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Adder's fork, and blind-worm's fting,
Lizard's leg, and owlet's wing :
For a charm of powerful trouble,
Like a hell-broch, boil and bubble.

All. Double, double, toil and trouble,
Fire burn, and cauldron bubble.

3 Witch. Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf,
Witches mummy; maw, and gulf
Of the ravening falt sea-shark;
Root of hemlock, digg'd i'th' dark ;
Liver of blaspheming Jew:
Gall of goat, and flips of yew,
Sliver'd in the moon's eclipse ;
Nose of Turk, and Tartar's lips;
Finger of birth-ftrangled babe,
Ditch-deliver'd by a drab;
Make the gruel thick and slab.
Add thereto a tyger's chawdron,
For th' ingredients of our cauldron.

All. Double, double, toil and trouble;
Fire burn, and cauldron bubble.

2 Witch. Cool it with a baboon's blood, Then the charm is firm and good.

Enter Hecate, and other three Witches.
Hec. Oh! well done! I commend your pains,
And every one shall share i'th' gains.
And now about the cauldron fing,
Like elves and fairies in a ring,
Inchanting all that you put in.

Mufick and a Song.
Black fpirits and white,

Blue fpirits and gray,
Mingle, mingle, mingle,

You that mingle may.
2 Witch. By the pricking of my thumbs
Something wicked this way comes :
Open locks, whoever knocks.

Enter

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Enter Macbeth. Macb. How now, you secret, black, and midnight hags? What is't

you

do ? All. A deed without a name,

Macb. I conjure you, by that which you profess,
(How e'er you come to know it) answer me.
Though you untie the winds, and let them fight
Against the churches; though the yefty waves
Confound and swallow navigation up;
Though bladed corn be lodg’d, and trees blown down,
Though castles topple on their warders heads;
Though palaces and pyramids do flope

Their heads to their foundations; though the treasure
Of nature's germins tumble all together, (32)
Even till destruction ficken : answer me
To what I ask you.

1 Witch. Speak.
2 Witch. Demand.
3

Witch. We'll answer. i Witch. Say, if th' hadit rather hearit from our mouths, Or from our masters ?

Macb. Call 'em : let me see 'em.

1 Witch. Pour in fow's blood, that hath gaten
Her nine farrow; grease, that's sweater
From the murd'rer's gibbet, throw
Into the flame

All Come high or low:
Thyself and office deftly show.

(Thunder, Apparition of an armed head rises. (33) Macb. Tell me, thou unknown power

i Wicke (32)

tool the trea 'ure Of nature's gerinains tumble all together, ] Thus all the printed copies; and Mr. Pope has explain'd Germains by kinuręd: but I have already prov'd in a note upon K. Lear, that we must read, Geimins, i. e. Seeds.

(33) Apparition of an armed head rises. -Apparition of a bloody child.---Apparition of a child crown'd, with a Tree in bis band,] I wis at a loss, why this particular apparatus and furniture was employ'd te chese three apparitions, I propos’d the question to my ingenioue VOL. VI.

friend

I Witch. He knows thy thought: Hear his speech, but say thou nought.

App. Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! beware Macduff!. Beware the Thane of Fifedismiss me enough.

[Descends, Macb. Whate'er thou art, for thy good caution, thanks. Thou'st harp'd my fear aright. But one word more

i Witch. He will not be commanded; here's another More potent than the first.

[Thunder. Apparition of a bloody child rises, App: Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth ! Macb. Had I three ears, I'd hear thee.

App. Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn The

power of man ; for none of woman born Shall harm Macbeth..

[Descends. Macb. Then live, Macduff: what need I fear of thee? Buc

yet I'll make assurance double sure,
And take a bond of fate ; thou shalt not live,
That I may tell pale-hearted fear, it lies;
And fleep in spight of thunder.

[Thunders, Apparition of a child crowned, with a tree in his hand,

rises. What is this, That rises like the iffue of a King, And wears upon his baby-brow the round And top of Sovereignty? Friend Mr. Warburton, and he gave me the following solution, “Did “ our author only use it for thow, we should not, I think, quarrel " with him for it. But on examination you will find, that the InJignia of these three ghosts exactly answer to their speeches. The • first bids Macbetb beware of Macduff ; this is therefore an armed « bead, the emblem of caution, and circumspection. The second " ghost encourages him to perfift in his bloody courses ; for none of «« woman born thall harm him. This ghost has therefore the figure “ of a bloody child : insinuating, that the height of barbarity is the

murder of children. The third ghost tells him, He should never “ be vanquilh d till Birnam-wood remov'd from its fituation : and “ conformably to the subject of its speech, It has a branch in its " hand and is crown'd; intinuating, that he should wear the crown

ull Birnam-wood remov’d.”.

All. Liften, but speak not.

App. Be lion-mettled, proud, and take no care,
Who chafes, who frëts, or where conspirers are :
Macbeth shall never vanquilh'd be, until
Great Birnam-wood to Dunfinane's high hill
Shall come against him.

[Defcends.
Macb. That will never be :
Who can impress the forest, bid the tree
Unfix his earth-bound root ? Sweet boadments ! good!
Rebellious head rise never, till the wood (34)
Of Birnam rife, and our high-plac'd Macbeib
Shall live the lease of nature, pay his breath
To time and mortal custom ! -Yet

my

heart Throbs to know one thing; tell me, (if your art Can tell so much) shall Banquo's iffue ever

(34) Rebellious dead, rise never till the wood Of Birnam rise, &c.] Thus all the impressions, from the very begin. ing, exhibit this passage : but I cannot imagine what notion the editors could have of the dead being rebellious. It looks to me, as it they were content to believe the poet genuine, wherever he was mysterious beyond being understood. The emendation of one letter gives us clear sense, and the very thing which Macbeth should be Tuppos'd to say here. We inult restore

Rebellious head rise rever, i. e. Let rebellion never make head against me, till a forest move, and I shall reign long enough in safety. Sbakopcare. very frequently uses this term to this purpose ; of which I'll ruljoin a few examplese I Henr. IV.

-Douglas and the English rebels niet,
Th' eleventh of this month, at Shretesbury';

A mighty and a fearful bead they are, 2 Henr. IV.

For his divisions, as the times do brawl,

Are in three beads; one pow'r against the French, o Again, in the ist. Henr. IV.

We were inforc'd for safety's sake to fly

Out of your fight, and raise this present bead, Henr. VIII.

My noble father, Henry of Buckingham,

Who first rais'd head against usurping Richard.
Coriolanus.

When Tarquin made a head for Rome, he fought",
Beyond the mark of others.
&c. &c. 60

Reign

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Reign in this kingdom?
All, Seek to know no more.

[The cauldron finks into the ground.
Macb. I will be fatisfy'd. Deny me this,
And an eternal curfe fall on you ! let me know,
Why finks that cauldron ? and what noise is this?

(Hautboys.
1 Witch. Shew!
2 Witch. Shew !
3 Witch. Shew!

All. Shew his eyes, and grieve his heart;
Come like shadows, so depart.
(Eight Kings appear and pass over in order, and (35)

Banquo; the last, with a glass in his hand.
Macb. Thou art too like the spirit of Banquo; down!
Thy crown does sear mine eye-balls. And thy hair
(Thou other gold-bound brow) is like the first-
A third is like the former-filthy hags!
Why do

you shew me this ! - A fourth ?-Start eye!
What! will the line stretch out to th' crack of doom'.
Another yet?-A seventh! I'll see no more
And yet the eighth appears, who bears a glass,
Which shews me many more ; and some I see,
That twofold balls and treble scepters carry,
Horrible light! nay, now, I see, 'tis true;
Por the blood-bolter'd Banqug smiles upon me,
And points at them for his. What, is this so?

(35) Eight Kings appear, and pass over in order, and Banquo laft, wtb a glass in his

hand.] The editors could not help blundering even in-chis lage-diregion. For 'tis not Banquo, who brings the glass ; es is evident from the following speech :

And yet the eighth appears, who bears a glass
Which herus me many more :

and some I fee,
That i wofo'd balls, und treble scepters carry,
I have quoted the last line, because it will not be amiss to observe,
that this fine play, 'tis probable, was sot writ till after Q. Elizabeib's
death. These apparitions, tho' very properly shewn with regard to
Macbeth, yet are more arifully so, when we consider the address of
the poet in complimenting K. James I. here upon his uniting Scote -
Land to England and when we consider tvo, that the family of the
Stuarts are laid to be the direct descendants of Bunquo.

1 Witch,

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