« PreviousContinue »
Adder's fork, and blind-worm's fting,
All. Double, double, toil and trouble,
3 Witch. Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf,
All. Double, double, toil and trouble;
2 Witch. Cool it with a baboon's blood, Then the charm is firm and good.
Enter Hecate, and other three Witches.
Mufick and a Song.
Blue fpirits and gray,
You that mingle may.
Enter Macbeth. Macb. How now, you secret, black, and midnight hags? What is't
do ? All. A deed without a name,
Macb. I conjure you, by that which you profess,
Their heads to their foundations; though the treasure
1 Witch. Speak.
Witch. We'll answer. i Witch. Say, if th' hadit rather hearit from our mouths, Or from our masters ?
Macb. Call 'em : let me see 'em.
1 Witch. Pour in fow's blood, that hath gaten
All Come high or low:
(Thunder, Apparition of an armed head rises. (33) Macb. Tell me, thou unknown power
i Wicke (32)
tool the trea 'ure Of nature's gerinains tumble all together, ] Thus all the printed copies; and Mr. Pope has explain'd Germains by kinuręd: but I have already prov'd in a note upon K. Lear, that we must read, Geimins, i. e. Seeds.
(33) Apparition of an armed head rises. -Apparition of a bloody child.---Apparition of a child crown'd, with a Tree in bis band,] I wis at a loss, why this particular apparatus and furniture was employ'd te chese three apparitions, I propos’d the question to my ingenioue VOL. VI.
I Witch. He knows thy thought: Hear his speech, but say thou nought.
App. Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! beware Macduff!. Beware the Thane of Fifedismiss me enough.
[Descends, Macb. Whate'er thou art, for thy good caution, thanks. Thou'st harp'd my fear aright. But one word more
i Witch. He will not be commanded; here's another More potent than the first.
[Thunder. Apparition of a bloody child rises, App: Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth ! Macb. Had I three ears, I'd hear thee.
App. Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn The
power of man ; for none of woman born Shall harm Macbeth..
[Descends. Macb. Then live, Macduff: what need I fear of thee? Buc
yet I'll make assurance double sure,
[Thunders, Apparition of a child crowned, with a tree in his hand,
rises. What is this, That rises like the iffue of a King, And wears upon his baby-brow the round And top of Sovereignty? Friend Mr. Warburton, and he gave me the following solution, “Did “ our author only use it for thow, we should not, I think, quarrel " with him for it. But on examination you will find, that the In“ Jignia of these three ghosts exactly answer to their speeches. The • first bids Macbetb beware of Macduff ; this is therefore an armed « bead, the emblem of caution, and circumspection. The second " ghost encourages him to perfift in his bloody courses ; for none of «« woman born thall harm him. This ghost has therefore the figure “ of a bloody child : insinuating, that the height of barbarity is the
murder of children. The third ghost tells him, He should never “ be vanquilh d till Birnam-wood remov'd from its fituation : and “ conformably to the subject of its speech, It has a branch in its " hand and is crown'd; intinuating, that he should wear the crown
ull Birnam-wood remov’d.”.
All. Liften, but speak not.
App. Be lion-mettled, proud, and take no care,
heart Throbs to know one thing; tell me, (if your art Can tell so much) shall Banquo's iffue ever
(34) Rebellious dead, rise never till the wood Of Birnam rise, &c.] Thus all the impressions, from the very begin. ing, exhibit this passage : but I cannot imagine what notion the editors could have of the dead being rebellious. It looks to me, as it they were content to believe the poet genuine, wherever he was mysterious beyond being understood. The emendation of one letter gives us clear sense, and the very thing which Macbeth should be Tuppos'd to say here. We inult restore
Rebellious head rise rever, i. e. Let rebellion never make head against me, till a forest move, and I shall reign long enough in safety. Sbakopcare. very frequently uses this term to this purpose ; of which I'll ruljoin a few examplese I Henr. IV.
-Douglas and the English rebels niet,
A mighty and a fearful bead they are, 2 Henr. IV.
For his divisions, as the times do brawl,
Are in three beads; one pow'r against the French, o Again, in the ist. Henr. IV.
We were inforc'd for safety's sake to fly
Out of your fight, and raise this present bead, Henr. VIII.
My noble father, Henry of Buckingham,
Who first rais'd head against usurping Richard.
When Tarquin made a head for Rome, he fought",
Reign in this kingdom?
[The cauldron finks into the ground.
All. Shew his eyes, and grieve his heart;
Banquo; the last, with a glass in his hand.
you shew me this ! - A fourth ?-Start eye!
(35) Eight Kings appear, and pass over in order, and Banquo laft, wtb a glass in his
hand.] The editors could not help blundering even in-chis lage-diregion. For 'tis not Banquo, who brings the glass ; es is evident from the following speech :
And yet the eighth appears, who bears a glass
and some I fee,