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Their oppositions in maintenance of publick entire tone, after a greater semitone has superstition against apostolick endeavours, were***
been taken from it. The proportion vain and frivolous.
in numbers of the apotome, is that of Or where did I at sure tradition strike,
The Greeks thought Provided still it were apostolick?
2048 to 2187.
Dryden. APO'STROPHE. n. s: [etogopa, from ito, that the greater tone could not be divided from, and spéfw, to turn.]
into two equal parts ; for which reason 1. In rhetorick, a diversion of speech to
they call the first part anchoun, and the
boil.] A decoction; an infusion made son to another many times abruptly.
by boiling ingredients. A figure when we break off the course
During this evacuacion, he took opening broths and apozems.
Wiseman's Surgery, of our speech, and speak to some new
Squirts read Garth till apozems grow cold. person, present or absent, as to the peo
Gay. ple or witnesses, when it was before di- TO APPA'L. v. a. (appalir, Fr. It might
rected to the judges or opponent. Smith. more properly have been written appale.) 2. In grammar, the contraction of a word
To fright; to strike with sudden fear; by the use of a comma, as, tho’ for to depress; to discourage. though; rep' for reputation.
Whilst she spake, her great words did appal Many laudable attempts have been made, by My feeble courage, and my heart oppress, abreviating words with a postrophes; and by lop That yet I quake and trenible over all. Fairy Q. ping polysyllables, leaving one or two syllables Give with thy trumpet a loud note to Troy, at most.
Szeift. Thou dreadful Ajax; that th' appalled air TO APO'STROPHIZE. via. [from apos May pierce the head of thy great combatant. trophe.] To address by an apostrophe.
Shakspeare. There is a peculiarity in Homer's manner of
The house of peers was somewhat appalled at apostrophizing Eumæus, and speaking of him in
this alarum; but took time to consider of it till
Does neither rage inflame, nor fear appal,
Nor the black fear of death that saddens all? A'POSTUME. n. s. See APOSTEME. (This
Pope word is properly apostem.] A hollow
The monster curls tumour filled with purulent matter, His filaming crest, all other thirst appalld,
How an apostume in the mesentery, breaking, Or shiv'ring flies, or choak'd at distance stands. causes a consumption in the parts,
Harvey: Arpa'LEMENT. n. s. [from appal.] De-
Diet. of fear.
pository.) A man whose employment discouragement and appalement to the rest. Bacon.
so [appanagium, low Give me an ounce of civet, good apothecary, Latin ; probably from panis, bread.] Toswettenmyimagination. Sbakspeare's K.Lear. Lands set apart by princes for the main
have nocther doctor but the sun and the fresh air; and that such an one, as never sends
tenance of their younger children.
He became suitor for the earldom of Chester, them to the apoibecary.
a kind of appanage to Wales, and using to go
Had he thought it fit
The God of light could ne'er have been so bliud,
To deal it to the worst of human kind. Swift. A'POTHEGM. 1.s. (properly apophthegm; APPARATUS. n.-s. [Latin.] Things pro. which see.] A remarkable saying.
vided as means to any certain end, as By frequent conversing with him, and scatter
the tools of a trade; the furniture of a ing short apo:beyms, and little pleasant stories, and making useful applications of them, bis son
house; ammunition for war; equipage ; was, in his infancy, taught to abhor vanity and
show. vice as monsters. Walton's Life of Sanderson.
There is an apparatus of things previous to be APOTHE'osis. n. S. [amol iwcis.] Deifica
adjusted, before I come to the calculation itself.
Woodwarda tion; the rite of adding any one to the Ourselves are easily provided for; it is nothing number of gods.
but the circumstancials, the apparatus or equi. As if it could be graved and painted omnipo Page of human life, that costs so much. tent, or the nails and the hammer could give APPAREL. n. s. It has no plural. [appaát an apoth.cosis.
South. reil, Fr.] Allots the prince of his celestial line
I. Dress; vesture. An apotbeosis, and rites divine.
I cannot cog, and say that thou art this and Aro'TOME. n. s. [from dromium, to cut that, like many of those lisping hawthorn buds, off.]
that come like women in 'men's apparel, and 1. In mathematicks, the remainder or dif
smell like Bucklersbury in simpling
time. Sbuks. ference of two incommensurable quan.
2. External habiliments. tities,
Our late burnt London in apparel new,,
Shook of her ashes to have treated you. Waller. 2. In musick, the part remaining of an Ai publick devotion, his resigued carriago
.را بلیت S
made religion appear in the natural apparel of
I have mark'd simplicity.
A thousand blushing apparitions To APPAREL. v. a. [from apparel, the
To start into her face; a thousand innocent
In angel whiteness bear away those blushes. 1. To dress; to clothe.
Shakspeare. With such robes were the king's daughters
A glorious apparition ! had no doubt, that were virgins apparelled.
And carnal fear, that day dimm'd Adam's eyes. Both combatants were apparelled only in their
Miltor. doublets and hoses.
Any thing besides may take from me the 2. To adorn with dress.
sense of what appeared; which apparition, is She did apparel her apparel, and with the pre seems, was you.
Tatler. ciousness of her body made it most sumptuous. 3. A spectre ; a walking spirit.
Sidney. Horatio says 'tis but out phantasy, 3. To cover, or deck, as with dress.
Touching this dreaded sight twice seen of us; You may have trees apparelled with flowers, Therefore I have intreated him, by boring holes in then, and putting into them That if again this apparition come, earth, and setting seeds of violers. Bacon, . He may approve our eyes, and speak to it. Shaks
Shelves, and rocks, and precipices, and gulfs, Tender minds should not receive early imd being apparelled with a verdure of plants, would pressions of goblins, spectres, and apparitions
resemble mountains and valleys. Bentley wherewith maids fright them into compliance. 4. To fit out ; to furnish. Not in use.
Locke: It hath been agreed, that either of them should One of those apparitions had his right hand send ships to sea well manned and apparellei to filled with darts, which he brandished in the face fight.
Sir J. Haydurile
of all who came up
Tatler. APPARENT. adj. [apparent, Fr. apparens, 4. Something only apparent, not real.
Still there's something 1. Plain; indubitable ; not doubtful.
That checks my joys
-Nor can I yet distinguish The main principles of reason are in themselves apparent. For to make nothing evident
Which is an apparition, this or that. Denbami of itself unto man's understanding, were to take 5. Astronomically, the visibility of some
away all possibility of knowing anything. Hooker. luminary : opposed to occultation. 2. Scerning; in appearance ; not real. A month of apparition is the space wherein
The perception intellective often corrects the the moon appeareth, deducting three days. report of phant asy, as in the apparent þigness of
wherein it commonly disappeareth; and this the sun, the apparent crookedness of the staff in containeth hut twenty-six days and twelve hours. air and water. Hale's Origin of Mankind.
Brown's Vulgar Errours. 3. Visible ; in opposition to secret.
APPA'RITORS. n. so (from appareo, Lat, What secret imaginations we entertained is to be at hand.] known to God; this is apparent, that we have 1. Such persons as are at hand to execute not behaved ourselves, as if we preserved a grate
the proper orders of the magistrate or ful remembrance of his inercies. Atterbury.
judge of any court of judicature. Ayliffe. The outward and apparent sanctity of actions should flow from purity of heart. Ragers.
2. The lowest officer of the ecclesiastical 4. Open ; evident; known; not merely
court; a summoner. suspected.
They swallowed all the Roman hierarchy,
from the As well the fear of harm, as harm apparent,
to the apparitor. Ayliffes In my opinion ought to be prevented
. Sbakspear... TO APPA'v. v. a. Lappayer, old fr. to s. Certain ; not presumptive.
satisfy.] He is the next of blood, I. To satisfy ; to content: whence well And heir apparent to the English crown. Shaks, appayed, is pleased ; ill appayed, is unAPPA'RENT. 2. s. Elliptically used for beir easy. It is now obsolete. apparent.
How well appaid she was her bird to find ! Draw thy sword in right.
Sidney -I'll draw it as apparent to the crown,
I am well agpaid that you had rather believe, And in that quarrel use it. Sbakspeare. than take the pain of a long pilgrimage. Camden. APPA'RENTLY.adv. [from apparent.] Evi
So only can high justice rest oppaid. Milton. dently ; openly,
2. The sense is obscure in tliese lines : Arrest him, officer;
Ay, Willy, when the heart is ill assay'd, I would not spare my brother in this case,
How can bagpipe or joints be wel appaid ? Spens. If he should scorn me so apparently. Sbakspeare. To APPE’ACH. v.a.
Vices apparently tend to the impairing of 1. To accuse ; to inform against any permen's health.
Tillotson, APPARITION. 1. s. [from appareo, Lat. to He did, amongst many others, appeach sir appear.]
William Stanley, the lord chamberlain. Bacon, 1. Appearance; visibility.
Where he twenty times When suddenly stood at my head a dream, My son, I would art each him. Sbakspeare. Whose inward apparition gently mov'd
Disclose My fancy:
Milton. The state of your affection ; for your passions My retirement tempted me to divert those
Have to the fuil appeached. Slakspeare. melancholy thoughts which the new apparitions 2. To censure; to reproach ; to taint with of foreign invasion and domestic discontent gaie accusation.
Deram. For when Cymochles saw the foul reprcach, 2. The thing appearing ; a form ; a visible Which them appeached; prick'd with guilty object.
And inward grief, he fiercely gan approach, 3. A summons to answer a charge. Resolv'd to put away that lordly shame. Fairy Q. Nor shall the sacred character of king
Nor canst, nor durst thou, traitor, on thy pain, Be urg'd to shield me from thy bold a; peal; Appeach my honour, or thine own maintain.
If I have injur'd thce, that makes us equal. Dryden.
Dryden. APPEACHMENT. 1. s. [from appoach.] 4. A call upon any as witness.
Charge exhibited against any man ; ac The casting up of the eyes, and lifting up of cusation.
the hands, is a kind of appeal to the Deity, the A busy-headed man gave first light to this author of wonders.
Bacon. appeachment; but the earl did avouch it. APPE'ALANT. n. s. (from appeal.] He
Hayward. that appeals. The duke's answers to his appeachments, in
Lords appealants, number thirteen, I find civilly couched. Wotton. Your différences shall all rest under gage, TO APPE'AL. v. n. (appello, Lat.]
Till we assign you to your days of trial. Sbaks. 1. To transfer a cause from one to an APPE'ALER. N. So [from appeal.] One other : with the particles to and from, who makes an appeal.
From the ordinary therefore they appeal 10 TO APPE’AR. v.n. (appareo, Lat.] themselves.
1. To be in sight : to be visible. 2. To refer to another as judge.
As the leprosy appeareth in the skin of the Force, or a declared sign of force, upon the flesh.
Leviticus. person of another, where there is no common And half her knee and half her breast appear, superior on earth to appeal to for relief, is the
By art like negligence, disclos'd and bare. Prior. state of war; and it is the want of such an ap
2. To become visible as a spirit. peal gives a man the right of war, even against
For I have appeared unto thee for this puran age ressor, though he be in society, and a fel
pose, to make thee a minister and a witness. Acts. low-subject.
3. To stand in the presence of another, They knew no foe but in the open field, And to their cause and to the gods appeal'd.
generally used of standing before some.
Stepney. superiour; to offer himself to the judge 3. To call another as witness.
ment of a tribunal. Whether this, that the soul always thinks, be When shall I come and appear before God? a self-evident proposition, I appeal to mankind.
Psalms. Locke. 4. To be the object of observation. 4. 'To charge with a crime; to accuse : a Let thy work appear unto thy servants, and term of law.
thy glory unto their children.
Psalmas. One but flatters us,
5. To exhibit one's self before a court of As well appeareth by the cause you come on, justice. Namely, t appeal each other of high treason. Keep comfort to you, and this morning see
Shakspeare. You do appear before them. Sbakspeare. APPE'AL. n. n. s. (from the verb.)
6. To be made clear by evidence. 1. A provocation from an inferior to a su Egfrid did utterly waste and subdue it, as ap
perior judge, whereby the jurisdiction pears out of Beda's complaint against him; and of the inferior judge is for a while sus.
Edgar brought it under his obedience, as appears
by an ancient record. Spenser's Ireland. pended, in respect of the cause ; the
7. To secm, in opposition to reality. cognizance being devolved to the supe His first and principal care being to appear rior judge.
Ayliffe's Parergon. unto his people, such as he would have them be, This ring and to be such as he appeared.
Sidney. Deliver them, and your appeal to us
My noble master will appear There make before them. Sbakspeare. Such as he is, full of regard and honour. Sbaks.
Our reason prompts is to a future state, 8. To be plain beyond dispute.
From experiments, useful indications may be Where God's all-righteous ways will be declar'd.
taken, as will appear by what follows. Arbuth.
Dryden. APPEARANCE. n. s. [from To appear.] There are distributres of justice, from whom there lies an appeal to the prince. Addison.
1. The act of coming into sight; as, they z. Suthe common law, anaccusation; which
were surprised by the sudden appeara is a lawful declaration of another man's
ance of the enemy. crime before a competent judge, by one
2. The thing seen; as, the remarkable apthat sets his name to the declaration, pearances in the sky. and undertakes to prove it, upon the 3. Phenomenon ; that quality of any thing
which is visible. penalty that may ensue of the contrary; more commonly used for the private ac
The advancing day of experimental knowledge
discloseth such appearances, as will not lie even cusation of a murderer, by a party who
in any model extant. Glanville's Scepsis. had interest in the party murdered, and 4. Semblance; not reality. of any felon, by one of his accomplices He encreased in estimation, whether by dein the fact.
Cowell. stiny,or whether by his virtues, or at least by his The duke's unjust, appearances of virtues.
Hayward Thus to retort your manifest appeal,
Heroic virtue did his actions guide, And put your trial in the villain's mouth, And he the substance not th'appearance chose. Which here you come to accuse. Sbakspeare.
Dryden. Hast thou, according to thy oath and bond, The hypocrite would not put on the appearan: Brought hither Henry Hereford, thy bold son, of virtue, if it was not the most proper means Here to make good the boist'rous late appeal to gain love. Against the duke of Norfolk ? Sbokspeare, 5. Outside ; show.
Under a fair and beautiful appearance there
In the devotion of a subject's love, should ever be the real substance of good. Rogers.
And free iron other misbegotten hate, 6. Entry into a place or company:
Comel appellant to this princely presence. Sbak,
This is the day appointed for the corbal, Do the same justice to one another, which will be done us hereafter by chose, who shall
And ready are th' appellant and defendant,
Th'armourer and his man, to enter the lists. make their appearance in the world, when this Addison,
Sbakspeare. generation is no more.
These shifts refuted, answer thy affollant, 7. Apparition ; supernatural visibility.
Though by his blindness maim'd for high ata I think a person terrified with the imagination
tempts, of spectrcs, more reasonable than one who thinks
Who now defies thee thrice to single fight. Mili. the appearance of spirits fabulous. Addison.
2. One that appeals from a lower to a 8. Exhibition of the person to a court. higher power. I will not tarry; no, nor ever more
An appeal transfers the cognizance of the Upon this business my appearance make
cause to the superior judge; so chat pending the In any of their courts. Shakspeare's Henry VIII.
appeal, nothing can be attempted in prejudice of 9. Open circumstance of a case.
APPELLATE. n. s. [appellatus, Lat.] The
person appealed against.
An appellatory libèl ought to contain the 10. Presence; mien.
name of the party appellant; the name of him
from whose sentence it is appealed; the name of Health, wealth, victory, and honour, are in
him to whom it is appealed; from what sentence troduced, wisdom enters the last; and so cap
it is appealed; the day of the sentence protivates with her appearance, that he gives him
nounced, and appeal interposed; and the name self up to her.
of the party appellate, or person against whom ni. Probability ; seeming; likelihood. the appeal is lodged. Aylife's Parergon.
There is that which hath no appearance, that APPELLA'TION. n. s. Cappellatio, Lat.] this priest being utterly unacquainted with the true person, according to whose pattern he should
Name; word by which any thing is shape his counterfeit, should think it possible for
called. him to instruct his player.
Nor are always the same plants delivered APPE'ARER. 1. s. (from To appear.] The
under the same name and appellation. Brown.
Good and evil commonly operate upon the person that appears.
mind of man, by respective names or appellations, That owls and ravens are ominous appearers,
by which they are notified and conveyed to the and presignify unlucky events, was an augurial mind.
Brown. APPELLATIVE. n. s. [ampellatirum, Lat.) APPE'ASABLE, adj. (from To appease.] Words and names are either common or proThat may be pacified ; reconcileable.
per. Common names are such as stand for uniAPPE'ASABLENESS. ». s. (from To ap versal ideas, or a whole rank of beings, whether pease.) The quality of being easily ap
general or special. These are called appellatives, peased ; reconcileableness.
šo fish, bird, man, city, river, are common TO APPE'ASE. v. a. (appaiser, Fr.]
names; and so are trout, eel, lobster; for they
all agree to many individuals, and some to many 1. To quiet ; to put in a state of peace.
Watts' Logick. By his counsel he appeaseth the deep, and APPE'LLATIVELY. adv. [from appellaplanteth islands therein.
tive.] According to the manner of tion, till the civil wars were appeased, and peace
nouns appellative; as, this man is a Hersettled.
Davies on Ireland. cules. Hercules is used appellatively, to 2. To pacify; to reconcile ; to still wrath. signify a strong man.
So Simon was appeased toward them, and APPE'LLATORY. adj. [from appeal.] That fought no more against them.
contains an appeal. See APPELLATE. o God! if my deep prayers cannot appease thee, APPE'LLE E. n. s. (from appeal.] One Yet execute thy wrath on me alone. Shakse: The rest shall hear me call, and oft be waru'd
who is appealed against and accused. Their sinful state, and to appease betimes
Dict. Th' incensed Deity.
Milton. TO APPEND. v. a. (appendo, Lat. to bang 3. To still; to quiet.
to any thing:] The rest
1. To hang any thing upon another; as, They cut in legs and fillets for the feast,
the inscripticn was appended to the coWhích drawn and serv'd, their hunger they as pease.
lumn; the seal is afpended to the record. APPE'ASEMENT. n. s. (from To appease.]
2. To add to something, as an accessory, A state of peace.
not a principal part. Being neither in numbers nor in courage
APPE'NDAGE. n. s. (French.] Something great, partly by authority, partly by entreaty, added to another thing, without being they were reduced to some good appeasements. necessary to its essenec, as a portico to
Hayward, the house, APPE’aser. n. s. [from To appease.] He Modesty is the appendage of sobriety, and is
that pacifies others; he that quiets dis to chastity, to temperance, and to humitry, as turbances.
the fringes are to a garment.
None of the laws of motion now established, APPE'LLANT. n. s. Cappello, Lat. to call.]
will serve to account for the productioii, motion, I. A challenger ; one that summons an,
or number of bodies, nor their apperidiges, other to answer either in the lists or in
though they may help us a little to conccive a court of justice.
3. In law.
He was so far from over-valuing any of the Is it expected I should know no secrets appendages of life, that the thoughts of life did That appertain to you?
Sbakspeare not affect him.
Atterbury. APPERT A'INMENT. n. s. [from apperAPPE'NDANT. adj (French.)
tain.] That which belongs to any rank 1. Hanging to something else.
or dignity. 2. Belonging to ; annexed ; concomitant. He shent our messengers, and we lay by
He that despises the world, and all its appen Our appertainments, visiting of him. Shakspeare, dart vanities, is the most secure. Taylor. APPE'R TENANCE. n. s. [appartenance,
He that looks for the blessings appendant to Fr.] That which belongs or relates to the sacrament, must expect them upon no terms, another thing. but of a worthy communion.
Can they which behold the controversy of Riches multiplied beyond the proportion of our character, and the wants appendant to it, na
divinity, condemn our enquiries in the doubtful turally dispose men to forget God. Rogers.
appertenances of arts, and receptaries of philoso
Brown's Vulgar Erreurs, Appendant is anything belonging to another,
APPE'RTINENT. adj. (from To appertain.] as aciessorium principnli with the civilians, or
Belonging ; relating,
You know how apt our love was to accord adjunctum subjecto with the logicians. An hospital may be a perdasi to a manour; a commen
To furnish him with all appertinents of fishing appendant to a freehold. Cowell,
Belonging to his honour. Slakspeare's Henry v. APPE'NDANT: n. s. That which belongs A'PPETENCE. n. s. [appetentia, Lat.] to another thing, as an accidental or
A'PPETENCY.) Carnal desire ; sensual adventitious part.
desire. Pliny gives an account of the inventors of the
Bred only and completed to the taste forms and appendants of shipping. Hale. Of lustful appetence; to sing, to dance, A word, a look, a tread, will strike, as they
To dress, to troule the tongue, and roll the eye.
Milton, are appendants to external symmetry, or indications of the beauty of the mind.
Grew. APPETIBI'LITY: n. s. [from appetible.] TO APPE'NDICATE. v. a. (appendo, Lat.] The quality of being desirable. To add to another thing.
That'elicitation which the schools intend, is In a palace there is the case or fabrick of the a deducing of the power of the will into act, structure, and there are certain additaments; as,
merely from the appetibility of the object, as a various furniture, and curious motions of divers
man draws a child after him with the sight of a things appendicated to it.
Hale. green bough. Bramball against Hobbes. APPENDICAPTION. n. so [from appendi- APPETIBLE. adj. [appetibilis, Lat.) De. fate.] Adjunct ; appendage; annexion.
sirable ; that may be the object of apThere are considerable parts and integrals,
petite. and appendications unto the mundus espectabilis, Power both to slight the most appetible obimpossible to be eternal.
Hale. jects, and to controu the most unruly passions. APPE'NDIX. n. s. appendices, plur. (Lat.]
Branball. 1. Something appended, or added, to an
APPETITE. n. s. [appetitus, Lat.) other thing
1. The natural desire of good; the instinct The cherubim were never intended as an ob by which we are led to seek pieasure. ject of worship, because they were only the ap
The will, properly and strictly taken, as it is pendices to another thing. But a thing is then of things which are referred unto the end that proposed as an objéct of worship, when it is set man desireth, differeth greatly from that infeup by itself, and not by way of addition or or
riour natural desire which we call appetite. nament to another thing.
The object of appetite is whatsoever sensible Normandy became an appendix to England,
good may be wished for; the object of will is the nobler dominion, and received a greater con
that good which reason does lead us to seek. formity of their laws to the English, than they
Hookar. Hale's Civil Law of England. 2. The desire of sensual pleasure. . An adjunct or concomitant.
Why, she would hang on him, Al concurrent appendices of the action ought
As if increase of appetite had grown to be surveyed, in order to pronounce with truth
By what it fed on. Sbakspeare's Hamlet. concerning it.
Urge his hateful luxury, TO APPERTA'IN. v. n. (appartenir, Fr.]
And bestial appetite in change of lust. Sbaks.
Each tree 3. To belong to as of right: with to.
Loaden with fairest fruit, that hung to th' eye The honour of devising this doctrine, that religion ought to be intorced by the sword, would
Tempting, stirr’d in me sudden appetite. be found appertaining to Mahomed the false
To pluck and ear. Milton's Paradise Lest. prophet.
. 3. Violent longing ; eagerness after any The Father, t' whom in heav'n supreme
thing. Kingdom, and power, and glory oopertairs,
No man could enjoy his life, his wife, or Hath honour'd me, according to his will. Milion. goods, if a mightier man had an appetite to take 2. Tobelong to by nature or appointinent.
the same from him.
Davies. If the soul of man did serve only to give him
Hopton had an extraordinary appetite to enbeing in this life, then things appertaining to
gage Waller in a battle.
Clarendon. this life would content him, as we see they do 4. The thing eagerly desired. other cțeatures:
Hookar. Power being the natural appetite of princes, 2 And they roasted the passover with fire, as
limited monarch cannot gratify it.
Swift, copertainetb: as for the sacrifices, they sod them s. Keenness of stomach; hunger ; desire
1 Esdras. of food. Both of them seem not to generate any other "There be four principal causes of appetite; effect, but such as appertuincib to theịr proper the refrigeration of the stomach, joined with objects and senses.
Bacurig some dryness; contraction ; velication, and
gave to it.
in brass pots.