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me 11. Book of raccabees,
The III. Book of Efdras,
The II. Book of Maccabees, All the Books of the New Testament, as they are coma monly receiv’d, we do receive and account them Canonical.
This Article contains Six Propositions. 1. Holy Scripture contains all things necessary
to Salvacion. : 2. Whatsoever is not read in Holy Scripture,
nor may be prov'd thereby, is not to be requir'd of any Man, that it should be believ'd as an Article of the Faith, or be thought requi.
fite or necessary to Salvation. 2. In the Name of the Holy Scripture we do una
derstand the Canonical Books of the Old and New Testament, of whose Authority was ne
ver any Doubt in the Church. 4. The Canonical Books of the Old Testament
are Genesis, Exodus, &c. 5. All the Books of the New Testament, as they
are commonly receiv’d, we do receive and aco,
count them Canonical. :6. The other Books (viz. those which are commonly annex'd tothe Old Testament, and which
(: we do not; account Canonical);as Hjerpme faith,
the Church doth read for Example of Life, and, į Instruction of Manners.; but yer doch net apa
ply them to establish any Doctrine Such are Til these following, the Third Book of, Efpirafo
the Fourth Book of Ffuna fas &c. 1990up citudin tylko nang 2 di is éb*.c11.2017
I begin with the Three Last Propositions E But must firft observe, I. That by a Canonical Book of Scripture, is meant au Books, which being writt ten by Divine Inspiration, is to be receiv'd by us, as a part of the Canon or Rule of Chriftian, Faith and Practice 12. That what the Church here cals. the Second Book of Efdras, is what we generally call the Book of Nehemiab. For ifiyou look into our old English Bibless you ll find, that Nehemiah's History and Prophecy goes under the Name of the Second Book of Esdras. These things being prek mis d aar vlod... 0 7
The Three last Propositions of this Article are prov'd in that Method and Order which I (a) have propos'd to be taken for the Examination of the Authority of the Holy Scriptures, and the Truth: of Christianity, with respect to the Hypothesis of the Deifts. For thereby it appears, I. That those Books the Old and New Testament which we receive, are truly Canonical ; because they are the Word of God, and contain his revel'd Will. 2. That those Books, which tho? commonly an, nex'd to the Old Testament, are rejected by us, are not Canonical, because not of Divine Authority: : :loji''[i
:-(a) In the foregoing Directions for Studying a general System or Body of Divinity, p. 1o, &c.
And whereas it is declar'd, that (as Hierome faith) the Church does read those Uncanonical-Books aforesaid, for Example of Life and Instruction of Manners, bur yet doth not apply them to establish any Doctrine; 1. St. Ferome does (b) exprefly fay, what is quoted from him, of the Church in his Daies. His Words are these. Sicut ergo Judith, do Tobiah, Machabæorum libros legit quidem Ecclefia, fed eos inter 'canonicas Scripturas non recipit: Sic e beec duo volumina (fpeaking of Ecclefiafticus and the Book of Wisdom, both which are Apocryphal) legat ad dedificationem plebis, non ad-au&toritatem Ecclefiafticorum dogmatum confirmandam... 2. With respect to our Church's own Practice the fame is manifestly true. 2. As--for the Lawfulness of our so reading those Uncanonical or Apocryphal Books, see Numb.:2.: of the Appendix to the Paraphrafe with Annotations on the Book of Common Prayer. It is sainen
The Canon of the Holy Scriptures being thus setled, let us now return to
The First Proposition. See the First Part of the Confutation of Popery.
The Second is the necessary and immediate Confequence of the First.";.
The Third has somewhat of Difficulty in it. 'Tis well known, that there has been Doubt in the Church of God, both of ancient and later Daies, concerning the Authority of diverse of those Books which we receive and approve as Canonical Scripture. It may be therefore ask'd, How, or in what Sense, it may be truly affirm'd, that there,
; (6) Præfat. in Proverb. Ecclef. & Cant. Salum. Tom. 31.p. 691. Paris, 1624.
never was any Doubt in the Church of the Authority of those Canonical Books of the Old and New Testament, which we do understand in the Name of the Holy Scripture, that is, which we do receive and approve as Canonical Scripture, or the infpir'd Word of God?
I answer, That this part of the Article is mania festly penn'd in Opposition to the Papifts, particularly with respect to their then late Determination at the Council of Trent, which in the Fourth Session thunders thus; Sacrosaneta, Oecumenica, & gea neralis Tridentina Synodus, in Spiritu San&to legitime congregata, præsidentibus in ea eisdem tribus Apoftolicæ fedis Legatis, boc sibi perpetuo ante oculos proponens, et sublatis , erroribus, puritas ipsa Evangelii in Ecclesia conservetur :' quod promilum ante per Prophetas in Scripturis fan&tis, Dominus nofter Fesus Christus, Dei filius, proprio ore prima müm promulgavit : deinde per juos Apoftolos tanquam fontem omnis; Do salutaris veritatis, bo morum disciplina, omni creaturæ prædicari jussit : perfpiciensque hanc veritatem, & disciplinam contineri in libris fcriptis, & fine scrie pto traditionibus, quæ ex ipsius Christi ore ab Apoftolis accepa tæ, aut ab ipfis Apoftolis, Spiritu San&to distante, quasi per manus traditæ, ad nos usque pervenerunt, orthodoxorum Patrum exempla secuta, omnes libros tam Veteris, quam Novi Testamenti, cum utriusque unus Deus fit auctor, neca non traditiones ipsas, tum ad fidem, tum ad mores pertia nentes, tanquam vel ore tenus à Christo, vel à Spiritu Sancto di&tatas, continua successione in Ecclesia Cathos lica conservatas, pari pietatis affectu, ac reverentia suscio pit, e veneratur. Sacrorum vero librorum Indicem huic decreto adfcribendum censuit ; ne cui dubitatio suboriri pollit, quinam sint, qui ab ipsa Synodo suscipiuntur. Sunt vero infrafcripti, Teftamenti Veteris, quinque Moysis, id eft, Genea
fis, Exodzes, Leviticus, Numeri, Deuteronomium, Fofue, Judicism, Ruth, quatuor Regum, duo Paralipomenon, Ejdre primuus, fecundus, qui dicitur Nebemiasi, Tobias, Judith, Hefter, 706, Pfalterium Davidicum centum quinquaginta Psalmorum, Parabula, Ecclesiastes, Canticuni canticorum, Sapientia, Ecclefiafticus, Ifaias; Hieremias cum Baruch, Ezechiel, Daniel, duodecim Prophetæ minores, id est, osea, Foel, Amos, Abdias, FonasMichæas, Nahuma Abacuc, Sephonias, nggaus, Zacharias, Malachias, duo Machabeorum, primas é secundus ; Testamenti Novi, quatuor Evangelia, secundum Matthæum, Marcum, Lacam, &
Ornnem : A&tus Apoftolorum à Luca Evangelista confcripti : quatuordecim Epiftolæ Pauli Apostoli, ad Romanos, duæ ad Corinthios, ad Galatas, ad Ephesios, ad Philippenles, ad Coloffenses; duæ ad Thessalonicenses; duæ ad Timotheum , ad Titum, ad Philemonem, ad Hebræos: Petri Apoftoli due, Foannis Apoftoli tres, Jacobi Apostoli una, Jude Apoftoli una, & Apocalypsis Joannis Apoftoli. Siquis autem libros ipfos integros cum omnibus suis partibus, prout in Ecclesia Catholica legi consueverunt, d in veteri vulgata Latina editione habentur, pro “Sacris de Canonicis non fufceperit ; &traditiones prædictas Sciens & prudens contemplerit ; anathema fit. Omnes itaque intela, ligant, quo ordine, & via ipfa Synodus, poft jačtum fidez confessionis fundamentum, sit progreffura ; & quibus potissimum teftimoniis ac præfidiis in confirmandis dogmatibus, & inftaurandis in Ecclesia moribus, sit ufura.
'Tis plain from the foregoing Decree, that the Council of Trent receives those Books into the Canon, which we reject as Apocryphal. Now the Reason of our rejecting them is, because they were not receiv'd as Canonical by the Ancient Church; whereas the Ancient Church did unani. mously receive those which we do now receive.