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"Tis neither Art nor Nature can amend him, I should but wrong him if I should commend himn; I'll only add, that Hoadly ’s dignify'd By wit, and grace, and han't one spark of pride. Nierit has made him great, and spread his fame, ) He is distinguish'd by a life that's clean, · His answering Blackall is his only stain."
6 If these fam'd Preachers have thy art refin'd, Dunton, draw Moss, that's dazzling yet behind; Paint sweetness in his eyes at once, and awe, And make his looks preach Piety and Law; No pulpit-notes, or Angel ever sung, More harmony than dwells upon his tongue: Happy in preaching, dignity, and parts ; And (which is strange) the Lawyers he converts *, Who, all men know, have seared, stony hearts. J But, by his pulpit art and eloquence, * These stones are flesh'd it, and fools made men of
sense.' His voice sure is by nightingales advanc'd! He does but speak, and all men are entranc'd. Being thus distinguish'd for a man of sense, Thio' not my Lord, yet, as he serves his Prince, We'll callehim Bishop in the future tense *." }
This volume, on the whole, is a strange mixture of sense and folly; containing some good articles in prose and verse, a few of a licentious turn, and some deeply tinctured with insanity; a misfortune under which Dunton appears to have long laboured.
12. Dunton published, after this, “An Appeal to Her Majesty, with a List of his Political Pamphlets;" of which a copy is in the British Museum.
# Dr. Moss was Preacher at Gray's Inn. See vol. IV. p. 223. + Ezekiel ii. 19.
In like manner he describes “the most eminent Conformists." of his age; and, after some advice to the Clergy; adds,
“ These preaching rules will make you grave and neat :
I find no farther particulars of him till Oct. 17, 1723, when he advertised the volume * noticed below; which I have never seen. He survived till 1733; and died at the age of 74.
* “Upon this Moment depends Eternity: or, Mr. John Dunton's serious Thoughts upon the present and future State, in a Fit of Sickness that was judged mortal; in which many new Opinions are started and proved; in particular this, That the sincere practice of known Duties, or dying daily to this Life and World, would of itself resolve the most ignorant Person in all the abstruse Points of the Christian Religion--being a new Directory for holy living and dying; composed of the Author's own Experience in Religion, Politicks, and Morals, from his Childhood to his Sixty-third Year (but more especially during his dangerous Disease in Ireland in the Year Ninety-eight, when his Life was despaired of); and completed in Twenty Essays upon such nice and curious points in Divinity as were never handled before. To which is added, the Sick Man's Passing-Bell, to remind all Men of that Death and Eternity to which they are hastening. Containing, 1. God be merciful to me a Sinner; or, Dunton at Confession; in which he discovers the secret Sins of his whole Life; with his Resolution in what penitent Manner (by the help of God) he'll spend the short Time he has yet to live. 2. Duna ton's Legacy to his native Country; or, a dying Farewell to the most remarkable Persons and Things both in Church and State; with his last Prayer (or those very Petitions to Almighty God) with which he hopes to expire. 3. A living Man following his own Corpse to the Grave: or, Dunton represented as dead and buried, in an Essay upon his own Funeral. To which is added (for the Oddness and Singularity of it) a Copy of his last Will and Testament. His living Elegy, wrote with his own Hand; and the Epitaph designed for his Tombstone in the new Buryingplace. Together with, 4. The real Period of Dunton's Life; or, a Philosophical Essay upon the Nature of that Grand Climacteric Year Sixty-three, in which (as few Persons outlive that fatal Time) he expects to be actually buried with the best of Wives Mrs. Elizabeth Annesley alias Dunton; with their Reasons for sleeping together in the same Grave till the general Resurrection; as contained in two Letters that passed between Mr. Dunton and his Wife a few Days before she died. The whole Directory and Passing-Bell submitted to the impartial Censure of the Right Reverend Father in God William Lord Bishop of Ely. By Mr. John Dunton, a Member of the Athenian Society, and Author of the Essay intituled, “The Hazard of a Death-bed Repentance.”
We are all seiz'd with the Athenian Itch,
News, and New Things do the World bewitch. Dr. Wild. Printed for S. Popping in Paternoster-row, price 16. 6."
(See vol. I. p. 288.)
WILLIAM FRIEND*, M. A. born Aug. 3, 1634, was educated at Westminster-school, elected to Christ Church, Oxford, 1656 ; obtained the rectory of Croughton in Northamptonshire in 1663 ; where he resided till his death, which is thus recorded on a handsome monument in the chancel of that church:
On the frieze: “Natus Augusti iiio, 1634; obiit Septemb. xx. 1689."
On the tablet :
“ H.S. E.
astutiarum omninò vacuus;
cui fidem suam dedit,
integer, intrepidus ; in gerendâ Parochiali curâ, cui totum se devovit,
diligens, indefessus :
in toto vitæ cursu,
nihil non aspernatus:
nihil non ausus.
munera fidelius pleniusve obivit.
So spelt; but his sons wrote the name Freind.
Tres, Tres, qui hodie supersunt, filios,
JOANNEM, M.D. Londinensem, sub iisdem, in quibus ipse olim adolevit, Penetralibus
erudiri probè curavit,
et ipsius exemplar,
P. P." Mr. Friend, besides the three sons recorded in his epitaph, had a daughter Anne, who was married to the successor of her father in the rectory; as appears by the following epitaph:
“ Hic cum certâ
DE CHARENTON juxta Parisios
celebris olim Ecclesiæ pastoris,
Rector pius, integer, industrius,
Gulielmi Annæque filiam,
* M. A. of Christ Church, Oxford, 1694. Two others of the family obtained the same degree in 1719 and 175%. + Of whom see p. 89.
ROBERT FREIND, the eldest son, was admitted in 1680 to Westminster-school, whence he was elected to Christ Church in 1686; where he was a student at the time of the inauguration of King William and Queen Mary; and made on that occasion a good copy of English verses, which were printed in the University Collection *. In the famous dispute between Bentley mo and Boyle, Mr. Freind was a warm partizan for the honour of his College
He proceeded M.A. June 1, 1693; became second master of Westminster-school in 1699 ; and accumulated the degrees of B. and D.D. July 7, 1709.
In 1711 he published a Sermon preached before the House of Commons, Jan. 30, 1710-11, from Jer. iii. 25. In the same year he succeeded Duke the Poet in the valuable living of Witney in Oxfordshire; became head-master of Westminster-school; and is said to have drawn up the preamble to the Earl of Oxford's patent of Peerage .
March 16, 1722-3, the day after his brother (Dr, John) was committed to the Tower, Dr. Robert Freind caused much speculation in the school, and its vicinity, by giving for a theme, “ Frater, ne desere Fratrem."
In 1724, he published Cicero's “ Orator;" and in 1728 Mr. Bowyer was indebted to him for the West
*« Vota Oxoniensia pro serenissimis Guilhelmo Rege et Maria Regina M. Britanniæ, &c. nuncupata; Oxon. 1689."-These verses were also printed in the Select Collection of Miscellany Poems, 1781, vol. VII. p. 132.
+ A niece of Dr. Robert Freind was married to a son of Dr. Bentley, who, after that event, conceived a better opinion of the Christ Church men; and declared, that “ Freind had more good learning in him than ever he had imagined.”
I“ I will tell you what Mr. Pope told me, who had been let into the secret concerning the Oxford performance-that Boyle wrote only the narrative of what passed between him and the Bookseller, which too was corrected for him; that Freind the Master of Westminster and Atterbury wrote the body of the criticisms; and that Dr. King of the Commons wrote the droll argument to prove Dr. Bentley was not the Author of the Dissertation on Phalaris, and the Index. And a powerful cabal gave it a surprising run." Warburton's Letters, 8vo, p. 11.
§ He probably revised it; but it was drawn up by Swift; and may be seen in the Dean's Works, 1808, vol. III. p. 367.