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Boundless; unlimited; unbounded ;
Those which are thus confirmed, are thereby without end.
supposed to be fit for admission to the sacrament.
CONFIRMABLE. adj. [from confirm.]
Capable of incontestable evidence.
It may receive a spurious inmate, as is conImprisonment; incarceration ; restraint firmable' by many examples.
Brown. of liberty.
CONFIRMA'TION. n. s. [from confirm.) Our hidden foes
1. The act of establishing any thing or Now joyful from their long confinement rose. Dry. The mind hates restraint, and is apt to fancy
person ; settlement; establishment.
Embrace and love this man.itselt under confinement when the sight is pent With brother's love I do itup.
And let heav'n
Witness how dear I hold this confirmation! Sbak.
2. Evidence by which any thing is ascerCONFI'NER. N. s. [from confine..]
tained; additional proof.
A false report hath 1. A borderer; one that lives upon con Honour'd with corfirmation your great judga fines; one that inhabits the extreme
Shakspeire. parts of a country,
The sea-captains answered, that they would The senate hath stirr'd up the confiners. Shak.
perform his command; and, in confirmation Happy confiners you of other lands,
thereof, promised not to do any thing which That shift Daniel's Civil War.
beseemed not valiant meni. Knolles' Hist. 2. A near neighbour.
3. Proof; convincing testimony. Though gladness and grief be opposite in na
Wanting frequent confirmation in a matter so ture, yet they are such neighbours and confiners
contirmable, their affirmation carrieth but slow in art, that the least touch of a pencil will irans
Brown. late a crying into a laughing face. Wotton. The arguments brought by Christ for the
confirmation of his doctrine, were in themselves 3. One which touches upon two different suthicient.
4. An ecclesiastical rite. The participles or confiners between plants What is prepared for in catechising, is, in the and living creatures, are such as lave no local next place, performed by confirmation; a most motion ; such as oysters.
profitable usage of the church, transcribed from CONFI'NITY. 1. s. [confinitas, Latin.]
the practice of the apostles, which consists in two
parts: the child's undertaking, in his own name, Nearness; neighbourhood; contiguity.
every part of the baptismal vow (having first apa Dict.
proved himself to understand it): and to that TO CONFIRM. v.a. [confirmo, Lat.]
purpose, that he may more solemnly enter this 1. To put past doubt by new evidence.
obligation, bringing some godfather with him, The testimony of Christ was confirmed in you.
not now (as in baptism) as his procurator to un
dertake for him, but as a witness to testify his
CONFIRMA'TOR. n. s. «[from confirmo,
Latin.] An attester; he that puts a confirm’d.
Milton. matter past doubt.
and test of things uncertain, the sense of man. Confirm the tidings as they roll,
Brown's Vulgar Errours. And spread the truth from pole to pole. Addis. CONFIRMATORY. adj. [from confirm. 2. To settle; to establish: either persons
Giving additional testimony; establishor things.
ing with new force. I confirm thee in the high priesthood, and ap- CONFIRMEDNESS. n.s. [from confirmed.] point thee ruler.
1 Maccabees, Confirmed state; radication. Confirm the crown to me and to mine heirs. If the difficulty arise from the confirmedness
Shakspeare. of habit, every resistance weakens the habit, 3. To fix; to radicate.
abates the difficulty.
Decay of Piety. Fernelius never cured a confirmed pox without CONFIRMER. n. s. [from confirm.] One it.
that confirms; one that produces evi4. To complete; to perfect.
dence or strength; an attester ; an esHe only liv'd but till he was a man;
Be these sad sighs confirmers of thy words? Then speak again.
Sbakspeare 5. To strengthen by new solemnities or The oath of a lover is no stronger than the
word of a tapster: they are both the confirmers That treaty, so prejudicial, ought to have of false reckonings.
Sbalespeare. been remitted rather than confirmed. Swift. CONFISCABLE. adj. [from confiscate.] 6. To settle of strengthen in resolution, Liable to forfeiture. or purpose, or opinion.
TO CONFISCATE. [confiscari,
confisquer, i. e. in publicum addicere; They in their state though firm, stood more
from fiscus, which originally signifieth confirm'd.
Milton, a hamper, pannier, basket, or freil; but Believe, and be confirm'd.
Milton, metonymically the emperor's treasure, 7. To admit to the full privileges of a because it was anciently kept in such
christian, by imposition of hands. hampers. Cowell.] To transfer pri.
vate property to the prince or publick, struggle ; to contend ; to encounter; by way of penalty for an offence.
to engage: properly by striking against It was judged that he should be banished, and one another his whole estate confiscated and seized, and his
Bare unhoused trunks, houses pulled down.
Bacon, To the confirting elements expos'd, Whatever fish the vulgar fry excel,
Answer nieer nature.
Sbalspeare Belong to Cæsar, wheresoe'er they swim,
You shall hear under the earth a horrible By their own worth confiscated to him. Dryd. thundering of fire and water comfiuting together. CONFI'SCATE. adj. (from the verb.]
Bacon's Natural History. Transferred to the publick as forfeit. A man would be content to strive with kimThe accent in Shakspeare is on the first
self, and conflict with great diñculties, in hope of a mighty reward.
Tillo:57. ayllable. Thy lands and goods
Lash'd into foam, the fierce conflicting briae Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate
Seems o'er a thousand raging waves to burn.
Tberasen. Unto the state of Venice. Sbakspeare CONFISCA'TION. n. s. [from confiscate ]
CONFLICT. n. s. [conflictus, Latin.] The act of transferring the forfeited
1. A violent collision, or opposition, of
two substances. goods of criminals to publick use. It was in every inan's eye, what great forfei
Pour dephlegmed spirit of vinegar upou salita tures and confiscations he had at that present to
tartar, and there will be such a coaftit or ebul. help himselt.
Bacon's Henry VII.
lition, as if there were scarce two more contrary bodies in nature.
Beyke. COʻNFITENT. n. s. [conftens, Lat.] One confessing; one who confesses his faults.
2. A combat; a fight between two. li in A wide difference there is between a meer
seldom used of a general battle. confitent and a true penitent. Daay of Piety.
The luckless conflict with the giant stout, CO'NFITURE. n. s. (French ; froin con
Wherein captivid, of life or death he stood in doubt.
Spennir. fectura, Lat.) A sweetmeat; a con
It is my father's face, fection; a comfit.
Whom in this conflict I unawares have kill'd. It is certain, that there be some houses where
Sbakspeare. in confitures and pies will gather mould more than
3. Contest; strife : contention. in others.
There is a kind of merry war betwixt signior We contain a confiture house, where we make
Benedick and her, they never meet but there's all sweetmeats, dry and moist, and divers plea
a skirmish of wit between them. Alas! het Sant wines.
gets nothing by that. In our last conflict, fou. To CONFI'x. v.a. [configo, confixum, Lat.] of his five wits went halting off. Sbakspeare. To fix down ; to fasten.
4. Struggle ; agony; pang. As this is true,
No assurance touching victories can make Let me in safety raise me from my knees;
present conflicts so sweet and easy, but nature Or else for ever be confixed here,
will shrink from them.
Hocker. A marble monument!
Shakspeare. If he attempt this great change, with what CONFLAGRANT. adj. [conflagrans, Lat.] labour and conflict must he accomplish it! Rogere. Burning together ; involved in a gene
Th' unequal tonflict then, as angels look
On dying saints.
Tbomson's Sunna From the conflagrant mass, purg'd and refin'd, CO'NFLUENCE. n. s. [confiug, Latin.) New heav'ns, new earth.
1. The junction or union of several CONFLAGRA’TION. 1. so [conflagratio,
Nimrod, who usurped dominion over the res, I. A general fire spreading over a large sat down in the very confluence of all those iners space.
which watered Paradise.
Releit. The opinion deriveth the complexion from Bagdet is beneath the confluence of Tigris and the deviation of the sun, and the conflagration of Euphrates. Brerewood on language all things under Phaeton.
Brown. In the veins, innumerable little rivulets tint Next o'er the plains, where ripen'd harvests their confiuence into the great vein, the comincu grow,
channel of the blood.
Bestry, The running conflagration spreads below. Addis. 22 The act of crowding to a place,
Mankind hath had a gradual increase, nota You see this confluence, this great food withstanding what floods and conflagrations, and
Sbaksre. the religious profession of celibacy, may have Some come to make merry, because of the interrupted.
Bensky's Sermons. confluence of all sorts. 2. It is generally taken for the fire which You had found by experience the trouble shall consume this world at the consum. all men's confluence, and for all matters, to your
self. mation of things.
Barer to Filatie CONFLA’TION. nos. [conflatum, Latin.] 3. A concourse; a multitude crowded
into one place. 1. The act of blowing many instruments
This will draw a confluence of peolie from all together.
parts of the country. The sweetest harmony is, when every part or instrument is not beard by itself, but a conflation 4. Collection; concurrence. of them all.
We may there be instructed how to rate all
goods by those that will concentre into elegeti 2. A casting or melting of metal.
city we shall possess; which shall be made up o CONPLE'XURE. n. s. [conflexura, Latin.] the confluence, perfection, and perpetuity, A bending or turning.
true joys. TO CONFLI'CT. v. n. [configo, Latin.] CONFLUENT. adj. [conft:ens, Latin. To strive ; to contest; to fight; to Runniog one into another; meeting.
At length, to make their various currents one, abk.) With conformity; agreeably; The congregated foods together run:
suitably : it has to. These confluent streams make some great river's So a man observe the agreement of his own head,
imaginations, and talk conformably, it is all cerBy stores still melting and descending fed.
I have treated of the sex conformably in this CONFLUX, 1. s. [confiuxio, Latin.]
riddison. 1. The union of several currents ; con Confor MA'TION. 1. s. (Fr. conformatio:
Latin.) Knots, by the conflux of meeting sap, 1. The form of things, as relating to each Infect the sound pine and divert his grain. Sbak.
other; the particular texture and cou. 2. Crowd; mullitude c llccted. He quickly, by the general conflux and con
sistence of the parts of a body, and course of the whole people, streightened his
their disposition to make a whole: as, quarters.
Clarendon. ligh: of different colours is reflected from To the gates cast round thine eye, and see bodies, according to their different conWhat conflux issuing forth, or ent'ring in. Milt. formation. CONFO'RM. adj. [conformis, Lat] As Varieties are found in the different natural suming the same form ; wearing the
shapes of the mouth, and several conformations of the organe.
Holarr. same form; resembling. Variety of tunes doch dispose the spirits to
Where there happens to be such a structure variety of passions conform unto them.
and conformation of the earth, as that the fire Bacon.
may pass freely into these spiracles, it then reaTO CONFO'RM. v. a. [conformo, Lat.] dily gets out.
Woodcvard's Nah Hist, To reduce to the like appearance, 2. The act of producing suitableness, or shape, or manner, with something else: conformity, to any thing: with to. with to.
Virtue and vice, sin and holiness, and the Then followed that most natural effect of conta conformation of our hearts and lives to the duties forming one's self to that which she did like. of true religion and morality, are things of more
Sidney. consequence than the furniture of understande The apostles did conform the christians, ás ing.
Watts. much as might be, according to the pattern of ConrO'RMIST. n. s. [from conform.] One the Jews.
Hooker. that complies with the worship of the Demand of them wherefore they conform not church of England ; not a dissenter, themselves unto the order of the church? Hooker.
They were not both nonconformists, neither T. CONFO'RM. v. n. To comply with; both conformists.
Durtor. to yield : with to.
CONFO'RMITY. n. s. [from conform.] Among mankind so few there are,
1. Similitude; resemblance; the state of Who will conform to philosophick fare. Dryden. having the same character of manners CONFO'RMABLE. adj. [from conform.] i. Having the same form : using the same
By the knowledge of truth, and exercise of manners ; agreeing either in exterior or
virtue, inan, amongst the creatures of this world, moral characters; similar; resembling.
aspirech to the greatest conformity with God.
Hocker. The Gentiles were not made corformable tinto
Judge not what is best the Jews, in that which was to cease at the
By pleasure, though to nature seeming meet; coming of Christ.
Created as thou art to nobler end, 2. It has commonly to before that with
Holy and pure, conformity divine! Milton. which there is agreement.
Space and duration have a great conformity in He gives a reason conformable to the princi this, that they are justly reckoned amongst our ples.
Ar burb not.
Locke. 3. Sometimes with, not improperly ; but This metaphor would not have been so genee to is used with the verb.
ral, had there not been a conformity between the
mental caste and the sensitive taste. Addison, The fragments of Sappho give us a taste of her way of writing, perfectly conformable with
2. It has in some authors with before the that character we find of her.
Addison. model to which the conformity is made. 4. Agrceable; suitable; not opposite; The end of all religion is but to draw us to a consistent.
conformity will God. Decay of Picty. Nature is very consonant and conformable to
3. In some to. herself.
We cannot be otherwise happy but by our The productions of a great genius, with many conformity to God.
Tillotson. lapses, are preferable to the works of an inte Co-formity in building to other civil nations, riour author, scrupulously exact, and conforme hath disposed us to let our old wooden dark able to all the rules of correct writing. Addison.
houses fail to decay.
4. Consistency. 5. Compliant; ready to follow directions; submissive ; peaceable; obsequious.
Many instances prove the conformity of the
essay, with the notions of Hippocrates. Arbutla. I've been to you a true and humble wife,
CONFORTATION. n. s. (from conforto, a At all time to your will conformable. Sbakspeare.
For all the kingdoms of the earth to yield low Latin word.) Collation of strength; themselves willingly conformable, in whatever corroboration. should be required, it was their duty. Hooker. For corroboration and confortation, take such
Such delusions are reformed by a conformable bodies as are of astringent quality, without madevotion, and the well-tempered zeal of the nifest cold.
Bacon's Nat. Hist. true christian spirit.
Sprast. TO CONFO’UND. w.a. [confondre, Fs. CONFO'RMABLY, adv. (from conform. confundo, Lat.) VOL.I.
1. To mingle things so that their several 1. To stand against another in full view;
forms or natures cannot be discerned. to face.
Let us go down, and there confound their lan He spoke, and then confronts the buil; guage, that they may not understand one an And on his ample forehead, aiming full, other's speech.
Genesis. The deadly stroke descended. Drydes. Two planets rushing from aspect malign 2. To stand face to face, in opposition to Of fiercest opposition, in mid sky
another. Should combat, and their jarring spheres confound.
The East and West churches did both cenfrent: lilton.
the Jews, and concur with them. Hocker. 2. To perplex; to compare or mention
Blood hath bought blood, and blows have anwithout due distinction.
swer'd blows, A fluid hody and a wetting liquor are vont, Strength match'd with strength, and power cezbecause they agree in many things, to be cone fronted power.
Borie. Bellona's bridegroom, laps in proof, They who strip not ideas from the marks Confronted him with self comparisons, 1 men use for them, but confound them with words, Point against point rebellious, arm 'gainst arm, must have endless dispute.
Sbakspeare's Macbet. 3. To disturb the apprehension by indis. 3. To oppose one evidence to another in tinct words or notions.
open court. I am yet to think, that men find their simple We began to lay his unkindness unto him : ideas agree, though, in discourse, they confound he seeing himself co-fronted by so many, went
one another with different names. Locke. not to denial, but to justify his cruel falshond. 4. To throw into consternation ; to per
Silaca. plex ; to terrify; to amaze ; to asto- 4. To compare one thing with another. nish ; to stupify.
When I confront a medal with a verse, I only So spake the Son of God; and Satan stood shew you the same design executed by different
hands. A while as mute, confounded wilat to say. Milton.
Addison on Metals. Now with furies surrounded,
N. S. (French.) The Despairing, confounded,
act of bringing two evidences face to He irembles, he glows,
face. Anuidst Rhodope's snuss. Pope's St. Cecilia. s. To destroy ; to overthrow.
To CONFU'SE. v. a. (confusus, Lat.) The sweetest honey
1. To disorder ; to disperse irregularly. Is loathsome in its own deliciousness,
Thus roving on
Of stunning sounds and voices all confus'd, Of mankind in one root.
Milton.. Borne through the hellow dark, assaults his ear. CONFO'UNDED. particip. adj. [from confound.] Hateful; detestable ; enor
3. To perplex, not distinguish; to obscure. mons ; odious : a low cant word.
We may have a clear and distinct idea of the A most confounded reason for his brutish con
existence of many things, though our ideas of
their intimate essences and causes are very *** ception.
Grow. Sir, I have heard another story:
fused and obscure.
Wetts': Logists He was a most confounded Tory;
4. To hurry the mind. And grew, or he is much belied,
Corfus’d and sadly she at length replies. Pepco Extremely dull before he died.
CONFUSEDLY.adv. (from confused.] CONFO'UNDED I>Y. antri. from confound.
1. In a mixed mass, without separation. pd.] Hatefully'; shamefully: a low or
These four nations are every where mist in ludicrous word.
the 'Scriptures, because they dwelt cenfusedy You are confoundeidy given to squirting up and
Ral-igl's Histeri. down, and chattering.
2. Indistinctly; one mingled with diThy speculations begin to smell confoundedly
other. of woods and meadows. Addison's Spectator.
The inner court with horror, noise, and tears CONFO’UNDER. 1. s. [from confound.]
Confis'dly filled; the women's shricks and tries
The arched vaults re-echo. Ile wlio disturbs, perplexes, terrifies,
On mount Vesuvius next he fix d his eyes, or destroys.
And saw the smoaking tops confus’dly rise ; CONFRATERNITY. 1. s. [from con and A hideous ruin !
Addisen las fraternitas, Lat.) A brotherhood; a I viewed through a prism, and saw chem Inn body of men united for some religious confusedy defined, so that I could not distinguish
their sniailer parts from one another. Neris purpose. We find days appointed to be kept; and a
Herves and heroines shouts confus die rise confraternity established for that purpose, with
And base and treble voices strike the skies. Fetes the laws of it.
Stilling fiect. 3. Not clearly ; not plainly. CONFRICA'TION. ». so (from con and
He confusedly and obscurely delivered his opia
nion. Nico, Lat.] The act of rubbing against' 4. Tumultuously; hastiły ; not delibe į any thing. It hath been reported, that ivy bath grown
rately; not exactly,
The propriety of thoughts and words, which out of a scag's horn; which they suppose did are the hidden beauties of a play, are but content rather come troma confrication of the horn upon fused',. judged in the vehemence of action. Dr. the ivy, than from the horn itself.
Bacon. CONFUSEDNESS, 2. s. (froin confused] T. CONFRONT. v.-a. [confronter, Fr.] Want of distinctness; want of clearicss
Hitherunto these titles of honour carry a kind siastical dignities; investing them first of confusedness, and rather betokened a successive
per baculum & annulum, and afterwards office than an established dignity. Carew.
by his letters patent In process of time The cause of the confusedness of our notions,
he made the election over to others, une next to natural inability, is want of attention.
Norris. der certain forms and conditions; as, CONFUSION. n. s. (from confuse.]
that they should, at every vacation, 1. Irregular mixture ; tumultuous medley. before they chuse, demand of the king God, only wise, to punish pride of wit,
a congé d'elire, that is, licence' to proAmong men's wits hath this confusion wrought; ceed to election.
Cowell. As the proud tow'r, whose points the clouds did
A woman, when she has made her own choice, hit,
for form's sake, sends a congé d'elire to her By tongues confusion was to ruin brought. Davies.
Spectator.. 2. Tumult ; disorder.
Con'Ge. n. s. [In architecture.] A inould. God is not a God of sedition and confusion, but of order and of peace.
ing in form of a quarter round, or a
cavetto, which serves to separate two This is a happier and more comely time, Than when these fellows ran about the streets
members from one another : such is Crying confusion. Sbakspeare's Coriolanus. that which joins the shaft of the column 3. Indistinct combination.
to the cincture.
Chambers. The confusion of two different ideas, which a To CONGE'AL. v. a. [congelo, Latin.} customary connexion of them in their minds
1. To turn, by frost, from a fluid to a hash made to them almost one, fills their heads
solid state. with false views, and their reasonings with false consequences.
What more miraculous thing may be told,
Thanice, which is congeal'd with senseless cold, 4. Overthrow; destruction,
Should kindle fire by wonderful device? Spenser. The strength of their illusion
In whose capacious womb Shall draw him in to his confusion. Sbakspeare.
A vapoury deluge lies, to snow congeel'd. 5. Astonishment; distraction of mind;
Thomson's Winter. hurry of ideas
2. To bind or fix, as by cold Confusion dwelt in ev'ry face,
Oh, gentlemen, see! see! dead Henry's wounds And fear in ev'ry heart,
Open their congeal'd mouths, and bleed afresh. When waves on waves, and gulphs in gulphs,
Sbakspeare's Richard 111. O'ercame the pilot's art. Spectator. Too much sadness hath congeal'd your bload. CONFU'T ABLE. adj. [from cofoute.] Pos
Sbakspeare. sible to be disproved; possible to be To CONGE'AL. V. n. To concréte'; to shewn false.
gather into a mass by cold. Althe last day, that inquisitor shall not present In the midst of molten lead, when it beginto God a bundle of calumnies, or confortable ac neth to conrral, make a little dent, into which cusations; but will offer unto his onniscience a put quicksilver wrape in linen, and it will fix and
true list of our transgressions. Brorun. run no more, and endure the hammer. Bacon. CONFUT A'TION. n. s. [confutatio, Lat.) When water congeals, the surface of the ice is
smooth and level, as ihe surface of the water The act of confuting ; disproof.
Burnit's Thery. A confutation of atheism from the frame of the world.
CONGE'ALMENT. n. s. (from congeal.] TO CONFU'TE. v. a. [confuto, Latin)
The clot formed by congelation; conTo convict of error or falschood ; to
Enter the city, clip your wives, your friends; He could on either side dispute ;
Tellthem your feats, whilst theywith joyful tears
Wash the congealment from your wounds. Confute, change hands, and still confufc
. Hudib. For a man to doubt whether there be any hell,
Sbakspeare's Antony and Cleopatra. and thereupon to live as if there were none, but, CONGE'LABLE. adj. [from congeal.] Suswhen he dies, to find himself confuted in the ceptible of congelation ; capable, of
flames, must be the height of woe. Soulb. losing its fluidity. CO'NGE. n. s. [conge, French. ]
The consistencies of bodies are very divers : I, Act of reverence ; bow; courtesy.
dense, rare, tangible, pneumatical, fired, hard, The captain salutes you with congé profound,
soft, congelable, not congelable, liquetiable, not And your ladyship curt'sies halt way to the liqucfiable.
The chymists define salt, from some of its 2. Leave; farewell.
properties, to be a body fixable in the fire, and So, courteous cong: both did give and take,
congelable again by cold into brittle glebes or crystals.
Arbuthnot on Aliments, With right hands plighted, pledges of good-will
Fairy Quecr. CONGELA’TION. n. s. [from congeni.] TO CO'NGE. v. n. (from the noun.] To
I. Act of turning fluids to solids by cold. take leave.
The capillary tubes are obstructed either by I have congeed with the duke, and done my
outward compression, or congelation of the fluid. adieu with his nearest. Sbudspeare.
Arbutbnot on Aliments. CO'NGE D'ELIRE is French ; and sig.
There are congelations of the redundant water,
precipitations, and many other operations. nifies in common law, the king's per
Arbutbrot,on Air. mission royal to a dean and chapter, in 2. State of being congealed, or made solid, time of vacation, to chuse a bishop.
by cold. The king, as sovereign patron of all Many waters and springs will never freeze; archbishopricks, bishopricks, and other and many parts in rivers and lakes, where there ecclesiastical benefices, had, in ancient
are mineral eruptions, will still persist without times, the free appointment of all eccle.
Brown's Pulgar Errours. Ssa