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the most difficult to be supplied. At the Society
of Antiquaries the collection will be accessible to PROCLAMATIONS OF THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES,
all literary inquirers, and no doubt the Society AND THEIR VALUE AS HISTORICAL EVIDENCES.
will publish a proper catalogue, which is already The work that is now going on at the Society of in preparation by Mr. Lemon. Antiquaries in reference to the collection of royal It is obvious that any person who chooses to proclamations in their library, is one in which not contribute such stray proclamations, or copies of merely the Fellows of that Society, but all his proclamations, as he may chance to have in his torical students, are deeply interested. The So- possession, will be helping forward a really good ciety possesses one of the three known largest work, and the possessor of duplicates may not only collections of these public documents. They were do the same, but may benefit his own collection formerly bound up in volumes of several different by an interchange. sizes, intermixed with a variety of fugitive pub- The value of proclamations as historical autholications, such as ballads and broadsides, which rities, and especially as authorities for the history formed altogether a very incongruous collection. of manners, and of our national progress, is indisA short time since it was found that the binding putable. As I write, I have before me the Booke of many of the volumes was very much worn, and of Proclamations of James I. from 1603 to 1609; that some of the documents themselves had been and the page lying open affords a striking illustraconsiderably torn and damaged. Under these tion of what I'assert. It gives us A CHAPTER IN circumstances, Mr. Lemon, of the State Paper THE HISTORY OF OUR POST-OFFICE. Office, offered his services to the Council to su- Immediately on the accession of James I., the perintend an entire new arrangement, mounting, high north road from London to Edinburgh was binding, and calendaring, of the whole series of thronged with multitudes of pilgrims hastening to proclamations. His offer was of course gratefully the worship of the newly risen sun. Robert Carey accepted, and the work is now in active progress. became, in the words of Cowper's enigma," the
The collection is certainly the most important parent of numbers that cannot be told.” Scotland that is known, and is especially so in the reign of has never poured into the south more active or Elizabeth ; in reference to which there is no col- more anxious suppliants than then traversed the lection at all approaching to it, either in com- northward road through Berwick. All ordinary acpleteness or value. Still there are many pro- commodation soon fell short of the demand. Mesclamations wanting : several of the Fellows of the
sengers riding post from the council to the king Society have come forward most liberally to fill were stayed on the road for want of the ordinary up gaps. Mr. Payne COLLIER led the way in a supply of post-horses, all which were taken up by contribution of great value ; MR. SALT followed lords and gentry-rushing northward in the fury MR. COLLIER with a munificent donation of a whole of their new-born loyalty. As a remedy for these collection relating to Charles II. and James II. ; | inconveniences, the lords of the council issued and upon Mr. Lemon's suggestion, and with the a proclamation, calling upon all magistrates to aid joint concurrence of Mr. Secretary Walpole and the postmasters in this time so full of business," the Keeper of the State Paper Office, an inter- by seeing that they are supplied with fresh and change of duplicates has been effected between able horses as necessitie shall require.” Of course that office and the Society of Antiquaries, which the supply was merely of horses. Travellers could has added forty proclamations to the Society's not in those days obtain carriages of any kind. collection.
The horses were directed to be " able and suffiMy principal reason for addressing you upon cient horses, and well furnished of saddles, bridles, this subject is to ask you to suggest to your girts and stirropës, with good guides to looke to readers that a similar interchange of duplicates them ; who for their said horses shall demand and might be effected between the Society and any receive of such as shall ride on them, the prices persons who chance to have duplicate proclama- accustomed.” tions in their possession.
The new state of things became permanent. It is of the very highest literary and historical London, after James's removal from Edinburgh, importance that we should get together, in some being really the seat of government for the whole accessible place, a collection of proclamations, island, the intercourse both ways was continuous, which if not actually complete (a consummation and further general orders for its management hardly to be expected), shall yet approach to were published by proclamation.
There were completeness. The collection at Somerset House at that time, on all the high roads through the offers the best opportunity for forming such a country, two sorts of posts :- 1. Special messencollection. It is by far the most nearly complete gers or couriers who rode “ thorough post,” that is, in existence, and is strong in that particular part themselves rode through the whole distance," with of the series in which other collections are most horn and guide.” Such persons carried with them defective, and in which missing proclamations are an authentication of their employment in the in every
public service. In 1603, they were charged "two- we have in our innocence been tempted with a parapence halfe-peny the mile” (raised in 1609 to graph that commenced with “a clever saying of the threepence) for the hire of each horse, “ besides illustrious Voltaire's,” and dovetailed into a pane. the guide's groats." The hire was to be paid be- gyric of Messrs. Aaron and Son's Reversible Pale! forehand. They were not to ride the horses more tots; or we may have applauded the clever logician, than one stage, except with the consent of “the who so clearly demonstrates, that as Napoleon's ! post of the stage” at which they did not change. bilious affection frequently clouded his judgment Nor were they to charge the horse “with any in times of greatest need, the events of the present male or burden (besides his rider) that exceedeth century, and the fate of nations, would have been the weight of thirtye pounds." Nor to ride more reversed, had that great man only been persuaded than seven miles an hour in summer or six in to take two boxes of Snooks's Aperient Pill, price winter. . 2. The other sort of post was what was 1s. ląd., with the government stamp on a red i termed the “post for the packet.” For this ser- ground (see Advt.). All these things we know vice every postmaster was bound to keep horses very well; but, of the fugitive literature that does ready; and on receipt of a “packet or parcel not find a place in the advertising columns of The containing letters, he was to send it on towards Times, but flashes into Fame only in the pages
of the next stage within a quarter of an hour after some local oracle, or in some obscurer broad-sheet, its arrival, entering the transaction in “ a large how often must it remain unappreciated, and and faire ledger paper book.” Two horses were doomed to " waste its sweetness on the desert air." | to be kept constantly ready for this service,“ with That this may not be said of the following burst of furniture convenient,” and messengers “at hand advertising, eloquence, I trust it may be found in areadinesse." The postmaster was also to have worthy a niche in the temple of “ N. & Q.” In its ready“ two bags of leather, at the least, well lined composition the author was probably inspired by with bayes or cotton, to carry the packet in.” He the grand scenery of the Cheviots, in a village near was also to have ready “hornes to sound and blow, to which his shop was situate. It was one of those as oft as the post meets company, or foure times “generally useful ” shops where the grocer and mile.”
draper held equal reign, and anything could be The *** post for the packet” was at first used got, from silks and satins to butter and Bath bricks. only for the carriage of despatches for the govern. The composition was printed and distributed ment or for ambassadors, but a similar mode of among the neighbouring families, but shortly after, conveyance soon began to be taken advantage of when the author heard that it had not produced by merchants and private persons. Difficulty in the exact effect he had wished, he, with the irritaobtaining posts and horses for the conveyance of bility that often accompanies genius, resolved to private packets, led to the interference of certain get back and destroy every copy of his production, persons called hackney-men, tapsters, hostlers, and and deny to the world that which it could not others, in hiring out their horses, to the hinderance appreciate. Fortunately for the world's welfare I of publique service, danger to our state, and wrong preserved a copy of his hand-bill, of which this, to our standing and settled postes in their several in its tèrn, is a faithful transcript: stages.” The government of James I. thought, in its blindness, that it could put a stop to the dan- “ To the Inhabitants of G, and its neighbourhood. gerous practice of transmitting unofficial letters,
“ The present age is teeming with advantages which by rendering it penal for private persons to carry no preceding Era in the history of mankind has aftħem ; that of Charles I., wiser, in this respect, in forded to the human family. New schemes are proits generation, settled a scheme for their general jecting to enlighten and extend civilisation, Railways conveyance through the medium of “ a letter have been projected and carried out by an enterprising office." But the post for the packet,” with his and spirited nation, while Science in its gigantic power leathern bag and his twanging horn (the origin, of (simple yet sublime) affords to the humane mind so course, of our mail-coach horn), continued down many facilities to explore its rich resources, the Seasons to a late period, and probably still lingers in some
roll on in their usual course producing light and heat, parts of the kingdom. Cowper, it will be remem- the vivifying rays of the Sun, and the fructifying inbered, describes him admirably. John BRUCE.
fuences of nature producing food and happiness to the Sons of Toil; while to the people of G. and its neighbourhood a rich and extensive variety of Fashionable
Goods is to be found in my Warehouse, which have just We are all well acquainted with the ingenious is requested to convey to the mind an adequate idea of
been selected with the greatest care. The earliest visit artifices by which modern advertisers thrust their the great extent of his purchases, comprising as it does wares upon the attention of newspaper readers. all that is elegant and useful, cheap and substantial, to We may, perhaps, have been betrayed into the ex- the light-hearted votaries of Matrimony, the Matrons pression of some rude Saxon expletive, when in the of Reflection, the Man of Industry, and the disconsolate columns devoted to news and general information, Victims of Bereavement.
CURIOSITIES OF ADVERTISING LITERATURE.
ON A PASSAGE IN
The peroration certainly exhibits what Mrs. I cannot think that the poet would have put a Malaprop calls“ a nice derangement of epitaphs : short speech into Wolsey's mouth, making him and, as for the rest, surely " the force of” bathos forget how he commenced it! Nor do I believe “could no further go." CUTHBERT BEDE, B. A. that anything has been lost, except the slender
letter I preceding am. The printer or transcriber
made the easy mistake of taking the word true for KING HENRY VIII.," ACT III.
haue, which as written of old would readily occur, and having thus confused the passage, had recourse
to the unconscionable long mark of a parenthesis. One of the most desperately unintelligible pas. The passage undoubtedly should stand thus : sages in Shakspeare occurs in this play, in the scene
Car. “I do profess between the King and the Cardinal, when the latter
That for your highness' good I ever labour'd professes his devoted attachment to his service.
More than mine own; that I am true, and will be It stands thus in the first folio:
Though all the world should lack their duty to you, Car. “I do professe
And throw it from their soul : though perils did That for your Highnesse good, I euer labour'd
Abound, as thick as thought could make them, and More thien mine owne: that am, haue, and will be Appear in forms more horrid; yet my duty (Though all the world should cracke their duty to you, (As doth a rock against the chiding flood,) And throw it from their Soule, though perils did Should the approach of this wild river break, Abound, as thicke as thonght could make 'em, and
And stand unshaken yours." Appeare in formes more horrid) yet my Duty,
Here all is congruous and clear. This slight As doth a rocke against the chiding Flood,
correction of a palpable printer's error redeems a Should the approach of this wilde Riuer breake,
fine And stand vnshaken yours.”
passage hitherto entirely unintelligible. I do
not insist upon the correction in the fourth line of Upon this Mason observes :
lack for crack, yet what can be meant by cracking “I can find no meaning in these words (that am,
a duty? The Duke, in the Two Gentlemen of have, and will be), or see how they are connected with Verona, speaks of his daughter as “ lacking duty; the rest of the sentence; and should therefore strike and seeing how very negligently the whole
passage them out."
has been given in the folio, I think there is good ground for its reception. With regard to the cor
rection in the second line, I feel confident, and " I suppose the meaning is, that or such a man, I doubt not that it will have the approbation of all am, have been, and will ever be.! Our author has many who, like myself, feel assured that most of the hard and forced expressions in his plays; but many of difficulties in the text of our great poet are atthe hardnesses in the piece before us appear to me of a tributable to a careless printer or transcriber. different colour from those of Shakspeare. Perhaps,
When I proposed (Vol. vi., p. 468.) to read however, a line following has been lost; for in the old
“ rail at once," instead of "all at once,"'in As You copy there is no stop at the end of this line; and, in
Like It, Act. III, Sc. 5., I thought the conjecture deed, I have some doubt whether a comma ought not to be placed at it, rather than a fullpoint.”
my own, having then only access to the editions of
Mr. Collier and Mr. Knight; I consequently said, Mr. Knight, however, places a fullpoint at will. It is somewhat singular that the passage should be, and says:
hitherto have passed unquestioned." My surprise “ There is certainly some corruption in this passage;
was therefore great, on turning to the passage in for no ellipsis can have taken this very obscure form.
the Variorum Shakspeare, to find the following 2. Jackson suggests that aim has and will be.' This note by Warburton, which had escaped my notice : is very harsh. We might read • That aim I have and If the speaker intended to accuse the person spoken will,' will being a noun."
to only for insulting and exulting, then, instead of all
at once,' it ought to have been both at once. But, exMr. Collier has the following note:
amining the crime of the person accused, we shall dis“ In this place we can do no more than reprint ex. cover that the line is to be read thus: actly the old text, with the old punctuation; as if • That you insult, exult, and rail at once,' Wolsey, following that am, have, and will be' by a for these three things Phæbe was guilty of. But the long parenthesis, had forgotten how he commenced his
Oxford editor improves it, and, for rail at once, reads sentence. Something may have been lost, which would domineer." have completed the meaning; and the instances have not been unfrequent where lines, necessary to the sense,
I have no recollection of having ever read the have been recovered from the quarto impressions. note before, and certainly was not conscious of it. Here we have no quarto impressions to resort to, and
The coincidence, therefore, may be considered (as the later folios afford us no assistance, as they reprint
Mr. Collier observed in respect to the reading of the passage as it stands in the folio 1623, excepting palpable for capable) as much in favour of this that the two latest end the parenthesis at "break' conjecture.
That the most careful printers can misread, and Ditto, p. xxv.
Marcus Lucius. Who is here consequently misprint, copy, is evident from the alluded to ? following error in my last Note:-Vol. vi., p. 584., Ditto, p. xxvii. "Which strangely parodies." col. 1., for " in the edition which I
opening alluded to is “Franciscus de Verupart,”_read “poet.” This mistake, like most of lam sic cogitavit.” those I have indicated in the first folio Shakspeare, Ditto, p. xxviii. “ One solitary line.” Where might easily occur if the word was indistinctly is this to be found ? written.
S. W. SINGER. Ditto, ditto. “Ben Johnson after sketching." Mickleham.
See Discoveries, p. 749. ut sup.
Ditto, p. xxix. Might have censured with
Ditto, ditto. “ Hobbes." Where does he
praise Bacon? As I find that the editor of Bacon's Essays for Ditto, ditto. "Bayle." In Bayle's Dictionary Bohn's Standard Library has not verified the quo- [English edition, 1710], s. v., we find but fourtations, I venture to send you a few “N. & Q." on teen lines on Bacon. them, which I hope to continue from time to time, Ditto, ditto. “ Tacitus." Vit. Agric., càp. 44. if they prove acceptable. In compliance with the Ditto, p. xxxiii. note. . Solomon's House." See recommendation of MR. SYDNEY SMIRKE and the p. 296. seqq. of the vol. of the Standard Library. Rev. H. T. ELLACOMBE (Vol. vi., p. 558.), I ap- Ditto, p. xxxiv. note. Paterculus, i. 17. 6. pend my name and address.
[Burmann.] N.B. The paging and notes of Bohn's edition
(To be continued.) are followed throughout,
P. J. F. GANTILLON, B.A. Preface, p. xiii. note *. Speech on the Im
26. Hill's Road, Cambridge. peachment of Warren Hastings." See Burke's Works, vol. viii. p. 15. (ed. 1827.] Speech on the first day of reply:
Ditto, p. xv. Letter to Father Fulgentio. See LATIN POEMS IN CONNEXION WITH WATERLOO. Montagu's Bacon, vol. xi. pref., p. vii.; vol. xii.
I send you two copies of Latin verses which p. 205. Ditto, ditto. Spenser's Faery Queene, fc. See They are however interesting, from the coinci
have not, to my knowledge, appeared in print. preface to Moxon's Spenser (1850), p. xxix., where dence of their both relating to elm-trees, and in this story is refuted, and Montagu, xvi., note x. Ditto, p. xvi. " It was like another man's fair loo,” about which we never can hear too much.
some measure belonging to the “ Story of Waterground," "&c. See Montagu, xvi. p. xxvii.
The lines themselves possess considerable merit ; Ditto, ditto. “ I shall die," &c.Ditto, xxxiv. and, as their authors were respectively distinand note ww. Ditto, p. xvii. notet: Dugald Stewart. Sup; see both compositions placed in juxtaposition in
guished alumni of Eton and Winchester, I hope to plement to Encycl. Brit., vol. i. p. 54. (ed. 1824.] the columns of “ N. & Q."
Ditto, ditto. Hatton, not Hutton, as in Eliza Cook's Journal, vi. 235.
The first of these productions was written by Ditto, ditto. Love an ignoble passion. Essay x. carved from the Wellington Elm which stood near
Marquis Wellesley, as an inscription for a chair ad init. Ditto, p. xviii. "Says Macaulay." Review of Waterloo), and presented to his Majesty King
the centre of the British lines on the field of B. Montagu's Bacon Essays, p. 355. (ed. 1851.] Ditto, ditto. A pamphlet. Montagu, vi. 299.
George IV., to whom the lines were addressed: Ditto, p. xix. * A place in the Canticles.” | Ampla inter spolia, et magni decora alta triumphi, Cap. ii. 1. Bacon quotes, from memory it would
Ulmus erit fastis commemoranda tuis, appear; from the Vulgate, which has « Ego flos Quam super exoriens faustâ tibi gloria penna campi.” By whom is the observation ? See, for
Palmam oleamque uno detulit alma die; the story, Montagu, xvi. p. xcviii.
Immortale decus maneat, famâque perenni Ditto, ditto. “Books were announced.” What? Felicique geras sceptra paterna manu;
Ditto, p. xx. “ Cæsar's compliment to Cicero." Et tua victrices dum cingunt tempora lauri, Where recorded ?
Materies solio digna sit ista tuo. Ditto, p. xxi. “The manufacture of particular For the other verses subjoined, we are indebted articles of trade.” Montagu, xvi. 306.
to the late Rev. William Crowe, Fellow of New Ditto, p. xxii. Says Macaulay.” Ut supra, College, Oxford, and many years public orator in
that university. It seems that he had planted an Ditto, ditto. Ben Johnson. See Underwood's, elm at his parsonage, on the birth of his son, afterlxix. lxxviii. (pp. 711. 713. ed. Moxon, 1851.] wards killed at Waterloo, which sad event was
commemorated by his afflicted father in the fol- Is it not more probable that Mr. R. means Robert lowing touching monody, affixed to the same tree: Randolph, master of arts, and student of ChristHanc Ego quam felix annis melioribus Ulmum
church — a younger brother of Thomas Randolph, Ipse manu sevi, tibi dilectissime Fili
and the editor of his poems? Consecro in æternum, Gulielme vocabitur Arbos
I must first dispose of the assertion that the Hæc tua, servabitque tuum per
appears to Te Puer nil muneris hujus egentem
have subsisted in 1637.” There is no evidence of generosa Te jam perfunctum vitæ bellique labore,
their friendship till 1647; and that evidence is the Adscripsit Deus, et cælestibus intulit oris,
ode to Rouse, to which this address is prefixed : Me tamen afflictum, me consolabitur ægrum
“ Jan. 23. 1646. Ad Joannem Rousium, OxonienHoc tibi quod pono, quanquam leve pignus amoris, sis academiæ bibliothecarium. De libro poematum Hic Ego de vitâ meditans, de sorte futurâ,
ille sibi denuo mitti postulabat, ut cum Sæpe tuam recolam formam, dulcemque loquelam, It seems that Milton did not send the volume of
aliis nostris in bibliotheca publica reponeret, ode.". Verbaque tam puro et sacrato fonte profecta, Quam festiva quidem, et facili condita lepore.
1645 till a copy of it had been requested ; no eviAt Te, qui nostris quicunque accesseris hospes
dence, certainly, of old friendship! I admit the Sedibus, unum oro, mesti reverere Parentis,
probability that Wotton and Rouse were friends ; Nec tu sperne preces quas hâc super Arbore fundo.
but why should Rouse officiously stitch up, as Sit tibi non invisa, sit inviolata securi,
Warton expresses it, the Mask of Milton with the
Poems of Thomas Et quantum natura sinet, crescat monumentum
present the Egregii Juvenis, qui sævo est Marte peremptus,
volume to Wotton? Did he give away that which Fortiter ob patriam pugnando, sic tibi constans
is still wanting in the Bodleian library? Stet fortuna domûs, sit nulli obnoxia damno,
Admit my novel conjecture, and all the diffiNec videas unquam dilecti funera nati.
culties vanish. Thomas Randolph, says Phillips, BRAYBROOKE.
one of the most pregnant young wits of his time;" and Robert, who was also noted as a poet, could scarcely fail to offer the poems of his brother
to so eminent a person as sir Henry Wotton. As SIR HENRY WOTTON AND MILTON.
sir Henry yearly went to Oxford, he may have The letter which sir Henry Wotton addressed made acquaintance with Robert; and Robert may to Milton, on receiving the Maske presented at have been introduced to Milton by Thomas, who Ludlow-castle, appears to admit of an interpreta- was for eight years his cotemporary at Cambridge, tion which has escaped the numerous editors of and in the enjoyment of much more celebrity the works of Milton ; and I resolve to put this The Maske may have been added as an experinovel conjecture on its trial in the critical court of ment in criticism. facts and inferences held at No. 186. Fleet Street. The rev. Thomas Warton was a man of exten
Sir Henry Wotton thus expresses himself on sive reading, an excellent critic, and a fascinating, the circumstance which I conceive to have been writer — but too often inattentive to accuracy of misinterpreted :
statement. He says that Randolph died the 17th " For the work itself (a dainty piece of entertain- March, 1634: Wood says he was buried the 17th ment, by Milton] I had viewed some good while before March, 1634. He says it is so stated on his monuwith singular delight, having received it from our ment: the monument has no date. He says the common friend Mr. R. in the very close of the late Poems of Randolph contain 114 pages: the volume R.'s Poems, printed at Oxford ; whereunto [it] is added contains 368 pages! He says the Maske is a slight (as I now suppose) that the accessory might help out quarto of 30 pages only: it contains 40 pages ! the principal, according to the art of stationers, and to Is it not fit that such carelessness should be exleave the reader con la bocca dolce." - Reliquiæ Wat- posed ?
BOLTON CORNEY. toniana, 1672.
In the poems of Milton, as edited by himself in 1645, the date of this letter is “13th April, 1638;" and as the Poems of "Thomas Randolph, master of Unlucky to sell Eggs after Sunset. - The follow. arts, and late fellow of Trinity colledge in Cam-ing paragraph is extracted from the Stamford bridge,” were printed at Oxford in that year, in Mercury of October 29, 1852 : small quarto, it may be assumed that the gift of
“ There exists a species of superstition in north NotMr. R. was a copy of that volume, with the addition of the Maske, as printed in the same size in tinghamshire against letting eggs go out of a house
after sunset. The other day a person in want of some 1637. Such was the conclusion of Warton, and
eggs called at a farm house in East Markham, and such is mine. The question at issue is, Who was inquired of the good woman of the house whether she Mr. R. Warton says, “I believe Mr. R. to be had any eggs to sell, to which she replied that she had John Rouse," the keeper of the Bodleian library. a few scores to dispose of. Then I'll take them home