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worthy friend Mr. John Lawrence. When I was thus fixed in the trade, I resolved to make public a Collection of Funeral Discourses preached by my reverend father, Mr. John Dunton, intituled, “The House of Weeping. The success was well enoughı; but my chief design was to perpetuate my father's name, for whose memory I have always entertained a very great and just veneration."
Dunton's reputation grew with his circumstances; and, Aug. 3, 1682, he married Elizabeth, one of the daughters of Dr. Annesly, who at that time was a celebrated preacher among the Dissenters. He now opened a shop at the Black Raven in Princesstreet; where he carried on business very prosperously, till the universal damp upon trade which was occasioned by the defeat of the Duke of Monmouth in the West; when, having 500l. owing him in New England, he determined, after much deliberation, to make a trip thither; and, after a long and tedious voyage of four months, and the loss of a venture of 500l. in another ship, which was castaway, he arrived safe at Boston in March 1685-6; and opened a warehouse for the sale of the books which he had taken thither. Carrying with him powerful recommendations, and his books being of à class adapted to the Puritans, the success was equal to his wishes. His rivals in trade were but few; Mr. Usher, Mr. Philips, Mynheer Brunning, and Duncan Campbell, an industrious Scotchman, being then the only booksellers in Boston; and Mr. Green the principal if not the only printer. He had taken with him a steady apprentice, Samuel Palmer, to whom he entrusted the whole charge of his business; which left him at leisure to make many pleasant excursions into the country.
He visited Harvard college particularly, and the town of Salem; where he opened another warehouse for his books. He also visited Wenham, an inland town; where he was most kindly received by Mr. Geery, the then minister of that place; whose character he thus delineates: “It were endless to enter
his businessnt excursii college path other.ware
on a detail of each faculty of learning Mr. Geery is master of, and therefore take his character in shorthand. The Philosopher is acute, ingenions, and subtle; the Divine curious, orthodox, and profound; the Man of a majestic air, without austerity or sourness; his aspect is masterly and great, yet not imperious or haughty. The Christian is devout, without moroseness, or starts of holy frenzy and enthusiasm; the Preacher is primitive, without the accessional colours of whining or cant; and methodical without intricacy or affectation; and, which crowns his character, he is a man of a public spirit, zealous for the conversion of the Indians, and of great hospitality to strangers. He gave us a noble dinner, and entertained us with such pleasant fruits as, I must own, Old England is a stranger to."-In a ramble to Ipswich he had an opportunity of seeing much of the customs of the Indians.
In the autumn he returned to London; and, being received by his wife and her father with all the marks of kindness and respect, expected nothing but a golden life of it for the future, though all his satisfactions were soon withered; for, being deeply entangled for a sister-in-law, he was not suffered to step over the threshold in ten months. Wearied with this confinement, he determined to take a trip to Holland, Flanders, Germany, &c.; and stayed four months at Amsterdam; whence he travelled to Cleves, Rhineberg, Dussledorp, Cologne, Mentz, &c.; and, returning through Rotterdam to London, Nov. 15, 1688, found his wife in health, and all her affairs in peace. On the day the Prince of Orange came to London, he again opened shop, at the Black Raven, opposite the Poultry Compter, where he traded ten years, with variety of successes and disappointments. The following books, among many others, may serve to give a taste of what he was engaged in: “ Heads of Agreement, assented to by the United Ministers.”—“ The Morning Exercises, published by the London Ministers." “Malebranche's Search after Truth, which was made
English English by Mr. Sault.”—“ Mr. Coke's Detection of the Court and State of England."" The Works of the Lord Delamere, published by Consent of the Earl of Warrington."-" Dr. Burthogg's Essay on Reason, and the Nature of Spirits ; dedicated to Mr. Locke.”-.“ The Tigurine Liturgy; published by the Approbation of Six learned Prelates." « Bishop Barlow's Remains; published from his Lordship's original Papers, by Sir Peter Pet, Knight.” -"The Life of the Reverend Mr. Thomas Brand.”— 6. The Life and Death of the Reverend Mr. John Elliot, who first preached the Gospel to the Indians in America."-" The Bloody Assizes, which contain the Trials and Dying Speeches of those that died in the West.”—“ Sermons on the whole Parable of Dives and Lazarus, by Joseph Stephens, Lecturer of Cripplegate and Lothbury Churches."-" The Tragedies of Sin, by Mr. Jay, Rector of Chinner.”— “Mr. Williams's Gospel Truth."_Machenzya's Narrative of the Siege of Derry." Mr. Boyse's Answer to Bishop King."-"Mr. Shower's Mourners Companion.”—“Mr. Roger's Practical Discourses."
“Poems, written by Madam Singer, the Pindarick Lady."-"Mr. Baxter's Life.” The History of the Edict at Nantes, translated by several Hands."-" It was a wonderful pleasure,” he says, “ to Queen Mary to see this History made English, and was the only book to which she ever granted her Royal Licence.”
Of 600 books which he had printed, he had only to repent, he ades, of seven : « The second Spira," 6 The Post-boy robbed of his Mail,” “The Voyage round the World,” “ The new Quevedo,” “The Pastor's Legacy,” “Heavenly Pastime,” “The Hue and Cry after Conscience." These he heartily wished he had never seen, and advised all who had them to burn them. After confessing his errors in printing, he says, “ As to bookselling and traffick, I dare stand the test, with the same allowance that every man under the same circumstance with me would wish to have, for the whole trading part of my life. Nay, I challenge all the Booksellers in
London to prove I ever over-reached them or deceived them in any one instance. And when you come to that part of my life that relates to the Auctions I made in Dublin, you will find that in all the notes I made for Dublin, that I put the same price to every man. And would any Bookseller be at the pains to compare all my notes together (though I exchanged with all the trade), for every penny he finds charged more to himself than to other men, he shall have ten pounds reward, and a thousand thanks into the bargain, for rectifying a mistake I never designed." In 1692, having been “ put in possession of a considerable estate upon the decease of my cousin Carter, the Master and Assistants of the Coinpany of Stationers began to think me sufficient to wear a Livery, and honoured me with the cloathing. My Livery-fine upon that occasion was twenty pounds, which I paid; and the year following, Mr. Harris (my old friend and partner), and about fifty more of the Livery-men, entered into a Friendly Society, and obliged ourselves to pay twenty shillings a man yearly to the Renter-warden, in regard that honour was usually once a year attended with a costly entertainment to the whole Company.
“ The first year I wore the Livery, Sir William Ashhurst being then Lord Mayor, I was invited by our Master and Wardens to dine with his Lordship. We went in a body from the Poultry church to Grocers-hall; where the çntertainment was very generous, and a noble spoon he sent to our wives. To speak the truth, I do not think Sir William Ashhurst ever acted a little or a mean thing in his whole life. The world now smiled on me. I sailed with wind and tide; and had humble servants enough among the Booksellers, Stationers, Printers, and Binders; but especially my own relations, on every side, were all upon the very height of love and tenderness, and I was caressed almost out of my five senses.---And now, making a considerable figure in the Company of Stationers, the Right Hon. the Earl of Warrington did me the honour to send Vol. V. .
· me me a letter (the original of which I have still by me) in behalf of Mr. Humphreys, desiring all the interest I could make, to procure him the Clerk's place to the Company of Stationers. Upon my reading the Earl's letter, I did all that lay in my power to get Mr. Humphreys chosen Clerk, though by the majority of voices it was carried against him. However, the many civilities I received from the Company of Stationers, for the fifteen years I traded amongst them, do oblige me, out of mere gratitude, to draw the character of the most eminent of that profession in the three kingdoms." Here Mr. Dunton proceeds to characterize the principal Booksellers, Printers, Stationers, Bookbinders, &e. who were his contemporaries (as in a former part of the volume he had the several Authors with whom he had been connected in trade); several of whom have already been mentioned in the present work, and others shall be noticed in future pages..
In delineating the characters of others, Mr. Dunton has not forgot to describe his own Projects; “ for I have been sufficiently convinced,” he says, “ that unless a man can either think or perform something out of the old beaten road, he will find nothing but what his forefathers have found before him. A Bookseller, if he is a man of any capacity and observation, can tell best what to go upon, and what has the best prospect of success. I remember Mr. Andrews, a learned and ingenious Scotsman of this age, has offered me several translations, and told me they would certainly sell; the substance of the book was so and so, and could not miss. He added, I had printed more than any other, and yet none had printed less. This was sharp enough, I confess; however, it is a difficult matter to attack a man in his own science. I have, it is true, been very plentifully loaded with the imputation of Maggots, &c. And what is the reason? Why, because I have usually started something that was new; whilst others, likė footpads, ply only about the high-roads, and either abridge another man's book,