavery forbidden. 7. Religious freedom; test oaths

not to be required, witnesses not to be excluded on account

of religion. 8. Writ of habeas corpus. 9. Excessive bail and fines and

cruel punishments forbidden. 10. Rights of persons accused of

crimes, witnesses, counsel, may.

Legislature. 1. Legislative power vested in

General Assembly.-How com

posed. 2. Senators and Representatives to

be elected biennially. 3. Residence of the same. 4. Persons holding office under the

United States or lucrative otfices in the State, not eligible

to Legislature.—Exceptions. 6. Persons convicted of embezzle

ment of public funds and nonaccounting holders of public moneys are debarred from office,

Section. 26. General laws to be uniform in

their operation. 27. The election of officers in the

filling of vacancies not otherwise provided for, to be made according to law.-The vote to

be viva voce. 28. General laws to be passed for

certain purposes. 29. Extra compensation to contract

ors and public officers forbid

den. 30. Limit in formation of counties,

removal of county seats. 31. Pay of officers and members of

General Assembly to be fixed, extra pay in any form not al

lowed. 32. Divorces not to be granted by

General Assembly.

ARTICLE III.

Executive. 1. Officers included in executive

department.-Time of their

election. 2. Terms of certain officers of the

same. 3. Election of return of officers of

the same. In case of tie how

decided. 4. Proceeding in case of non-ses

sion.--The General Assembly

January next after election. 5. Supreme executive power vested

in the Governor. 6. He may require information of

officers in the executive department.-He is to see that the laws are faithfully exe

cuted. 7. He is to communicate by mes.

sage. 8. May,

on

extraordinary OCCA sions, convene the General As.

Section
1. Each house to judge of the re-

turns of its own members.-
Quorum.-Powers of the mi-

nority.
1. Organization of house to be pre-

scribed by law. 1. Each house to choose its own

officers.-May punish members.

-Power of expulsion.
1. Each house to keep a journal.-

Majority of all members elect-
must concur in the passage of

laws.
10. Right of entering protest in

journal. 11. Vacancies in either house, how

Alled. 12. Privileges of Senators and Rep

resentatives from arrest, free

dom of debate. 13. Proceedings to be public unless

two-thirds require secrecy. 14. Adjournments restricted. 15. Bills may originate in either

house. They shall embrace

but one subject. 16. Every bill shall be distinctly

read.-No bill shall contain

more than one subject. 17. Signature of bills and joint

ed must concur in the passage

of laws.
18. Style of laws.
19. Senators and Representatives

not eligible to certain offices
during term nor for one rear

after.
20. General Assembly to fix terms

of office and compensation,
salaries not to be affected dur-

ing term.
21. Contested elections to be deter-

mined as the law may provide. 22. No money to be drawn from the

Treasury except by laws.
23. The house to have sole power of

impeachment.-Tried by Sen-
ate.-Concurrence of two-
thirds necessary for convic-

tion.
24. Officers who may be impeached,

limit of judgments. 25. Beginning of sessions, first ses

sion.

sembly. 9. May adjourn General Assembly

in case of disagreement. 10. To be commander-in-chief of

militia. 11. Pardoning power, limited in

cases of treason or impeachment.

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Section 11. Classification of judges of Su

preme Court. 12. Judges of the Court of Common

Pleas to reside in their dis

tricts. 13. Vacancies in office of judge to

be filled by Governor. 14. Salaries of judges not to be in

creased or diminished, they

hold no other office. 15. General Assembly may increaso

or diminish number of judges, may establish other courts, but not to vacate the office of any

judge. 16. Court of Common Pleas to have

clerk elected from each

а

ernor. 13. Grants and commissions, how

sealed and signed. 14. What persons may not act as

Governor. 15. In case of vacancy, the duties to

devolve on Lieutenant-Gov

ernor.
16. Lieutenant-Governor to be Presi-

dent of the Senate.-Casting
vote.-To act as Governor in

case of vacancy.
17. President of Senate to act as

Governor in a certain case.
18. Governor may fill certain offices

of executive department till
disa bility is removed or elec-

tion keld.
19. Pay of officers of executive de-

partment.
20. Officers of executive department

to report to Governor before
each regular session of General
Assembly.

county, his terms and duties.
17. Removal of judges from office.
18. Judges to have powers and juris-

diction of Chambers, as may

be directed by law. 19. Courts of Concilliation may be

established, parties to agree to

abide by their judgment. 20. Style of process.

ARTICLE IV.

Judicial. 1. Judicial power, how vested. 2. Supreme Court, how composed,

jurisdiction and terms, elec

tion of judges. 8. Nine Common Pleas districts to

be formed, terms, etc. 4. Jurisdiction of Courts of Com

mon Pleas and of judges to be

fixed by law. 6. District Courts, how formed.

To be held in each county.
6. Jurisdiction of District Courts.
7. A Probate Court to be estab-

lished in each county, to be a
Court of Record, open at all
times.-Salary to be paid by

the county.
8. Juris iction of Probate Coupts.
9. Justices of the Peace to be

elected, terms and powers to

be fixed by law.
10. All judges other than those pro-

vided in the Constitution to be
elected.-Terms not to exceed
five years.

ARTICLE V.

Elective Franchise. 1. Qualifications of electors. 2. Elections to be by ballot. 3. Privilege of electors from arrest

at elections. 4. Exclusion from voting for bri

bery, perjury or other infa

mous crime. 6. Persons in military, marine or

naval service not to acquire residence by being officially

stationed. 6. Idiots and insane persons may

not vote.

ARTICLE VI.

Education. 1. Funds granted or intrusted to

State for educational and religious purposes to be invio

late. 2. Funds to be provided for main

taining schools.-No sect to have control of school funds.

ARTICLE VII.

Section

Public Works to be fixed by law.

Public Institutions. Section 1. Institutions for insane, deaf and

dumb to be fostered and sup

ported. 2. Election of Directors of Peniten

tiary and trustees of other State institutions appointed by

Governor and Senate. 8. Governor may fill vacancies in

offices aforesaid until success.. ors are appointed.

ARTICLE VIII.

Public Debt and Public Works.

1. Restrictions on the formation of

State debts. 2. Debts to repel invasion and sup

press insurrection.-To redeem present indebtedness.--Debts

payable from sinking fund. 3. With these exceptions, no debts

shall be created by the State. 4. State credit not to be given or

loaned.—May not become a

stockholder in any company. 6. State not to assume county or

other local debts, except in

time of war. 6. State not to authorize

any county, city or township to become a stockholder, or to raise money or to loan credit to cor

porations. 7. Faith of State pledge for pay

ment of public debt.--Sinking

fund. 8. Commissioners of the sinking

fund, how organized. 9. Duties of these commissioners, to

estimate and make provision for raising and disbursing the

fund. 10. Duty to apply fund to the pay

ment of interest and principal

of debt. 11. To report semi-annually to the

Governor.--To report to Legis

lature. 12. Board of Public Works.--Mem

bers to be elected. 13. Powerg and duties of Board of

ARTICLE IX.

Militia, 1. Persons liable to military duty. 2. Officers elected by persons sub

ject to military duty. 3. Appointment of staff officers.

Non-commissioned officers and

musicians. 4. Officers to be commissioned by

Governor.-He may call out militia, execute the laws, suppress insurrection and repel

Invasion. 6. General Assembly shall provide

by law for the safe keeping and protection of public arms.

ARTICLE X. County and Township Organization. 1. General Assembly to provide for

election of county and town

ship officers. 2. Time of elections.--Term not to

exceed three years. 3. Sheriffs and county treasurers,

not to hold more than four

years in six. 4. Election of township officers.

Time.-Towns. 5. Money to be paid from county

or township treasury only by

law. 6. Removal of justices of the peace

and county and township offi

cers. 7. Powers of commissioners and

counties.-Trustees of townships are to be fixed by law.

ARTICLE XI.

Apportionment. 1. To be made once in ten years

after 1851. 2. Ratio of counties for Representa

tives.-How adjusted. 3. Fractions.-How assigned.-Rule

prescribed. 4. Counties.-when entitled to sepa

rate representation.-Changes only to be made at regular de cennial periods.

Section 6. Counties falling below the new

ratios to be attached to other

counties for representation. 6. Ratios for Senators, how ascer

tained. 7. Present Senatorial districts. 8. Rule for apportioning of Sena

torial districts to be similar to

that for Representatives. 9. Counties, when entitled to sepa

rate Senatorial representation. 10. First apportionment of Repre

sentatives to be as provided in

schedule. 11. Governor, Auditor and Secretary

of State to determine the ratio of causes to be published.

Judicial apportionment. 12. Present judicial districts. 13. New counties to be attached to

such districts, as may be most convenient.

Section
4. Property of corporations liable

to taxation the same as of in

dividuals. 5. No right of way to be appropri

ated until full compensation

in money is paid. 6. Organization of cities and vil

lages by general laws.-Re

strictions upon their credit. 7. Laws authorizing banking pow.

ers to be submitted to the people.

ARTICLE XIV.

Jurisprudence. 1. Three commissioners to be ap

pointed.-Their tenure, pay and mode of filling vacancies to be

fixed. 2. To revise, reform, simplify and

abridge the practice, pleadings, forms and proceedings of

Courts of Record. 3. Proceedings of Commissioners to

be reported to General Assem.
bly.

ARTICLE XII.
Finance and Taxation.

1. Poll taxes forbidden.
2. Taxation to be uniform.-Public

property exempted.-Personal
property to what extent ex-

empted.
3. Taxation upon banks and bank-

ing. 4. Revenue to be raised sufficient

to defray expenses of State

and interest on State debt. 6. No tax to be levied except by

law. The object of every tax.

Law to be specified. 6. State not to contract debt for

internal improvements.

ARTICLE XV.

Miscellaneous. 1. Columbus to be the seat of government

until otherwise di. rected by law. 2. Public printing to be let on con

tract to the lowest responsible

bidder. 3. Receipts and expenditures to be

published. 4. None but electors to hold office. 5. Duelling to disqualify from hold

ing office. 6. Lotteries illegal. 7. Oath of office to be taken before

entering upon duties. 8. Bureau of Statistics to be estab

lished in Secretary's office.

ARTICLE XIII.

Corporations. 1. General Assembly to pass no

special act conferring corporate

powers. 2. Corporations may be formed

under general laws.-Such laws

may be altered or repealed.
3. Dues from corporations, how se-

cured.-Liability of stockhold-
ers.

ARTICLE XVI.

Amendments. 1. Amendments, how made by the

General Assembly.-To be submitted to the people at elections.

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