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read the Homilies; because, perhaps, whatsoever Homily they read, may contain something which they disapprove. But I desire it may be remembred, that tho’he who is prefuired co preach his own Sera mon, is thereby supposed to deliver his own Sense in every Clause and Proposition, and consequently muft; to avoid the Guilt of lying, inwardly approve what he utters with his Mouth : vec the Case is vastly different, when a Man professes, and is understood, to read an Homily composed by another." For then, tho' he is obliged by his Subscription to own the general Doctrin, yet he is not esteemed by the Auditory to deliver what is precisely the Sense of his own Mind; but fuch a Latitude is indulg'd him, that he may in smaller Matters dissent from the Form he pronounces, without the least imputation or color of Insincerity ; che bạre Suspiciono of which a Clergyman ought to avoid and abhor in the whole Course of his Actions.?
te of his Actions.
The THIRTY SIXTH ARTICLE:
Of Confecration of Bishops and Ministers.*: * The bock of Consecration of Arch-bishops, and Bishops,
and ordering of Priests and Deacons, lately set forth in the time of Edward VI. and confirmed at the same time by authority of Parliament, doth contain all things necesary to.Such consecration and ordering ; neither bath it any thing that of it self is superstitious and ungodly. And therefore whosoever are consecrated or ordered according to the rites of that book, since the second year of the aforenamed King Edward, unto this time, or hereafter foull be. consecrated of ordered according to the same rites, we decrée all fuch to be rightly, orderly, and laxvfully confecrated and ordered. :
· In the Ad for Uniformity of Public Prayers passed in the Fourteenth of King Charles the second, we have these Words following.
Provided always, That whereas the fix and thirtieth Article of the nine and thirty Articles agreed upon by the Archbishops and Bishops of both Provinces, and the whole Clergy, in the Convocation holden at London, in the Year of our Lord One thousand Five hundred Sixty two, for the avoiding of Diversity of Opinions, and for eftablishing of Consent touching true Religion, is in these words following, viz.
* That the Book of Consecration of Archbishops, and Bishops, and Ordaining of Priests and Deacons, lately
set forth in the Time of King Edward the Sixth, and 6c confirmed at the same time by Authority of Parliament,
dotb.contain all things necessary to such Consecration and Ordaining, neither bath it any thing that is of it self
Superstitious and Ungodly; and therefore whosoever are “ Consecrated or Ordered according to the Rites of that
Book, since the Second Year of the aforenamed King " Edward unto this time, or hereafter shall be Consecras ted or Ordered according to the same Rites ; We decree “ all such to be rightly, orderly, and lawfully Consecrated " and Ordered.
It be enacted, and be it therefore enaĉted by the Authority aforesaid, That all Subscriptions hereafter to be had or made unto the said Articles, by any Deacon, Priest, or Ecclesiastical Person, or other person whatsoever, who by this Axt, or any other Law now in Force, is required to subfcribe unto the said Articles, shall be construed and taken to extend, and shall be applied (for and touching the said Six and thirtieth Article) unto the Book containing the Form and Manner of Making, Ordaining, and Consecrating of
Bishops, Priests and Deacons, in this Axt mentioned, in such. hit sort and manner as the same did beretofore extend unta the
Bock set forth in the Time of King Edward the Sixth, mentioned in the said Six and i hirtieth Article ; any thing in the said Article, or in any Statute, AEt, or Canon beretofore. h.:d or made to the contrary thereof, in any wife notwithstanding.
This being premised, the Thirty Sixth Article contains Three Propositions. 1. The Book of Consecration of Arch-bishops and Bishops, and ordering of Priests and Deacons, lately set forth in the Time of Edward the Sixth, and confirmed at the same time by Authority of Parliament (and afterwards altered in the Fourteenth Year of King Charles the Second) doth contain all things necessary to
such Confecration and Ordering. 2. The Book of Consecration of Arch-bishops
and Bishops, and ordering of Priests and Deacons, lately set forth in the Time of Edward the Sixth, and confirmed at the same time by Authority of Parliament (and afterwards altered in the Fourteenth Year of King Charles the Second) hath not any thing that of it self
is superstitious and ungodly. 3. Whosoever are consecrated or ordered accor
ding to the Rites of that Book, since the Second Year of the aforenam'd King Edward, unto this Time, or hereafter shall be conse. crated or orderèd according to the same Rites,
we decree all such to be righely, orderly, and 3:lawfully consecrated and ordered, ** The First and Second Propositions suppose, according to the Doctrin of the Twenty third Article, that the Persons who consecrate or ordain, have Authority fo to do," The only Cuestion therefore
is concerning the Form prescribed in that Book for such Consecration or Ordination. And the Church. affirms, that that Book doch contain all things necessary to the same. This being observ'd, the Truth of both Propositions will appear at first sight to such as peruse the Book... ..
The Third Proposition is the necessary Consequence of the First and Second. But see the Fourth Chapter of the Third Part of the Confutation of Popery,
Here it will be proper to give some account of a Difficulty, arising from the Interpretation of the Subscription to this Article, which was before recited from the Fourteenth of King Cbarles the sea cond. Since by that Act our Subscription to this Article must be understood of the Book of Consecration, &c. as it was then altered : therefore the Third Proposition, when expressed at full length, must run thus,
“ Whosoever are Consecrated or Ordered accor“ ding to the Rites of that Book, which was set so forth and confirmed by Parliament in King Ed“ ward, the Sixth's Days, and was afterwards al"tered and confirmed again in the Fourteenth of " King Charles the Second ; I say, whosoever has “ been consecrated or Ordered by that Book since “ the Second Year of King Edward unto this time,or “ hereafter shall be confecrated or ordered accor“ ding to the same Rites, we decree all such to be
rightly, orderly, and lawfully consecrated and “ ordered.
But is it not then strange, that our Church should now be supposed to speak of Persons Consecrated or Ordered since the second of King Edward, according to the Rites of the Book as it stood altered in the Reign of King Charles the Second ? And
wou'd our Lawgivers impose on us a Subscription to the Proposition above rehearsed. I conceive therefore, that our Subscription does at present oblige us to acknowledge the Validity of those Ordie nations only, which have been and shall be made according to that Book since the above mentioned Alteration of it. But then, because the Validity of our Succession depends upon the Validity of the prior Ordinations; therefore we ought to satisfy our selves concerning them, tho’ our Church does not bind us to an explicit Confirmation of them. And whoever will compare the Forms of Consecration and Ordination confirm'd in King Edwards Time, with the Book as 'twas altered in the Fourteenth of King Charles the Second, will be soon convinced, that this Proposition has no real Difficulty in it, either as it was understood formerly, or as 'cis now to be understood by reason of the Parliamentary Interpretation.
I will add (to prevent some Scruples which may poflibly arise) Dr. Burges's Interpretation of the Subscription to this Article, which is in the Paper before mentioned ; and is therefore warranted by unexceptionable Authority. His words are these. IX. Of the Book of Ordination of Bishops, Priests and
Deacons. I conceive, that Subscription to this Book does not intend an Approbation of every Phrase, or Application of every Place' of Scripture therein alledged, as fitly applied : but only that the Calling of Bishops to govern the Church, and the Ordination of Inferior Ministers by them to the Uses there aligned, are not contrary to the Word of God, and so I subscribe to that. Book ·
in. sjedi' s.
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