Complex Systems Theory and Development Practice: Understanding Non-linear Realities
Real paradigm shifts are rare phenomena, and professionals are rightly cautious about claims in this regard. This thoughtful book, however, advocates just such a shift in the development field, and advances a reasoned case in its support. Its author hopes to open the door to a rather different way of looking at historical processes of development. Dr Rihani, an engineer with long experience of development, takes as his starting point the undoubted paradigm shift which is taking hold in the natural sciences. He argues that the emerging science of complexity can also illuminate the flawed nature of customary assumptions about causality, certainty and universality in the way nations develop.Ranging over a wide terrain of social, political and economic thinking and specific country experiences, the author explains the key concepts in complex systems theory and their possible applications in development practice. He examines various development issues and institutions in the light of what he sees as the limitations of rigid linear thinking in an essentially fluid, non-linear world. Little wonder, he concludes, that the results of half a century of development effort have been so disappointing.If development thinkers take up this book's invitation to apply the new thinking to the processes which they seek to understand and manage, Dr Rihani's work will have made an exceptional contribution to the theory and practice of development.
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ONE THE WHOLE CASE IN A NUTSHELL
TWO A FALSE SENSE OF ORDER
THREE ANCIENT ROOTS TO MODERN IDEOLOGIES
FOUR DAWN OF THE PROBABILISTIC AGE
FIVE LINEAR RECIPES FOR A COMPLEX WORLD
SIX THE WEALTH AND POVERTY OF NATIONS
SEVEN FREEDOM TO INTERACT
The Most Fundamental Threat
The Costly Inclination for People to Fight
Arms Sales in the Name of Peace
Weapons Do Not Reduce Conflict
Paradigms in Development
When Would Development Happen?
The Agenda for Leading Powers and World Bodies
Dependency on Imported Food
Illiteracy Joins the Fray
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achieve actions activity argued arms attractor basic behaviour billion Britain cent century chaos Chapter Complex Adaptive Systems conflict context cooperation cost debt democracy developing countries developing world effect efforts egoistic individuals elements elite evolution evolutionarily stable strategy evolve example expected exports factors feature fitness landscape foreign fundamental Game Theory gateway events global patterns globalisation GNP per head growth hegemonic hierarchy human development human rights ideologies income increase industrialised inevitable instance interactions interests involved Iraq Islamic leading powers less liberal linear paradigm loans major malnutrition Marxist ment mercantilist military natural needs nonlinear organisations paradigm shift political and economic political economic population poverty practice predictable present problems programmes progress punctuated equilibrium Quraysh recognised regimes scientific self-organised significant social spending stable sub-Saharan Africa survival tion trade underline UNDP UNICEF wealth weapons women World Bank