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58 ple go on pilgrimages from all parts of the by lying down at every step, and measuring kingdom to worship them at the time of the road by the length of their body, thinkthe great festivals. It is said, that not ing this will gain them special favour with fewer than 200,000 persons assemble there the god. at the drawing of the car. Many old and On a certain day after the pilgrims are infirm people attempt the journey, who die assembled, the Brahmins dress up Juggerby the way from fatigue, and for miles naut; and, bringing him out of the temple, before you get to Juggernaut, human bones set him on his car which is drawn by some lie strewed upon the road from the num- thousands of men, women, and children. bers of poor creatures who have thus perish- The moment he is placed on the car, the ed. At one place, by a river, a traveller people raise a great shout, which they cononce counted above a hundred skulls. tinue for several minutes ; and you may There is a place by the temple, to which imagine what a shout 200,000 people can the dead are carried, and where hundreds raise. The priests ride along with the of jackals, wild dogs, and vultures, may be gods upon the car, and help to keep up seen living on the flesh of the corpses lying the shouts as they pass along. Sometimes there. One day a traveller went to this soine poor pilgrims will throw themselves place, and there he saw a poor woman before the wheels of the car, to be crushed lying dead upon the ground, and her two to death as it passes over their body. They children sitting by her, and watching the think that, by so doing, they will go at once dogs and vultures ready to seize upon her to paradise. It is said, that generally six as their food. The people that passed by or seven persons perish in this way. Such took no notice of them ; but he looked at is Juggernaut. Is it not a painful thing them, and asked them where their house to think, that, while you and I enjoy our
“ We have no home," they said, quiet happy homes in England, such scenes " but where our mother is !" Poor as these should be going on in India ? Oh! children! thus left alone in this world, let us all labour hard to send the gospel with no home but the cold and silent of Christ to that dark land, for nothing grave !
but the gospel will destroy its black idolaSome of the pilgrims make the journey try!
THE FIRST MISSIONARY TO THE HOTTENTOTS.
Which of my young readers has not missionary? He seemed to you far more seen the famous missionary, Robert Moffat, honourable than any warrior, and more to and trembled at his lion stories, and laugh- be admired and loved than any minister at ed at his accounts of the strange notions home. And so, dear reader, I have often of some of his heathen neighbours, and thought myself, and can only say that, if wept at the touching tales of the heart- God gives you grace, and makes you a rending scenes that he had witnessed ? I child of his, I hope you will go out to somo imagine almost all of you have both seen heathen land, and be a Moffat or a Wiland heard that interesting man. Well, liams in your turn. when you did so, did you not feel it was But if such honour is due to Moffat, worth your while to go so far to look upon what do you think is due to the man that and listen to one who had really been a first ventured to go to that lion land, and
there turn the people from their wicked-, determined to go, the good people comness to God? About that man I am go-mended them in prayer to God. The ing now to tell you ; and as his history is Countess gave them 6s. 8d. for their jourvery interesting, I hope it will be long left ney; and with this, the clothes upon their upon your mind. His name was George backs, and a small change of linen, off they Schmidt, or, if you wished it put into Eng-set upon their errand, intending to walk lish, George Smith. He was born at the entire distance. Kunwalde, in Moravia, on September 30, At first they got on pretty well, and ar1709. At that time a very cruel persecu- rived on the frontiers of Moravia, where tion was going forward against the Pro- they met with some of their acquaintances, testants in Moravia, many of whom were and held a private meeting for the awakforced to leave their country, and seek a ened, or people in concern about their refuge in some foreign land. When George souls. Here their troubles began. There grew up to be about sixteen years of age was a person present who had come in to he was deeply impressed by the preaching act as a spy, and who, as soon as the meetof a good man called John Boehme, and ing was over, went to the Romisħ chaplain,. was led to give his heart to God. Up to and gave him information of their movethis time he lived unmolested at home, and ments. They, however, got safely out of had he remained at home an unconverted the place, and passed on to Carlsdorf, and! lad, no matter how great his wickedness from thence to Friese, where they held might have been, he might have still lived another meeting, in the house of a pious. on in quietness and peace. But now, as woman, who had married a Roman Cathohe felt the love of Jesus in his heart, and lic. While they were there, the chaplain I began to gle in the company of the peo- have just referred to, surrounded the house. ple of God, and to reprove the impiety of with a great crowd of people, and took those around him, he became the subject them prisoners. Melchior Nitschmann's. of cruel persecution ; and, finding himself Halle Bible was lying on the table ; whicli. unsafe at home, was forced to fly and seek he took up, saying, it was the first time he refuge in the little village of Hernhut, about had' ever seen the book, and asking them. which I have told you before, and where if they had any more heretical books.. several of his countrymen had already Schmidt gave him a New Testament he had gone. His youth, his kindness of heart, in his pocket, and they had then their hands. and his zeal for God, made him an object tied with ropes, and were led to a publicof great interest to the good folks at Hern- house, and thence to a place called Eisle-. hut, and the Countess of Zinzendorf took berg, where they were examined, and then him into her household. He had not been sent on to Schildberg, to be confined in the long there when thinking of the distressed prison there. They were put into separate condition of many of his countrymen and cells ; but could hear. each other sing the others, in the land of their enemies, he hymns with which they tried to cheer and. determined, along with his friend Melchior solace one another's spirits. Every night Nitschmann, to go on a visit to them, and their feet were made fast in the stocks. At try to encourage and cheer their minds. first they were frequently visited by a Jesuit, Both Count Zinzendorf and the congrega- who disputed with them, and tried to bring tion were opposed to their wish, and tried them over to his faith ; but finding he to show them the dangers they would be could make nothing of them, he soon grew exposed to if they attempted it. All, how- tired, and left them to themselves. ever, would not do, and as they seemned! When winter came on, poor Schmidt
60 suffered much from the cold. The mayor | fore his departure Schmidt asked him how ordered him a supply of firewood; but the he felt. He answered, “ I have hold of cruel turnkey used it for himself, and left my Saviour. He does not leave me, nor I Schmidt to starve. He used to wrap straw him," and soon after breathed out his soul bands round his legs, as he lay in the stocks, as he lay in his friend's bosom. You may to warm them ; but it did no good, and he fancy, for I cannot describe, how Schmidt suffered excruciating pain, and never lost felt when left alone, and both of his comthe effects to the day of his death. As he panions dead. was nearly half frozen, he lost all appetite A quarter of a year after this the mayor for food, and was accordingly removed to came to him, and ordered him to go with another cell, which, though quite dark, was him to the house of the vicar. There he much warmer. Here, to his astonishment, met with several priests, and after a sort he found Frank Wander, the man in whose of mock trial, was sentenced to solitary house he had held the first meeting, and confinement for two years, on the ground who had also been seized, and put into of his having forsaken the true faith, and confinement. The poor man was in a his refusal to return. At the end of this dying state, but begged Schmidt to keep it period his case was again tried, and he was quiet, lest he should be teazed by the visits sentenced to three years' hard labour in of the priests. They were both glad to be the fortress of Spielberg, near Brunn. thus together, and Schmidt watched his Here he was not only forced to work hard, friend by day and night until his end came, and in ways the most disagreeable and and he expired in his arms. The dungeon painful to his feelings, but he was almost then seemed more lonely than ever, and fanished for want of food. His whole al poor Schmidt could only find relief by go-lowance was a small roll of bread and a ing to God in prayer. A few days after little water. At the end of this second Wander's death the jailor brought Mel- imprisonment, the officer who had charge chior Nitschmann to Schmidt's dungeon, of him took on himself the responsibility and took off his irons. Nitschmann was of setting him at liberty; and he returned very ill, and seemed to be fast drawing to to Hernhut, which he reached in safety, his end. Poor Schmidt was almost too July 22d 1734, after a painful absence of weak to attend upon him; but lie watched about six years. over him as he had watched over Wander. I shall next tell you about his adventures In four days Nitschmann died. Just be- asa missionary, which are just as interesting.
THE MYSTERY MAN. Shusco was a North American Indian., his tribe as a regular mystery man; and When he was about fifteen years of age, employed by them to foretell events, drive he was set apart by his people to be a away evil spirits, obtain rain, and cure dis“mystery man,” or conjuror. They black- eases. He was now an object of fear ened bis face with coal, and made him fast among the people, who allowed him to do for ten days ; during this time he only took as he wished, and he became a noted a cup of broth ; but the long fast nearly drunkard. killed him. A short time after this, he After leading a very wicked life for many had to fast for five more days, when a drum years, he was brought to hear the preachwas given him, a little tent was made ing of the gospel. He then threw away for him to dwell in, and he was owned by his drum, and gave up all his arts and des
THE MYSTERY MAN.
61 ceptions, with which he had imposed on the now, when you always did formerly, and lov. Indians. From that time he lived and died ed it so much?” He then firmly and serious as a believer in Christ.
ly spoke to them, told them of his change Although his heart had been hardened of life, and how he had obtained, in prayer, by living in almost every kind of sin, he was, strength from God to resist this temptation. as a Christian, remarkable for his tender- His conscience was also very tender in ness of conscience. Many facts might be regard to the Lord's day. As he could not given to show how careful he was to avoid read, he was in the habit, when away from what he knew to be wrong: we have only the mission-house, of cutting a notch in a room for two instances.
stick, every day, to serve as a kind of ab Before his conversion he was a great manack, that he might know when it was drinker of " fire-water," or strong spirits, the Sabbath. Once, when away from home, such as whisky and rum ; but afterwards, there was no notch cut: he forgot all about ho used to pray to God to take from him it, and thus was put out in his reckoning the love of strong drink, and was never | When the next Lord's day came, he went out known to taste or touch it again. On one to his daily work; but soon a person passed occasion, when some Indians, who were by, and told him it was the day of rest. Ho his wife's relations, came to the place where was much grieved, at once left off work, and he lived, he feared lest he should be pre- went home, with his heart full of sorrow. vailed on to drink with them. He went In the course of the week, he hastened to out early in the morning, and was some tell the missionaries what he had done time away from home, so that his wife be- through ignorance. “ I am very sorry," gan to fear he had joined his friends in said he, “ I have broken the Sabbath day. drinking, and went in search of him. She I thought I would come and tell you of it found him in a secret place in prayer : he myself, and not wait till all the Christians had been so long and earnestly engaged, heard of it.” And then he threw away the that he had forgotten where he was, and stick which had led to the mistake, and what was the time of the day. After prayer, prepared another. he said to his wife that he now could go May we have “a conscience void of ofand visit her friends. Ile went, and found fence toward God and toward men.” Acts them lying round a pail of whisky, over- xxiv. 16. But as we have often sinned alcome with drink. They tempted him to ready, may we seek for mercy through our taste it ; but he refused. They said, “Why Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.-From is it, Shusco, that you will not drink with us Missionary First Fruits.
THE DRUZES OF MOUNT LEBANON.-No. II. I last month told you a little about the you an instance or two of their opposiDruzes, and the success that had attended tion. the first efforts of the missionaries amongst One of the best means for doing the then.. All that success, however, was not people good has been found to be, the disallowed to exist without a good deal of tribution of religious tracts and books in opposition from the Maronite priests. the language of the people. These books The Maronites are a sort of Papists ; but are circulated by a man going through the mix up with their Popery a deal of su- country in the way I described to you of the perstition and ignorance belonging to Colporteurs of France, selling where he can, the beathens round them. I will give and giving where he cannot sell. On one
THE DRUZES OF MOUST LEBANOY.
62 oocasion, one of these distributors arrived, village when a lad came running after him at a little village on a Saturday afternoon, with them, and forced him to take them and resolved to spend the Sabbath there. back. This seemed very honest of the There was a school at the time going on people; but the distributor afterwards found in the church, and the distributor sat out, that it was only fear of the priests that down under the shade of some large trees led them to it, for he had also left his at its side, and waited till the children pencil and penknife, which they never atcame out, in the hope of giving away some tempted to return. of his books. Very soon out came the In some places the distributor was most children, and seeing the man with the shamefully treated. He was once ordered books, flocked round him to get a few. out of the place with the words, “ Up, up, One offered to give him a little tobacco, and away from the place, thou dog of hell! another to feed his donkey, a third to bring and out of our sight, thou deceiver, thou him some raisins. Some gave him a few hypocrite, thou son of the devil!" All the nuts, while others, declaring they were too priests, however, did not treat him in this poor to give him any thing, begged them way. Some did nothing but stand at a for nothing, or cried out to him to give distance, and look on ; others were even to them “ Min shau Allah !” that is, " for very kind and hospitable towards him, and the sake of God!" The distributor was a few appeared to be friendly to his work. delighted to see such a thirst for the books, One day as he was going along the road, and gladly supplied them all; but while he a priest came up to him, and said, “Well, was doing so, there comes along the Ma- my son, what have you got in your sack ?"* ronite priest, and at once all the children's “ Oh! nothing but a few handkerchiefs. glee was over, and they stood wondering and groceries, and small books.” “ Books ! what he would do. He presently came up what books ? oh I see! bibles and tracts, to them, and after looking at the books for very well, very well, my son ; your work is a minute, he cried out,“ What! you excellent and will do great good. Persebringing the cursed books of the Englece vere and never mind what people say: here ! Don't you know they are con- I have all these books in my house, and demned, forbidden, and accursed by the read them all, and know that they are very patriarch? Here, you little rascals, bring good." There are others who also oppose back every book immediately, and give besides the priests. Amongst the persons them to the man; and you, sir, I give that came to the missionaries to inquire, you warning to bring no more such books was a young man of great promise. His into our village.” The distributor tried friends did all they could to prevent him to reason with him, but in vain. The coming, but in vain; and at last his own children were obliged to restore all their brothers threatened to kill him if he perpretty books, with which they had been so sisted. much delighted ; and, although the distri- I have not heard whether they have butor spent the Sabbath in the village, he carried out this threat or not. Several could not induce a single person to take others who would have embraced the truth, one of his tracts, they were all so fright- were prevented by the efforts of the papał ened by the priests. When he left on bishops and others. Monday morning, he put a few tracts under You see how much more difficult it is the pillow where he slept, hoping, that after for people to follow their conviction of he was gone, they might be found and what is right, in Lebanon, than it is in Briread ; but he had scarcely got out of the tain !