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An Acount of the Kingdom of Pegte. natives themselves, that about two under any constraint. They also children out of five perish in con. take plcalure in imitating the dress sequence of the operation. Some and behaviour of those who come perions of a higher rank have,

among them, and appear highly instead of this, their thighs covered delighted when a stranger imitates with the representations of tigers, any of theirs. In return, if you and other wild bealts, imprinted go into their houses, you are reby a process fimilar to the former. ceived with great hospitality; the

The men have long black hair, people are eager to find something tied on the top of the head, over that may give you fatisfaction, and which foine wear a white handker- seem very happy when you shew chief, in form of a turban ; others any marks of being pleased. They go with their heads bare, and de- have none of that itrictness which corated with flowers. They wear distinguishes the other castern naabout their loins a piece of party- tions; but will themselves concoloured Glk, or cotton cloth, which

duct you, with the greatest alais afterwards passed over the shoul- crity, through every part of their der, and goes round the body.

dwelling. The merit of their comThose of higher rank have this plaisance is so much the greater cloth so long as to hang down on this account that it cannot, in over their thighs and legs; which,

any degree, be ascribed to fear, as among the lower class of people, a stranger is here entirely in their are bare. The women have a kind

power, and the people have a very of short jacket to cover the upper high idea of their own military part of their bodies; and the re- force and prowess. mainder of their dress is a piece of And not without reason; for cloth, which is fastened round the they are in reality a formidable loins, and hangs down to the an

nation; numcrous, brave, pofcles. This is doubled over a few

sessing great strength of body, and inches at the fore part, where it is capable of sustaining fatigue, they open, so that the thigh is discovered only want a regular discipline to in walking through its whole render their power truly refpeclength. This mode of dress, they table. Their principal weapons are tell us, was first introduced by a

the spear and scimeter, both of certain queen of Ava, who did it

which they handle with great dexwith the view of reclaiming the terity. But the use of gunpowder hearts of the men from an unna- is not unknown to them, for they tural and deteftable passion, to often employ muskets with matchwhich they were, at that time, to- locks. They are frequently at war tally abandoned ; and succeeded

with the Siamese, over whom they do well that she is remembered at have been often victorious. The this day with gratitude as a public prisoners taken in these expedibencfactress to the kingdom. tions they detain, and employ in

In their behaviour to strangers the occupations to which they were they are obliging, and fhew a de

brought up. Many of the shipgree of frankness that one would builders at Rangoon are Siamere, by no means expect to meet in a who have been taken in war. For.. nation whom we have been ac- carrying any desperate enterprise customed to look upon as barba- into execution, they have a set of tous. They exprefs a great curio- people who, very probably, have Fity to sec the manners of strangers, been criminals, 'referved for the which makes them often come into purpose, to whom it is death to their houses, and observe all that

return without having effected the 15 doira without appearing to be business that they were sent on.



This appears a strange piece of and honour are once introduced, policy, as one should imagine that no enquiry is made concerning those men, whom we cannot sup- their propriety. pose to be bound by any principles The dress of the women reminds of honour, or actuated by any us of the Lacedemonian dames, fection for the state to which they who had similar apertures in their belong, lie under the great tempta robes to discover what the rest of tions to join the enemy. What the sex are so careful to conceal. means are used to prevent so pro- The hospitality and frankness of bable a consequence; whether they this nation to strangers, which exare accompanied or commanded by cites the surprise of every traveller, men who are more worthy of trust, is a general feature of unrefined and able to restrain them, or en- nations before they have expecouraged by the hope of rewards rienced the perfidy and oppreshon on their retuin with success, I have of their visitants. Man is never not been able to learn. Be this as afraid of man till he finds him to it will, it is very well known that be a foe. It is even from' expe. the Birmahs are not fingular in this rience only that birds learn to Thun pra&ice, which is adopted by many the tyrant of the creation. of the other despotic powers of the - In the account of the laws of East.

this nation we find that the ordeal The badge by which the Birmahs trial, which has formed a part of distinguish themselves, in under. the early jurisprudence of every going the painful operation of country, is established in Pegu. It having their thighs dyed jet black, was appointed by Moses among is similar to the practice of tattaow- the Jews for ascertaining the guilt ing used by the natives of Otaheite. or innocence of a woman

suspected It is difficult to account for all the of adultery. The judicial deter'follies of mankind. But, among minations by fingle combat, in the uncivilised nations, the point of middle ages, are well known; the honour is always placed in endur- practice of Pegu is not much diffeing pain or hardship; and perhaps rent. The two parties arc obliged a Pegufian Birmah" is as proud of to dive into a pond, set apart for his black posteriors as an English the purpose ; he who can remain nobleman of the green, red, or blue the longest under water is proribbon that hangs round his neck. nounced innocent, and sentence is When once marks of distinction passed in his favour.

An Account of ALL THE REGENCIES which have taken Place in

ENGLAND from the earliest Periods ; extraEted principally from Judge BLACKSTONE's COMMENTARIES, Vol. I. Page 248, 249.

TOST of them are compre. MOST

Indo&ti difcent, &ament mimeniffe hended in this short note,

periti. and it demands some apology to the public for interpolating some The methods of appointing this additional sentences in the follow: Regent or Guardian have been lo ing compendium of the great and various, and the duration of his illustrious legal benefactor of his power so: uncertain, that from country, and in a work of which ihence alone it may be collected it may with truth be faid,

that his office is unknown to th: B 2


Ail dicount of all the Regencies in England. common law; and thereforę Sir Lord Warden of England. Hensy Edward Coke, 4th init. 58, says, the Fifth, on his death-bed, named the furest way is to have him made

a Regent and Guardian for his by the authority of the Great

infant son, Henry VI, then nine Council in Parliament. (The first months old; but the Parliament Regency which occurs in our an- altered his difpofition, and apnals is that of the Bishops of Dur- pointed a Protector and Council

, ham and of Ely, appointed justi- with special limited authority, ciaries and Guardians of the realm Both these Princes (Richard 11. by King Richard the First in 1990, and Ilenry VI.) remained in a during his absence in the Holy state of pupilage till the age of Land.)

The Earl of Pembroke, twenty-three. In the year 1453, by his own authority, affumed in

upon the indifpofition of this last very troublesome times, the Re.

King, the Duke of York was gency of Henry the Third, who

named Protector, first by the Privy was then only nine years old, but

Council, and then by Parliament, was declared full age by the which he held for one year, till Pope at seventeen, confirmed the

the King's recovery. The next Great Charter at eighteen, and

year the wars of York and Lan, took upon him the administration caster broke out; and the King of the government al twenty; and being made prisoner at the battle here it is to be remarked, that the of St. Alban's, was compelled to Earl of Pembroke died in 1119, and aflent to an act of Parliament, by during the remainder of the mino- which he was again nominated in rity, he was succecded as Regent be Protector. by the Bishop of Winchester, by Edward V. at the age of thir, the authority of Parlianent.)

teen, was recommended by his A Guardian and Council of Re- father to the care of the Duke of gency were named for Edward the

Gloucester, (King Richard III.) Third by the Parliament, which who was declared Protector by the depoled his father; the young Privy Council. During the reign King being then fifteen, and not of Henry VIII. there were two alluming the government till three Commissions of Regency from the years afterwards.

King to his first Queen, during his When Richard the Second fuc

expeditions against Scotland and ceeded, at the age of clever, the France, according to Hume. Duke of Lancaster took

The statutes of the 25th Henry the management of the kingdom VIII. C. 12, and the 28th of till the Parliament met, which ap- Henry VIII. c. 7, provided that pointed a nominal council to afíit the successor of a male under eigha him. During the reign of the fifth teen, or of a female under fixteen, Henry, his brother, the Duke of should be, till such age; in the Bedford, was appointed Regent, governance of his or her natural upon his expedition to France. In mother, if approved by the King, the history of the life of that great and such other councellors as his monarch, by Godwin, it appears Majesty should appoint by will, or that this appointment was perma

otherwise-and he accordingly apnent, and lasted during his whole

pointed his fixteen executors io reign, and without any fresa ap- have the government of his son, pointment, a Parliament was held, Edward Ví. and of the kingdom and opened by the Chancellor, in which executors elected the Earl 1419, before him, during the of Hertford Protector, who was King's absence, under the ride of succeeded by the Duke of Northum


upon him

such age,

berland, nominated by the afore- never was invested with that pow? . faid executors.

er, though of full age. During the reign of King Wil

The itatute 24 G. 2. C. 24. in liam, Queen Mary was appointed case the Crown should descend to Regent of the kingdom, during any of the children of Frederic his absence in Ireland, by A&t of late Prince of Wales, under the Parliament; which is the more ex- age of eighteen, appoints the Prin. traordinary, as King William and cess Dowager; and that of 5 G. 3. Queen Mary were named and ap- c. 27, in case of a like descent to pointed Join: Sovereigns, at the any of his present Majesty's chilRevolution; the other Commif- dren, empowers the King to name fions of Regency during the reign either the Queen, the Princess of that Prince, were in Lords Jur- Dowager, or any, descendant of rices, and composed of the great George the Second, residing in officers of State.

this kingdom, to be Guardian and By the 6th of Queen Anne, a Regent, till the successor attains commission of Regency was form

aslifted by a Council of ed, of seven great officers of State, Regency; the powers of them all to act with any number of Combeing expressly set down and demissioners to be nominated by an fined by the several Acts of Parinstrument from the Elector of liament. Hanover to his Resident at the Upon this plain state of facts, a British Court; this is the most im- discerning public will make their portant Regency in our annals, be. own comments : Regents have cause they supplied the yacancy of rarely been made by Kings, or by Regal power, for two months af- Councils, but almost universally ter the death of the Queen, and by Parliament : and their powers before the arrival of King George have been set down and defined, the First, and held a Parliament, (to ufe. Judge Blackstone's words) passed two bills, and prorogued it, by the various acts of Regency: when the King was absent in 1714, this power has never been assumed and executed the important trust as a claim of right, or from alliof transferring the Crown to the ance and succession to the Crown; Brunswick family. Of this Re- the first subject has no more right gency a curious account is given in to this office, than any other subTindal.

jects, who have been, or may be The late King, when Prince of appointed, by the authority of ParWales in 1716, was nominated liament. Guardian of the Realm under the Precedence and courtesy place authority of an Act of Parliament. the Heir to the Crown in the most The Commision of Regency in 1718 prominent situation, and give him was composed of the great Officers ihe second place in public contemof Siate, as well as those of the plation : but pretensions of acrest of his reign, and particularly knowledged procedence can never that at his demise in 1727.

be construed into claims of right, The latc Queen Caroline was by logical inference, or legitimate Regent in 173, and also when

argument. Let the power of a the celebrated affair of Captain Regent be vested where it may, it Porteus happened in 1736. "The cannot legally affect reversionary sest of the Commissions of Re- rights, which can only accrue upon gency during the late reign, were the demise of the Crown.. These composed of the great Officers of rights are out of the question at State, and the late Prince of Wales present; two subjets, and two

only; 10 On tbe Antiquity of Card-plażying in England. only, can occupy the debates of a and the preservation of his prewile and popular assembly; naine- rogative, as far as is consistent ly, an attention to the rights of with the pre-eminent and supreme an existing Monarch, to whom law, the welfare of the state, and they have sworn allegiance, with the safety of the people. the rest of their fellow subjects,

Observations on the Antiquity of CARD-PLAYING in England,

by the Hon. DAINES BARRINGTON. [ From a Paper read before the Antiquarian Society. ] HE earliest mention of cards T T

pences of the kings of France, fay's that I have yet stumbled upon, that they were provided for Charles is in Mr. Anstis's History of the the fixth by his limner, after that Garter, where he cites the follow- king was deprived of his senses in ing passage from the Wardrobe 1392.-The entry is the following. Rolls, in the sixth year of Edward I must own, that I have fome the first.

doubts whether this entry really • Waltero Sturton ad opus regis relates to playing cards, though it ad ludendum ad quatuor reges viii. s.' is admitted that trois jeux de cartes from which entry Mr. Anstis with would now fignify three packs of some probability conjectures, that cards. The word jeu however had playing cards were not unknown antiently a more extensive import at the latter end of the thirteenth than at present, and Corgrave in century; and perhaps what I shall his dictionary applies it to a chett add may carry with it some small of violins, jeu de violons. I thereconfirmation of what he thus sup- fore rather conceive that the trois poíes.

jeux de cartes, in this article, means Edward the first (when prince of three sets of illuminations upon Wales) served nearly five years in paper ; carte originally fignifying Syria, and therefore while military no more. operations were fuspended, must If this be the right interpretanaturally have wished some seden- tion of the terms, we see the reatary amusements. Now the Aliatics son why Gringonneaur, limner to scarcely ever change their customs; Charles VI, was employed, and and, as they play at cards (though these three sets of illuminations in many relpects different from would entertain the king during ours) it is not improbable that his insanity by their varicty, as Edward might have been taught three sets of wooden prints would the game, ad quatuor reges, while now'amuse a child better than one; he continued so long in this part while on the other hand one pack of the globe.

of cards would have been sufficient If however this article in the for a mad king, who probably wardrobe account is not allowed to 'would tear them in pieces upon allude to playing cards, the next the first run of bad luck. writer who mentions the more How this same king moreover early introduction of them is P. was to be taught or could play a Menestrier, who from such ano- game at cards while he was out of ther article in the privy purfe cx- his senses is not very apparent;


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