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every year; preached three or four times constantly in one day; rose at four, and employed all his time in reading, writing, attending the sick, and arranging the various parts of this numerous body of people. -Amongst his virtues, forgiveness to his enemies, and liberality to the poor, were inost remarkable: he has been known to receive into even his confidence those who have basely injured him ; they have not only subsisted again on his bounty, but shared in his aliection. All the profit of his literary labours, all that he received, or could collect (and it amounted to an immense sum, for he was his own printer and bookseiler), was devoted to charitable purposes. Yet, with such opportunities of enriching himself, it was doubtful whether the sale of the books would pay all liis debts. His travelling expences were defrayed by the societies which he visited.
The superintendency of his various chapels and societies he committed, about the year 1784, by a deed enrolled in Chancery (in trust for support of his preachers and their poor families), to an hundred travelling preachers, then in various parts of these kingdoms; and among the number was the Rev. Dr. Coke*, at that time in America, whose mission was supposed to have increased the converts in the West India Islands, and other parts of America, to near 50,000, after the conclusion of the war, and founder, in 1789, of a college in South Carolina, called Wesley college.
On a review of the character of this extraordinary man, it appears that, though he was endowed with eminent talents, he was inore distinguished by their use than even by their possession. Though his taste was classic, and his mamers elegant, he sacrificed that society in which he was particularly calculated to shine; gave up those preferments which his abilities must have obtained, and devoted a long life in practising and enforcing the plainest duties. Instead of being “an ornament to literature," he was a blessing to his fellow creatures; instead of “ the genius. of the age,” he was the servant of God!
* Who is now (1809) the Arch-Prasul of the very numerous sect of Methodists in Mr. Wesley's connexion.
(See vol. II. p. 90.)
ROBERT AINSWORTH, born at Woodyale, in the parish of Eccles, in Lancashire, four miles from Manchester, in September 1660, was educated at Bolton in that county; and taught school in the same town. On coming to London, he opened a considerable boarding-school at Bethnal Green, where in 1698 he wrote and published a short treatise of Grammatical Institution, inscribed to Sir William Hustler, and reprinted in 1736, 8vo, under the title of “ The most natural and easy Way of Institution, by making a domestic Education less chargeable to Parents, and more easy and beneficial to Children. By which Method, Youth may not only make a very considerable Progress in Languages, but also in Arts and Sciences, in two Years." Mr. Ainsworth soon after removed to Hackney, and successively to other villages near London, where he taught with good reputation many years; when, having acquired a moderate fortune, he left off, and lived privately.
About the year 1714, it having been suggested to some principal booksellers, that a new compendious English and Latin Dictionary, upon a plan somewhat similar to Faber's Thesaurus, was much wanted, Mr. Ainsworth was thought of as a proper person to undertake so long and troublesome a work; and how well he executed it, has been sufficiently shewn by the rapid sale of several large impressions.
Mr. Ainsworth was elected F. A.S. in 1724; and, besides the Grammatical Treatise above mentioned,
he published, l. “Monumenta Vetustatis Kempiana *, ex vetustis Scriptoribus illustrata, eosque vicissim illustrantia, in duas partes divisa : quarum altera mumias, simulacra, statuas, signa, luces, inscriptiones, vasa, lucernas, amuleta, lapides, gemmas, annulos, fibulas cum aliis veterum reliquiis; altera nummos materiâ modoque diversos continet. 1720,” Svo; 2. “ Igsloy, sive ex veteris Monumenti Isiaci Descriptione Isidis Delubrum reseratum, 1729,” 4to; 3. “De Clypeo Camilli antiquo, operis elegantissimi, et cum per tot sæcula duraverat, integritatis planè mirandæ, è reliquiis Musei Woodwardiani, apud .CI. V. Ric. King, Trib. Mil. adseryato, Dissertatio. Præmittitur ejusdem Monumenti argumentique limbo insculpti descriptio , 1734," 4to; and 4. “Thesaurus Linguæ Latinæ Compendarius; or, a compendious Dictionary of the Latin Tongue, designed chiefly for the use of the British Nation, 1736,” 4to.-" Whilst this work was preparing, the execution of it was attended with so many difficulties, that it went on very slowly for a long time, and for some years was entirely suppressed. But afterwards, on account of Mr. Ainsworth's advanced age, and a disorder that affected his eyes, I was desired to assist in reviewing the copy; and at his request, and the booksellers concerned, accepted of it, after about a dozen sheets had been wrought ofl.” Preface to the Second Edition; which was published in 1746 by Samuel Patrick*, LL.D. usher to the Charter-house; with
* The greatest part of this collection was originally made by Mr. John Gailhard, who had been governor to George the first Lord Carteret, so created Oct. 12, 1681, and sold to his Lordship for an annuity of 2001. After the death of that Lord, which happened Sept. 22, 1695, Mr. John Kemp bought a considerable part of the collection during the minority of John Lord Carteret (afterwards Earl Granville), and more after bis death. Mr. Kemp died Sept. 19, 1717 (aged about 52); and, by his will, directed that Robert Earl of Oxford, or his son Edward Lord Harley, or one of them, should have his whole collection of antiquities, with the books belonging to them, for 2000l. But, this proposal not being accepted, that collection was soll, by auction, at the Phænix Tavern in Pall Mall, on the 231, 24th, 25th, and 27th of March 1721, in 293 articles, for 10901. Ss. 6d. Henry Earl of Winchelsea saw them in Gailhard's hands at Angiers 1676, and afterwards improved at Paris 1682. Six antient inscriptions, bought at Mr. Kemp's sale by Dr. Rawlinson, are now at Oxford, and published among the “Marmora Oxoniensia,” Several others purchased by Ebenezer Mussel, esg. were resold at the auction of his curiosities 1765. See Maty's Life of Mead; and Gough's British Topography, vol. I. p. 671.
+ This article had before appeared at the end of “ Museum Woodwardianum, or Catalogue of the Doctor's library and curiosities sold by auction at Covent Garden, 1728," Sro. See Ward's Lives of the Gresham Professors, p. 291. “ The latter part of this catalogue, or museuin, was drawn up by Mr. Ainsworth, though the Doctor had himself described most of the statues, tables, and vases, and written large notes upon most of them." Ward, MS. p. 300. See the history of this fainous shield, British Topography, vol. I. p. 720.-At the end of some copies of “Joannis Ker Selectæ de Lingua Latina Observationes, Lond.
1929," 8vo. occurs “ An Fnglish-Latin Table, &c.” to which small tract Mr. Ainsworth has put the initials of his name.
* Soon after the publication of the former edition of this work, I received the following note from an unknown friend : “ Sam Patrick was my school-ınaster; I went to him, I think, about 1740 or 41; and he died about 1748. He was a man truly inatensive in his disposition, of great readirg in the Latin Classics, and as great simplicity of manners. So inattentive and un-espicious was he, that the boys frequently put the most ridiculous impositions upon him; such, among others, as tying a paper-bag to his wig, which, without ever being sensible of, he would walk about the streets with, till either he perceived the people laugh at him, or some kind person informed him of the trick. When he returned to school, he never seemed to recollect what had been done to liim, or took any notice about it. WhenaScoich University had given him adiplomaof LL.D. he took Yery late in life sacred orders; but never, I believe, had any preferment; nor dolknow that heever preached. I have heard him read praye's, which I think he did pretty well. Upon Pope's writing an epitaph [for Shakspeare'- monument in Westminster Abbey, and using the wordo publicus umor posuit, ne objected to the propriety of the expression publicus amor, upon which Pope said liumorously, hebelieved Patrick mighi understand the meaning ofasingle word as well as any man; bui the power of judging properly of two words together creceded his abilities. By the bye, I think I recollect having scen in Ovid's Works publicus amor used in that sense. But, to my knowledge, he once criticized upon words; and, though I was ai that iime a mere boy, I have thought since, very justly. He was giving an account to a military gentleman, who understood not the last of languages, of some famous book published at that time, the author of which used, he was telling
many additions and improvements ; to which Mr. Ainsworth himself contributed, as did also Dr. Ward, who had given his assistance in the first edition *.
the gentleman, this improper expression, at this time various incidents arising." It was highly absurd, he said, to use 'incidents arising,' when the word incident itself, from in and cado, signified to fall.”
* In the second edition, however, Mr. Bowyer in MS. has remarked, that “ There are many gross mistakes; particularly interpreting gene [cheeks] to signify the eye-lashes, from a law of the XII Tables, Mulieres ne radunto genas. [Railere; i.e. unguibus, says Festus. On Einglouaynoch, 1 Cor. xv. 3, 4, &c.] And projicit [tbrows away, or lays aside ampullas et sesquipedalia terba, Hor. Art. Poet. 97, he interprets utters and makes use of, contrary to the sense of the place, and of the constant use of the word; so a poimus in Greek.” It is, however, the best work of the kind that has hitherto appeared. Dr. Patrick dying soon after, a third edition was superintended by Mr. Kimber in 1751, with little or no variation; and in 1752 an edition, in two volumes folio, much improved, by Mr. William Young, a genius far superior to either of the preceding editors; and whose abilities, if he could have bestowed the proper application, would have enabled him to publish a better Latin Dictionary than any that has ever appeared. (Mr. Young, I may here observe, was the real Parson Adams of Fielding.)---An edition in two volumes 8vo, was published in 1758, under the inspection of Mr. Nathanael Thomas : who corrected a fourth edition in 110, 1761.--In 1773, the very learned Dr. Morell, at the age of 70, corrected, for the third time, an edition of this Dictionary, as appears by his letter to Messrs. Longman and Johnston prefixed to it. " There are few names," he observes, “ so great is to enhance the sale of any book whatever, if its own utility does not recomniend it: and as to myself, not being a dangler, or in any way importunate, by constitution; since, after frequent dedications, by permission, by request. I can only say with my late friend Dr. Young, “I have been so long remembered, I am forg'ot;' I was induced to inscribe this work to you, with whom alone I can boast a mutual obligation." This was the fifth edition in 4to. The learned Veteran superintended also an octavo edition in one volume 1774, and in 1780 another edition in 4t0.--It appears by an authentic paper, intituled, “ An Account of the Expence of correcting and improving sundry Books,” 1776, folio, that Mr. Ainsworth received for the first edition of his Dictionary 6601. 178. 6d. For the second edition his executors were paid 2501.; Dr. Patrick 1011. Ils. 9d.; and Dr. Ward 261. 58. Mr. Kimber had twenty guineas for correcting the third edition; and Mr. Young 1841. 10s. for his improvements in the folio. Besides these sums 2181, 8s. had been paid by the booksellers to Dr. Morell for correcting Ainsworth, and 2611. 18s. to Mr. Thoinas. In the whole, 17301. 10s. 3d. By the same paper it appears,