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pieces that were half ambergris, and half plain And with full pow'r assert her ambient main.
honey-comb; and others have found large pieces

of ambergris, in' which, when broke, honey The ambient æther is too liquid and empty, to
conub, and honey too, were found in the middle. impel horizontally with that prodigious celerity.
Neumann absolutely denies it to be an animal

substance, as not yielding, in the analysis, any one AMBIGU. n. s. (French.) An enter.
animal principle. He concludes it to be a bitu-

tainment consisting not of regular
men issuing out of the earth into the sea ; at first
of a viscous consistence, but hardening, by its

courses, but of a medley of dishes set on
mixture with some liquid naphtha, into the form together.
in which we find it.

Trevoux. Chambers. When straiten'd in your time, and servantsfew,
Bermudas walled with rocks, who does not

You 'd richly then compose an ambigu;

Where first and second course, and your desert,
That happy island, where huge lemons grow, All in one single table have their part.
Where shining pearl, coral, and many a pound,

King's Art of Cookery;
On the rich shore, of ambergris is found? Waller. AMBIGU'ITY. n. s. [from ambiguous.]
AMBER SEED), or muske secd, resembles Doubtfulness of meaning ; uncertainty

millet, is of a bitterish taste, and brought of signification ; double meaning.
dry from Martinico and Egypt.

With ambiguities they often entangle them

Chambers. selves, not marking that doth agree to the word
AMBER -TREE. ». s. (frutex Africanus

of God in itself, and what in regard of outward

ambram spirans. JA shrub, whose beauty We can clear these ambiguities,
is in its small evergreen leaves, which And know their spring, their head,

their true
grow as close as heath, and, being


Sbakspeare. bruised between the fingers, emit a very

The words are of single signification, without fragrant odour.


any ambiguity; and therefore I shall not trouble AMBIDEXTER. 1. 5. [Lat.]

you, by straining for an interpretation, where

there is no difficulty; or distinction, where there man who has equally the use of both is no difference.

his hands.

AMBIGUOUS. adj. [ambiguus, Lat.]
Rodiginus, undertaking to give a reason of 1. Doubtful; having two meaningss of
ambidexters, and left-handed men, deliverech a
third opinion.

uncertain signification.

Brown. 7. A man who is equally ready to act on

But what have been thy answers, what but

either side, in party disputes. This Ambiguous, and with doubtful sense deluding?
sense is ludicrous.

AMBIDEXTE'RITY.n.s. [from ambidexter.] Some expressions in the covenant were ambie
1. The quality of being able equally to

guous, and were left so; because the whe

persons use both hands.

framed them were not all of one mind. Clarendon. 2. Double dealing.

2. Applied to persons using doubtful ex. AMBIDE'XTROUS. adj. [from ambidexter,

pressions. It is applied to expressions, Lat.)

or those that use them, not to a dubious 1. Having, with equal facility, the use of

or suspended state'of mind. either hand.

Th' ambiguous god, who ruld her lab'ring

Others, not considering ambidextrous and left-

In these mysterious words his mind exprest;
handed men, do totally submit unto the efficacy Some truths reveal'd, in terms involv'd the rest.
of the liver.

2. Double dealing ; practising on both Silence at length the gay Antinous broke,

Constrain’d a smile, and thus ambiguous spoke.
Æsop condemns the double practices of trim-
mers, and all false, shuffling, and ambidextrous AMBI’GUOUSLY. adv. (from ambiguous.]

AMBIDE'XTROUSNESS. n. s. [from ambi-

In an ambiguous manner; doubtfully;
dextrous.] The quality of being am-

uncertainly; with double meaning,

AMBI'GUOU'sness. ns. (from ambiguo bidextrous,


qus.] The quality of being ambiguous;
A'MBIENT, adj. ( ambiens, Lat.] Surround-

uncertainty of meaning ; duplicity of
ing; encompassing.; investing.
This which yields or fills

All space, the ambient air wide interfus'd. Milt. AMBI'LOGY. n. s. [from ambo, Lat. and
The thickness of a plate requisite to produce

1976.] Talk of ambiguous or doubtful
nz colour, depends only, on the density of the signification.
plate, and not on that of the ambient medium. AMBI’LOQUOUS. adj. [from ambo and

Newton's Opticks.
Around him dance the rosy hours,

loquor, Lat.] Using ambiguous and

And damasking the ground with flow'rs,

doubtful expressions.
With ambient sweets perfume the morn.

AMBI'LOQUY. ni s. [ambiloquium, Låt.]
Fenton to L. Gower,

The use of doubtful and indeterminate
Illustrious virtues, who by turns have rose
With happy laws her empire to sustain,

expressions; discourse of doubtful mean.




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A'NBIT. 1. s. [ambitus, Lat.] The com- AMBI'TIOUSNESS. n. s. [from ambitions.)

pass or circuit of any thing; the line The quality of being ambitious. that encompasses any thing.

A’MBITUDE. n. s. [ambio, Lat.) Com. The tusk of a wild boar winds about almost

pass ; circuit; circumference. Dict. into a perfect ring or hoop; only it is a little writhen. In measuring by the ambit, it is long

TU AMBLE. v. n. (ambler, Fr. ambulo, or round about a foot and two inches; its basis

· Lat.] an inch over.

Grew's Museum. 1. To move upon an amble. See AMBLE. AMBITION. 9. s.[ambitio, Lat.) The desire

It is good, on some occasions, to enjoy at of something higher than is possessed

much of the present, as will not endanger our

futurity; and to provide ourselves of the virtu at present.

660's saddle, which will be sure to amble, when 1. The desire of preferment or honour. the world is upon the hardest trot. Dryden.

Who would think, without having such a mind 2. To move easily, without hard shocks, as Antiphilus, that so great goodness could not

or shaking. have bound gratefulness? and so high advance Who ambles time withal ?--A rich man that ment not have satisfied his ambition Sidney.

hath not the gout; for he lives merrily, because 2. The desire of any thing great or excel. he feels no pain; knowing no burthen of heavy lent.

tedious penury: himn time ambles withal. Shats. The quick’ning power would be, and so would

3. In a ludicrous sense, to move with sub." rest; The sense would not be only, but be well;

mission, and by direction; as, a horse But wit's ambition longeth to the best,

that ambles uses a gait not natural. For it desires in endless bliss to dwell. Davies.

A laughing, toying, wheedling, whimpering

Urge them, while their squis

Shall make him amble on a gossip's message,
Are capable of this ambition ;
Lest zeal, now melted by the windy breath

And take the distaff with a hand as patient,

As e'er did Hercules. Of soft petitions, pity, and remorse,

Rowe's Jane Shore. Cool and congeal again to what it was. Shaks. 4. To walk daintily and affectedly. 3. It is used with to before a verb, and of

I am rudely stampe, and want love's majesty, before a noun.

To strut before a wanton ambling nymph. Shaks. I had a very early ambition to recommend my

A'MBLE. n. s. [from To amble.] A pace self to your Lordship’s patronage.

Addison. or movement in which the horse re. There was an ambition of wit, and an affeca moves both his legs on one side; 28, on tation of gayety. Pope's Preface to bis Letters. the far side, he removes his fore and AMBITIOUS. adj. [ambitiosus, Lat.] hinder leg of the same side at one time, 1. Seized or touched with ambition ; de

whilst the legs on the near side stand sirous of advancement; cager of ho still; and, when the far legs are upon nours; aspiring. It has the particle of

the ground, the near side removes the before the object of ambition, if a noun; fore leg and the hinder leg, and the legs to, if expressed by a verb

on the far side stand still. An amble is We seem ambitious God's whole work tundo.

the first pace of young colts, but when

Donne, The neighb'ring monarchs, by thy beauty led,

they have strength to trot, they quit it. Contend in crowds, ambitious of thy bed:

There is no amble in the manege ; riding The world is at thy choice, except but one, masters allow only of walk, trot, and Except but him thou canst not choose aloné.

gallop. A horse may be put from a trot

Dryden, You have been pleased not to suffer an old

to a gallop without stopping; but he man to go discontented out of the world, for

cannot be put from an amble to a gallop want of that protection of which he had been so without a stop, which interrupts the long ambitious.

Dryden. justness of the manege. Farrier's Dict. Trajan, a prince ambitious of glory, descend- A’MBLER. n. s. (from To amble.] A horse ed to the mouths of the Tigris and Euphrates, and went upon the ocean, where, seeing a vessel A'MBLINGLY.adv. [from ambling.]With

that has been taught to amble ; a pacer. trading to the Indies, he had thoughts of outdoing Alexander.

Arbut not on Coins.

an ambling movement. 2. Eager to grow bigger ; aspiring.

AMBRO'STÅ. n. s. (xy@posia.]
I have seen

1, The imaginary food of the gods, froma * Th' ambitious ocean swell, and rage, and foam, which every thing eminently pleasing to

To be exalted with the threat’ning clouds, Sheks. the smell or taste is called ambrosia. AMBITIOUSLY. adv. (from ambitious.] 2. A plant.

In an ambitious manner; with eager It has male flosculous flowers, produced on Dess of advancement or preference. separate parts of the same plant from the fruit, With such glad hearts did our despairing men

having no visible petals; the fruit which succeeds Salute th' appearance of the prince's fleet;

the female flowers, is shaped like a club, and is And each ambitiously would claim the ken, prickly, containing one oblong seed in each. That with first eyes díd distant safety meet.

The species are, 1. The marine or sea ambrosia, Dryden. 2. Taller unsavoury sea ambrosia. 3. The tallese


Canada ambrosia. Here Flecknoe, as a place to fame well known, Ambitiously design d his Sh—'s throne. Dryden, AMBRO'SIAL. adj. (from ambrosia.] Par


For you, my

taking of the nature or qualities of am. Sometimes she driveth o'er a soldier's neck, brosia ; fragrant; delicious; delectable. And then he dreams of cutting foreign throats, Thus while God spake ambrosial fragrance fillid

Of breaches, ambuscadoes, Spanish blades,

Of healths five fathom deep. All heaven, and in the blessed spirits elect

Sbakspeare. Sense of new joy ineffable diffus'd. Milton. A'MBUSH. n. s. [ambusche, Fr. from bois, The gifts of heaven my following song pursues,

a wood; whence embuscher, to hide in Aerial honey and ambrosial dews. Dryden. woods, ambushes being commonly laid To farthest shores th' ambrosial spirit flies,

under the concealment of thick forests.] Sweet to the world, and grateful to the skies.


1. The post where soldiers or assassins are A'MBRY, 4. s. (corrupted from almonry.]

placed, in order to fall unexpectedly

upon an enemy. 1. The place where the almoner lives, or

The residue retired deceitfully towards the where alms are distributed.

place of their ambusb, whence issued more. Then 2. The place where plate, and utensils for

the earl maintained the fight. But the enemy, housekeeping, are kept; also a cup intending to draw the English further into their board for keeping cold victuals: a word arbusb, turned away at an easy pace. Hayward. still used in the northero counties, and Charge! charge ! their ground the faint Tax.

allans yield, in Scotland.

Bold in close anbusb, base in open field. Dryden. AMBS ACE. n, s. [from ambo, Lat. and

2. The act of surprising another, by lying acc.] A double ace; so called when two

in wait, or lodging in a secret post. dice turn up the ace.

Nor shall we need, I had rather be in this choice, than throw

With dangerous expedition, to invade ambs ace for my life:

Sbakspeare. This will be yet clearer, by considering his

Heav'n, whose high walls fear no assault or siege,

Or ambusb from the deep. Milton's Par. Lest. own instance of casting ambs ace, though it partake more of contingency than of freedom. Sup. 3. The state of being posted privately, in posing the positure of the party's hand who did

order to surprise ; the state of lying in ebrow the dice, supposing the figure of the table, wait. and of the dice themselves, supposing the mea 4. Perhaps the persons placed in private sure of force applied, and supposing all other stations. things which did concur to the production of

noble lord of Lancaster, that cast, to be the very same they were, there

Once did I lay an ambush for your life. Shaks. is no doubt but in this case the cast is necessary,


A'MBUSHED. adj. [from ambush.] Placed AMBULA'TION. n. s. [ambulatio, Lat.]

in ambush ; lying in wait. The act of walking

Thick as the shades, there issue swarming

bands From the occult and invisible motion of the

Of ambush'd men, whom, by their arms and dress, muscles, in station, proceed more offensive lase

To be Taxallan enemies I guess. Dryden. situdes than from ambulation,

Brown. A'MBULATORY. adj. [ambulo, Lat.)

AʼMBUSHMENT. n. s. [fromambush; which 1. That has the power or faculty of walk.

see.) Ambush ; surprise. Not used.

Like as a wily fox, that having spied ing.

Where on a sunny bank the lambs do play, The gradient, or ambulatory, are such as require some basis, or bottom, to uphold them in

Full closely creeping by the hinder side,

Lies in ambúsbment of his hoped prey. Spenser. their motions; such were those self-moving statues, which, unless violently detained, would AMBU'ST. adj. [ambustus, Lat.) Burnt; of themselves run away. Wilkins' Matb. Magic.


Dict. 2. That happens during a passage or walk. AMBU'Stron. n. s. [ambustia, Lat.) A

He was sent to conduce hither the princess, of whom his majesty had an ambulatory view in his A'mel: n. s. [email, Fr.] The matter

burn; a scald. travels.

Wotton. 3. Moveable; as, an ambulatory court; a

with which the variegated works are court which removes from place to

overlaid, which we call enamelled. place for the exercise of its jurisdiction.

The materials of glass, melted with calcined A'MBURY, n, s. A bloody wart on any

tin, compose an undiaphanous body. This

white amel is the basis of all those fine concretes part of a horse's body. AMBUSCA'DE. n. s. [embuscade, Fr. See

that goldsmiths and artificers employ in the curious art of enamelling.

Boyle AMBUSH.] A private station in which AME'N. adv. [A word of which the orimen lie to surprise others; ambush.

ginal has given rise to many conjectures. Then waving high her torch, the signal made, Which rous'd the Grecians from their ambuscade.

Scaliger writes, that it is Arabick; and Dryden.

the Rabbies make it the compound of When I behold a fashionable table set out, I

the initials of three words, signifying fancy that gouts, fevers, and lethargies, with the Lord is a faithful king; but the word innumerable distempers, lie in ambuscade among seems merely Hebrew, x, which, the dishes.

Addison, AMBUSCA'DO. n. s. [emboscada, Span.]

with a long train of derivatives, signifies A private post, in order to surprise an

firmness, certainty, fidelity] A term enemy.

ugd in devotions, by which, at the end

on Colours,


of a prayer, we mean, so be it ; at the There are many natural defects in the under. end of a creed, so it is.

standing, capable of amendment, which are overOne cried God bless us! and, Amen! the other,

looked and wholly neglected.

Locke. As they had seen me with these hangman's hands. 2 Reformation of life. Listening their fear, I could not say amen

Our Lord and Saviour was of opinion, that When they did say God bless us. Sbakspeare.

they which would not be drawn to amendment Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, from ever of life, by the testimony which Moses and the lasting and to everlasting. Amen, and amen. Psal. prophets have given, concerning the miseries AME'N ABLE. adj. [amesnable, Fr. amener

that follow sinners after death, were not likely quelqu'un, in the French courts, signifies

to be persuaded by other means, although God

from the dead should have raised them up to oblige one to appear to answer a


Hooker, charge exhibited against him.] Re Behold! famine and plague, tribulation and sponsible ; subject so as to be liable to anguish, are sent as scourges for amendment. inquiries or accounts.

2 Esdras. Again, because the inferiour sort were loose

Though a serious purpose of amendment, and and poor, and not amenable to the law, he pro

true acts of contrition, before the habit, may be vided, by another act, that tive of the best and accepted by God; yet there is no sure judgeldest persons of every sept, should bring in all

ment whether this purpose be serious, or these the idle persons of their surname, to be justitied acts true acts of contrition.

Hammond. by the law.

Sir John Davies on Ireland. 3. Recovery of health. A'MENAGE. 1. s. (They seem to come

Your honour's players, hearing your amendo A'Menance.$ from amener, Fr.] Con


Are come to play a pleasant comedy. Sbaks. duct; behaviour; mien : words disused. For he is fit to use in all essays,

A ME'NDMENT. n. s. [emendatio, Lat.] It Whether for arms and warlike amenance,

signifies, in law, the correction of an Or else for wise and civil governance. Spenser.

errour committed in a process, and Well kend him so far space, espied before or after judgment; and Th'enchanter, by his arms and amenance, sometimes after the party's seeking ado When under him he saw his Lybian steed to


vantage by the errour. prance.

Fairy Queen. TOAMĖ'ND. v.a. (amender, Fr. emendo, AME'NDs. n. s. (amende, Fr. from which Lat.)

it seems to be accidently corrupted.] 1. To correct; to change any thing that is

Recompence; compensation; atone

ment. wrong to something better.

If I have too austerely punish'd you, 2. To reform the life, or leave wickedness.

Your compensation makes amends. In these two cases we usually write Of the amends recovered, little or nothing remend. See MEND.

turns to those that had suffered the wrong, but Axend your ways and your doings, and I commonly all runs into the prince's coffers. will cause you to dwell in this place. Jerem.

Raleigh's Essays. 3. To restore passages in writers, which There I, a pris'ner chain'd, scarce freely draw the copiers are supposed to have de

The air imprison'd also, close and damp,

Unwholesome draught; but here I feel amends, praved; to recover the true reading.

The breath of heav'n fresh blowing, pure and To AME'ND. v. n. To grow better. To

sweet, amend differs from to improve; to improve With day-spring born; here leave me to respire. supposes, or not denies, that the thing

Milton, is well already, but to amend implies

Some little hopes I have yet remaining, that something wrong

I may make the world some part of amends for

many ill plays, by an heroick poem. Dryden. As my fortune either amends or impairs, I may declare it unto you.

If our souls be immortal, this makes abun

At his touch,

dant amends and compensation for the frailties of

life, and sufferings of this state. Tillotson. Such sanctity hath heaven given his hand, They presently amend. Sbakspeare's Macbetb.

It is a strong argument for retribucion hereAME'NDE. n. s. (French.) This word,

after, that virtuous persons are very often un

fortunate, and vitious persons prosperous; which in French, signifies a fine, by which re

is repugnant to the nature of a Being, who apcompence is supposed to be made for the pears infinitely wise and good in all his works; fault committed. We use, in a cognate unless we may suppose that such a promiscuous

distribution, which was necessary on the designs signification, the word amends. AME'NDER. 1. s. (from amend.] The per.

of providence in this life, will be rectified and

made amends for in another. Spectator. son that amends any thing.

AME'NITY. *. s. (amenité, Fr. amanitas, AME'NDMENT. 1. s. [amendement, Fr.] Lat.] Pleasantness : agreeableness of 1. A change from bad for the better.

situation. Before it was presented on the stage, some

If the situation of Babylon was such at first things in it have passed your approbation and

as in the days of Herodotus, it wasa seat of ameamendment.

nity and pleasure.

Brown. Man is always mending and altering his works; but nature observes the same tenour, be- AMENTA'cedus. adj. [amentatus, Lat.) cause her works are so perfect, that there is no

Hanging as by a thread. place for amendments ; nothing that can be re The pine tree hach amenteceous flowers or kat


Miller, prehendede

Rey on the Creation.


TO AMERCE. v. a. [amercier, Fr.opel. are of three sorts; the best are the

fawn mir auczci, seems to give the original.] blackest or deepest violet : others are 1. To punish with a pecuniary penalty; to almost quite white, and some few tinc

exact a fine ; to inflict a forfeiture. It tured with yellow. The ame!by:t is not is a word originally juridical, but adopt extremely hard, but easy to be engraved ed by other writers, and is used by upon, and is next in value to the Spouser of punishments in general.


Chunibers. Where every one that misseth chen her make, Some stones approached the granate comShall be by him ameri'd with penance due. plexion; and several nearly resembled the aimed Spenser. ibyst.

Woodward. But I 'll amerce you with so strong a fine, AMETHYST, in heraldry, signifies the That you shall all repent the loss of mine. Sbak.

same colour in a nobleman's coat, that All'the suitors were considerably amerced; yet this proved but an ineffectual remedy for

purpure does in a gentleman's. those mischiefs.


AMETHY'STINE, adj. (from amerbyst.] Re2. Sometimes with the particle in before sembling an amethyst in colour. the fine.

A kind of amethystine fint, not composed of They shall amerce him in an hundred shekels

crystals or grains, but one entire massy stone.

Grew. of silver, and give them unto the father of the damsel, because he hath brought up an evil narne

A'MIABLE. adj. [aimable, Fr.) upon a virgin of Israel.

Deut. 1. Lovely; pleasing. 3. Sometimes it is used, in imitation of

That which is good in the actions of men, the Greek construction, with the par

duth not only delight as profitable, but as amiable also.

Hosker. ticle.f.

She told her, while she kept it Millions of spirits, for his fault ameri'd

'Twould make her amiable, subdue my father Of heav'n, and froin eternal splendours Aung

Entirely to her love ; but if she lost it, For his revolt.


Or made a gift of it, my father's eye AME'RCER. n. s. [from amerce.] He that Should hold her loathed.

Sbakspeare's Otbelle. sets a fine upon any misdemeanour; he 2. Pretending love; showing love. that decrees or inficts any pecuniary Lay amiable siege to the honesty of this Ford's punishment or forfeiture.

wife; use your art of wooing. Sbakspeare. AME'RCEMENT. ». s. [from amerce.] A'MIABLENESS. n. s. [from amiable.] The AME'RCIAMENT.) The pecuniary pu quality of being amiable ; loveliness;

nishment of an offender, who stands at power of raising love, the mercy of the king, or other lord in As soon as the natural gaiety and amiableness his court.


of the young man wears off, they have nothing All amercements and fines that shall be im

left to commend them, but lie by among the lumber and refuse of the species.

Addison. posed upon them, shall come unto themselves.

Spenser's State of Ireland. A'MIA BLY. adv. (from amiable.] In an AMES ACF., n. 5. (a corruption of the

amiable manner; in such a manner as word umbs ace, which appears, from very

to excite love. old authorities, to have been early

A'MICABLE, adj. [amicabilis,

Lat.) softened by ornitting the b.] Two aces Friendly; kind. It is commonly used on two dice.

of more than one; as, they live in an But then my study was to cog che dice,

amicable manner; but we seldom say, And dext'rously to throw the lucky sice:

an amicable action, or an amicable man, To shun ames ace, that swept my stakes away; though it be so used in this passage. And watch the box, for fear they should convey O grace serene! oh virtue heav'nly fair,

False bones, and put upon me in the play. Dryd. Divine oblivion of low-thoughted care! A'MESS. n. so (corrupted from umice.] A Fresh blooming hope, gay daughter of the sky! priest's vestment.

Dicr. And faith, our early immortality! AMETHO'DICAL. adj. (froma and merbod.]

Enter each mild, each amicable guest; Out of method ; without method ; ir

Receive and wrap me in eternal rest. Pape. regular.

A'MICABLENESS. n. v. [froin amicabbert AMETHYST. n. s. [auétus , contrary

The quality of being amicable; friendto wine, or contrary to drunkenness;

liness; good-will. 80 called, either because it is not quite


adv. [from amicable.] In an of the colour of wine, or because it

amicable manner; in a friendly way; was imagined to prevent inebriation.) A

with good-will and concord.

They see precious stone of a violet colour, bor

Through the dun mist, in blooming beaucy fresh dering on purple. The oriental amerbyst

Two lovely youths, that amicably walkt is the hardest, scarcest, and most valu O'er verdant meads, and pleas'd, perhaps, reable; it is generally of a dove colour,

volv'd though some are purple, and others

Anna's late

Pbilies. white like the diamond. The German

I found my subjects amicably join. is of a violet colour, and the Spanish

To lessen their defects, by citing mine. Prier.

la Holland itself, where it is pretended that

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