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Last month very joyful news arrived at forty years, from thousands of his people, the mission-house in London from China. and allowed them to enter that great emIt announced that China was opened to pire. Hitherto the profession of Christhe spread of the gospel; and told us that tianity has been forbidden in that country, God had at last heard the prayers that and the missionaries prevented from lahad been ascending to his throne for above bouring as they wished; but now the em* Sinim is generally understood to mean China. peror has published an edict, allowing us to

October 1845,

CHINA OPENED.

74 establish missions in the five principal com-, have not openly attempted to re-enter mercial cities; and though onir missionaries China. A few priests still remained in may not travel up and down the land, yet the secluded parts, in order to supply their through the help of native teachers and converts with their instructions and help; books, we can now send the gospel through but if any were discovered in the counthe length and breadth of the empire. try they were cruelly treated. Others have Churches may now be built, and full liber- gone since; and every yeartwo or three have ty enjoyed to worship God as the Chris- secretly proceeded to the mission in the tians may think right. It is delightful to interior. The native Christians, too, have know all this ; and it seems to me to make kept up their profession ; and native Cathis really a year of jubilee, since liberty tholic communities still remain in all the has been proclaimed in China, and the way provinces. They have also retained many been opened to save the vast multitude of of their chapels, and have service performits inhabitants.

ed in them; while in Peking they had a The opening of China carries back my community, a few years ago, of above thoughts over many years, in which we | 26,000 members. have tried to introduce the gospel there I cannot tell you how many Catholics without success; and I am going to give you still remain in China ; but a statement a little history of what we have been do- was published in 1810 by them, which ing.

shows that they then had, You must know, I should think, that in China, is one half of the leathen world, or Of MissionARIES, 6 Bishops. about three hundred and thirty-three mil

2 Coadjutors. lions of people. All these speak ore lan

23 Priests. guage, and almost all can read, so that

80 Native Assistants. when a missionary has learned Chinese, he Of MEMBERS, 215,000 Native Christians. can speak the tongue of half the heathen; and when he has written and printeil a Their numbers, however, in some parts tract, it can be read and understood by the have since increased, and lience, there may same vast multitude. China, too, is all be many more at present. Thus, in the under one government, so that if laws are bishoprie of Macao, in 1810 there were made favourable to Christianity, every dis- only 7000 members; but in 1833 there trict is at once more or less open to its were 13,000. spread. On these accounts, and for many Besides these stations, they have two other reasons, China has always been look- seminaries for training priests : one at Maed to as a fine field for missionary effort. cao, and the other in Tartary, beyond the Accordingly, very early efforts were made wall of China. by the Roman Catholics to convert the Since the Chinese war, within the last people to their religion ; and for many two years, they have found it more easy to years they had large and prosperous mis- enter the country ; and sent over many sions, but bitter persecutions broke out, missionaries, and excited a great interest and in 1723 all the Catholic missionaries in behalf of the work ; while the present were banished from the land. By the opening, which makes us so glad, has been same edict no fewer than 300 churches brought about by their efforts with the were destroyed, and 300,000 profess- government. ing Christians deprived of their pastors. Their activity just now is very great, and From that time till lately the Catholics we should learn a lesson from it ; and

CIUNA OPENED.

75 with what we think a purer faith and holierners made his countrymen suspect him, principles, should go up with even greater while it did not gain him the favour of the energy to take possession of the land. natives. He therefore changed his way of

No Protestant mission was begun in life, and lived in both better quarters and China till about forty years ago ; and the more like others. In 1808 some misunderhonour of this work lies with the London standing arose between our government Missionary Society. The directors of that and that of China; and Morrison had in Society, after much thought and prayer, consequence to retire to Macao. Here he resolved, in 1805, to attempt to translate acted with great caution, as both the bigothe Scriptures into Chinese, and com- try and ill-will of the Romish priesthood, mence a mission to that country. Many and the suspicions of the government redifficulties lay in the way; but they felt quired it. The first time he ventured out the Lord called them to it, and they could in Macad was on a moonlight night, with not refuse to attempt it. In 1806 they ap-two Chinese, who acted as his guards. pointed two missionaries, Messrs Brown In 1810 he finished and printed the and Morrison, and wrote to Dr Vander- translation of the Acts of the Apostles. It kemp, then in Africa, to go with them to was a prohibited book, and had to be printPenang. Mr Brown, however, soon re-ed at a great risk. This made it very extired, and Dr Vanderkemp declined to go, pensive, but when the British and Foreign so that Morrison was left to go alone. Bible Society heard of it, they voted him There was then a native of China in Lon- £500. Other publications followed, and don, Yong-sam-tak; and under him, and other books of the New Testament, till in with the help of a manuscript translation 1814 he could announce that the entire of the gospels and Paul's epistles, originally book was completed; and by November 1818 made by the Jesuits in China, and then the whole Bible was translated into Chinese. lying in the British Museum, Morrison In this great work Morrison had been began to study the language. By January greatly helped by another devoted mission1807 he was able to set out, and proceeded ary, Mr Milne, who had been sent to join to Canton by way of America, and arrived him at Macao in 1813. Mr Milne transin China, the 4th of September of the same lated Job and the historical books: the rest year. As soon as he arrived in Macao, was Dr Morrison's. his object was discovered by the Catholic During all the period that passed before missionaries there; and he found it would the Bible was translated, Dr Morrison embe necessary to conduct his movements ployed himself as far as he could in preachwith great secrecy.

He accordingly hired ing the gospel and distributing such books a lower room in a retired part of Canton, as he had printed in Chinese. He had to and there, with no light but what shone preach in the most secret manner to a few from an earthenware lamp, the rays of natives in his own room and with locked which he screened by a volume of Mat-doors. In this way he laboured for many thew Henry's Commentary, he pursued his years before he saw any effect in the constudy of the language. He adopted the dress version of souls ; but in 1814, he was enand manners of the natives, allowed his hair couraged by one of the printers giving signs and nails to grow, ate with chop-sticks, that his heart was changed. The name of and walked about in thick Chinese wooden this man was Tsae A-ko. He was first shoes. In all this he afterwards found out brought to think about Christianity by he did not do well. The confinement in- reading the New Testament he then was jured his health ; and his habits and man- I printing, and by degrees was led on to give

75

THE HINDOO SCHOLAR. himself to God. When his wind was made The cut at the top gives you the scene. up to be baptized, he told his wish to Dr It was one of great interest in more worlds. Morrison, who, after proper examination, than one. Devils no doubt looked on, and, granted his desire. His account of it is felt that now Christ was spoiling them of as follows:

China. And angels looked on too, and At a spring of water, issuing from the foot of struck their harps and sang their song 3 lofty hill, by the sea side, away from human ob- above the spot. scrvation, I baptized, in the name of the Father,

I will, if all be well, go on with my acSon, and Holy Spirit, Tsae A-ko. May he be the first-fruits of a great harvest; one of millions who counts next month, but my room forbids shall believe and be saved from the wrath to come.' my adding more to-day.

THE IIINDOO SCHOLAR. How happy is the condition of little girls , sir,” which was almost all the English she in a Christian land, compared with their knew. To encourage the little learner, he state among the heathen! The laws of the would lend her the Bible, or some other Hindoos declare, that it is not proper for book, for her to take away with her to read. females to learn to read; and they are most- It was the practice of the missionary to ly left to grow up in ignorance. When a have morning prayer with the school girls, missionary offered to begin a school for the to whom he explained, in a plain way, a young in a Hindoo village, some of the I few verses of the Scriptures.

The girls people said that he might set up one for the . who could read took their books with them, boys. Ile then told them he was willing' and questions were asked, to see if they unto set up one for girls also, when a Hindoo I derstood what had been told them. Little l'eplied, " What have we to do for them?! Pannachi did not trifle and play, as many Het them remain as they are." The mis. / English girls often do when the Bible is sionary said, that they had souls as well as i read; but she looked at the missionary, and men, and must be saved, or lost for ever. I tried to make out what he was reading, so The Hindoo added, They do not know that she was able to answer the questiulis how to go to heaven, then let them go to better than any other girl in the school. hell!” But since this shocking reply was When the evening came, she was always given, many schools for females have been glad to join in the prayers that were offered, set up in India, and God lias richly blessed and to hear the Scriptures again explained. the labours of the Christian teachers. Many one or two of thc girls had to stay in the pleasing accounts of the piety of Hindoo school-room, to take care of it, while the girls have been sent to us, and one of them rest went to join in family prayer ; but will now be given.

Pannachi, when it was her turn to stop Pannachi was a lively little girl, with a behind, used to beg very hard that she also smiling face, and of simple manners. As might be allowed to go. She said she did her father had given up his idols, he brought not like to lose any part of her instruction. her to a school to be taught. She was One morning little Pannachi was taken very diligent, and got on nicely in her , ill ; in the afternoon, she became much learning. She took great delight in reading, worse ; at night, she was in great danger ; and sometimes went to the missionary's and at day break next morning, she was house, and standing at his study door, would dying. When she was seized with the illmake a courtsey, and with a pleasing smile ness she seemed afraid, but soon became on her face, used to say, “Good morning, calm. Turning to her schoolmistress she

GEORGE SCHMIDT.

in me.

said, “ Do not be troubled about me; I am of man cometh,” Matt. xxiv. 44. IIe comes not afraid : the Lord lives, and I trust in to call you to give an account of how you him." As Pannachi appeared in great have lived—how you have improved your pain, she was asked how she felt, when she privileges; and whether or not, you have said she was trusting in the Lord Jesus ; loved him. Prepare! you may die young ; and added, “ The Spirit of God is mighty you may die soon; you may die after only

When the mistress saw her little a few hours' illness. Take care, then, like scholar close her eyes in death, she wept, Pannachi, to improve the days of your and said, “That was a dear child—a child youth ; seek to understand the Bible, and that loved the Bible, and dearly loved the believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, that you Saviour.”

may obtain the forgiveness of your sins, The history of this little Hindoo girl is a through the riches of his grace.-Missioncall on the young—“ Be ye also ready: for ary First Fruits. in such an hour as ye think not, the Son

GEORGE SCHMIDT,

THE FIRST MISSIONARY TO THE HOTTENTOTS.

( Concluded from page 70.) The news that Schmidt was baptizing permission to go back. You may be sure the Hottentots soon reached Cape Town, Schmidt was much distressed to be kept and a number of persons began to find fault. from his Hottentots; but he was obliged to Amongst these were several of the Dutch yield to what seemed to be God's will. clergy, who complained that Schmidt was He lived forty-two years after his return, not a properly appointed minister, and had and never forgot Africa ; but every day reno right to baptize any one. For some tired at a certain hour and spent some time time he bore their opposition with great in prayer for it. One day he had retired patience ; but as they tried to destroy his as usual to pray, and did not come out of influence with the people, and so hinder his his room at the time expected. His serwork, he felt it very difficult to endure. vant waited long ; but as he was not heard At last his position became so unhappy that to move, the door was opened, and there he obtained leave to return to Europe for Schmidt was found upon his knees in the a time. This was readily allowed by the attitude of prayer, but a cold and lifeless Government, and on October 30, 1743, he corpse. Tie kid died, it would seem, took an affecting farewell of his llottentots, praying for Africa ; and he did not pray and delivered an address on the words of Paul in vain. to the Ephesian elders. Many tears were Not long after this the opposition to the shed; for Schmidt was much beloved by his Mission gave way, and the Brethren sent little flock. The number of Ilottentots out their preachers once again. These under his care when he left was forty- good men, on reaching the Ilottentot coun

try, went to the spot where Schmidt bad As soon as his health allowed, he expressed laboured. They found part of the walls of his wish to return; and Count Zinzendorf his hut still standing, and several fruit trees petitioned the East India Company to allow of his planting. They found also one of of it. The petition, however, was refused ; his converts, Magdalena, still alive; and and poor Schmidt could never after obtain though bent down with extreme old age,

seven.

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