Page images


Hear how Timotheus' various lays surprise, mutual change of one thing for another; And bid alternate passions fall and rise !

reciprocation. While, at each change, the son of Lybian Jove

They imagine, that an animal of the vastest Now burns with glory, and then melts with love. dimensions, and longest duration, should live in

Pope. a continual motion, without the alternity, and ALTE'RNATE ANGLES. [In geometry.] vicissitude of rest, whereby all other animals The internal angles made by a line continue.

Brown's Vulgar Errours. cutting two parallels, and lying on the ALTHO'UGH. conjunction. [from all and opposite sides of the cutting line ; the though. See THOUGH.) Notwithstand. one below the first parallel, and the ing; however it may be granted; howother above the second.

ever it may be that. ALTE'RNATE. n. s. (from alternate, adj.]

We all know, that many things are believed, That which happens alternately; vicis

although they be intricate, obscure, and dark ; situde.

altbough they exceed the reach and capacity of

our wits; yea, although in this world they be na And rais’d in pleasure, or repos’d in ease,

way possible to be understood. Hocker. Grateful alternates of substantial peace,

Me the gold of France did not seduce, They bless the long nocturnal influence shed

Although I did admit it as a motive On the crown'd goblet, and the genial bed. The sooner to effect what I intended. Sbakspeari.


The stress must be laid upon a majority; TO ALTE'RNATE. v. a. (alterno, Lat.] without which the laws would be of little 1. To perform alternately,

weight, althougb they be good additional securiThose who, in their course, ties.

Swift. Melodious hymns about the sov'reign throne A'LTIGRADE. adj. [from altus and gra.. Alternate all night long.

dior, Lat.] Rising on high.

Dick. 1. To change one thing for another re

ALTI'LOQUENCE. n. s. (altus and loquor, ciprocally,

Lat.] High speech; pompous language. The most high God, in all things appertaining unto this life, for sundry wise ends, alternates the ALTI'METRY. n. s. [altimetria, Lat. from disposition of good and evil.

Grew. altus and prozoo.] The art of taking or ALTE'RNATELY. adv. (from alternate.]

measuring altitudes or heights, whether In reciprocal succession, so that each

accessable or inaccessable, generally pershall be succeded by that which it suc

formed by a quadrant. ceeds, as light follows darkness, and ALTISONANT. adj. [altisonus, Lat.] darkness follows light.

ALTI'SONOUS. High sounding; pompThe princess Melesinda, bath'd in tears, ous or lofty in sound.

Dict. And toss'd alternately with hopes and fears, A'LTITUDE: n. s. [altitudo, Lat.] Would learn from you the fortunes of her lord. 1. Height of place; space measured up.


ward. Unhappy man! whom sorrow thus and rage

Ten masts attach'd make not the altitude, To different ills alternately engage.

Prior. The rays of light are, by some cause or other,

Which thou hast perpendicularly falln. Shaksp. alternately disposed to be reflected or refracted

Some define the perpendicular altitude of the for many vicissitudes.


highest mountains to be four miles; others but fifteen furlongs.

Brorun. ALTE'RNATENESS. n.s. (from alternate.]

She shines above, we know ; but in what The quality of being alternate, or of place,

happening in reciprocal succession. Dict. How near the throne, and heav'n's imperial face, ALTERNATION. n. s. [from alternate.)

By our weak opticks is but vainly guess'd; The reciprocal succession of things.

Distance and altitude conceal the rest. Dryden. The one would be oppressed with constant

2. The elevation of any of the heavenly heat, the other with insufferable cold; and so bodies above the horizon. the defect of alternation would utterly impugn Even unto che latitude of fifty-two, the efficacy the generation of all things.

Brown. thereof is not much considerable, whether we ALTERNATIVE. n. š. (alternatif, Br.]

consider its ascent, meridian, altitude, or abode The choice given of two things ; so

above the horizon. Brown's Vulgar Errours.

Has not a poet more virtues and vices within that if one be rejected, the other must

his circle, cannot he observe them and their inbe taken.

Auences in their oppositions and conjunctions, in A strange alternative

their altitudes and depressions ? Rymer. Must ladies have a doctor or a dance ? Young. 3. Situation with regard to lower things. ALTE'RNATIVELY. adv. (from alterna Those members which are pairs, stand by one

tive.] In alternate manner ; by turns ; another in equal altitude, and answer on each side reciprocally.

one to another.

Rey. An appeal alternatively made may be tolerated 4. Height of excellence ; superiority. by the civil law as valid. Ayliffe's Parergon. Your altitude offends the eyes ALTERNATIVENESS. n. š. (from alter Of those who want the power to rise. Swift.

native.] The quality or state of being s. Height of degree ; highest point. alternative; reciprocation.


He did it to please his mother, and to be partly ALTE'RNITY. n. s. [from altern.] Re

proud; which he is, even to the altitude of his ciprocal succession ; vicissitude; turn; virtue.


ALTI'VOLANT.adj. [altivolans, Lat.from Nor do we reasonably conclude, because by a altus and volo.] High flying. Dict,

cold and aluminous moisture, it is able awhile co A'L TOGETHER. adv. (from all and toge

resist the fire, that, from a peculiarity of nature, it subsistech and liveth in it.

Brown. ther.

The tumour may have other mixture with it, 1. Completely; without restriction ; with. to make it of a vitriolick or aluminous nature. out exception.

Wiseman's Surgery, It is in vain to speak of planting laws, and A’LWAYS. adv. [It is sometimes written plotting policy, till the people be altogether sub alway, compounded of all and way ; dued. Spenser's State of Ireland,

ealle pæza, Sax. tuttavia, Ital.] We find not in the world any people that hath lived altogether without religion.


1. Perpetually; throughout all time : op, If death and danger are things that really can posed to sometime, or to never. not be endured, no man could ever be obliged

That, which sometime is expedient, doth not to suffer for his conscience, or to die for his re

always so continue.

Hookera ligion ; it being altogether as absurd to imagine Man never is, but always to be blest. Pope. a man obliged to suffer, as to do impossibilities. 2. Constantly; without variation: opposed


to sometimes, or to now and then. I do not altogether disapprove of the manner He is always great, when some great occasion of interweaving texts of scripture through the

is presented to him.

Dryden. style of your sermon.

Swift. A. M. stands for artium magister, or 9. Conjunctly; in company. This is ra

master of arts; the second degree of ther all together.

our universities, which in some foreign Cousin of Somerset, join you with me,

countries is called doctor of philosophy. And altogetber with the duke of Suffolk, We'll quickly hoist duke Humphry from his seat. Am. The first person of the verb to be,

Sbakspeare. [See To Be.] ALUDEL. n. s. [from a and lutum ; that And God said unto Moses I am that I am: is, without lute. )

and he said, thus shalt thou say unto the childAludels are subliming pots used in chymistry,

ren of Israel, I am hath sent me unto you. Exod. without bottoms, and fitted into one another, as

Come then, my soul, I call thee by that name, many as there is occasion for, without luting. At

Thou busy thing, from whence I know I am: the bottom of the furnace is a pot that holds the

For knowing that I am, I know thou art; matter to be sublimed; and at the top is a head,

Since that must needs exist, which can impart.

Prior. to retain the flowers that rise up. Quincy. AʼLUM. n. s. Calumen, Lat.) A kind of AMABILITY. n. s. [from amabilis, Lat.] mineral salt, of an acid taste, leaving in

Loveliness; the power of pleasing.

No rules can make amability, our minds and the mouth a sense of sweetness, accom

apprehensions make that; and so is our felicity. panied with a considerable degree of

Taylor. astringency.

AMADE'TTO. n. s. A sort of pear. See The ancient naturalists allow of two sorts of

PEAR.] So called, says Skinner, from alum, natural and factitious. The natural is found in the island of Milo, being a kind of

the name of him who cultivated it. whitish stone, very light, friable, and porqus, A'MADOT. n. s. A sort of pear. [See and streaked with filaments resembling silver.

PEAR.] England, Italy, and Flanders, are the countries Ama'Iw. adv. (from maine, or maigne, where alum is principally produced ; and the old Fr. derived from magnus, Lat.) English rocbe alun is made from a bluish mi

With vehemence ; with vigour; fierce. neral stone, in the hills of Yorkshire and Lancashire.

ly; violently. It is used of any action Saccharine alum is a composition of common performed with precipitation, whether alum, with rose-water and whites of eggs boiled of fear or courage, or of any violent together, to the consistence of a paste, and thus effort. moulded at pleasure. As it cools, it grows hard

Great lords, from Ireland am I come amain, Burnt alum is elnm calcined over the fire.

"To signify that rebels there are up. Sbakspeare,

What? when we fled amain, pursued and Plumose or plume alum is a sort of salinė mine

struck ral stone, of various colours, most commonly

With heav'n's afflicting thunder, and besought white, bordering on green: it rises in threads,

The deep to shelter us?

Milten. or fibres, resembling those of a feather; whence

The hills to their supply,
its name from pluma, a feather. Chambers.
By long beating the white of an egg with a

Vapour and exhalation dusk and moist
Sent up amain,

Milter, lump of alum, you may bring it, for the most

From hence the boar was rous'd, and sprung part, into white curds.


amain, ALUM STONE. 1, s. A stone or calx used

Like lightning sudden, on the warriour train, in surgery; perhaps alum calcined,

Beats down the trees before him, shakes the which then becomes corrosive.

ground; She gargled with oxycrate, and was in a few The forest echoes to the crackling sound, days cured, by touching it with the vitriol and Shout the fierce youth, and clamours ring around, clum stones. Wiseman,

Dryden. ALU'MINOUS. adj. [from alum.) Relațing AMA'LGAM. 1 m. s. Céue and your to alum, or consisting of alum.

AMA'LGAMA. The mixture of me

as a stone.


tals procured - by amalgamation. See AMA'SMENT. n. s. [from amass. ] A heap; AMALGAMATION.

an accumulation; a collection. The induration of the amalgam appears to pro

What is now, is but an amasment of imaginary ceed from the new texture resulting from the conceptions, prejudices, ungrounded opinions,

coalition of the mingled ingredients, that make. and infinite impostures. Glanville's Scep. Sciens. s up the amalgam.

Boyle. Tu AMA'SS. v. a. [amasser, Fr.] To AMA'LGAMATE. v. a. [from amal. 1. To collect together in one heap or

gam.] To unite metals with quicksilver, which may be practised upon The rich man is not blamed, as having inade all metals, except iron and copper. The use of any unlawful means to amass riches, as use of this operation is, to make the

having thriven by fraud and injustice. Atterbury.' metal soft and ductile. Gold is, by this

When we would think of infinite space or du

ration, we, at first step, usually make some very, method, drawn over other materials by

large idea, as perhaps of millions of ages, or the gilders.

miles, which possibly we double and multiply AMALGAMA’TION. n. s. [from amalga

several times. All that we thus amass together mate.] The act or practice of amalga

in our thoughts, is positive, and the assemblage mating metals.

of a great number of positive ideas of space or duration.

Locke. Amalgamation is the mixing of mercury with any of the metals. The manner is thus in gold,

2. In a figurative sense, to add one thing, the rest are answerable : Take six parts of mer to another, generally with some share cury, mix them hot in a crucible, and pour of reproach, either of eagerness or inthem to one part of gold made red hot in an discrimination. other crucible; stir these well that they may in Such as amass all relations, must err in some, corporate ; then cast the mass into cold water,

and be unbelieved in many. Brown's Vulg. Era and wash it.

Bacon. Do not content yourselves with mere words, AMANDA'TION. n. s. [from amando, Lat.) lest your improvements only amass a heap of unThe act of sending on a message, or

intelligible phrases. Watts' Improv. of tbe Mind. employınent.

The life of Homer has been written, by amassa, AMĂNUE'NSIS. n. s. (Lat.) A person

ing of all the traditions and hints the writers who writes what another dictates.

could meet with, in order to tell a story of him to the world,

Pope. A'MARATH. n. s. (amaranthus, Lat.from AMA'ss. n. s. [amas, Fr.] An assemblage ; & and reagásrw.) A plant. Among the

an accumulation. many species, the most beautiful are,

'This pillar is but a medley or amass of all the 1. The tree amarantb. 2. The long precedent ornaments making a new kind by pendulous amaranth, with reddish co stealth.

Wotton. loured seeds, commonly called Love lies To AMA'Te, v. a. [from a and mate. See a bleeding.

Mate.] 2. In poetry it is sometimes an imaginary 1. To accompany; to entertain as a com

Power, supposed, according to its name, panion, Obsolete.
never to fade.

A lovely bevy of fair ladies sate,
Immortal amarantb! a flower which once

Courted of many a jolly paramour, in Paradise, fast by the tree of life,

The which them did in modest wise amate, Began to bloom; but soon, for man's offence,

And each one sought his lady to aggrate. Fairy e. To heav'n remov'd, where first it grew, there 2. To terrify; to strike with horrour. grows,

In this sense, it is derived from the old And dow'rs aloft, shading the fount of life;

French matter, to crush or subdue. And where the river of bliss, thro' midst of Amato'rCULIST. n. s. [amatorculus, Lat.)

heav'n, Rowls o'er Elysian flow'rs her amber stream:

A little insignificant lover; a pretender With these, that never fade, the spirits elect to affection.

Dict. Bind their resplendent locks, inwreath'd with A'MATORY.adj. ( amatorius, Lat.) Relating beams. Milton', Paradise Lost,

to love ; causing love. AMARANTHINE. adj. ( amaranıbinus. Lat.] It is the same thing whether one ravish Luq

Relating to amaranths; consisting of cretia by force, as Tarquin, or by amatory potions amaranths.

not only allure her, but necessitate her to satisfy By the streams that ever flow,

his lust, and incline her effectually, and draw her By the fragrant winds that blow

inevitably, to follow him spontaneously. O'er the elysian flow'rs;

Bramball against Hobbes.
By those happy souls that dwell

AMAURO'SIS. ni. s. [Apuavpów.] A dimness
In yellow meads of asphodel,
Or amarantbine bow'rs.

of sight, not from any visible defect in AMA'RITUDE. 8. s. [amaritudo, Lat.) Bit

the eye, but from some distemperature

of the inner parts, occasioning the reterness. What amaritude or acrimony is deprehended

presentations of flies and dust floating in choler, it acquires from a commixture of me before the eyes: which appearances are

bancholy, or external malign bodiss. Harvey. the parts of the retina hid and comAMA'RULENCE. B. so (amaritudo, Lat.] pressed by the blood vessels being too Bitterness.

Dici, much distended ; so that in many of its


parts, all sense is lost, and therefore no He ended, and his words impression lett images can be painted upon them ;

Of much amazement to th' infernal crew, whereby the eyes continually rolling

Distracted and surpriz'd with deep dismay
At these sad ridings.

Milton round, many parts of objects, falling successively upon them, are obscure. 3. Height of admiration.

Had you, some ages past, this race of glory The cure of this depends upon a re. Run, with amazement we should read your story: moval of the stagnations in the extre. But living virtue, all achievements past, mities of those arteries which run over Meets envy still to grapple with at last. Weller,

the bottom of the eye. Quincy. 4. Astonishment; wonder at an unex. TO AMA'ZE. v. a. (trom and maze, pected event. perplexity.]

They knew that it was he which sat for alms 1. To confuse with terrour.

at the Beautiful Gate of the temple, and they Yea, I will make many people amazed at

were filled with wonder and amazement at that thee, and their kings shall be horribly afraid

which had happened unto him.

Acts for thee when I shall brandish my sword be AMA'ZING: participial adj. [from amaze.] fore them, and they shall tremble at every mo.

Wonderful; astonishing. ment; every man for his own life in the day of It is an amazing thing to see the present de. the fall.

Ezek. solation of Italy, when one considers what in2. To put into confusion with wonder. credible multitudes it abounded with during the Go heav'nly pair, and with your dazzling

reigns of the Roman emperours.

Adéison virtues,

AMA'ZINGLY. adv. (from amazing.) To Your courage, truth, your innocence and love, a degree that may excite astonishment; Amaze and charm mankind.

Smitb. wonderfully. 3. To put into perplexity.

If we arise to the world of spirits, our knowa That cannot choose but amaze him. If he be ledge of them must be amazingly imperfect when not amazed, he will be mocked; if he be amazed, there is not the least grain of sand but has too

he will every way be mocked. Sbakspeare. many difficulties belonging to it for the wisest AMA'ZE. n. S. (from the verb.] Astonish philosopher to answer. Watts' Logick.

ment; confusion, either of fear or A'MAZON. r. s. [< and watc.) The wonder.

Amazons were a race of women famous Fairfax, whose name in arms thro' Europe for valour, who inhabited Caucasus ;

rings, And fills all mouths with envy or with praise,

they are so called from their cutting off

their breasts, to use their weapons bete Apd all her jealous monarchs with amaze,


ter. A warlike woman; a yirago. Meantime the Trojan cuts his wat'ry way,

Stay, stay thy hands, thou art an amazon, Fix'd on his voyage, through the curling sea;

And fightest with the sword. Sbakspeare Then casting back his eyes, with dire amaze,

AMB AGES. n. s. (Lat.) A circuit of Sees on the Punick shore the mounting blaze. words ; a circumlocutory form of

Dryden, speech ; a multiplicity of words; an in. AMAʼZEDLY. adv. [from amazed.] Con. direct manner of expression.

fusedly ; with amazement; with con They gave those complex ideas names, that fusion.

they might the more easily record and discourse I speak amazedly, and it becomes

of things they were daily conversant in, without My marvel, and my message. Sbakspeare.

long ambages and circumlocutions; and that the Stands Macbeth thus amazedly?

things they were continually to give and receive Come, sisters, cheer we up his sprights. Sbaksp.

information about, might be the easier and AMA'ZEDNESS. N. s. [from amazed.] The

quicker understood.

Lockey state of being amazed ; astonishment; AMBA’Giovs. adj. [from amtages.] Cirwonder ; confusion.

cumlocutory; perplexed; tedious. Did. I was by at the opening of the farthel, heard AMBASSA'de: n.s. (ambassade, Fr.] Em. the old shepherd deliver the manner how he bassy ; character or business of an am. found it; whereupon, after a little amazedness, bassadour. Not in use. we were all commanded out of the chamber,

When you disgrac'd me in my ambassade,

Shakspeare Then I degraded you from being king. Sbaksp. AMA'ZEMENT, n. s. [from amaze.] AMBA'SSADOUR. n. s. (ambassadeur, 1. Such a confused apprehension as does Fr. embasador, Span. It is written dif.

not leave reason its full force; extreme ferently, as it is supposed to come from fear; horrour.

the French or Spanish language ; and He answer'd nought at all ; but adding new

the original derivation being uncertain, Fear to his first amazement, staring wide, With stony eyes, and heartless hollow hue,

it is not easy to settle its orthography. Astonish'd stood, as one that had espy'd

Some derive it from the Hebrew ww Inferpal furies, with their chains unty'd. to tell, and was a messenger ; others

Fairy & But look! amazement on thy mother sits;

from ambactus,which, in the old Gaulish, step between her and her fighting soul:

signified a servant; whence ambascia, in Conceit in weakest bodies strongest works. Sbak. low Latin, is found to signify servici, 3. Extreme dejection,

and ambasciator, a servant ; others de

Pape. .

duce it from ambacbl, in old Teutonick, sea from subterraneous sources; but this opinion

is also discarded, as good amber having been signifying a government, and Junius

found in digging at a considerable distance from mentions a possibility of its descent

che sea, as that gathered on the coast. Boerhaave from ayabiliw; and others from am for

ranks it with camphire, which is a concrete oil ad, and bassas, low, as supposing the of aromatic plants, elaborated by heat into a act of sending an ambassadour, to be crystalline form. Within some pieces of amber in some sort an act of submission. All

have been found leaves and insects included; these derivations lead to write ambas.

which seems to indicate, either that the amber sadour, not embassadour.]

was originally in a-fluid state, or that, having person sent

been exposed to the sun, it was softened, and in a public manner from one sovereign rendered susceptible of the leaves and insects. power to another, and supposed to re Amber, when rubbed, draws or attracts bodies present the power from which he is to it; and, by friction, is brought to yield light sent. The person of an ambassadour is

pretty copiously in the dark. Some distinguisha inviolable.

amber, into yellow, white, brown, and black :

but the two latter are supposed to be of a dif. Ambassadour is, in popular language, ferent nature and denomination; the one called the general name of a messenger from a jet, the other ambergris. Tredoux. Chambers. sovereign power, and sometimes, ludi. Liquid amber is a kind of native balsam or recrously, from common persons. In the

sin, like turpentine; clear, reddish, or yellowjuridical and formal language, it signi

ish; of a pleasant smell, almost like ambergrisa

It flows from an incision made in the bark of a fies particularly a minister of the highest fine large tree in New Spain, called by the na rank residing in another country, and tives ososol.

Chambersa is distinguished from an envoy, who is If light penetrateth any clear body that is com of less dignity:

loured, as painted glass, amber, water, and the Give first admittance to th' ambassadours.

like, it gives the light the colour of its medium. Sbakspeare.

Peachan. Rais'd by these hopes, I sent no news before,

No interwoven reeds a garland made, Nor ask'd your leave, nor did your faith implore;

To hide his brows within the vulgar shade; But come without a pledge, my own ambassadour.

But poplar wreathes around his temples spread, Dryden.

And tears of amber trickled down his head. Add. Oft have their black ambassadours appear'd

The spoils of elephants the roofs inlay, Loaden with gifts, and fill'd the courts of Zama.

And studded amber darts a golden ray.

Addison. AʼMBER. adj. Consisting of amber. AMBA'SSADRESS. n. s. [ambassadrice, Fr.]

With scarfs, and fans, and double Large of 1. The lady of an ambassadour.

With amber bracelets, beads, and all this knav'ry. 2. In ludicrous language, a woman sent

Sbakspeare. on a message:

A'MBER-DRINK. n. s. Drink of the coWell, my ambassadressCome you to menace war and loud defiance ? lour of amber, or resembling amber ia Or does the peaceful olive grace your brow?

colour and transparency:

Rowe, All your clear amber-drink is fat. Bacon, . A'MBASSAGE. n. s. (from ambassadour.] A'M BERGRIS. n. s. (from amber and gris,

An embassy ; the business of an ambas or gray ; that is, gray amber.] A fra: sadour.

grant drug, that melts almost like wax, Maximilian entertained them with dilatory an commonly of a grayish or ash colour, swers; so as the formal part of their ambassage might well warrant their further stay. Bacon.

used both as a perfume and a cordial. A’MBER. 1. s. [from ambar, Arabic;

Some imagine ambergris to be the excrement

of a bird, which, being melted by the heat of whence the lower writers formed amba

the sun, and washed off the shore by the rum.] A yellow transparent substance waves, is swallowed by whales, who return it of a gummous or bituminous consiste back in the condition we find it. Others conence, but a resinous taste, and a smell

clude it to be the excrement of a cetaceous like oil of turpentine ; chiefly found in

fish, because sometimes found in the intestines

of such animals. But we have no instance of the Baltick sea, along the coasts of any excrement capable of melting like wax; Prussia.

and if it were the excrement of a whale, it Some naturalists refer amber to the vegetable, should rather be found where these animale others to the mineral, and some even to the ani abound, as about Greenland. Others take it mal, kingdom. Pliny describes it as a resinous for a kind of wax or gum, which distils froin juice, cozing from aged pines and firs, and dis trees, and drops into the sea, where it congeals. charged thence into the sea. He adds, that it Many of the orientals imagine it springs out of was hence the ancients gave it the denomination the sea, as naphtha does out of some fountains. of succinum, from succus, juice. Some have ima Others assert it to be a vegetable production, isgined it a concretion of the tears of birds; others, suing out of the root of a tree, whose roots al-, the urine of a beast; others, the scum of the lake ways shoot towards the sea, and discharge themCephisis, near the Atlantick; others, a congela selves into it. Others maintain, that ambergris tion formed in the Baltick, and in some foun is made from the honey-combs, which fall into tains, where it is found swimming like pitch. the sea from the rocks, where the bees had Others suppose it a bitumen uickling into the formed their nests; several persons having seca


« PreviousContinue »