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tion, as they shall judge the fame to serve bet

ter to Godliness.. !:. Ru

* The Second Proposition necessarily follows from the First. - See the Twenty fixth Question of the Locus Decimus octavus of Turretin's System. ..

The THIRTY THIRD ARTICLE. Of Excommunicate Persons, how they are to be La t avoidedo: ....

T HAT Person, which by open denunciation of the

1 Church is rightly cut off from the unity of the Church, and excommunicated, ought to be taken of the whole multitude of the faithful, as an heathen and publican, until he be openly reconciled by penance, and received into the Church by a judge that hath authority thereunto, englig

See the Second Part of the Rights of the Clergy, Chap .iiiii

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The THIRTY FOURTH ARTICLE.

Of the Traditions of the Church.
TT is not necessary, that Traditions and Ceremonies be in

I all places one, or utterly like ; for at all times they have been divers, and may be changed according to the diversity, of countries, times, and mens manners, so that nothing be ordained against God's word. Whosoever through his private judgment willingly and purposely doth openly break the Traditions and Ceremonies of the Church, which be not

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repugnant to the word of God, and be ordain'd and approved by common authority, ought to be rebuked openly (that other may fear to do the like) as be that offendeth against the common order of the Churcb; and burteth the authority of the magiftrate, and woundeth the consciences of the weak brethren.

..', Every particular or national Church batb authority to ordain, change, and abolish ceremonies or rites of the Church, ordained only by man's authority, so that all things be done to edifying. - This Article contains Five Propositions. 1. It is not necessary, that Traditions and Cere

monies be in all places one, or utterly like. 2. Traditions and Ceremonies have at all times

been divers. ...' Linn : 3: Traditions and Ceremonies may be changed

us according to the diversity of Countries, Times i and Mens Manners, so that nothing be ordain

ed against God's Word. 4. Whosoever throʻ his private Judgment willingly and purposely doch openly break the

Traditions and Ceremonies of the Church, which be not repugnant to the Word of God, and be ordained and approved by common Authority, ought to be rebuked openly (that other may fear to do the like) as one that offendech, against the common Order of the

Church, and hurtech the Authority of the i ! Magistrate, and woundeth the Consciences of

the weak Brethren, : 5. Every, particular or National Church hath s... Authority to ordain, change and abolish Ce?, semonies or Rites of the Church, ordained

only by Man's Authority, so that all things 1. si be done to edifying. :: :! i

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1By Traditions the Church plainly means, not Do. &trins (in which Sense’tis frequently used, particularly in our Disputes with the Church of Rome) but Practices or Usages in the Service of God, even the same which she expresses immediatly by the word Ceremonies (which is only explanatory) and which the afterwards calls Rites, luppofing them the same with Ceremonies; .

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The Three First Propositions. The Church infers the First from the Second and Third. Now the Second is a Truth, which none can doubt of, that is acquainted with Ecclefiaftical History: 'Tis impossible for me at present to prove it by a compleat Induction of Particulars : nor do I remember, that any Party denies it. However, the Instances given by St. Austin in his 118th Epistle to Januarius, and in his Retra&tations, lib.2.cap.20. by Socrates in his Hiftory,lib. 5. cap. 22, and by Sozomen in his History, lib.7. cap. 19. are undeniable Evidence, with respect to the Times in which they wrote. As for the Third Proposition, since the Church has Power to decree Rites and Ceremonies (see the Twentieth Article, Prop. 1.) the Church muft of course have Power to change them. For what should hinder the Church from altering what is founded upon her own Power? And common Sense informs us, that the Church muft in making Alterations be guided by a regard to the Diversity of Countries, Times, and Mens Manners, and that nothing may be ordained contrary to God's Word. Now from these Two, the Second and Third Propositions, the First necessarily follows. For tho the Diversity of Tra. ditions and Ceremonies in all Ages is a very good Presumtion that they may bę lawfully diverse;

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Yet the Power of changing them is a Demonstration, that there is no Neceffity of their being in all Places one and utterly like. ;1.,

The Fourth Proposition is manifestly built upon the Supposition of a Christian State, and that the Magistrate has actually interposed in the Appoint, ment or Confirmation of Traditions and Ceremo. nies. This being observed, the Truth of the Proposition is self evident, provided the: Magistrate may in such Cafes exercise his Authority, touching which Point fee the Discourse of the Independency of the Church on the State, Chap. .,

The Fifth Proposition necessarily follows from, or rather is.contained in, the Third.w fris

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T HE second book' of Homilies, the feveral titles whereo

I of we have joyned under this article, doth contain a godly and wholfom do&trin, and necessary for these times, as doth the former book of Homilies, which were set forth in the time of Edward the VI. and therefore we judge them to be read in Churches by the ministers, diligently and di. ftinetly, that they may be understood of the people."

..
Of the Names of the Homilies.

. ?I. fthe right Use of the Church. . . i

2. Against Peril of Idolatry,
13. OF Repairing and Keeping clean of Churches.

Of Good Works: Firlt, Of Fasting...
Se Against Gluttony and Drunkes
6. Against Excess of Apparel, 2. godine sa

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hot sa 7. Of Prayer. :- D

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r 8. of the Place and Time of Prayer. ,,

9. That Common Prayers and Sacraments ought to be na ministred in a known Tongue,

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ivic 19. Of the Reverent Estimation of God's Word. II, Of Alms-doing. S o ,

of the Nativity of Chrift, . 12. Of the Pasion of Christ.oies ?!?:'; i 14. Of the Resurrection of Christ.. 15. Of the Worthy Receiving of the Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ. Wi

l liams 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy Gboft. :::.. iki 117. For the Rogation Days, tvingas savo

18. Of the State of Matrimony., ,.,.SI, 19. Of Repentance.

R . 20. Against Idlenessa, jie ... ię .21. Against Rebellion, .;.

There Expreflions, we judge them to be read in Chur? ches, &c. must needs mean, that the Homilies are such as may lawfully and profitably be read therein. But this, as the Rubric in the Communion Office expresly declares, is upon Supposition, that there be no Sermon. For our Church does not állow of using a Sermon and Homily at the same time.. . 1 :17

Now that the Two Books of Homilies do con tain godly and wholsom Doctrin, and necefsary for these Times (viz. the times of which the Com. pilers undoubtedly spake, even their own Times) and that they may consequently be read in Churches, &c. will appear upon the perusal of them'; for they establish and confirm their own Doctrin by Reason, Scripture and Antiquity.

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