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accustomed acquired ambition ancient Aragon arms army authority barons battle of Pavia became began body Bourbon cardinal Castile Castilians century Charlemagne Charles the fifth Chievres church cities command conduct confederacy conquests considerable cortes court crown danger death defence dignity dominions ecclesiastical effects elector of Saxony emperor empire endeavoured enemy enterprise errours established Europe execution favour Ferdinand feudal force formidable France genius Germany Guic Henry Hist honour imperial Italy junta jurisdiction king of France kingdom kingdom of Naples laws less liberty Lombardy Louis Low Countries Luther manners Mart master ment Milan Milanese military monarch Naples narch nations nobility nobles obliged occasioned papal person Pescara political pope possessed prerogative pretensions princes privileges provinces reign rendered resentment Roman Rome royal schemes soldiers soon sovereign Spain spirit subjects success territories throne tion treaty troops valour vassals vigour Ximenes zeal
Page 9 - If a man were called to fix the period in the history of the world during which the condition of the human race was most happy and prosperous, he would, without hesitation, name that which elapsed from the death of Domitian to the accession of Commodus.
Page 294 - Luther, on his return from Worms, was passing near Altenstein, in Thuringia, a number of horsemen in masks rushed suddenly out of a wood, where the elector had appointed them to lie in wait for him, and, surrounding his company, carried him, after dismissing all his attendants, to Wartg, a strong castle not far distant.
Page 292 - Luther did not hesitate one moment about yielding obedience, and set out for Worms, attended by the herald who had brought the emperor's letter and safe-conduct.
Page 251 - Church, all the good works of the saints over and above those which were necessary towards their own justification are deposited, together with the infinite merits of Jesus Christ, in one inexhaustible treasury. The keys of this were committed to St. Peter, and to his successors the popes, who may open it at pleasure, and, by transferring a portion...
Page 64 - ... were proud to receive it from the hands of private gentlemen. This singular institution, in which valour, gallantry, and religion, were so. strangely blended, was wonderfully adapted to the taste and genius of martial nobles, and its effects were soon visible in their manners. War was carried on with less ferocity, when humanity came to be deemed the ornament of knighthood no less than courage. More gentle and polished manners were introduced, when courtesy was recommended as the most amiable...
Page 9 - God, the destroyer of nations,' are the dreadful epithets by which they distinguish the most noted of the barbarous leaders ; and they compare the ruin which they had brought on the world, to the havoc occasioned by earthquakes, conflagrations, or deluges, the most formidable and fatal calamities which the imagination of man can conceive.
Page 262 - Cajetan> enraged at Luther's abrupt retreat, and at ' the publication of his appeal, wrote to the elector of Saxony, complaining of both ; and requiring him, as he regarded the peace of the church, or the authority of its head, either to send that seditious monk a prisoner to Rome, or to banish him out of his territories.
Page 62 - ... that a baron, who acted as a judge, found it necessary to understand. But when the forms of legal proceedings were fixed, when the rules of decision were committed to writing, and collected into a body, law became a science, the knowledge of which required a regular course of study, together with long attention to the practice of courts. Martial and illiterate nobles had neither leisure nor inclination to undertake a task so laborious, as well as so foreign from all the occupations which they...
Page 64 - The admiration of these qualities, together with the high distinctions and prerogatives conferred on knighthood in every part of Europe, inspired persons of noble birth on some occasions with a species of military fanaticism, and led them to extravagant enterprises. But they deeply imprinted on their minds the principles of generosity and honour. These were strengthened by every thing that can affect the senses or touch the heart. The wild exploits of those romantic knights who sallied forth in quest...
Page 63 - Infidels put an end to these foreign expeditions, the latter was the only employment left for the activity and courage of adventurers. To check the insolence of overgrown oppressors; to rescue the helpless from captivity; to protect, or to avenge women, orphans, and ecclesiastics, who could not bear arms in their own defence ; to redress wrongs, and to remove grievances ; were deemed acts of the highest prowess and merit.