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3. Capacity ; extent of intellectual facul. The operation of cutting off a limb, & ties.
other part of the body. With more than human gifts from heav'n The usual method of performing amputation in adorn'd,
the instance of a leg, is as follows, The proper Perfections absolute, graces divine,
part for the operation being four or five inches And amplitude of mind to greatest deeds. Millon, below the knee, the skin and flesh are first to be 4. Splendour ; grandeur ; dignity:
drawn very tight upwards, and secured from reIn the great frame of kingdoms and common turning by a ligature two or three fingers broad: wealths, it is in the power of princes, or estates, above this ligature another loose one is passed, to add amplitude and greatness to their kingdoms. for the gripe; which being twisted by means of a
Bacon's Essays. stick, may be straitened to any degree at pleasure. s. Copiousness; abundance.
Then the patient being conveniently situated, You should say every thing which has a proper and the operator placed to the inside of the limb, and direct tendency to this end; always propor
which is to be held by one assistant above, and tioning the amplitude of your matter, and the another below the part designed for the operation, fulness of your discourse, to your great design;
and the gripe sufficiently twisted to prevent too the length of your time, to the convenience of large an hæmorrhage, the flesh is, with a stroke your hearers.
Watts' Logick. or two, to be separated from the bone with the 6. Amplitude of the range of a projectile,
dismembering knife. Then the periosteum being
also divided from the done with the back of the denotes the horizontal line subtending knife, saw the bone asunder with as few strokes the path in which it moved.
as possible. When two parallel bones are con7. Amplitude, in astronomy, an arch of the cerned, the flesh that grows between them must horizon, intercepted between the true
likewise be separated before the use of the saw. east and west point thereof, and the
This being done, the gripe may be slackened, to
give an opportunity of searching for the large centre of the sun or star at its rising or
blood-vessels, and securing the hæmorrhage at setting. It is eastern or ortive, when their mouths. After making proper applications the star rises; and western or occiduous, to the stump, loosen the first ligature, and pull when the star sets. The eastern or
both the skin and the flesh,
as far as conveniently western amplitude are also called northern may be, over the stump, to cover it; and secure
them with the cross stitch made at the depth of or southern, as they fall in the northern
half or three quarters of an inch in the skin, or southern quarters of the horizon. Then apply pledgets, astringents, plaisters, and 3. Magnetical amplitude is an arch of the other necessaries.
Cbambers. horizon contained between the sun at
The amazons, by the amputation of their right
breast, had the freer use of their bow. Brown. his rising, and the east or west points of the compass ; or, it is the difference A'MULET. 1. s. [amulette, Fr. amuletum, of the rising or setting of the sun, from
oramoletum ; quod malum amolitur, Lat.) the east or west parts of the compass.
An appended remedy, or preservative ; Chambers.
a thing hung about the neck, or any A'NPLY. adv. [ample, Lat.]
other part of the body, for preventing 1. Largely ; liberally.
or curing of some particular diseases. For whose well-being,
That spirits are corporeal, seems at first view a So amply, and with hands so liberal,
conceit derogative unto himself; yet herein ho Thou hast provided all things.
establisheth the doctrine of lustrations, amulets, The evidence they had before was enough,
Brown's Vulgar Erreurs, amply enough, to convince them; but they were
They do not certainly know the falsity of resolved not to be convinced; and to those who
what they report; and theirignorance must servo are resolved not to be convinced, all motives, all
you as an amulet against the guilt both of deceit arguments, are equal.
Government of the Tengsa 2. At large; without reserve.
[amurca, Lat.] The At return
quality of lees or mother of any thing. Of him so lately promis'd to thy aid,
Dict The woman's seed, obscurely then foretold, TO AMU'SE. v. a. [amuser, Fr.] Now amplier known, thy Saviour, and thy Lord. 1. To entertain with tranquillity; to fill
with thoughts that engage the mind, 3. At large ; copiously; with a diffusive
without distracting it.
To divert im detail.
plies something more lively; and to Some parts of a poem require to be amply written, and with all the force and elegance of
please, something more important. It words; others must be cast into shadows, that is,
is therefore frequently taken in a sense passed over in silence, or but faintly touched. bordering on contempt.
They think they see visions, and are arrived to To A'MPUTATE. v. a. [amputo, Lat.)
some extraordinary revelations; when, indeed, To cut off a limb: a word used only in
they do but dream dreams, and amuse themselves
with the fantastick ideas of a busy imagination. chirurgery.
Decay of Picts. Amongst the cruizers, it was complained, that I cannot think it natural for a man, who is their surgeons were too active in amputating much in love, to amuse himself with triles. fractured menibers. Wiseman's Surgery,
Walst. AMPUTATION. M. s. (amputatio, Lat.] 2. To draw on from time to time; to
keep in expectation; as, he amused his In the came weight innocence and prudence followers with idle promises.
take, AMU'SEMENT. n. s. [amusement, Fr.]
Ana of each does the just mixture make. Cowley. That which amuses ; entertainment.
He'll bring an apothecary with a chargeable long bill of anas.
Dryden. Every interest or pleasure of life, even the A'NĀ. n. s. Books so called from the last most trifling amusement, is suffered to postpone the one thing necessary.
syllables of their titles ; as, Scaligerana, During his confinement, his amusement was to
Thuaniana ; they are loose thoughts, or give poison to dogs and cats, and see them ex casual hints, dropped by eminent men, pire by slower or quicker torments. Pope. and collected by their friends.
I was left to stand the battle, while others, ANACAMPTick: adj. [kvanápalw.] Re. who had better talents than a draper, thought it no unpleasant amusement to look on with safety,
flecting, or reflected : an anacamptick 'whilst another was giving them diversion at the
sound, an echo; an anacamptick hill, a hazard of his liberty.
Swift. hill that produces an echo. AMU'SER. n. s. [amuseur, Fr.] He that ANACA'MPTICKS. n. s. The doctrine of
amuses, as with false promises. The reflected light, or catoptricks. It has no French word is always taken in an ill singular. sense.
ANACATHA'R TICK. n. s. (See CATHAR. AMU'sive. adj. [from amuse.] That has TICK.] Any medicine that works upthe power of amusing. I know not that ward.
Quincy. this is a current word.
ANACEPHALÆO'SIS. n. s. (úvaxipadátwois.] But amaz'd,
Recapitulation, or summary of the prinBehold th' amusive arch before him fly,
cipal heads of a discourse. Dict. Then vanish quite away.
Thomson. ANA'CHORETE. 7 n. s. (sometimes vitiAMY'GDALATE. adj. [amygdala, Lat.] ANA'CHORITE. } ously written ancho.
Made of almonds.
rite ; dvaxwzions.] A monk who, with Relating to almonds; resembling al
the leave of his superiour, leaves the
convent for a more austere and solitary monds.
life. An. article. [ane, Saxon ; een, Dutch ; Yet lies not love dead here, but here doth sit,
cine, German.] The article indefinite, Vow'd to this trench, like an anacborite. Donne.
used before a vowel, or h mute. See A. ANA'CHRONISM. n. s. [from åree and 1. One, but with less emphasis ; as, there xgóv.] An errour in computing time, stands an ox.
by which events are misplaced with reSince he cannot be always employed in study, reading, and conversation, there will be many an
gard to each other. It seems properly hour, besides what his exercises will take up.
to signify an errour by which an event is Locke.
placed too early; but is generally used 3. Any, or some ; as, an elephant might
for any errour in chronology. swim in this water.
This leads me to the defence of the famous He was no way at an uncertainty, nor ever in
anachronism, in making Æneas and Dido cotem
poraries : for it is certain, that the hero lived che least at a loss concerning any branch of it.
almost two hundred years before the building of A wit 's a feather, and a chief a rod,
Dryden. An honest man's the noblest work of God. Pope. ANACLA'TICKS. n. s. (dve and shaw.] The 3. Sometimes it signifies, like a, some par
doctrine of refracted light; diopticks. ticular state ; but this is now disused.
It has no singular. It is certain that odours do, in a small degree, ANADIPLO'SIS. n. s. [åveedo #iwdiz.] Re. nourish; especially the odour of wine : and we duplication; a figure in rhetorick, in see men an hungered do love to smell hot bread.
which the last word of a foregoing mem
Bacon. 4. An is sometimes, in old authors, a con
ber of a period becomes the first of the
following ; as, be retained his virtues traction of and if
amid all his misfortunes, misfortunes He can't flatter, he ! An honest mind and plain; he must speak truth,
which only his virtues brought upon him. An they will take it, so; if not, he's plain. Sbaks. ANAGOGEʼTICAL. adj.Låragugni] That con3. Sometimes a contraction of and before tributes or relates to spiritual elevation, if.
or religious raptures; mysterious; eleWell I know vated above humanity.
Dict. The clerk will ne'er wear hair on 's face that ANAGO'GICAL. adj. [anagogique, Fr.)
had it. - He will an' if he live to be a man. Shaksp.
Mysterious ; elevated ; religiously exalted.
Dict. 6. Sometimes it is a contraction of as if ANAGOGICALLY. adv. [from anagogi
My next pretty correspondent, like Shakspeare's lion in Pyramus and Thisbe, roars an' it
cal.] Mysteriously ; with religious elewere any nightingale.
Addison. vation. I'NA. adv. (ave. ] A word used in the pre- A’NAGRAM. n. s. [evá and ygámpa): A
scriptions of physick, importing the like conceit arising from the letters of a quantity; as wine and honey, a or name transposed; as this, of W,i,1,l,i,a,m ana 3 ii ; that is, of wine and honey 1,004, attorney-general to Charles I. a each two ounces.
very laborious man, I moyl in lao.
Though all her parts be not in th' usual place, fitness to be applied for the illustration
ment from the cause to the effect. Thy genius calls thee not to purchase fame To ANA'logize. v. a: [from analagy.) In keen iambicks, but mild anagram. Dryden. To explain by way of analogy ; to form ANAGRA'MMATISM 11. s. [from ana some resemblance between different gram.] The act or practice of making
things; to consider something with reanagramis.
gard to its analogy with somewhat else.
We have systems of material bodies, diversly The only quintessence that hitherto the alchymy of wit could draw out of names, is ana
figured and situated, if separately considered; grammatism, or mctagrammatism, which is a dis
they represent the object of the desire, which is solution of a name truly written into its letters,
Gralogized by attraction or gravitation. Cbeyae. as its elements, and a new connexion of it by ANA'logous. adj. [ dra and 26, G.] artificial transposition, without addition, sub 1. Having analogy ; bearing some resemstraction, or change of any letter, into different blance or proportion; having something words, niaking some perfect sense applicable to parallel. the person named.
Exercise makes things easy, that would be ANAGRA'MMATIST. 1. s. [from ana otherwise very hard; as, in labour, watchings, gram.] A maker of anagrams.
heats, and colds; and then there is something TO ANAGRAÏMMATIZE. v. n. (anagram.
analogous in the exercise of the mind to that of
the body. It is folly and infirmity that makes matiser, Fr.] To make anagrams.
us delicate and froward.
L'Estrange ANALE'PTICK. adj. [levanímlixo.) Com Many important consequences may be drawn
forting ; corroborating: a term of phy from the observation of the most common things, sick.
and analogous reasonings from the causes of them. Analeptick medicines cherish the nerves, and
Arbuthnot. renew the spirits and strength. Quincy. 2. It has the word to before the thing to ANA’LOG Á L. adj. [from analogs.] Ana
which the resemblance is noted. logous; having relation.
This incorporeal substance may have some sort When I see many analogal motions in animals, of existence, analogous to corporeal extension; though I cannot call them voluntary, yet I see
though we have no adequate conception hereof.. them spontaneous, I have reason to conclude that
Locke. these in their principle
are not simply
. ANA’LOGY. 1. so [eve Aoysa,]
Hale. 1. Resemblance between things with res ANALOGICAL. adj. [from analogy.] gard to some circumstances or effects, 1. Used by way of analogy. It seems as learning is said to enli: hten tbe mind;
properly distinguished from analogous, that is, it is to the mind what light is to as words from things ; analogous sig the eye, by enabling it to discover that rifies having relation, and analogical
which was hidden before. having the quality of representing re
From God it hath proceeded, that the church lation.
hath evermore held a prescript form of common It is looked on only as the image of the true
prayer, although not in all things every where God, and that not as a proper likeness, but by
the same, yet, for the most part, retaining the analogical representation. Stillingfiet.
Hooker. When a word, which originaily signifies any'
What I here observe of extraordinary reveparticular idea or object, is attributed to several
lation and prophecy, will, by analogy and due other objects, not by way of resemblance, but
proportion, extend even to those communicaon the account of some evident reference to the
tions of God's will, that are requisite to salvation.
Soutb. original idea, this is peculiarly called an aralogical word; so a sound or healthy pulse, a sound
2. When the thing, to which the analogy digestion, sound sleep, are so called, with re is supposed, happens to be mentioned, ference to a sound and healthy constitution; but analogy has after it the particles to or if you speak of sound doctrine, or sound speech, with ; when both the things are menthis is by way of resemblance to health, and the words are metaphorical. Watts' Logičk.
tioned after analogy, the particle between
or betwixt is used. 2. Analogons; having resemblance or re
If the body politick have any analogy to the lation.
natural, an act of oblivion were necessary in a. There is placed the mineral between the in
hot distempered state. animate and vegetable province, participating
By analogy witb all other liquors and consomething analogical to either.
cretions, the form of the chaos, whether liquid ANALO'GICALLY.adv. (from analogical.) or concrete, could not be the same with that of In an analogical manner; in an analo the present earth.
Burnet's Tbeory. gous manner.
If we make Juvenal express the customs of I am convinced, from the sin.plicity and uni
our country, rather than of Rome, it is when Formity of the Divine Nature, and of all his
there was some analogy betwixt the customs. works, that there is some one universal principle,
'Dryder running through the whole system of creatures 3. By grammarians, it is used to signify lanalogueally, and congruous to their relative na the agreement of several words in one tures.
common mode; as, from love is formed ANALO'GICALNESS. n. s. [from analogi loved; from hate, bated; from grieve,
cal.] The quality of being analogical ; grieved:
ANA'LYSIS. n. s. [arádvors.]
action is to be avoided, the immediate answer is, 1. A separation of a compound body into
because it is sin.
When the sentence is distinguished into subthe several parts of which it consists.
ject and predicate, proposition, argument, act, There is an account of dew falling, in some
object, cause, effect, adjunct, opposite, c. then places, in the form of butter, or grease, which
it is analyzed analogically and metaphysically. grows extremely fetid; so that the analysis of
This last is what is chiefly meant in the theolothe dew of any place, may, perhaps, be the best gical schools, when they speak of analyzing 2 method of finding such contents of the soil as text of scripture.
Watts' Logick. are wichin the reach of the sun.
Arbuthnot. A'NALYZER. n. s. [from To analyze.] 2. A consideration of any thing in parts, That which has the power of analyzing.
so as that one particular is first con Particular reasons incline me to doubt whether sidered, then another.
the fire be the true and universal analyzer of
mixt bodies. Analysis consists in making experiments and
Boyle, observations, and in drawing general conclusions ANAMORPHO'SIS. n. s. ["va' and poşoów.] from them by induction, and admitting of no ob Deformation ; a perspective projection jections but such as are taken from experiments, of any thing, so that to the eye, at one or other certain truths. Newton's Opticks.
point of view, it shall appear deformed, 3. A solution of any thing, whether cor in another, an exact and regular repreporeal or mental, to its first elements;
sentation. Sometimes it is made to apas, of a sentence to the single words;
pear confused to the naked eye, and reof a compound word, to the particles gular when viewed in a mirror of a verand words which form it; of a tune, tain form. to single notes; of an argument, to ANA'NA. n. s. The pineapple. simple propositions.
The species are, 1. Oval-shaped pine-apple, We cannot know any thing of nature, but by with a whitish fesh. 2. Pyramidal pine-apple, an analysis of its true initial causes; till we know
with a yellow flesh. 3. Pine-apple, with smooth the first springs of natural motions, we are still leaves. 4. Pine-apple, with shining green leaves, but ignorants.
and scarce any spines on their edges. 5. The ANALY'TICAL. adj. [from analysis.] olive-coloured pine.
Miller, 1. That resolves any thing into first prin Witness thou best anana, thou the pride ciples; that separates any compound.
Of vegetable life, beyond whate'er
The poets imag'd in the golden age. Thomson, See ANALYSIS.
ANANA, wild. The same with penguin. Either may be probably maintained against the inaccurateness of the analytical experiments ANAPHOR.4. n. s. [civee pagi.] A figure, vulgarly relied on.
Boyle. when several clauses of a sentence are 1. That proceeds by analysis, or by taking begun with the same word, or sound;
the parts of a compound into distinct as, Where is the wise ? Where is the and particular consideration.
scribe? Where is the disputer of this Descartes hath here infinitely outdone all the world ? philosophers that went before him, in giving a ANAPLERO'TICK. adj. [úveranpów.] That particular and analytical account of the universal
fills up any vacuity : used of applicafabrick: yet he intends his principles but for
tions which promote flesh. hypotheses.
Glanville. ANALYTICALLY. adv. [from analytical.]
n. s. [See ANARCHY.] An In such manner as separates compounds
author of confusion.
Him thus the anarch old, into simples. See ANALYSIS.
With fault'ring speech, and visage incompos'd, ANALY'TICK. adj. [nvadutin@.] The Answer'd.
Milton. manner of resolving compounds into ANA'RCHICAL. adj. [from anarchy.] Conthe simple constituent or component fused; without rule or government. parts : applied chiefly to mental opera In this anarchical and rebellious state of human tions.
nature, the faculties belonging to the material He was in logick a great critick,
world presume to determine the nature of subProfoundly skill'd in analytick. Hudibras. jects belonging to the supreme Spirit. Cheyne.
Analytick method takes the whole compound A'NARCHY. n. s. [åreexin.] Want of goas it finds it, whether it be a species or an indivi vernment ; a state in which every man dual, and leads us into the knowledge of it, by
is unaccountable ; a state without mam resolving into its first principles, or parts, its generick nature, and its special properties; and
Where eldest Night therefore it is called the method of resolution.
And Chaos, ancestors of Nature, hold TO ANALYZE. v. a. [åraauw.] To re
Eternal anarchy amidst the noise.
Of endless wars, and by confusion stand. Milt. solve a compound into its first princi
Arbitrary power is but the first natural step ples. See ANALYSIS.
from anarchy, or the savage life; the adjusting Chemistry enabling us to depurate bodies, and power and freedom being an effect and consein some measure to analyze them, and take asun
quence of maturer thinking.
Scvift. der their heterogeneous parts, in many chymi- ANAS A'RC 1. n. s. (from éve and cast] cal experiments, we may, better than in others,
A sort of dropsy, where the whole subknow what manner of bodies we employ; art having made them more simple or uncompound
stance is stuffed with pituitous humours. ed, than nature alone is wont to present them
Quincy: Boyle. When the lympha stagnates, or is extravasated To analyze the immorality of any action into under the skin, it is called an anasarca. Arbuth. jis last principles; if it be enquired, why such an Anasa'rcous. adj. [from anasarca.] Rea
lating to an anasarca ; partaking of the anatomical parts of matter, is little different nature of an anasarca.
ANATO'MICALLY. adv. [from anatomiA gentlewoman laboured of an ascites, with an anasarcous swelling of her belly, thighs, and
cal.) In an'anatomical manner; in the legs.
Wiseman. sense of an anatomist ; according to the ANASTOMA'TICK, adj. [from drce and doctrine of anatomy. cópc.] That has the quality of open
While some affirmed'it had no gall, intending ing the vessels, or of removing ob
only thereby no evidence of anger or fury, others
have construed anatomically, and denied that part structions.
Brown's Vulgar Errours. ANASTOMO'SIS. n. s. [from åree and sóus.] ANA'T OMIST. n. s. [úvaismes.] He that
The inosculation of vessels, or the open studies the structure of animal bodies, ing of one vesesel into another ; as, of by means of dissection; he that divides the arteries into the veins.
the bodies of animals, to discover the ANA'STROPHE. n. s. [avaspopri a prepo
various parts. sterous placing, from devasgépw.] A figure Anatomists adjudged, that if nature had been whereby words which should have been suffered to run her own course, without this faprecedent, are postponed.
tal interruption, he might have doubled his age,
Howels ANA'THEMA. n. s. [aratiua.]
Hence when anatomists discourse, 1. A curse pronounced by ecclesiastical How like brutes' organs are to ours; authority ; excommunication.
They grant, if higher powers think fit, Her bare anatbemas fall but like so many bruta A bear might soon be made a wit; fulmina upon the schismatical; who think them And that, for any thing in nature, selves shrewdly hurt, forsooth, by being cut off Pigs might squeak love-odes, dogs bark satire. from the body, which they choose not to be of.
Prior. Soutb's Sermons. To ANATOMIZE. v. a. [civalipww.] 1. The object of the curse, or person 1. To dissect an animal; to divide the
cursed. This seems the original mean body into its component or constituent ing, though now little used.
parts. ANATHEMA'TICAL.adj.[from anathema.] Our industry must even anatomize every par. That has the properties of an anathema;
ticle of that body, which we are to uphold. that relates to an anathema.
Hooker. ANATHEMATICALLY. adv. (from ana
2. To lay any thing open distinctly, and
by minute parts. thematical.] In an anathematical man
speak but brotherly of him, but should I
anatomize him to thee as he is, I must blush TOANATHE'MATIZE. v. a. (from anathe and weep, and thou must look pale and wonder, ma.] To pronounce accursed by ecclesi
Sbakspear?: astical authority ; to excommunicate.
Then dark distinctions reason's light disguis id, They were therefore to be anathematized, and, And into atoms truth anatomiz'd. Denbama with detestation branded, and banished out of the ANATOMY. n. s. [rivelopía.] church.
Hammond. 1. The art of dissecting the body, ANATI'FEROUS. adj. [from anas and fero, It is proverbially said, Formica sua bilis inest, Lat.] Producing ducks. Not in use. babet et musca splener ; whereas these parts If there be anatiferous trees, whose corruption
anatomy hath not discovered in insects. Brown. breaks forth into barnacles; yet, if they corrupt,
It is therefore in the anatomy of the mind, as they degenerate into maggots, which produce
in that of the body ; more good will accrue to not them again. Brown's Vulgar Errour:,
mankind, by attending to the large, open, and ANA'TOCISM. 9. s. [anatocismus, Lat. perceptible parts, than by studying too much ανατοκισμος.] The accumulation of in
such tiner nerves and vessels, as will for ever escape our observation.
Pope, terest upon interest; the addition of the
2. The doctrine of the structure of the interest due for money lent, to the origi
body, learned by dissection. nal sum.
A species of usury generally Let the muscles be well inserted and bound forbidden.
together, according to the knowledge of them ANATO'MICAL. adj. [from anatomy.]
which is given us by anatomy.
Dryder, 3. Relating or belonging to anatomy. 3. The act of dividing any thing, whether
When we are taught by logick to view'a thing corporeal or intellectual. completely in all its parts, by the help of division, When a moneyed man hath divided his chests, it has the use of an anatomical knife, which dis he seemeth to himself richer than he was; sects an'animal body, and separates the veins, therefore, a way to amplify any thing, is to arteries, nerves, muscles, membranes, &c. and break it, and to make anatomy of it in several shews us the several parts which go to the com parts.
Bacon. position of a complete animal. Watts' Logick. 4. The body stripped of its integuments; 2. Proceeding upon principles taught in a skeleton.
anatomy; considered as the object of O that my tongue were in the thunder's anatomy
mouth, There is a natural, involuntary distortion of Then with a passion I would shake the world, the muscles, which is the anatomical cause of
And rouse from sleep that fell anatomy, laughter; but there is another cause of laugh Which cannot hear a feeble lady's voice. Shak.
ter, which decency requires. Swift. 5. By way of irony or ridicule, a thin 3. Anatomized ; dissected ; separated. meagre person.
The continuation of solidity is apt to be con They brought one Pinch, a hungry lean-fac'd fined with, and, if we will look into the minute