Page images
[blocks in formation]

I think every one, according to what way providence has placed him in, is bound to labour for the public good as far as he is able ; or else he has no right to eat.” (A letter from Locke to William Molyneux.)

He was always, in the greatest and in the smallest affairs of human life, as well as in speculative opinions, disposed to follow reason, whosoever it were that suggested it ; he being ever a faithful servant, I had almost said a slave, to truth ; never abandoning her for anything else, and following her for her own sake purely." (A letter from Lady Masham to Jean Le Clerc.)

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]



[The rights of translation and of reproduction are reserved.]

[blocks in formation]

N 1705, a few months after Locke's death, his friend

Jean Le Clerc published in the 'Bibliothèque Choisie' a brief 'Eloge de M. Locke,' which, as I have discovered, was little more than a translation of two letters that had been sent to him by competent authorities from whom he had sought information; the one written by the third Earl of Shaftesbury, author of Characteristics ;' the other, much longer and more important, by Lady Masham, in whose house Locke chiefly resided during the last fourteen years of his life. Fairly accurate in its epitome of facts, and yet more accurate in its presentment of Locke's character, Le Clerc's graceful little memoir was all that could be expected as a magazine article, and deserved more careful rendering into English than it received in the version (small 4to, pp. iv., 32) published in London in 1706 ; but it was not adequate to the use made of it by all subsequent writers who have said anything about Locke’s personal history. Issued with stray additions, more or less apocryphal, by way of prelude to the earlier collected editions of Locke's writings, it was re-written, with a

« PreviousContinue »