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Necessaries, what are ? 144.

treats of normal functions, 27; (see
Newspapers: stamp duty, 167; public also Diseasc, Health).

and private enterprise, 229-30; (see Pins, manufacture of, 128, 161.
alxo Postal Arrangements).

Pitt, w., on poor law and children,
Newton, Sir I., analogy from, 13.

309.
New Forest, a loss, 132.

Pity: for men and animals, 234-36; and
New York, local taxation in, 324 n.

love, 302.
New Zealand, and Colonial Office, 195, Plants : adaptation, 29, 32; reproduction,
196.

237-38; classification, 286.
Notes, bank, (see Currency).

Plato, republic of, 250.
Nuisanccs, suppression by State, 200. Pleasure, (see Greatest llappiness, Ilup-
Nutrition, (see Appetite, Food).

piness, Pain).

Pocket-picking, administration of jus-
OBEDIENCE: necessity of, 413, 415; and tice, 109.
theft, 243-44.

Poland, morality in, 243.
Officialism : evils of, 131-33, 133–36; in Police: conspiracy of, 116; and soldiers,

France, 134-35, 139; and regulation 118; and property, 394.
of commerce, 137–40; Rowland Hill, Political economy, division by Mill,
229; growth of, 315-21.

229 n.
Opinion, feelings and intellect, 249-51. Political rights, (see Rights).
Optimism, and lite, 397.

Pollock, F., on law improvements, 396.
Organization, law of, 121.

Polyps: and socialism, 67; integration
Oxford, and education, 167–68.

in, 270, 271.

Poor: vices of rich and, 97-99; descrv-
P. & 0. Co., and postal arrangements, ing and undesc 802-4.
230.

Poor Laws: 144-55; discontent at,
Pain: result of non-adaptation, 28; and 12-13; right of maintenance, 144-40;

man's freedom, 36-40; freedom and sympathy, 146-49; and adaptation,
injurious and beneficial acts, 42-44; 149-53; increase distress, 153–55; and
and sympathy, 50; and ill-doing, education, 176-78; medical officers of,
303-4.

202-3; demoralization of, 304; Rev.
Palace Court, favouritism in, 116.

T. Spencer, 304-5; present extension
Palmerston, Lord, restrictive legislation of system, 304-8; cffects, 309, 325-26,
of, 292.

352-53, 368–69; and insurance, 314.
Paper, (see Currency).

Population, effect of adaptation, 31.
Parcels Delivery Co., and postal ar- Porifera, individuntion in, 255-57.
rangements, 229.

Postal arrangements, 229-31; and offi-
Parliament: rights and belief in, 54; cialism, 350,

doorkeeper, 58; selfishness in, 97: Poverty: and crime, 366; (see also Poor
and political rights, 91-93 ; ignorance Laws).
in, 103; bailly built, 133; desire for Power, worship of, 245–47, 247-49, 251-
votes, 318-19; preparation for, 338; 53.
divine right of, 381-87; (see also Acts “ Practical” politicians, limited views
of Parliament, Law).

of, 308-12.
Patagonians, law of, 399.

Praise, and education, 183.
Patents: a stimulus to manufacture, Press, the, socialistic leaning, 319-20.
68-69; term of, 72.

Prices: fixing by the State, 211; social
Paving, by private enterprise, 218–20. ettects, 359.
Peace, and detensive duty of the State, Printing : suppression of, 167; slow
117-20.

growth, 170.
Pedlars' Act, 293.

Progress, human, 265.
Penn, William, colonization by, 198–99. Property : sense of, 19; and acquisitive-
Pentonville Prison, crime and education, ness, 48; rights of, 62-64, 390-97, 410;
172.

books on, 62-63; Proudhon on, 1, 65;
Perception, and moral sense, 19-21; (see limit of State duty, 123-25; Stute edu-
alsó Intellect).

cation, 156; sanitary supervision, 200;
Persia, hero-worship, 242, 243.

authority, 245, 246; parliament, 370
Peru, otficialism in, 332.

71; present safety, 394; of married
Pessimism, and life, 397.

women, 396.
lewscy, gas company, 219 n.

Protection, and aggression, 369-71.
Pharmacopæin, publication, 291. Protestantism: and law of cqual frec-
Physician, social analogy, 374.

dom, 37, 38; social anomaly, 132.
Physies, interpretation by, 272-73. Prussia, election not desired in, 107 n.
Pliysiology: and education, 180-81: | Proudhon, M.,“ property is robbery," 06.

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Public houses, (see Licensing Acts). tion in, 262 and n.; official rank in,
Public School Association, zeal of, 185; 316; serfdom in, 322.

(see also Education).
Public works, State execution of, 231- SANITARY SUPERVISION: 200-220; re-
32.

striction of State interference, 200-1,
Punjaub, cost of, 192.

201-2, 218-19, 351-52; moral supervi-

sion, 202-3; and natural selection, 203-
Quakers: and personal liberty, 54; in 7; result of present legislation, 207–12;
Pennsylvania, 198-99.

inefficiency of boards of health, 212-
Quacks, and State interference, 201, 15; etfeet on character, 215-18; pri-
203-4.

vate enterprise, 218-20.

Savage, and civilization, 238–39.
RADICALISM, (see Liberalism).

Scales, social analogy, 315.
Ragged schools, and crime, 172.

Schelling, F. W. J., theory of life, 256 n.
Railways: Hudson testimonials, 58; Schools, (see Education).

English enterprise, 217; public and Science: and universities, 168; religion
private enterprise, 230, 231; and and suffering, 303; individual life,
inorality, 266; restrictivé legislation, 397-401; social life, 401-5.
294, 311; in Spain, 308; and demo- Scinde, cost of, 192.
cratic federation, 319; State owner- Scotland, banking in, 223-24.
ship, 326-27; "Morals and Policy," Sea-birds Act, 292.
381-82; in England and France, 311, Seed Supply Act, 289.
404.

Seltishness : prevalence of, 95 – 97 ; at
Rates, height of, 370; (see also Taxes). tires, 263; and social affairs, 265–67.
Rathbone, W., on local taxation, 324 n. Sensitiveness, individual and social,
Reading, and education, 317–18.

271-72.
Reason, and human guidance, 173–74. Sentiment, development of, 126.
Reform Bills, effect of, 284.

Servants : "thank you,” 75; treatment
Religion: religious establishments, 141- of, 372.

43; and dissent, 145; State teaching, Sewage : disposal of, 218-20; Chelten-
160; and cducation, 167, 179, 184-85; ham drainage, 218 n.; (see also Sani-
and' colonization, 190; and sanitary tary Supervision).
supervision, 202; changes and organi- Shaftesbury, Earl, error of doctrine, 22.
zations, 254–55; and whig principles, Shame, and sympathy, 50.
284; and liberalism, 289; science and Shipping, (see Morchant Shipping Act).
suffering, 303; and rights of majority, Shipwrecks, prevention, 353.

384–85; amity and enmity, 416-17. Silk-weavers, and legislation, 340.
Rent, and Metropolitan Buildings Acts, Silver: hall-marking, 351; (sce also Cur-

rency).
Republics, and monarchies, 312.

Sir, used by children, 82.
Research, endowment of, 293.

Slavery: suppression in Africa, 11-12;
Revolutions, and nature of citizens, and Society of Friends, 52; cruelty of
251-52.

emancipated slaves, 52; and educa-
Rewards, and education, 183.

tion, 87; recommended!, 129; and
Richson, on education, 185.

sympathy, 239-40; in Jamaica, 240;
Rights: instinct of personal, 49-51; per- and religion, 250 ; and free men, 250 ;

ception of others, 49-51 ; justice and in America, 262; slave valuation, 264;
personal, 51-53; denial of, 53-54, 57– and whig principles, 284; and sur-
59; and greatest happiness, 54; rela- render of liberty, 296-99; The Com-
tive merits, 57-59; of property, 62-64, ing, 302-33; suifering and responsi-
390-97, 410; of property in ideas, 68-" bility, 302–4; poor law system, 30+8;
72; of women, 73-79; of children, 80- and socialism, 321-22; effect of, 336.
90; political, 91-94; and national edu- Small-pox: and vaccination, 212–13,
cation, 156; natural, 387–90, 392–97; 291; cause, 267-68.
individual and social, 397-401, 401-5, Smith, Adam: theory of moral senti-
407-11.

ments, 49-51; money is wealth, 103.
Robbery, (see Theft).

Society: knowledge of man and, 14;
Roman Catholicism, and law of equal condition to happiness, 33–35 ; govern.
freedom, 37, 38.

ment and activity, 36-40; harmony of
Rome, republic unpopular in, 287-88. political, connubial, and tilial rela-
Rote-learning, and memory, 182-83. tionships, 77, 81, 82-84; regulation of
Ruyg, 11. II., on inilk adulteration, 162. commerce and general state of, 137–
Russia: dishonesty in, 101; and official- 40; the right of maintenance, 144-46;
ism, 134 n.; morality, 213.; assissima- 1 gencral morality, 265–67; and the in-

210 n.

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dividual, 267-73; a growth, 215-16 ; 239-41; with suffering, 302; and civ-
371; structure, 241; division of labour, ilized life, 364; and struggle for ex-
268–73; interdependence of parts, istence, 365–69.
271-72; individuation, 272; benefits
to mature and immature, 359-60; gene- TAILORING: and State duty, 128.
sis and traits of, 373-75 ; individual Tannese, club law, 399.
life, 397-401.

Tasmanians, rights among, 399.
Socialism: and property, 65–67; propa- Tax-collector, effect of visit, 147.

ganda, 319; and slavery, 321 ; evils, Taxes: and selfishness, 96; limit of
328-33.

State duty, 123, 124; and discontent,
Social Statics, alterations in, 61.

135; and sanitary supervision, 200-1;
Soldiers : sympathy at Hogging, 50; and 215–18; on bricks, windows, and ven-
policemen, 118; (see also Militancy, tilators, 211 n., 344; restrictive legisla-

tion, 295-96; in New York, 324 n.; on
Sociology, (see Society).

building, 343-44; and aggression,
Soil, (see Earth).

369-71.
Sovereign, the; Hobbes on, 378-80; | Tay Bridge, failure of, 351.
Austin on, 380.

Telegraphy: physical and moral force,
Spain: justification for war, 74; and 116-17; restrictive legislation, 292;
colonization, 196.

and Admiralty, 350.
Specialization, and organization, 121. Theatres: and State duty, 130; fires at, 263.
Special pleading, in Ireland, 101. Theft: and perfect law, 26; property in
Species, continuance of, 359-63.

ideas, 69; praised by Spartans, 74;
Spencer, Rev. T., and poor law, 304–5. administration of justice, 109, 110-11;
Spendthritt, instinct of, 19.

and knowledge, 174; and loyalty, 243;
Sport, in England, 102.

etfect of, 401–5; rights of property,
Sinte, the: constitution of, 95-108; pre- 409-10.

valent selfishness, 95-97 ; vices of rich Theory, truth of, 81.
and poor, 97–99; prevalent dishonesty, Thiers, M., on railways, 404.
99-102 ; ignorance of enfranchised, Timber, legislation and house-, 344.
102-5; democracy, 105-8; duty of, Toryism: The New, 281-301; intrinsic
109–20, 126-27; corrupt administra- nature, 281-86; common to villages,
tion of justice, 109-10, 110-11; should 282; aim of, 283; and compulsory co-
be well administered, 111-14; duty of operation, 299-300, 301.
defence, 117-20; limit of duty, 121– Trade: “good for,” 103-4; and State
86 ; specialization of function, i21-23; interference, 127-31, 161-62, 289; and
evils of administrative mechanism, crime, 172-73; and colonization, 190-
123–24, 126 ; difficulty of defining duty, 92, 192-94;

and American independ-
127-31 ; evils of officialism, 131–36; ence, 194; English colonial, 196; sup-
and regulation of commerce, 137-40; ply and demand, 216; conduct and
religious establishments, 141-43; and law, 245–46; and affairs of society,
trade interference, 161-62; education 265–67; interdependence of, 271-72;
and conduct, 170-76; religion and and democratic federation, 319; and
education, 179–85 ; and voluntary edu- individual effort, 357–59; (see also La-
cation, 185–87; regulation of currency, bour, Industrialism).
221-24; as banker, 224-25; as coiner, Trade Unions: coercion of, 297; Eng-
225–26 ; and postal arrangements, 228– lish and foreign, 317; organization,
31; and execution of public works, 328–29; congress of, in France, 331.
231-32; ethics of, and of family. 361- Transition: stage of, unhappy, 364;
63 ; landowner, 386 ; (see also Educa- present social stage, 412; necessarily
tion, Government).

gradual, 414–15.
Statistics, ignorance of, 207.

Turkey, medical officers in, 203.
Staties, the term social, 233.

Tyranny: and cringing, 243; and as-
Stealing, (see Theft).

sassination, 262.
Stewardship, parliamentary analogy, 91.
Sumatra, customs in, 391.

UAPÉs: law of, 399.
Supply and demand, 215-16, 342–47. Usage, precedes law, 298.
Survival of the Fittest, (see Natural Se- Usury, effect of laws, 128, 132, 339.
lection).

Utility, indefiniteness of phrase, 21.
Sympathy: and instinct of personal Utilitarianism, and governmental au-
rights, 49-51 ; justice, 51-53 ; exercise thority, 407-11.
needful to, 84; and poor Jaws, 146-49,
149-53; and disease, 206; for men VACCINATION: and small pox, 212–13;
and animals, 23+36; and slavery, enforcement, 291.

Vceriahs, rights among, 398.

95, 413–14; and retaliation, 416-17;
Ventilation : tax on, 211 n.; and sani- (see also Militancy).
tary supervision, 203.

Wealth : and property in ideas, 70; and
Vertebrata : vision, 268-69; number of moral worth, 97-99, and colonization,
vertebræ, 269; locomotion, 269-70.

190.
Vignoles, C. B., on railways, 404 n. Weavers' wages, 12.
Vision : adaptation of, 29, 32; of insects Whig, (see Liberalism).

and vertebrata, 268-69; development Wife, (see Women).
of, 286.

Window Tax, effect, 211 n., 344.
Votes, desire in politics for, 318–19. Windsor Castle, built impressed la-

bour, 101.
Wages: effect of law on, 12, 138, 246, Wolf and lamb fable, 74.

294; payment of, 264; poor law and Women: rights of, 73–79; ability, 73;
* make-wages,” 305; effect of poor law, love and coercion, 75-77 ; and civiliza-
306-8.

tion, 77, 81, 82-84; prospect of rights,
Wakley, Mr., on counter-practice, 204. 77-79; political position, 79; barguins
Water-works, first in London, 217. of, 102 and n.; restrictive legislation,
War: "just cause for,” 74; and defen- 291, 293; property of married, 396.

sive duty of the State, 117-20; Na- Wool, industry, 402.
ture's, 149; cost of English, 192'; and Work: and freedom, 41; and law of
emigration, 198; authority of chief, nature, 303 ; (see also Industrialism,
334; of lower creatures, 363; Boer, Labour, Trade).
366-67; genesis of society, 373-75 ; | Working men, moral worth, 97.
and sovereignty, 378–81 ; and will of
majority, 385; and subordination, 394- YORKSHIRE industries, 402.

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