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grant of lands, and died a justice of the peace, leaving a handsome estate to his family. His publications were, 1. “ Itinerarium Septentrionale: or a Journey through most of the Counties of Scotland *, and those in the North of England. In two parts. Part I. containing an Account of all the Monuments of Roman Antiquity, found and collected in that. Journey, and exhibited in order to illustrate the Roman History in these Parts of Britain, from the first Invasion by J. Cæsar, till J. Agricola's march into Caledonia, in the Reign of Vespasian, and thence more fully to their last abandoning the Island, in the Reign of Theodosius junior, with a particular Description of the Roman Walls in Cumberland, Northumberland, and Scotland, &c. &c. Part II. An Account of the Danish Invasions in Scotland,

* “ He made a laborious progress through almost every part of Scotland for three years successively. His Map of Scotland, shewing the principal Roman works between Tyne and Tay, is the work of James Mackay. At the end of the whole is an advertisement, purporting that Mr. Gordon designed in a few days to publish proposals for engraving by subscription, a complete view of the Roman walls in Britain, with those of the Emperors Hadrian and Severus in Cumberland and Northumberland, in a large map near 14 feet by 6; and that of Antoninus Pius in Scotland in another map of 6 feet by 4, from actual geometrical surveys; the height, thickness, and number of courses of stones, breadth and depth of the ditches, heighth and breadth of the cespititious ramparts, and the appearance of the military ways, stations, towers, &c. and a complete perspective view of the country on both sides : with exact draughts of the inscriptions, &c. found there, and an English and Latin description at the foot of each map. As he complains of want of sufficient encouragement to his book, I am afraid he met with none to his Survey, which certainly was a noble design. Some lovers of antiquity in Holland printing a Latin translation of his Itinerary about 1730, applied to the author for additions and corrections ; wh: h he afterwards published in English, 1732, folio, containing several dissertations on and descriptions of Roman antiquities discovered in Scotland since the publishing the said Itinerary; together with observations on their antient monuments found in the North of England: two inscriptions in Durham library found at Lanchester, illustrated in the Philosophical Transactions, by Hunter and Gale; and an engraving of the goddess Brigantia, from the original, in the possession of Sir John Clerk, bart." Gough's British Topography, vol. II. p. 560.


and of the Monuments erected there, on the different Defeats of that People. With other curious Remains of Antiquity; never before communicated to the Publick. The whole illustrated with 66 Copper Plates. Lond. 1726," folio. 2. “Additions and Corrections, by way of Supplement, to the Itinerarium Se entrionale; containing several Dissertations on, and Descriptions of, Roman Antiquities, discovered in Scotland since publishing the said Itinerary. Together with Observations on other antient Monuments found in the North of England, never before published. Lond. 1732 *.” folio.

3. “The Lives of Pope Alexander VI. and his son Cæsar Borgia, comprehending the Wars in the reign of Charles VIII. and Lewis XII. Kings of France; and the chief Transactions and Revolutions in Italy, from the Year 1492 to the Year 1516. With an Appendix of original Pieces referred to in the Work. By Alexander Gordon, A.M. F.R. and A.S. Author of the Itinerarium Septentrionale, Lond. 1729," folio. 4. “A complete History of the antient Amphitheatres, more particularly regarding the Architecture of these Buildings, and in particular that of Verona, by the Marquis Scipio Maffei; translated from the Italian, 1730," 8vo; afterwards enlarged in a second edition. 5. "An Essay towards explaining the Hieroglyphical Figures on the Coffin of the antient Mummy belonging to Capt. William Lethieullier. Lond. 1737,” folio, with cuts. 6.An Essay towards explaining the antient Hieroglyphical Figures on the Egyptian Mummy in the Museum of Dr. Mead, Physician in Ordinary to his Majesty, 1737,” folio.

« The two preceding Essays being designed to explain three of the fifteen copper-plates already delivered to subscribers, an explanation of the remaining prints will come forth with all convenient speed: first, what belongs to the other antient Mummies exhibited in the said plates, next what

* A Latin edition of Mr. Gordon's " Itinerarium," including the Supplement, was printed in Holand, 1731.



regards the rest of the monuments on stone, wood, metal, &c.— Subscribers will observe that the 13th plate, which is described in the 2d inscription, as well as all the other prints, must be regulated by the size of the printed sheet, because the rest of the work will be of the same dimensions. N. B. When this is published according to the terms of subscription, the author intends to offer to the publick another work, "The History of the Egyptians, from the earliest Accounts given of them to the time of Darius, contemporary with Alexander the Great;' which work is not intended to be published by subscription, and is now very near ready to put to press *.' 7. “Twenty-five Plates of all the Egyptian Mummies, and other Egyptian Antiquities in England," about 1739, folio.

William Hall, esq. of the Middle Temple; an excellent scholar, and an intimate friend of Mr. Markland +, who inscribed to him his “ Quæstio

* This work was never published, but was left by Mr. Gordon in MS. under the new title of “ An Essay towards illustrating the History, Chronology, and Mythology, of the antient Egyptans, from the earliest Ages on record, till the Dissolution of their Empire, near the time of Alexander;" which is dated London, July 6, 1741.

† Mr. Markland's anxiety, during the illness of his friend, will appear from the following short extracts: “Your letter frees me from a fear I have been under this fortnight, during which I tave looked first under the article of the Dead in every paper. I believe you did not know that Mr. Hall has been extremely and dangerously ill, somewhat in your way, from the strangury, though the cause was different from yours." Letter to Mr. Bowa yer, March 24, 1766.-" You told me he [Mr. Hall) had had a relapse, but was got well again, and would write to me soon. Not having heard from him since, I am under some concern about him, lest he should have met with a second relapse. This is to beg of you to let me know how it is with him, this being a dangerous time of the year to all, unless to those who aveesporés elsu, zzi Serolov xarboricks. You will excuse this solicituile for a friend, considering that, if you had been in such a precarious condition, I should have written in the same manner to him.” Ibid. April 13. - (See also two other letters, in vol. IV. pp. 336, 337.)- I send you the inclosed, only to verify the wise man's observation, . Boast not thyself of tó-morrow; for who knoweth what a day may bring forth?" This was written on Oct. 4; and on Oct. 5, VOL. V. 2


Grammatica, as mentioned in a former volume*. He went to Bath for his health in the autumn of 1766 +, where he unhappily fell into a state of insanity, and died in December that year. Dr. Akenside has inscribed a beautiful Ode “ To William Hall, esq. with the Works of Chaulieu."

Nicholas HARDINGE (younger son of the Rev. Gideon Hardinges, and grandson of Sir Robert Hardingel, of King's Newton, a small hamlet in the parish of Melbourne, in Derbyshire, who was knighted in the civil wars) was born in 1700, and educated at

he was a mad-man.” Ibid. Feb. 15, 1767.-"I am always uneasy when I do not satisfy even your expectations; which, when you expected to have a letter from me on to-morrow morning by the post, was impossible, for nobody here sends a letter on a Friday, because the General Oflice in London is shut up on a Sunday. I suppose if you sent a letter to Darking for London on Saturday, you would not be surprized if I did not receive it till Monday."

* See vol. IV. p. 286.

+ “I had your depositions, &c. -- Before a' week passes, I hope I shall inform you better, for I have very strong appearances of being right again in two or three days."

Mr. Holl to Nir. Markland, Oct. 4, 1766. # His elder brother, Caleb Hardinge, was of King's College, Cambridge, (B.A. 1720; M.A. 1794; M.D. 1724; M. D. Com. Reg. 1798; Adm. 1756). He was physician extraordinary to the King, and physician to the Tower; survived his brother ; and died at Mansfield, in the county of Nottingham in January 1776. He was a man of singular habits and whims, but of infinite humour and wit. He was, like his brother, a most admiralle scholar ; and, if he had been uniformly attentive to the duties of his profession, would have acquired the first ranks in it. In medical sagacity and learning he had few if any superiors. His conversation vas coveted by the most accomplished wits and scholars of his age. Ile was a man of perfect honour, and a more benevolent spirit never breathed. His passion for coursing was one of his most prominent characteristics; but, like all the test, he made it the source of infinite annusement for his friends.

Ş Of Jesus College, Cambridge; B. A. 1637; M. A. 1791. He died vicar of Kingston in 1750. See his epitaph, p. 313.

|| They were descended from a family wliv bad long been settled at King's Newton; where Lord Melbourne now possesses the antient seat of the Hardinges. Sir Robert Hardinge had two sons, Robert and Gideon. Robert had two daughters, Isabella and Mary. The former married the Rev. John Bailey, A.M. of Chaddesden, in the same county, and by him had no issue; the latter died tuumarried. Robert had also a son Jolin, who died without issue.


Eton school, which he left in the year 1718-19. He was fellow of King's College, Cambridge; took the degree of B.A. 1722; of M. A. 1726; and, when he left the University, was called to the bar: but the office of Chief Clerk to the House of Commons being vacant, in 1731, he accepted it, and held it till April 1752, when he was appointed Joint Secretary of the Treasury, on the promotion of James W'est, esq. in which post he died. He was a very diligent, and most able, upright officer, in both departments; and, though one of the best classical scholars of his age, deeply versed in the history, laws, and constitution of England, on which he wrote with uncommon perspicuity.

At Eton and Cambridge, he had the fame of the most eminent scholar of his time; and had very singular powers in Latin verse, perhaps inferior to none since the Augustan age*.

When he was at Cambridge, party was at the highest in his own college, and he was at the head of the Whigs. Doctor Snape was then provost.

A violent contest arose upon the subject of a Mr. Bushe, who having, in one of the College exercises, given offence by some political reflections injurious to the Tory cause, was expelled ; and, upon appeal to the Bishop of Lincoln, reinstated. The sentence of the Bishop was litigated; but, in the end, the Whigs prevailed, and gave a turn to the political sentiments of the whole University. In every part of this contest Mr. Hardinge's judgment, knowledge of the law, address, and spirit, were of intinite service to the party, and to his own character. His attention to the points of that controversy led him insensibly to a perfect knowledge of the general subject of visitatorial power, which he discussed in a very masterly Essay, never

* His Latin poems (in every measure and style) are much admired. He was thought equal, if not superior, in that line, to the celebrated Dr. George, provost of King's. Two of them are in the “Musæ Anglicanæ,” and another, written at Knowle Hill, 1739, and addressed to Stephen Poyntz, esq. preceptor to the Duke of Cumberland, is in the “ Select Collection,” vol. VI. p. 85; with an English translation, by T. P. of W. College, Oxford, 1778. Z 2


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