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DE'BTED. part. (from debt. To DEBT
And thankfully rest debtor for the first. Sel
Of debtor, straight his body to the touch
2. To corrupt with lewdness.
To weaken ; to make faint; to enter.
In the lust of the eye, the lust of the flesh, and
the pride of life, they seemed as weakly to ful That this our court, infected with their manners, as their debilitated posterity ever after. Brera Shews like a riotous inn.
Sbakspeare. The spirits being rendered languid, are 3. To corrupt by intemperance.
pable of purifying the blood, ană de biliardia No man's reason did ever dictate to him that attracting nutriment. Harvey or Cenas it is reasonable for him to debaucb himself by in- DEBILITATION. 1. s. (from debilitatio
, temperance and brutish sensuality. Tillotson. Latin.] The act of weakening., De B A'UCH. n. s. [from the verb.]
The weakness cannot return any thing di 1. A fit of intemperance.
strength, honour, or safety, to the head; but a He will for some time contain himself within debilitation and ruin. the bounds of sobriety; till within a little while DEBI’LITY. 1. s. (debilitas, Lat.) Weak. he recovers his former debauch, and is well again, ness; feebleness; languour; faintrics ;
and then his appetite returns. Calamy. 2. Luxury; excess; lewdness.
Methinks I am partaker of thy passion,
And in thy case do glass mine own debility.
Aliment too vaporous or perspirable will subA lecher; a drunkard ; a man given to
ject it to the inconveniencies of too strong a pete intemperance.
spiration; which are debility, faintness, and so
Elegant; civil;, well-bred; gentle ; their judgments.
Souib. complaisant. Obsolete. DEB A'UCHER. n. s. (from debaucho] One Crying, Let be that lady debonair, who seduces others to intemperance or
Thou recreant knight; and soon thyself prepare
To battle, if thou mean her love to gain. Spears lewdness; a corrupter.
Zephyr met her once a-maying ; DEBA'UCHERY. 17. s. [from debauch.)
Fill'd her with thee, a daughter fair, The practice of excess; intemperance;
So buxom, blithe, and debonair
The nature of the one is debesair and accut. lewdness.
able, of the other retired and superciliow; the
one quick and sprightful, the other sloss and
Howl's Peal Forest
And she, that was not only passing fair, These magistrates, instead of lessening enor But was withal discreet and debonais, mities, occasion just twice as much debaucbery as Resolv'd the passive doctrine to fulfil. Dryeta there would be without them.
. DEBONA'IRLY. adv. [from deberair.] DEBA'UCHMENT. n. s. [from debauch.) The act of debauching or vitiating; DEBI. n. š. (debitun, Latin; dette, Fr.
Elegantly; with a genteel air. corruption.
1. That which one man owes to another. They told them ancient stories of the ravishment of chaste maidens, or the debauchment of
There was one that died greatly in let nations, or the extreme poverty of learned per
Well, says one, if he be gone, then he bath ar
ried five hundred ducats of mine with him into sons. Taylor's Rule of Living Holy. the other world.
Bacon's Apapbtbiznis v. a. [debello, Lat.) The debt of ten thousand talents, which the To conquer; to
servant owed the king, was no slight ordinary overcome in war. Not in use. It doth notably set forth the consent of all na
To this great loss a sea of tears is due;
But the whole debt not to be paid by you. #4. tions and ages, in the approbation of the extirpating and debellating of giants, monsters, and
Swift, a thousand pounds in debt,
Takes horse, and in a mighty fret foreign tyrants, not only as lawful, but as meri
Rides day and night. torious even of divine honour.
2. That which any one is obliged to do ar Thou didst debel, and down from heaven cast
suffer. With all his army.
Milton. DEBELLA'TION, n. s. [from debellatio,
He only liv'd but till he was a man,
But like a man he died.
debeo.] A writ or note, by which a debt
DE'Etor, n. s. [debitor, Latin.)
Svift. DE'bile. adj. [debilis, Latin.] Weak;
2. One that owes money.
I have not wash'd my nose that bled,
There's many else have done. Sbakspeare:
Your son, my lord, has paid a soldier'shetty
is not found.] Indebted ; obliged to
Which do amount to three odd ducats madre
1. He that owes something to another.
I am a debtor both to the Greeks and to the
I'll bring your latter hazard back again,
If he his ample palm
There died my father, no man's debtor; To Deca'y. v. a. To impair; to bring And there I'll die, nor worse nor better. Pope,
to decay. The case of debtors in Rome, for the first four centuries, was, after the set time for payment,
Infirmity, that decays the wise, doth ever make hetter the fool.
Shakspeare. nu choice but either to pay, or be the creditor's
Cut off a stock of a tree; and lay that which slave.
Swift. 3. One side of an account-book.
you cut off to putrefy, to see whether it will de-
Bacon. When I look upon the debtor side, I find such He was of a very small and decayed fortune, innumerable articles, that I want arithmetick
and of no good education,
Clarendon, to cast them up; but when I look upon the cre Decay'd by time and wars, they only prove ditor side, I find little more than blank paper. Their former beauty by your former love. Addison.
Dryden. DEBULLITION. n. s. [debullitio, Latin.] In Spain our springs, like old men's children, A bubbling or seething over. Dict.
be DECACU'MINATED. adj. [decacuminatus,
Decay'd and wither’d from their infancy. Dryd.
It so ordered, that almost every thing which Lat.] Having the top or point cut off.
corrupts the soul decays the body. Addison,
Deca’y. n. s. (from the verb.] DECA'DE. N. s. [dixrc; decas, Latin.] The
1. Decline from the state of perfection; sum of ten; a number containing ten.
state of depravation or diminution. Men were not only out in the number of
What comfort to this great decay may come, some days, the latitude of a few years, but
Shall be applied.
Sbakspears. might be wide by whole olympiads, and divers
She has been a fine lady, and paints and hides decades of years. Brown's Vulgar Errours.
Her decays very well.
Ben Jonson. We make cycles and periods of years; as And those decays. to speak the naked truth, decades, centuries, and chiliads ; chiefly for the
Through the defects of age, were crimes of use of computations in history, chronology, and
Holder on Time.
By reason of the tenacity of fluids, and at. All rank'd by ten; whole decades, when they
trition of their parts, and the weakness of elasdine,
ticity in solids, motion is much more apt to be Must want a Trojan slave to pour the wine.
And see now clearer and now darker days. Pope. DE'CAGON. N. s. [from Sure, ten, and Taught, half by reason, half by mere decay,
To welcome death, and calmly pass away. youlce, a corner.] A plain figure in geometry, having ten sides and angles.
Pope. De'caLogue. n. s. [Isrce moyo.] The
2. The effects of diminution; the marks
of decay. ten commandments given by God to
They think, that whatever is called old must Moses.
have the decay of time upon it, and truth too The commandments of God are clearly re were liable to mould and rottenness. Locke. vealed both in the decalogue and other parts of
3. Declension from prosperity. sacred writ.
And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen TO DECAʼMP. v. n. [decamper, French.)
in decay with thee, then thou shalt relieve him. To shift the camp ; to move off.
Leviticus. DECAʼMPMENT.n. s. [from decamp.] The
I am the very man act of shifting the camp.
That, from your first of difference and decay,
Have follow'd your sad steps. TO DECA'NT. v. a. (decanto, Lat. de
4. The cause of decline. canter, Fr.] To pour off gently by in.
He that seeketh to he eminent amongst able clination.
med, hath a great task; but that is ever good for Take agua fortis, and dissolve in it ordinary
the publick: but he that plots to be the only coined silver, and pour the coloured solution
figure among cyphers, is the decay of a whole into twelve times as inuch fair water, and then
Bacon, decant or filtrate the mixture that it may be very clear.
DE CA'YER. n. s. [from decay.] That They attend him daily as their chief,
which causes decay. Decant his wine, and carve his beef. Swift.
Your water is a sore decayer of your whoreson DECANTATION. 1. s. [decantation, Fr.]
Sbakspeare's Hamlet. The act of decanting or pouring off DECE'ASE. n. s. [decessus, Lat.] Death; clear.
departure from life. DeCA'NTER. n. s. [from decant.) A glass Lands are by human law, in some places, af
ter the owner's decease, divided unto all his childvessel made for po ng off liquor clear
ren; in some, all descendeth to the eldest son. from the lees.
Hooker. TO DECA'PITATE. v. a. (decapito, Lat.) To Dece'ASE. v. n. [decedo, Latin.] To To behead.
die; to depart from life. To DECAY. v. n. (decheoir, Fr. from de
He tells us Arthur is deceas'd to-night. Shak. and cadere, Latin.) To lose excellence;
You shall die to decline from the state of perfection ; Twice now, where others, that mortality to be gradually impaired.
In her fair arms holds, shall but once decease. The monarch oak,
Chapman. Three centuries he grows, and three he stays
His latest victories still thickest came, Supreme in state, and in three more decays. As, near the centre, motion doth increase;
Till he, press'd down by his own weighty name, The garlands fade, the vows are worn away;
Did, like the vestal, under spoils decease. Dryden. So dies her love, and so my hopes decay. Pope, DECEIT. n. so deceptio, Latin.]
the being of a thing, is what agrees or diagno
with that thing; what is suitable or unsuitabic to
1. Fraud; a cheat; a fallacy; any prac
They rais'da fechle cry with trembling notes, tice by which salsehood is made to pass
But the weak voice deceiv'd their gasping threats
5. To deprive by fraud or stealth.
Wine is to be forborne in consumptions; for 2. Stratagem ; artifice.
that the spirits of the wine prey on the visi His demand
juice of the body, interconimon with the spunt Springs not from Edward's well-:neant honest
of the body, and so deceive and rob them of their love,
Bate. But from decuit bred by necessity. Sbakspeare.
Plant fruit-trees in large borders; and set
therein fiue flowers, but thin and sparingly lest
they deceive the trees.
leads another into errour; a cheat. used to deceive another man by any
Sigh no more, ladies, sigh no more;
Mes were deceivers ever:
particular name but offence. Cowell. To one thing constant never. Siakapore Dece'iTFUL. adj. (deccit and fill.] Frau
As for Perkin's dismission out of France, they dulcnt ; full of deceit.
interpreted it not as if he were detected for i I grant liim bloody,
counterfeit deceiver. Luxuricus, avaricious, false, deceitful. Sbatsp.
'Those voices, actions, or gestures, which mea The lovely young Lavinia once had friends,
have not by any compact agreed to make the inAnd fortune smild, deceitful, on her birth.
struments of conveying their thoughts one to Thoms017.
another, are not the proper instruments of de DECEʻITFULLY. adv. [from deceilful.]
ceiving, so as to denominate the person main
It is to be admired how any deceiver an be a
form may be deceitfully dispatched weak to foretel things near at hand, when a very .! Of course.
Wotton. few months must of necessity discover the 1 DECEʻITFULNESS. 11. s. [from deceitful.]
Seeft. The quality of being fraudulent; ten
Adieu the heart-expanding howl,
And all the kind deceitiers of the soul! Pep. dency to deceive.
The care of this world, and the deceitfulness of DECEMBER. 1. s. [December, Lat.) The riches, choke the word, and he becometh un last month of the year; but named fruitful,
Mattbew. december, or the tenth month, when the Dece'IVABLE. adj. [from deceive.]
year began in March. 1. Subject to fraud; exposed to imposture.
Men are April when they woo, and Drea
ber when they wed. Sbakspeare's As you like it. but the angels of light in all their clarity. Brorun.
What should we speak of
When we are old as you? When we shall her
The rain and wind beat dark December. Skala Deceivable, in most things as a child
DECE'31 PEDAL. adj. [from decempeda,
Dict. Helpless ? hence easily contemn'd and scorn'd,
Lat.] Ten feet in length. And last neglected.
DECEMVIRATE. na s. (decemviratui, 2. Subject to produce errour ; deceitful. It is good to consider of deformity, not as a
Lat.] The dignity and office of the ten sign, which is more deccivable, but as a cause
governours of Rome, who were appointwhich seldom faileth of the effect. Bacon,
ed to rule the commonwealth instead of He received nothing but fair promises, which
consuls: their authority subsisted only proved deceivable,
two years. Any body of ten men. In mortal strength! and oh, what not in man
DE'CENCE.) 11. s. (decence, Fr. della Meseivable and vain ?
Milton. DE'CENCY.Latin.] DECE'IVABLENESS. n. sa (from deceiva
1. Propriety of form ; proper formality; ble.] Liableness to be deceived, or to deceive.
used. He that has a great patron, has the advantage
Those thousand decencies, that daily fox, of his negligence and deceivableness.
From all her words and actions.
In good works there may be gædness in the
in the particulars in doing the good. 1. To cause to mistake; io bring into errour; to impose upon.
external decencies of worship, they would not Some have been dechoed into an opinion, that there was a divine right of primogeniture to both
who assist at them. estate and power.
Locke. 2. Ta delude by stratagem: 3. To cut off from expectation, with of
Virtue she finds too painful an endeavour, before the thing.
Content to dwell in decencies for eser. The Turkish general, deceived of his expect,2
2. Suitableness to character; propriety. tion, withdrew his feet twelve miles oft. Knolles.
I now believ'd
becoming ceremony: desence is seldom
general; but decence and gracefulness can be only
Were the offices of religion stripe of all the
She speaks, behaves, and acts, just as she cught;
And must I own, she said, ny searst smart,
with more derence were in silence kept?
it; and from this springs the notion of decency or Some specious object by the foe suborn'd, indecency, that which becomes or misbecomes. And fall into deception unaware.
Milton. South, Dece'ptious. adj. (from deceit.] DeSentiments which raise laughter can very ceitful; apt to deceive. seldom be admitted with any decency into an he Yet there is a credence in my heart,
That doth invert th' attest of eyes and ears; 3. Modesty; not ribaldry; not obscenity: As if those organs had deceptious functions, Inmodest words admit of no defence;
Created only to calumniate. Sbakspeare. For want of decency is want of sense. RoscomDECE'PTIVE, adj. [from deceit.] Having DECE'NNIAL. adj. [from decennium, Lat.] the power of deceiving.
Dict. What continues for the space of ten DECEPTORY. adj. [from deceit.] Conyears.
taining means of deceit.
Dict. DECENNO'VAL. I adi. (decem and no DECE’RPT. adj. (decerptus, Lat.] CropDecenNO'VARY. I vem, Lat.] Relating ped; taken off.
Dici. to the number nineteen.
DECE'RPTIBLE.adj. [decerpo, Lat.] That Meton, of old, in the time of the Peloponne may be taken off.
Dict. sian war, constituted a decennoval circle, or of DECE'RPTION. n. s. (from decerpt.] The nineteen years; the same which we now call the
act of cropping, or taking off. golden number.
Holder. Seven months are retrenched in this whole de
DECERT A'TION. n. s. [decertatio, Lat.] A Cenau dary progress of the epacts, to reduce the contention; a striving; a dispute. Dict. accounts of her motion and place to those of the DECE'SSION. n. s. [decessio, Latin.] A
Holder. departure; a going away. Dict. DE'CENT. adj. [decens, Latin.]
To DECH A'RM. v. a. (decharmer, Fr.) 1. Becoming ; fit; suitable.
To counteract a charm ; to disenchant. Since there must be ornaments both in paint Notwithstanding the help of physick, he was ing and poetry, if they are not necessary they suddenly cured by decharming the witchcraft. must at least be decent; that is, in their due
Harors place, and but moderately used. Dryden. To DECIDE. v. a. (decido, Latin.} 2. Grave; not gaudy; not ostentatious.
I. To fix the event of; to determine. Come, pensive nun, devout and pure,
Theday approach'd when fortune should decide Sober, stedfast, and demure!
Th' important enterprize, and give the bride. All in a robe of darkest grain
Dryden. Flowing with majestick train,
2. To determine a question or dispute. And sable stole of Cyprus lawn Over thy decent shoulders drawn. Milion.
In council oft, and oft in battle tried,
Betwixt thy master and the world decide. Grano. 3. Not wanton; not iinmodest.
Who shall decide when doctors disagree, DE'CENTLY. adr. (from decent.)
And soundest casuists doubt? 1. In a proper manner; with suitable be. DE'CIDENCE, n. s. [d cidentia, Latin.]
haviour; without meanness or ostenta 1. The quality of being shed, or of falling tion.
They could not decently refuse assistance to a 2. The act of falling away. person, who had punished those who had insult Men observing the decidence of their horn, do ed their relation.
Broome. fall upon the conceie that it annually rotteth Perform'd what friendship, justice, truth, re away, and successively reneweth again. Brown. quire;
DECI'DER. n. s. [from decide.] What could he more, but decently resire? Swift. 1. One who determines causes. 2, Without immodesty.
I cannot think that a jester or a monkey, a Past hope of safety, 't was his latest care,
droil or a puppet, can be proper judges or deLike falling Cæsar, decently to die. Dryden. ciders of controversy:
Watts. DECEPTIBILITY. n. s. [from deceit.] The man is no ill decider in common cases of Liableness to be deceived.
property, where party is out of the question. Some errours are so fleshed in us, that they
Swift. maintain their interest upon the deceptibility of 2. One who determines quarrels. our decayed natures.
DECIDUOUS. adj. [deciduus, Latin.] DECE'PTIBLE. adj. [from deceit.] Liable to be deceived; open to imposture;
Falling; not perennial; not lasting
through the year. subject to fraud.
In botany, the perianthium, or calyx, is deciThe first and father cause of common errour,
duous with the flower.
Quincy. is the common intirmity of human nature; of whose deceptible condition, perhaps, there should DECIDUOUSNESS. n. s. [from deciduous. not need any other eviction, than the frequent Aptness to fall; quality of fading once errours we shall ourselves commit. Brown. a year.
Dict. DECEPTION, 1. s. (deceptio, Latin.) DE'Cimal. adj. (decimus, Latin.] Num1. The act or means of deceiving; cheat ; bered by ten; multiplied by ten. fraud; fallacy.
In the way we take now to name numbers by Being thus divided from truth in themselves, millions of millions of millions, it is hard to go they are yet farther removed by evenierit de beyond eighteen, or, at most, four and twenty ception.
Brown. decimal progressions, without confusion. Locke. All deception is a misapplying of those signs, To DE'CIMATE. v. a. (decimus, Latin. ] which, by compact or institution, were made the
To tithe; to take the tenth. means of men's signifying or conveying their thoughts.
South. DECIMA'TION. n. s. (trom decimate.] 2. The state of being deceived.
1. A tithing; a selection of every Reason, not impossibly, may meet by lot or otherwise.
2. A selection by lot of every tenth soldier, power of argument or evidence to ter. in a general mutiny, for punishment. minate any difference, or settle an event. By decimation, and a tithed death,
Deci'sor y. adj. [from decide.] Able to
To DECK. v. a. (decken, Dutch.]
1. To cover; to overspread.
Ye mists and exhalations, ihat now rise Dryden.
From hill or steaming lake, dusky or grey, TO DECIPHER. v. a. (dechiffrer, Fr.]
In honour to the world's great Author rise! 1. To explain that which is written in
Whether to deck with clouds th' uncolour'd sky, ciphers: this is the common use.
Or wet the thirsty earth with falling shoxers Zelmane, that had the same character in her Rising or falling still advance his praise. Mitat. beart, could easily decipher it. Sidney. 2. To dress ; to array.
Assurance is writ in a private character; not to Sweet ornament! that decks a ching divine. be read, nor understood, but by the conscience, to which the spirit of God has vouchsafed to dea Long may'st thou live to wail thy children's
loss; 2. To unfold ; to unravel; to explain : And see another, as I see thee nok,
as, to decipher an ambiguous speech. Deck'd in thy rights, as thou art stall'd in nine! 3. To write out ; to mark down in cha.
She sets to work millions of spinning soms racters. Could I give you a lively representation of guilt
That in their green shops weave the smooth
hair'd silk, and horrour on this hand, and paint out eternal
'To deck her sons. wrath and decipher eternal vengeance on the other, then might I shew you the condition of a
3. To adorn; to embellish. sinner hearing himself denied by Christ. South.
. But direful, deadly black, both leaf and blood; Then were laws of necessity invented, that so
Fit to adorn the dead, and decé the dreary tool every particular' subject might find his principal
Now the dev with spangles deck'd the ground, pleasure deciphered unto him in the tables of his laws.
A sweeter spot of earth was never found. Dod.
The god shall to his vot'ries tell 4. To stamp; to characterize ; to mark.
Each conscious tear, each blushing grace,
That deck'd dear Eloisa's face.
1. The floor of a ship.
Her keel plows hell, DECI'sion. n. s. [from decide.]
And deck knocks heaven. 1. Determination of a difference, or of a We have also raised our second decks, and ghea doubt.
more vent thereby to our ordnance, trying on The time approaches,
our nether overloop.
Rain That will with due decision make us know
If any, born and bred under deck, had What we shall say we have, and what we owe.
other information but what sense affords, he
Sbakspeare would be of opinion that the ship was e sable Pleasure and revenge
as a house.
Glemi. Have ears more deaf than adders, to the voice On high-rais'd decks the haughty Belçians ride, Of any true decision.
Sbakspeare. Beneath whose shade our humble frigates, The number of the undertakers, the worth of
Dryden some of them, and their zeal to bring the matter - At sun-set to their ship they make ratura, to a decision, are sure arguments of the dignity
And snore secure on decks till rosy morn. Das and importance of it.
Woodward. 2. Pack of cards piled regularly on each War'is a direct appeal to God for the decision
other. of some dispute which can by no other meaós Besides gems, many other sorts of stones se be determined.
Atterbury regularly figured: the amianthus, of patalk 2. -Determination of an event.
threads, as in the pile of veter; and the selentes, Their arms are to the last decision bent,
of parallel plates, as in a deck of cards Gress And fortune labours with the vast event. Dry. DE'CKER. n. s. [from deck.) A dresser i 3. It is used in Scotland for a narrative, one that apparels or adorns; a covere, or reports of the proceedings of the
as a table-decker. court of session there.
To DECLAIM. v. 1. (declamo, Latin) Deci'sive. adj. [from decide.]
To harangue ; to speak to the passions ; 1. Having the power of determining any to rhetoricate; to speak set orations. difference; conclusive.
What are his, mischiefs, consul? You bas Such a reflection, though it carries nothing Against his manners, and corrupt your own. perfectly decisive in it, yet creates a mighty con
Bes for fiderice in his breast, and strengthens him much The splendid declaimings of novices and mass in his opinion.
Atterbury. of heat. This they are ready to look upon as a deter It is usual for masters to make their boys : mination on their side, and decisive of the con claim on both sides of an argument. troversy between vice and virtue.
Rogers. Dress up all the virtues in the beauties of 2. Having the power of settling any event. oratory, and declaim aloud on the praise of good
For on th' event
DECLA’IMER. 17. s. [from declaim.] One The fate of kingdoms.
Philips. Decisively. adv. (from decisive.]
who makes speeches with intent to move In
the passions. a conclusive manner.
Your Salamander is a perpetual desies DECISIVENESS. N. s. [from decisive.) The against jealousy.