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David, as 'tis in this place. See. Psal. Ixxxix. 2.2 Chron. vi. 42. Isai. lv. 3. Akts xiii. 34. God had promised to David, i Chron. xvii. 8. I will be with thee wherefoever thok goeft, (so 'tis in the Hebrew ;) so that God himself was David's Covenanted Mercy, or Hope; for what is Hope, but Covenanted Mercy? And if this word were translated hope, Ifai. lv. 3. and Alls xiii. 34. it does not appear that it would be any Injury to the sence, and would make the

English very agreeable. Pfal. CXLIV. 12. That our daughters may be as the polish'd corners

of the temple.] Filiæ noftræ ficur anguli sculpti fimilitudine

templi, Munfter. Vatablus has politi in stead of fculpti. 14. Leading into captivity.] Emigratio in Caprivitatem, Munst. CXLV. 14. Them that are down.] The Verb from which this Par

ticiple comes 923 does undoubtedly signify to boxo, or, cast, or, make to fall down to the ground, Isai. lviii. 5. for it immediately follows, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him. I will not determine, whether it fignifie to lie, or, fall flat, or, on all four, as we commonly express it : But the Substantive ? signifying both Hands and Feet, seems to incline us to this last sence, which probably might be the

posture of devour Suppliants. CXLVI. Title. Hallelu-jab. See Note on Title of. Pfalm.cvi. 8. Them that are fallen. See Psalm cxlv. 14. The Lord careth for the righteous. Hebrew, loveth the righteous. 2178 signifies such a sort of Love as the Father has for his child, full of Care and Concern, Gen. xxii. 2: Cure

in Latin is often used for Amor. CLXVII. Title. Hallelu-jah. See Note on Title of Psalm cvi. 3. And giveth medicine to heal their sickness.) Et medelam ad.

hibet doloribus eorum, Munster. CXLVIII. Title. Hallelu-jah. See Note on Title of Psalm cvi. I. The Lord of heaven.] That the Hebrew words may be so

turn'd chere can be no doubt. The last Translators themselves do often turn as if it were only a sign of the Geo nitive Case: And the greatest part of the Moderns turn it so here too ; but then they understand it not of God, but of all manner of Heavenly Creatures, as if we should say, All ye Inhabitants of heaven, praise the Lord : Not that there is any word fignifying Inhabitant in the Hebrew; no, that is supply'd by them, and that oftentimes very properly, and, without question, according to the juft Rules of Translation: But in this place there seems to be no occasion for any Sup. plement, the word that goes immediately before it in the Hebrew is, the Lord, and therefore here 'tis best translated literally. And if there be any sence in the other Translation, from beaven, which is not in this, 'tis certain our two


- Learned Paraphrafts did not think it worth observing. And

I may say the same of the 7th Verse, for whatever correspondence some may imagine, berwixt from the heaven, ver.I. and from the earth, ver. 7. yer I can't observe one syllable of meaning, or sence, but what is to be found in our Tran

Nacion as well as others. 13. All his Saints shall praise him.] This is the plain English of the other Translation, viz. He ----- the praise of all his Saints. The people that serveth him.] Hebrew, That is near to him. The Priests are described in this manner, Lev. X. 3. because it was their Office peculiarly to attend on God; and the Jews were a Kingdom of Priests, Exod. xix. 6. and so are Christians, 1 Pet. ii. 9. that is, they are peculiarly dedica-, ted to his Service, are invited and bound to Worship and Serve him above all others. Here our Translators keep to their old Rule of giving us an English Phrase for an Hebrew

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CXLIX. 1. In his holiness.] In fanctirate ejus, Munfter.
4. And helpeth the meek-hearted.] The word help was of a very

large and grand fignification among our Ancestors, insomuch
that we find they did mightily affect Names compounded
of this word, with tlie addition of some other. See Camb-
den's Remains, pag. 52.

And these Names were originally given to such Men as had been the Authors or Instruments of Iome remarkable Deliverance, or other benefit to the publick : As no Names among the Grecians were more honour. able than those compounded of ArkEw, a word of the fame fignification as Alexander, Alexius, &c. We have one observable Instance of the great signification of this word still remaining, I mean in the essential words of our solemn Oath, So help me God : By which words the Deponent prays, That God would prosper and succeed him in all his Affairs, deliver, and relieve him in all Wants and Difficulties, save and protect him, Body and Soul, in this world and the next, as what he now says is true. Our last Translators, and even Mr. Ainsworth, use indifferently the Nouns, help and salvation, and particularly the former cender the Hebrew Tyu! help, Pfal. iii. 3. And if we consider that this word does o itself import all manner of Divine Favours and Graces, and all those wise and effectual Mechods which God uses in bless fing and saving his People, we will the less wonder that they turn that Hebrew Phrase, of beautifying with Salvation, by the single word help. There are many Latin Phrases chat are of the same fort with this Hebrew one, viz. Ornare verbis, Tea ftimoniis, Beneficiis, Præfidiis. Now let us fuppofe that Cicero, who often uses chese Phrases, were to be done into


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English by two several Hands, and one of them should trai-
Nate them literally, To adorn with Words, or Testimonies, to
beautify with Favours, or Guards; the other should turn
them plainly chus, To. praise, to recommend, to prefer, to
guard well, I will refer it to any competent Judge to deter-
mine, which of these two did best new his skill in Latin
and English, and which had done moft Justice to Cicero.
These, and such-like Phrases are very elegant in the Hebrer
and Latin, but don't shew so well in the English. Our
Translators were sensible what a very odd and ill afe had,
and might be made of Metaphors, strain'd out of the Hea
brew into other Tongues. The Vulgar Latin's literal Tran-
llation of that Text, Exod. xxxiv. 29, 30. viz. Cornuta erat
ejus facies, should be a warning to all that undertake this
great affair of translating Scripture, not to pursue every Fi-
gure, and overdoe under pretence of diligence and faith-
fulness. It must be acknowledged, that 'tis hard to observe
a juft Medium : But if some, who are very fond of a Hebrero
Metaphor, will blame our Translators for dropping this and
several others, yet I do nur question but those who are bec-
ter Judges in this matter, will, on the contrary, be of Opi-
nion, that they rather deserve to be valued and imitated,

than run down and despised on this account.
I shall conclude, by presenting the Reader with a taste of
Tome Hebrew Phrases retained by the last Translators, but turn'd
into current English by these. There are many that have been
already taken notice of in the foregoing Notes, and the diligent
Reader will observe more in abundance, if he please to compare
che two Translations.

Old Translation.
They lie waiting in our way

on every side.
And a consuming fire [went]

out of his mouth.
The breath of thy displea-

One day telleth another.

New Translation.
Psalm XVII. 11. They have

compaffed us in our steps. XVIII, 8. Fire out of his

mouch devoured.
15. The breath of thy No-

XIX. 2. Day unto day ut-

terech speech.
XXII. 1. The words of my

10. I was cast upon thee

from the womb.
XXIV. 1. The fulness there..

of. L. 12. xcvi. 11, &c. XXXII. II. I was a fear to

mine acquaintance.

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New Translation

Old Translation.
Psalm XXXIX. 2. I was dumb I held my tongue and spake
with filence.

XLIX. 8. And it ceaseth, He munt ler thar alone.
Pfalm LII. 9. It is good before Thy faints like it well.

thy saints.
LY. 19. They have no 20. They will not turns

LXXIV. 13. Thou didft 16. Thou broughtest out four-

cleave the fountain ains, and waters out of and the flood.

the hard rocks.
LXXVI. 10. The wrath of The fierceness of men (hall turn

Man fhall praise thec. to thy praise.
LXXVII. 17. The skies sent The air thundred.

out a sound,
LXXXIX. 21. With whom My hand shall hold him faft.

my hand Mall be e

stablish'd. XCVI. 9. Fear before him. Stand in awe of him. CXIX. 123. Mine eyes fail Ain 3. Minc eyes are wasted for thy salvation,

away with looking for

thy health CXXX. 3. If thou, Lord, If thou, Lord, shouldft be ex.

Thouldft mark iniqui treme to mark what is ties, O Lord, who done amiss, O Lord, who should stand?

may abide it. CXLII. 4. Refuge failed me. I had no place to flcc unco...

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