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ness of the juniors, and what I suppose is often enjoined them in those very Statutes, being obedience. And what you resolve upon in discharge of your oath, is I believe as much as the foundress herself, if she were alive, would require of you. It is out of your province to attempt a reformation, and would be an affront to your governors. And the faciam ab aliis observari can never be meant to oblige you to oppose them. I bless God for his extraordinary grace to you in giving you so conscientious a regard to oaths, which I doubt are generally too much disregarded in both Universities; of which the sad effects are too visible all over the nation.” In his next to his father he thus expresses himself: “I return you many thanks, and praise God that I am by yours, and good Mr. Roper's assistance, now so well satisfied in a matter of such importance."

His temperance was always very great, and his fasting and abstinence rather more than his weak constitution could well bear. Yet we shall find him still increasing those rigours; and though at first he contented himself with missing his breakfast, and eating his bare commons on the Churchfasts, and his days of preparation for the blessed Sacrament; afterwards on the approach of Lent his rules were more severe, which, being written in his “ Officium Eucharisticum” without any date, might be made about this time *.

* “Remember to observe all Lent with abstiñence and retirement, and interruption of visits; and the Wednesdays and Fridays therein, together with the Holy-passion-week, with strict fasting. Observe all Vigils with abstinence and prayer, as also Embers and Rogations; and all Fridays in the year with strict fasting. But have always regard to thy health, and necessary occasions, as travelling and the like. Be not over-scrupulous as to the accidents of place, friends, civility, &c. which may sometimes put by thy stated rules. Be always prepared for charitable offices; and let not thy fasts make thee peevish, affected in them, or self-conceited for them. Sanctify all thy actions, especially on these times, by a holy intention, and doubt not but God will bless and accept thee. But be sure at Lent, and all other fasts,

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Before he had fully spent this Lent according to the foregoing rules, there was an additional sorrow to the solemn one of the season, from the death of Dr. Gower, the worthy master of the college, of which he gave his father the account transcribed below *.

beg his assistance even to out-do thyself. Obey the precepts of the Gospel, and follow its counsels as thou canst. Obey the church." The abstinence here mentioned respected both the quality and quantity of the food; and the strict fasting was eating but one spare meal on those days, which was most commonly a dinner in the hall. * “ HONOURED SIR,

St. John's, Cam, March 28, 1711. “'Yours of the 26th I received this evening, and agree with you in your opinion of our late excellent Master ; for, alas ! our good friend and bencfactor, and the honour of this College and University, died yesterday about two in the afternoon. He was last week thought to be in a fair way of recovery from the illness I mentioned in my last; but being on Monday in the afternoon taken with an aguish shivering, he thought, they said, himself that he should die. He lay speechless, and I think senseless too, from four the next morning. And upon his death you might see in all faces deep sorrow for the loss of so good a governor, except in those loose youths, who thought he held the reins too tight, and hope now to be no more punished for their irrerularities. The President went the Friday before to his living at Lynn, to administer the Sacrament there at Easter, but is sent for back to college; and a schedule is this day affixed to the chapel-door to give notice of the vacancy, and that according to statute 13 days hence, viz. on the 9th of April a new Master will be chosen, and Dr. Jenkin (they say) will, without opposition, be the man. Thus has it pleased God to take to himself from us a man indced too good for us, as he had a little before a better. For to night being in Mr. Roper's chamber, . Before we begin to read,' says he, you shall hear a letter, in which I have an account of the death of Bp. Ken. Here,' says he, ‘have I lost another good friend and acquaintance; he died as he lived, a plain hunable man. And then upon my asking (that I might give you an account) where and when, &c. he took up the letter again, and read the particulars to me thus: He came hither (to my Lord Weymouth's) on the 9th in Mrs. Thynne's coach, at whose seat he had been all the winter, designing for the Bath on the 12th, but was hindered by the return of his illness. He had two physicians from the Bath and the Devizes, and desired to know their opinion of his condition, for he was not, he said, at all afraid to die, and therefore desired they would tell him the truth. Upon their saying there was but small hopes, he replied, God's will be done! and so died the 19th; leaving order in his will to be buried in the church-yard

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Dr. Robert Jenkin was on the 9th of April chosen master of the college ; whose favour our young student, partly by his own merit, and partly by the recommendation of his good friend and

of the parish in his diocese soon after sun-rising very privately; to be carried by the six poorest men in the parish, and to have laid over him a plain stone, with an inscription on it of his own composing, which the writer did not yet know. He was, according to his order, buried on Wednesday morning the 21st at Frome, I think.' These particulars, I dare say, you have not heard of, if you have of the death of this excellent Prelate; and therefore, that I might the more exactly remember them, I take this night to write iny answer; and partly because we are ordered to make verses on the melancholy occasion against Saturday, with which I must necessarily be busied to-morrow, though against my inclination : for though such sorrowful subjects may be proper, vet I could have wished the puzzling our heads with verses might have been let alone till another time, becarise they will be apt to discompose our minds, and keep out of them better thoughts, and fitter for this holy week, especially this latter part of it: to direct us in the observance of which, Mr. Anstey sent to all or most of his pupils on Monday (as Mr. Edmondson had done to his the week before) a book entitled, The Use, Meusures and Manner of Christian Fasting ; especially with regard to the most holy Passion-week, by Mr. Brome, one of our senior fellows, a particular friend to the Master, and who always lived in the lodge with him. Though I have most of it that is useful in short in Mr. Nelson, and should have liked Mr. Seller's book much better to employ my. time on this great week; vet I thought it very improper to refuse it, and that it were better to be at a small, though unne , cessary charge, than seem to put an affront on Mr. Anstey and the Author, if not the Master also, to whom the book is dedicated. I must hastily conclude (it being pretty late) with desiring you to accept the duty of your most obedient son, A. BoxWICKE.”—To this may be added an extract from his next to his father, of April 5, relating to the same subject : “ The body of our late excellent Master was interred on Thursday night; but the funeral is not to be performed till next Saturday. He has been a noble benefactor, having left by his will two exhibitions of 101. each; all his books to the library; his country-seat at Thriploe, valued at 1201. per ann, to the Master, after the death of Mr. West his nephew and heir, and 500l. to buy a living for the college. Besides private legacies, as 100l. to Mr. Brome, who is also to have the use of his books as long as he stays here; to his sizar, and to another who had been his sizar, whom (being a relation of Bp. Gunning) he had just made fellow, though but middle bachelor, 10l. each for mourning; and 5l. to himn who is to make his funeral oration." Vol. V.

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· patron Mr. Roper, quickly gained; yet when he gave his father an account of it, according to his wonted piety, referring all to the first cause, he attributes it to God alone.

He was (as has been already observed) so early a riser, and so constant at chapel, unless on those few state holy-days that intervened, that he was easily prevailed on by the Chapel-clerk, who was indisposed, to officiate for him, which he did for almost two months, to the satisfaction of the Master and Deans. But the afore-mentioned eleven months being now expired, and liaving kept Freshman's Term (as it is there called) purely for the sake of the exercise he was to perform in it; he was willing to visit his friends in Surrey, and, having obtained his father's leave, went for Headley at the beginning of August; where he with great diligence assisted in the instruction of the scholars, and thereby made himself more perfect in the Greek and Latin, especially the grammar of both; and improved in his arithmetick, to qualify him for an auditor of the Algebraic Lecture in their College.

During his stay at Headley, it pleased God to take away his youngest sister, whose sickness and death would have been much more aflicting, lad he been at College at the time; but, being near her, he had the satisfaction of knowing continually how she did, and of contributing his assistance for her recovery, by going himself to consult the Doctor (who lived at some distance) as often as it was thought necessary.

At the latter end of October he left Headley, in order to return to St. John's college, there to prosecute his studies with the same vigour as formerly, or rather greater. Quickly after his arrival, he gave his father a large account of his journey, and of the kind reception Mr. Roper gave him when he waited on him at his chamber; and then, after a little College-news, goes on thus: “ Though I could not but be perfectly satisfied with, and very happy in, the many kindnesses I received from my mother

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and you in the country, for which I return many and hearty thanks; yet methinks I receive more than ordinary satisfaction in being returned to this pleasant seat of the Muses, where I find my books, and all things in a very good condition, and myself happy at the ethic-table at morning lectures in the Hall. And I think myself in duty bound on this day (Nov. 6) on which I was elected scholar, to give annual thanks to the Almighty, for having most graciously afforded me so comfortable a subsistence, and such powerful patronage, to enable me so happily to promote, not only my temporal but eternal welfare, in this learned and religious foundation. The hopes of being some way assisting to the preservation of your health (added to the great satisfaction I always receive in seeing my dear relations), for the continuing of which I earnestly beg of you to listen to the frequent good motions of my dear mother, will be the only allurement to draw me hence.” At length he concludes thus : “ Now that God of his infinite mercy would preserve you and my mother in health and happiness, and all your children in their duty to you both, and love to one another, and bring us all to eternal happiness, with all our good friends hereafter, is the carnest prayer of, &c."

Though almost every hour of his time was already taken up with the public prayers and exercise of the house, with his tutor's lectures, his private studies and devotions, and the necessary care of his health ; vet, considering how useful the understanding the French tongue would be to him for the reading those many excellent books which are daily published in that language concerning all sorts of learning, he betook himself to the study of it after the Christmas holy-days were over, under the direction of a French inaster; and was so good a proficient, that in a short time he could read a French author; and having purchased the Bishop of Cambray's Telemachus, and Boileau's Works, he had read more

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