« PreviousContinue »
The solitary maggot, found in the dry heads 3. Influence ; good derived to others from of teasel, is sometimes changed into the aurelia the piety of their patron.
of a butterfly, sometimes into a fly-case. Rày. A'URICLE. n. s. Cauricula, Lat.]
But so may he live long, that town to sway,
Which by his auspice they will nobler make, 1. The external car, or that part of the ear As he will hatch their ashes by his stay. Dryden.
which is prominent from the head. AuspI'CIAL. adj. [from auspice.] Re. 2. Two appendages of the heart ; being lating to prognosticks.
two muscular caps, covering the two Auspicious. adj. [from auspice.] ventricles thereof; thus called from the 1. Having omens of success. resemblance they bear to the external You are now with happy and auspicious beear. They move regularly like 'the
ginnings, forming a model of a christían charity.
Sprat, heart, only in an inverted order ; their systole corresponding to the diastole of
2. Prosperous ; fortunate : applied to perthe heart.
Chambers. Blood should be ready to join with the chyle,
Auspicious chief! thy race, in times to come, before it reaches the right auricle of the heart.
Shall spread the conquests of imperial Rome.
Dryden. Ray. AURI'CULA. n. s. See BEARS EAR. A
Favourable ; kind ; propitious : applied flower.
to persons, or actions.
Fortune play upon thy prosp'rous helm, AURI'CULAR. adj. [from auricula, Lat. As thy auspicious mistress! Sbakspeare. the ear.]
4. Lucky; happy: ar ned to things. 1. Within the sense or reach of hearing:
I'll deliver ail, You shall hear us confer, and by an auricular And promise you calmn seas, auspicious gales, assurance have your satisfaction. Sbakspeare. And sails expeditious. Sbakspeare's Tempesta 2. Secret ; told in the ear; as, auricular A pure, an active, an auspicious flame, confession.
And bright as heav'n, from whence the blessing
Roscommon. 3. Traditional; known by report. The alchymists call in many varieties out of
Two battles your auspicious cause has won; astrology, auricular traditions, and feigned testi
Thy sword can perfect what it has begun.
Bacon. AURICULARLY. adv. [from auricular.] Auspi’CIOUSLY. adv. [from auspicious.] In a secret manner.
Happily ; prosperously; with prosperThese will soon confess, and that not auricu ous omens. larly, but in a loud and audible voice.
AUSPICIOUSNESS. n. s. [from auspicious.]
Decay of Piety. Prosperity ; promise of happiness. AURI'PEROUS. adj. [aurifer, Lat.) That AUSTÉRE. adj. (austerus, Lat.] produces gold.
1. Severe ; harsh ; rigid. Rocks rich in gems, and mountains big with mines,
When men represent the divine nature as an
austere and rigorous master, always lifting up his Whence many a bursting stream auriferous plays.
hand to take vengeance, such conceptions must unavoidably raise terror.
Rogers. AURIGATION.n.s.(auriga, Lat.] The act
Austere Saturnius, say or practice of driving carriages. Dict. From whence this wrath? or who controuls thy AURIPIGME'NTUM. See OR PIMENT.
Popeo AURORA. n. s. (Lat.]
2. Sour of taste ; harsh. 1. A species of crowfoot.
Th'austere and pond'rous juices they sublime. 2. The goddess that opens the gates of
Make them ascend the porous soil, and climb
The orange tree, the citron, and the lime. day; poetically, the morning.
Blackmore, Aurora sheds
Austere wines, diluted with water, cool more On Indus' smiling banks the rosy shower.
than water alone, and at the same time do not Thomson. relax.
Arbuthnot on Aliments. AURORA Borealis. [Lat.] Light stream- AUSTE'RELY. adv. (from austere.] Şeing in the night from the north.
verely ; rigidly: HURUM Fulminans. (Lat.] A prepara Ah! Luciana, did he tempt thee so?
tion made by dissolving gold in aqua Might'st thou perceive, austerely in his eye, regia, and precipitating it with salt of That he did plead in earnest ?
Sbakspeare, tartar; whence a very small quantity of
Hypocrites austerely talk it becomes capable, by a moderate hcat, AUSTE'RENESS. n. s. [from austere.]
Of purity, and place, and innocence. Par. Losin of giving a report like that of a pistol.
1. Severity; strictness ; rigour.
My unsoil'd name, th'austereness of my life, Some aurum fulminans the fabrick shook.
May vouch against you; and my place i'th' state
Will so your accusation overweigh. Shakspeare. AUSCULTATION. n. s. [from ausculto,
If an indifferent and unridiculous object could. Lat.) A hearkening or listening to. Dict. draw this austereness into a smile, he hardly could, A'USPICE. n. s. (auspicium, Lat.)
resist the proper' motives thereof. Browse 1. The omens of any future undertaking 2. Roughness in taste. drawn from birds.
AUSTE’RITY. n. s. (from austere.] 2. Protection ; favour shown.
1. Severity; mortified life ; strictnest. Great father Mars, and greater Jore,
Now, Marcus Cato, our new consul's spy, By whose high auspice Rome hath stood
What is your sour austerity sent t'explore? So long. Ben Jonsen.
Be: 707697 VOL, I.
What isas that snaky-headed Gorgo shield That law, the author and observer whereof is That wise Mireva wore, unconquer'd virgin, one only God to be blessed for ever. Hooker. Wherewith she freez'd her foes to congeal'd The autbor of that which causeth another thing
to be, is author of that thing also which thereby But rigid looks of chaste austerity,
Hooker. And noble grace, that dash'd brute violence
I'll never With sudden adoration and blank awe? Milton. Be such a gosling to obey instinct; but stand;
Thuis prince kept the government, and yet As if a man was autbor of himself, lived in this convent with ail the rigour and are And knew no other kin. Shakspeare's Coriolanus. sterity of a capuchin.
Addison. Thou art my father, thou my author, thou 2. Cruelty; harsh discipline.
My being gav'st me; whom should I obey
But thee? Let noi austerity breed servile fear;
Milion's Paradise Losto No wanton sound offend hier virgin ear. Roscom. But Faunus came from Picus, Picus drew A'USTRAL adj. (australis, Lat.] Southern;
His birth from Saturn, if records be true.
Thus king Latinus, in the third degree, vas, the austral signs.
Had Saturn author of his family. Dreden. To A'I'STRALIZE. V. n. (from auster, the
If the worship of false gods had not blinded south wind, Lat.] To tend toward the the heathen, instead of teaching to worship the south.
sun, and dead heroes, they would have taught us Steel and good irou discover a verticity, or to worship our true Author and benefactor, as polar faculty; whereby they do septentriate at
their ancestors did under the government of one extreme, and australize at another.
Noah and his sons, before they corrupted themBrown's Vulgar Errours, selves.
Newton. A'Ustrine. adj. [from austrinus, Lat.] 2. The efficient; he that effects or pro, Southern ; southernly.
duces any thing: AUTHENTICAL. adj. [from authentick.] That which is the strength of their amity,
shall prove the immediate author of their tarie Not fictitious; being what it seems. Of statutes made before time of memory, we
Now while the tortur'd savage turns around, have no authentical records, but only transcripts.
And fings about his foam, impatient of this
wound; AUTHE'NTICALLY. adv. [from authenti
The wound's great autbor close at hand provokes cal.] After an authentick manner; with
Dryden's Fables. all the circumstances requisite to pro
From his loins cure authority.
New authors of dissension spring; from him This point is dubious, and not yet authentically Two branches, that in hosting long contend decided. Brown's Vulgar Errours. For sov'reign sway.
Pbilito Conscience never commands or forbids any 3. The first writer of any thing; distinct thing authentically, but there is some law of God from the translator or compiler. which commands or forbids it first. South.
To stand upon every point in particulars, beAUT HE'NTICALNESS. n. s. [from authen longeth the first author of che story.2 Maccabees.
tical.] The quality of being authentick; An author has the choice of his own thoughts genuineness ; authority.
and words, which a translator has not.' Dryder Nothing can be more pleasant than to see vir. 4. A writer in general. tuosos about a cabinet of medals, descanting up
Yet their own authors faithfully affirm on the value, rarity, and authenticalness of the
That the land Salike lies in Germany, Sbalskie several pieces.
Addison. AUTHO'RITATIVE. adj. [from authorits.) AUTHENTICITY. n. s. [from authentick.] 1. Having due authority.
Authority; genuineness; the being au 2. Having an air of authority; positive. thentick.
I dare not give them the authoritative title of AUTHE'NTICK. adj. [authenticus, Lat.]
aphorisms, which yet may make a reasonable moral prognostick.
Wottaa, That has every thing requisite to give it
'The mock authoritative manner of the one, authority; as, an authentick register.
and the insipid mirth of the other. Swift's Exam It is used in opposition to any thing by AuthoʻRITATIVELY. adv. [from autba. which authority is destroyed, as authen ritative.] tick, riot counterfeit. It is never used of I. In an authoritative manner ; with a persons. Genuine ; not fictitious.
show of authority: Thou art wont his great authentick will
2. With due authority, Interpreter through highest heav'n to bring.
No law foreign binds in England, till it be re.
Milton. She joy'd th' authentick news to hear,
ceived, and autboritatively engrafted, into the law of England.
Hal. Of what she guess'd before with jealous fear.
AUTHO'RITATIVENESS. n. s. [from taxBut censure 's to be understood
thoritative.] An aeting by authority i The duthentick mark of the elect,
Dict The publick stamp heav'n sets on all that is great AUTHOʻRITY, n. s. (auctoritas, Lat.] and good.
Swift. 1. Legal power.
That still would manage those autborities AUTHE'NTICKNESS. N. s. [from authen. That he hath given away! Sbaksp. King Lear. tick.] The same with autienticity.
Adam's sovereignty, that by virtue of being AUTHOR. 1. s. [auctor, Lat.]
proprietor of the whole world, he had any anti1. The first beginner or mover of any
rity over men, could not have been inherited by thing ; he to whom any thing owes its
any of his children.
2. Influence ; credit.
Power arising from strength, is always in those
Idle old man,
that are governed, who are many: but authority rent stuff, seasoned with twang and tautology, arising from opinion, is in those that govern,
pass for rhetorick.
South, who are few.'
Temple. AUTO'CRASY. n. s. [autospítala, from The woods are fitter to give rules than cities,
dur@, self, and xşı-6', power.] Inde. where those that call themselves civil and r2tional, go out of their way by the authority of
pendent power ; supremacy.
AUTOGRAPHICAL. adj. (from autogra3. Power; rule.
phy.] Of one's own writing. Dict.
AUTO'GRAPHY. n. s. (rutor.peton, from
curas, and spiçw, to write.] A particular It will go hard with poor Antonio. Sbaksp. person's own writing; or the original of
But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to a treatise, in opposition to a copy. usurp authoriiyover the man, but to be in silence. AUTOMA’TICAL. adj. (from automaton.]
Belonging to an automaton; having the 4. Support ; justification ;'countenance. Dost thou expect th' authority of their voices,
power of moving itself. Whose silent wills condemn thee? Ben Jonson. AUTO'MATON. n. s. (@urópanov.] In the 5. Testimony.
plural, automata. A machine that hath Something I have heard of this, which I would the power of motion within itself, and be glad to tind by so syeetan autbority confirmed. which stands in need of no foreign Sidney, assistance.
Quincy. We use authorities in things that need not, For it is greater to understand the art whereby and introduce the testimony of ancient writers,
the Almighty governs the motions of the great to confirm things evidently believed. Brotus.
automator, than to have learned the intrigues of Having been so hardy as to undertake a
Glanville's Scepsis. charge against the philosophy of the schovis, I The particular circumstances for which the was liable to have been overborne by a toirent automata of this kind are most. eminent, may be of authorities. Glanville's Scepsis. reduced to four.
Wilkins. 6. Weight of testimony; credibility; co AUTO'SATOUS. adj. [from automa:on.] gency of evidence.
Having in itself the power of motion. They consider the main consent of all the Clocks, or automatous organs, whereby we churches in the whole world, witnessing the sa distinguish of time, have no mention in ancient cred authority of scriptures, ever sithence the writers.
Brown's Vulgar Errours. first publication thereof, even till this present day and hour.
AUTO'SOMY. n. s. [ droopid..] The living
according toone's mind and prescription.
monstration ; seeing a thing one's self.
Quincy. TO AU'THORIZE. v. a. (autoriser, Fr.]
In those that have forked tails, autopsy con1. To give authority to any person.
vinceth us, that it hath this use. Ray on Creation, Making herself an impudent suitor, authoriz AUTO'PTICAL. adj. [from autopsy.] Pering herself very much, with making us see that ceived by one's own eyes. all favour and power depended upon her. Sidney. Auto'PTICAL.LY: adv. (from autoptical.] Deaf to complaints, they wait upon the ill, Till some safe crisis autborize their skill. Dryden.
By means of one's own eyes. 2. To make any thing legal.
Were this true, it would autoptically silence Yourself first made that title which I claim,
Brown. First bid me love, and authoriz'd my fame.
That the galaxy is a meteor, was the account Dryden.
of Aristotle; but the telescope hath auitoptically I have nothing farther to desire,
confuted it and he, who is not Pyrrhonian Eut Sancho's leave to autborize our marriage.
enough to the disbelief of his senses, may see Dryden.
that it is no exhalation. Glanville's Scepsis. To have countenanced in him irregularity, A'UTUMN. 11. s. (autumnus, Lat.] The sea. and disobedience to that light which he had, son of the year between summer and would have been, to have authorized disorder, confusion, and wickedness, in his creatures.
winter, beginning astronomically at the Locke.
equinox, and ending at the solstice ; po3. To establish any thing by authority;
pularly, autumn comprises August, SepLawful it is to devise any ceremony, and to
tember, and October. Tuthorizz any kind of regiment, no special com
For I will board her, though she chide as loud mandment being thereby violated.
As thunder, when the clouds in autumn crack. Those forms are best which have been longest
Shakspeare received and authorizedin a nation by custom and
I would not be over confident, till he hath Temple,
passed a spring or autumn. Wiseman's Surgery. 4. To justify; to prove a thing to be right.
The starving brood,
Void of sufficient sustenance, will yield
A slender autumn.
Philips. Autumu nodding o'er the yellow plain,
Comes jovial on.
AUTOʻNNAL. adj. [from autumn.! Beit notoriously strengthen vulgar errour, and ai:
longing to autumn; produced in authorize opinions injurious unto truth. Brown,
tumn. Be a person in vogue with the multitude, he
No spring or summer's beauty hath such grace, shall cutborize any nonsense, and make incohe As I have seen in one autuminal face. Donne
Thou shalt not long
For thousand perils lie in close await Rule in the clouds; like an autumnal star,
About as daily, to work our decay. Spenser:
Bind now up your autumnal flowers, to prevent has the preterit awoke, or, as we now
more commonly speak, awaked.] With that ripe red th' autumnal sun bestows.
1. To rouse out of sleep. Pope.
Take heed, Avu'lSION. ». s. [avulsio, Lat.] The act
How you awake our sleeping sword of war.
Shakspeare. of pulling one thing from another.
Our friend Lazarus sleepeth; but I go that I Spare not the little offsprings if they grow
may awake him out of sleep.
John. Redundant: but the thronging clusters thin
2. To raise from any state resembling By kind avulsion.
Philips. The pressure of any ambient fluid can be no
sleep: intelligible cause of the cohesion of matter;
Hark, hark, the horrid sound though such a pressure may hinder the avulsion Has rais'd up his head of two polished superficies one from another, in
As awak'd from the dead,
And amaz'd he stares around. a line perpendicular to them. Locke,
Drydena AUXE'SIS. n. s. (Latin.) An increasing ;
3. To put into new action. an exornation, when, for amplification,
The spark of noble courage now awake, a more grave and magnificent word is T. AWA'KÈ. V. n. To break from sleep;
And strive your excellent self to excel. F. Queen. put instead of the proper word. Smith.
to cease to sleep. AUXILIAR. 1n.s. (from auxilium, Lat.)
Alack, I am afraid they have awak'd, 'AUXILIARY.) Helper; assistant ; con And 't is not done.
Sbakspeare's Macbetha federate.
I awaked up last of all, as one that gathereth In the strength of that power, he might, with after the grape-gatherers.
Ecclus. out the auxiliaries of any further ipfluence, have AwA'KE.adj. from the verb.] Not bedettrmined his will to a full choice of God.
ing asleep; not sleeping:
So:ith, : 'There are,indeed, a sort of underlinganxiliaries
Imagination is like to work better upon sleeping men, than men awake.
Baton, to the difficulty of a work, called commentators Cares shall not keep him on the throne awake, and criticks.
Nor break the golden slumbers he would take. AUXILIAR. } adj. [from auxilium, Lat.]
Dryden. AUXI'LIARY. Assistant; helping ; con TO AWAKEN. v. a. and v. n. The same federate.
with awake. The giant brood,
Awake Argantyr, Hervor the only daughter That fought at Thebeş and livin, on each side Of thee and Suafu doth awaken thee. Hickes. Mix'd with auxiliar gods. Milton's Paradise Lost,
The fair Their tractates are little auxiliary unto ours, Repairs her smiles, awakens ev'ry grace, not afford us any light to detenebrate this truth. And calls forth all the wonders of her face. Popes
Brown's Vulgar Errours. To Aw a'rd. v. a. (derived by Skinner, There is not the smallest capillary vein but it is present with, and auxiliary to it, according to
somewhat improbably, from peand, Sax. Hale's Origin of Mankind.
toward.] To adjudge; to give any thing
by a judicial sentence.
It advances that grand business, and according conjugate other verbs.
to which their eternity hereafter will be awarded. In almost all languages, some of the common
Decay of Piety.
A church which allows salvation to none withest nouns and verbs have many irregularities;
out it, nor awards damnation to almost any such are the common auxiliary verbs, to be and within it.
South to have, to do and to be done, &c.
Satisfaction for every affront cannot be awardo
Collier on Duelling
Th’unwise award to lodge it in the tow'rs, 1. To expect; to wait for.
An off'ring sacred.
Awa'rp. n. s. [from the verb.] Judg.
Now hear th' award; and happy may it prove
To her, and him who best deserves her love.
Affection bribes the judgment, and we cannot 2. To attend ; to be in store for.
expect an equitable award, where the judge is
To urge the foe,
Prompted by blind revenge and wild despair,
Were to refuse th'
awards of Providence. Addis. 'torments awaits the objects of his displeasure.
word for cautious; it is however, pero AWA'IT. n. s. [from the verb.] Ambush. haps, an adjective; geparian, Sax.] Ex: See Wait.
cited to caution ; vigilant ; in a stite o And least mishap the most bliss alter may: alarm; attentive.
made a party.
Ere I was aware, I had left myself nothing This thought fixed upon him who is only to be but the name of a king.
Sidney. feared, God and yet with a tilial fear, which at Ere sorrow was acuare, they made his thoughts the same time both fears and loves. It was atve bear away something else besides his own sorrow. without amazement, and dread without distracSidney's Arcudia. tion.
South. Temptations of prosperity insinuate them What is the proper arve and fear, which is selves; so that we are but little aware of them, due from man to God?
Rogers. and less able to withstand them. Atterbury. To Awe. v. a. (from the noun.) To strike To AWA'RE. v. 1. To beware; to be with reverence, or fear; 'to keep in subcautious.
jection. So warn'd he them aware themselves; and If you will work on any man, you must either Instant, without disturb, they took alarm. know his nature and fas: ions, and so lead him ;
Milton's Paradise Lost. or his ends, and so persuade him; or his weakThis passage is by others understood nesses and disadvantages, and so awe him; or He warned those, who were
those that have interest in him, and so gorern him.
Bucon. aware themselves. AwA'Y. adv. [apez, Saxon.]
Why then was this forbid? Why, but to awe! 3. In a state of absence; not in any par
Why, but to keep you low and ignorant,
To balance Europe, and her states to aze. Love to your dress, although your face were
Ben Jonson's Cataline. The rods and axes of princes, and their depuIt is impossible to know properties that are so ties, may awe many into obedience; but the annexed to it, that any of them being away, that fame of their goodness, justice, and other viressence is not there. Locke. tues, will work on more.
Aiterbury 2. From any place or person.
A'WEBAND. n. s. [from awe and land.] A
Awful, adj. [from awe and full.]
I. That strikes with awe, or fills with re-
So auful that with honour thou may'st love
Thy mate; who sees, when thou art seen least Summer suns roll unperceiv'd away. Pope.
Milton's Paradise Lost, 3. Let us go
I approach thee thus, and gaze
Fairest resemblance of thy Make; fair! Milion. 4. Begone.
2. Worshipful; in authority; invested with Away, and glister like the god of war,
dignity. This sense is obsolete. When he intendeth to become the field. Shaks, Know, then, that some of us are gentlemen,
I'll to the woods among the happier brutes: Such as the fury of ungovern’d youth
Away, you flatt'rer!
lous. This sense occurs but rarely. s. Out of one's own hands; into the
It is not nature and strict reason, but a weak
power of something else.
and awful reverence for antiquity, and the vogue of fallible men.
Watts It concerns every man, who will not trifle A'W FULLY. adv. (from awful.] In a reaway his soul, and fool himself into irrecoverable misery, to enquire into these matters. Tillotson.
verential manner. 6. It is often used with a verb; as, to drink
It will concern a man to treat this great prins away an estate ; to idle away a manor ;
ciple awfully and warily, by still observing what that is, to drink or idle till an estate or
it commands, but especially what it forbids.
South, manor is gone. He play'd his life
A'WFULNESS. n. s. [from aqvful.] davay,
Dopo 1. The quality of striking with awe;'807. On the way; on the road: perhaps this is the original import of the following
lemnity. phrase :
These objects naturally raise seriousness; and Sir Valentine, whither away so fast? Shaksp.
night heightens the awfulness of the place, and
pours out her supernumerary horrours upon %. Perhaps the phrase, he cannot away
Addison. with, may mean, he cannot travel with; 2. The state of being struck with awe: be cannot bear the company of.
little used. She never could away with me.-Never, ne
An help to prayer, producing in us reverence ver: she would always say, she could not abide
and awfulness to the
divine majesty of God. master Shallow, Sbakspeare.
Tuylor's Rule of living boly. 9. Lavay with. Throw away; take away.
TO AWHA'PĖ. v. a.
[This word I have If you dare think of deserving our charms, Away with
met with only in Spenser, nor can I disyour sheephooks, and take to your
cover whence it is derived; but imagine,
that the Teutonic language had an
ciently wapen, to strike, or some such They all be brought up idly, without awe of
word, from which weapons, or offensive parents, without precepts of masters, and without
arms, took their denomination.] To Spenser's State of Ireland, strike; to confound; to terrify.
fear of offence.