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BREAKFAST. n. s (from the verb.) 7. The seat of the passions. 1. The first meal in the day:
Margarita first possess'd, The duke was at breakfast, the last of his re
If I remember well, my breast. Cowley. Wotton.
Each in his breast the secret sorrow kept, pasts in this world. 2. Tie thing caten at the first meal.
And thought it safe to laugh, though Cæsar wept.
Rowr. Hope is a good breakfast, but it is a bad sup
To BREAST. v. a. (from the noun.] To per.
A good piece of bread would be often the best meet in front ; to oppose breast to breakfast for my young master.
Locke. breast. 3. A mezl, or food in general.
The threaden sails Had I been seized by a hungry lion,
Draw the huge bottoms thro' the furrow'd sea, I would have been a breakfast to the beast. Shak. Breasting the lofty surge. Shakspeare. I lay me down to gasp my latest breath,
The hardy Swiss
Goldsmith. BRE'AKNECK is. [from break and neck.] BRE'AST BONE. n. s. [from breast and A fall in which the neck is broken; a
bone.] The bone of the breast; the
sternum. steep place endangering the neck. I must
The belly shall be eminent, by shadowing the Forsake the court ; to do't or no, is certain
flank, and under the breastbone. Peacham. To me a breakneck.
BRE'ASTCASKET. n. s. (from breast and BRE'S KPROMISE. n. s. [from break and
casket.] With mariners, the largest and promise.} One that makes a practice longest caskets, which are a sort of strings of breaking his promise.
placed in the middle of the yard. I will think you the most atheistical breaks BREASTFAST. 1. s. [from breast and fast.] promise, and the most hollow lover. Shakspeare. In a ship, a rope fastened to some part BRE'A KVÓW.1.5 (from break and vow.] of her forward on, to hold her head to a He that practises the breach of vow's. warp, or the like.
Harris. That daily hreukvow, he that wins of all, BRE'ASTHIGH. adj. [from breast and high.] Of kings, of beggars, old men, young men, Up to the breast. maids.
Shakspeare. The river itself gave way unto her, so that she BREAM, n. s. (brame, Fr. cyprinus lutus, was straight breastbigb.
Sidney. Lat. A fish.
Lay madam Partlet, basking in the sun,
Dryden's Fables. fish; he vill' breed both in rivers and ponds, BRT'ASTHOOKS. n. s. [from breast and but loves best to live in ponds.
He is, by book.] With shipwrights, the compassing Gesner, taken to be more elegant than whole
timbers before, that help to strengthen some. He is long in growing, but breeds ex
the stem, and all the forepart of the ceedingly in a water that pleases him, and in
Harris. many ponds so fast as to overstock them, and starve the other fish. He is very broad, with a BR E'ASTKNOT.n.s.[from breast and knot.) forked tail, and his scales set in excellent order. A knot or bunch of ribands worn by He hath large eyes, and a narrow sucking
women on the bregst. mouth, two sets of teeth, and a lozing bone, to
Our ladies have still faces, and our men hearts; help his grinders. The male is observed to have
why may we not hope for the same achievements two large melts, and the female two large bags from the influence of this breastknot? Addison. of eggs or spawn.
BRE'ASTPLATE. n. s. [from breast and While yet alive in boiling water cast,
plate.] Armour for the breast. Vex'd wiù unwonted heat, boils, fings about. What stronger breastplate than a heart un
tainted? BREAST. n. s. [beosz, Saxon.]
Thrice is he arm'd, that hath his quarrel just.
Sbakspeare. 1. The middle part of the human body,
'Gainst shield, helm, breastplate, and, instead between the neck and the belly.
of those, No, traytress! angry Love replies,
Five sharp smooth stones from the next brook She's hid somewhere about thy breast;
Cowlog. A place, nor God nor man denies,
This venerable champion will come into the For Venus' dove the proper nest.
field, armed only with a pocket-pistol, before 2. The dugs or teats of women which his old rusty breastplate could be scoured, and contain the milk.
his cracked headpiece mended. Szeift. They pluck the fatherless from the breast.Job. BRE'ASTPLOUGH. n. s. [from breast and 3. Breast was anciently taken for the pow plough.] A plough used for paring turf, er of singing
driven by the breast. The better breast,
The breastplough which a man shoves before The lesser rest. Tusser of Singing Boys. him.
Mortimer. 4. The part of a beast that is under the BRE'ASTROPES. n. s. [from breast and neck, between the forelegs.
rope.] In a ship, those ropes which s. The diposition of the mind.
fasten the yards to the parrels, and, with I, not by wants, or fears, or age opprest, the parrels, hold the yards fast to the Stem the wild torrent with a dauntless breast.
Harris. Dryden. 6. The heart; the conscience.
BREASTWORK. n. s. [from breast and
work.] Works thrown up as high as the Needless was written law, where none opprest; The law of man was written in his breast.
breast of the defendants; the same with Dryden. parapet.
Sir John Astley cast up brezstworks, and made
They wish to live, a redoubt for the defence of liis men. Clarendon. Their pains and poverty desire to bear, BREATH. n. s. [brade, Saxon.]
Yo vicw the light of heav'n, and breathe the vita! 1. The air drawn in and ejected out of the
Druker. body by living animals.
They here began to breatbe a most delicious
kind of æther, and saw all the fields about them Whither are they vanish'd ? Into the air: and what seem'd corporal
covered with a kind of purple light. Tatler. Melted, as breath, into the wind. " Sbalspearei
2. To inject by breathing: with into.
He breathed into us the breath of life, a vital 2. Lite.
active spirit; whose motions, he expects,
should No man has more contempt than I of breath: But whence hast thou the pow'r tugive me death?
own the dignity of its original. Decay of Piety. Dryden.
I would be young, be handsome, be belov'd,
Could I but breatbe myself into Adrastus. Dryd. 3. The state or power of breathing freely; 3. To expire; to eject by breathing: with opposed to the condition in which a
out. man is breathless and spent. At other times, he casts to sue the chase
She is called, by ancient authors, the tenth Of swift wild beasts, or run on foot a race,
muse; and by Plutarch is compared to Caius, T'enlarge his breatb, large breath in arms most
the son of Vulcan, who breathed out nothing but
Spectater. Or else, by wrestling, to wax strong and heedful.
4. To exercise ; to keep in breath.
Spenser. Thy greyhounds are as swift as breathed stags. What is your difference? speak.
Sbuikspeare. I am scarce in breath, my lord. Sbakspeare. 5. To inspire ; to move or actuate by
Spaniard, take breath; some respite l'Ilatford; breath.
They treatbe the flute, or strike the vocal wire. Our swords so wholly did the fates employ,
Prior. That they, at length, grew weary to destrcy; 6. To exhale; to send out as breath. Refus’d the work ive brought, and, out of breath,
His altar breathes Made sorrow and despair üttend for death. Druho Ambrosial odours, and ambrosial flow'rs. Milt. 4. Respite; pause; relaxation.
7. To utter privately. Give me some breath, some little pause, dear I have tow'rd hearen breaib'd a secret vow, lord,
To live in pray’r and contemplation. Sbaksp. Before I positively speak. Shakspeare. 8. To give air or vent to. 5. Breeze; moving air.
The ready cure to cool the raging pain, Vent all thy passion, and I'll stand its shock, Is underneath the foot to breatbe a vein. Drye. Calm and unruffled as a summer's sea When not a breath of wind tries o'er its surface.
BRE'ATHER. 1. s. [from breathe.]
Addison's Cato. 1. One that breathes, or lives. 6. A single act; an instant.
She shows a body rather than a life, You menace me, and court me, in a breath; A statue than a breather.
Sbakspears. Your Cupid looks as dreadfully as death. Dryd.
I will chide no breather in the world but myBREATHABLE. adj. (from breath.] That
Sbakspeert. may be breathed; as, breathable air.
2. One that utters any thing. To BREATHE. V. n. (from breath.]
No particular scándal once can touch, 1. To draw in and throw out the air by 3. Inspirer; one that animates or infuses by
But it contounds the breather. Sbukspure. the lungs; to inspire and expire. He safe return'd, the race of glory past,
The breather of all life does now expire : New to his friends embrace, had breuib'd his last.
His milder father summons him away. Norris. 2. To live.
BRE'ATHING. N. s. [from breathe.] Let him breathe, between the heav'ns and 1. Aspiration ; secret prayer. earth,
While to high heav'n his pious breathings A private man in Athens. Shakspeare.
turn'd, 3. To take breath ; to rest.
Weeping he hop'd, and sacrificing mourn'd. He presently followed the victory so hot upon
Prior, the Scots, that he suffered them not to b;eatre, 2. Breathing place ; vent. or gather themselves together again. Spenser. The warmth distends the chinks, and nakes 'Three times they breatl'd, and three times did New breathings, whence nesv nourishment she they drink,
takes. Upon agreement. Sbaksteare's Henry iv.
BRE'ATHLESS. adj. (from briath.] Rest, that gives all men lífe, gave him his death,
1. Out of breath ; spent with labour. And too much breathing put him out of breath.
Well knew iMilton.
The prince, with patience and sufferance siy, When Francchad breatl'dafter intestine broils,
So hasty heat soon cooled to subdue; And peace and conquest crown'd her foreign
Tho'when he breathless wax, that battle 'gan toils, Roscommon.
Fairy Quessin 4. To pass as air.
I remember, when the fight was done, Shall I not then be stified in the vauls,
When I was dry with rage and extreme roil,
Breathless, and faint, leaning upon my sword, To whose foul mouth no healthsome air breatbes
Çaine there a certain lord. in,
Many so strained themselves in their race, that And there be strangled ere my Romeo conges?
they fell down breathless and dead. Harpusda
Spakspeare. TO BREATHE.V. a.
Breatbless and tir'd, is all my fury spent!
Or does my glutted spleen at length relent? I. To inspire or inhale into one's own
Dryden body, and eject or expire out of it.
Kneeling before this ruin of sweet life,
Thereat he roared for exceeding pain, And breathing to this breatbless excellence That to have heard, great horrour would have The incense of a vow, a holy vow. Sbakspeare.
Fairy Queen. Yielding to the sentence, breathless thou
Our own hearts we know, but we are not cere And pale shalt lie, as what thou buriest now. tain what hope the rites and orders of our church
Prior. have bred in the hearts of others. Hocker. BRED. The part. pass. of To breed.
What hurt ill company, and overmuch liberty, Their malice was bred in them, and their cogi
breedetb in youth! Ascbam's Scboolmaster. tation would never be changed. Wisdom. Intemperance and lust breed intirmities and BREDE. n. s. See BRAID.
diseases, which, being propagated, spoil the strain of a nation.
Tillotsona In a curious brede of needle-work, one colour falls away by such just degrees, and another 4. To contrive; to hatch ; to plot. rises so insensibly, that we see the variety, with
My son Edgar! had he a hand to write this? out being able to distinguish the total vanishing
a heart and brain to brecd it in? Shakspeare. of the one from the first appearance of the other. 5. To give birth to; to be the native place:
Addison. so, there are breeding ponds, and feeding BREECH. n. s. (supposed from bræcan, ponds. Sax.]
Mr. Harding, and the worthiest divine chris1. The lower part of the body; the back tendom hath bred for the space of some hundpart.
reds of years, were brought up together in the
Hooker, When the king's pardon was offered by a
same university. herauld, a lewd boy turned towards him his
Hail, foreign wonder! naked breech, and used words suitable to that
Whom certain these rough shades did never breed.
Hayward. The storks devour snakes and other serpents;
6. To educate ; to form by education. which when they begin to creep out at their
Whoe'er thou art, whose forward ears are bent breeches, they will presently clap them close to
On state affairs, to guide the government; a wall to keep them in. Grew's Muscum.
Hear tirst what Socrates of old has said 2. Breeches.
To the lov'd youth whom he at Athens bred. Ah! that thy father had been so resolved !
Drydeos -That thou might still have worn the petticoat,
To breed up the son to common sense, And ne'er had stol'n the breech from Lancaster.
Is evermore the parent's least expence. Dryd. Sbakspeare.
And left their pillagers, to rapine bred, 3. The hinder part of a piece of ordnance.
Without controul to strip and spoil the dead.
Dryden. So cannons, when they mount vast pitches,
His farm may not remove his children too far Are tumbled back upon their breeches. Anon,
from him, or the trade he breeds them up in. 4. The hinder part of any thing.
Locke, To BREECH. v. a. (from the noun.] 7. To bring up; to take care of from in. 1. To put into brecches.
fancy. 2. To fit any thing with a breech; as, to
Ah'wretched me! by fates averse decreed breech a gun.
To bring thee forth with pain, with care to breed. BRE'ECHES. n. s. [biæc, Saxon, from
8. To conduct through the first stages of bracca, an old Gaulish word; so that
life. Skinner imagines the name of the part
Bred up in grief, can pleasure be our theme? covered with breeches, to be derived
Our endless anguish does not nature claim? from that of the garment. In this sense Reason and sorrow are to us the same. Prior. it has no singular.)
TO BREED. V. n. I. The garment worn by men over the 1. To bring young. lower part of the body.
Lucina, it seems, was breeding, as she did noPetruchio is coming, in a new hat and an old
thing but entertain the company with a discourse jerkin, and a pair of old brecibes, thrice turned.
upon the difficulty of reckoning to a day. Specto Sbakspuire.
2. To be increased by new production. Rough satires, sly remarks,ill-natur'd speeches,
But could youth last, and love still breed; Are always aim'd at poets that wear brieches.
Had joys no date, and age no need;
Then these delights my mind might move
Raleigb. A vest or breecbes, singly; but the brute 3. To be produced; to have birth. Could ne'er contrive all three to make a suit. Where they most breed and haunt, I have ob
serv'd, 2. To wear the breeches, is, in a wife, to The air is delicate. Shakspeare's Macbeth.
There is a worm that breedeth in old snow, and usurp the authority of the husband. 'The wife of Xanthus was domineering, as if
dieth soon after it cometh out of the snow. Bacon. her fortune, and her extraction, had entitled her
The caterpillar is one of the most general of
L'Estrange. to the brecibes,
worms, and breedeth of dew and leaves. Bacon.
It hath been the general tradition and belief, TO BREED. v.a.pret. I bred, I have bred.
that maggots and flies breed in putrified carcases. [brædan, Sax.)
Bentley. 1. To procrcate; to gencrate; to produce 4. To raise a breed. more of the species.
In the choice of swine, choose such to breed of None fiercer in Numidia bred,
as are of long large bodies.
Mortimer. With Carthage were in triumphled. Roscommon. BREED. N. s. from the verb.] 2. To produce from one's selt.
1. A cast; a kind; a subdivision of species. Children would breed their teeth with less
I bring you witnesses, danger,
Leike. Twice fifteen thousand hearts of England'sbreed. 3. To occasion; to cause ; to produce.
laid, and whether his grave is to be plain or Help me mine own love's praises to resound, tricked
Swift. Ne let the fame of any be envy'd; BRI'C KBAT. n. s. [from brick and bat.] So Orpheus did for his own bride. Spenser. A piece of brick.
The day approach'd, when fortune should de
cide Earthen bottles, filled with hot water, do provoke in bed a sweat more daintily than brickbats
Th' important enterprize, and give the bride. hot. Bacon,
These are tributes due from pious brides, Bri'ckCLAY. 1. s. [from brick and clay.]
From a chaste matron, and a virtuous wife. Smith Clay used for making brick.
BRI'DEBED. n. s. [from bride and bed.) I observed it in pits, wrought for tile and brick
Now until the break of day, BRI'CKDUST.nis. (from brick and dust.]
Through this house each fairy stray; Dust made by pounding bricks.
To the best bridebed will we, This ingenious author, being thus sharp set, Which by us shall blessed be. Sbaksgrert. got together a convenient quantity of brickdust, Would David's son, religious, just, and brave,
and disposed of it into several papers. Spectator. To the first bridebed of the world receive BRI'CKEARTH. n. s. (from brick and A foreigner, a heathen, and a slave? Prior. earth.] Earth used in making bricks. BRI'DECAKE, N. s. [from bride and cake.] They grow very well both on the hazelly brick
A cake distributed to the guests at the cartbs, and on gravel.
wedding BRICK-KILN. n. s. [from brick and kiln.]
With the phant'sies of hey-troll, A kiln ;'a place to burn bricks.
Troll about the bridal bowl, Like the Israelites in the brick-kilns, they And divide the broad bridecake multiplied the more for their oppression.
Round about the bridestake. Ben Fonser.
Decay of Pietg. The writer, resolved to try his fortune, fasted BRI'CKLAYER. n. s. (from brick and lay.) all day, and, that he might be sure of dreaming
A man whose trade it is to build with upon something at night, procured an handsome bricks; a brick-mason.
slice of bridecake, which he placed very conveThe elder of them, being put to nurse,
niently under his pillow.
Spectator. And ignorant of his birth and parentage,
Bri'deGROOM. n. s. [from bride and Became a bricklayer when he came to age. Shak. groom.] A new married man. If you had liv'd, sir,
As are those dulcet sounds in break of day, Time enough to have been interpreter
That creep into the dreaming bridegroom's ear, To Babel's bricklayers, sure the tow'r had stood. And summon him to marriage. Sbalspeare
Why, happy bridegroom! BRI'CKMAKER, n. 5. [from brick and Why dost thou steal so soon away to bed? Drude
make.] One whose trade it is to make BRI'DEMEN. 11.s. The attendants on bricks.
BRI'DEMAIDS.S the bride and bride. They are common in clay pits; but the brick groom. ntakers pick them out of the clay. Woodward. BRI'DESTAKE.1. s. [from bride and stake.] BRI'D AL, adj. (from bride.) Belonging It seems to be a post set in the ground, to a wedding; nuptial; connubial. to dance round, like a maypole. Our wedding cheer to a sad fun'ral feast,
Round about the bridestaka,
Ben Jonser. Our solemn hymns to sulien dirges, change, BRI'DEWELL. n. s. [The palace built Our bridal towers serve for a buried corse. Sbaks. by St. Bride's or Bridget's well, was Come, I will bring thee to thy bridal chamber.
turned into a workhouse.] A house of
correction. Sung spousal, and bid haste the ev'ning star,
He would contribute more to reformation than On his hill-top to light the bridal lamp. Milton.
all the workhouses and bride wells in Europe. Your ill-meaning politician lords,
Spectator. Under pretence of bridal friends and guests,
BRIDGE. n. s. [bric, Saxon.] Appointed to await me thirty spies. Milton. 1. A building raised over water for the When to my arms thou brought'st thy virgin convenience of passage. love,
What need the bridge much broader than the Fair angels sung our bridal hymn above. Dryd.
Sbakspeare. With all the pomp of woe, and sorrow's pride! And proud Araxes, whom no bridge could Oh early lost! oh fitter to be led
Dryden. In chearful splendour to the bridal bed! Walsb.
2. The upper part of the nose. For her the spouse prepares the bridal ring, For her white virgins hymenzals sing.
The raising gently the bridge of the nose, doth Pope.
prevent the deformity of a saddle nose. Baco. BRI'DAL. . s. The nuptial festival.
3. The supporter of the strings in stringed Nay, we must think men are not gods; Nor of them look for such observance always,
instruments of musick. As fits the bridal. Shakspeare's Orbeilo. To BRIDGE. v. a. [from the noun.] To Sweet day, so cool, so calm, so bright,
raise a bridge over any place. The bridal of the earth and sky,
Came to the sea; and, over Hellespont Sweer dews shall weep thy fall to-night; Bridging his way, Europe with Asia join'd. For thou must die. Herbert.
Miltes. In death's dark bow'rs our bridals we will keep, BRI’DLE. n. s. [bride, Fr.] And his coid hand Shall draw the curtain when we go to sleep.
1. The headstall and reins by which a horse Dryden. is restrained and governed.
They seiz'd at last
Runick, signifies a beautiful woman.] 2. A restraint; a curb; a check.
The king resolved to put that place, which some
Morat 's too insolent, too inuch a brave;
How now? Sir John! what are you bretuling Hic courage to his envy is a slave. Dryden.
here? 2. A boast ; a challenge ; a defiance.
Does this become your place, your time, your
business? Shakspeare's Henry iv. Thcreend thy brave, and turn thy face in peace; We grant thou canst outscold us. Sbakspeare.
Their batt'ring cannon charged to the mouths, To BRAVE. v. a. (from the noun.]
Till their soul-fearing clamours have brawld
down 1. To defy; to challenge; to set at defiance.
The flinty ribs of this contemptuous city. Shaks. He upbraids lago, that he made him
In council she gives licence to her tongue, Brave me upon the watch: Sbakspeare: Loquacious, brawling, ever in the wrong. Dryd. My nobles leave me, and my state is bravid,
Leave all noisy contest, all immodest clamours, Ev'n at my gates, with ranks of foreign powers. brawling language, and especially all personal
Shekspeare. scandal and scurrility, to the meanest part of the The ills of love, not those of fate, I fear;
His divisions, as the times do brawl,
3. To make a noise. This is little used. enough to flatter themselves, or, at least, to brave
As he lay along that which they believe not.
Under an oak, whose antique root peeps out, Bra'vely, adj. [from brave.] In a brave Upon che brook that brarels along this wood. manner; courageously; gallantly; splen
BRAWL. N. s. [from the verb.] Quarrel ; Martin Swart, with his Germans, performed noise; scurrility: bravely.
He findeth, that controversies thereby are No fire, nor foe, nor fate, nor night,
made but brawls; and therefore wisheth, that, The 'Trojan hero did affright,
in some lawful assembly of churches, all these Who bravely cwice renew'd the fight. Denbam. strifes may
Dryder, But with thy brawls thou hast disturb'd our sport.
Shakspeare. I. Courage ; magnanimity ; generosity ;
That bonum is an animal, gallantry.
Made good with stout polemick brawl.Hudibras. It denotes no great bravery of mind, to do
BRAWLER. n.s. [from brawl.] A wrangthat out of a desire of fame, which we could not ler; a quarrelsome, noisy fellow. be prompted to by a generous passion for the An advocate may incur the censure of the glory of him that made us. Spectator.
court, for being a brazvler in court, on purpose Juba, to all the bravery of a hero,
to lengthen out the cause.
Ayliffe. Adds softest love and more than female sweet BRAWN.n. s. (of uncertain etymology.]
1. The fleshy or musculous part of the Splendour; magnificence.
body: Where all the bravery that eye may see,
The brawn of the arm must appear full, And all the happiness that heart desire,
shadowed on one side; then shew the wrist-bone Is to be found. Spenser. thereof.
Peacban. 3. Show; ostentation.
But most their looks on the black monarch Let princes choose ministers more sensible of
bend, duty than of rising, and such as love business His rising muscles and his brawn commend;
rather upon conscience than upon bravery.Bacon. His double biting ax, and beamy spear, 4. Bravado ; boast.
Each asking a gigantick force to rear. Dryden. Never could man, with more unmanlike 2. The arm, so called for its being musa bravery, use his tongue to her disgrace, which culous. lately had sung sonnets of her praises. Sidney, I'll hide my silver beard in a gold beaver, For a bravery upon this occasion of power, And in
this wither'd braturi. they crowned their new king in the cathedral
Sbakspeare. church of Dublin.
Bacon. There are those that make it a point of Once more to hew thy target from thy brown. bravery, to bid defiance to the oracles of divine
L'Estrange. 3. Bulk; muscular strength. BRAʼvo. n. s. [bravo, Ital.] A man who The boist'rous hands are then of use, when I, murders for hire.
With this directing head, those hands apply; For boldness, like the brevoes and banditti, is
Brawn without brain is thine. Dryden. seldom employed, but upon desperate services.
The flesh of a boar.
The best age for the boar is from two to five
years, at which time it is best to geld him, or Nor is the church the murd'rer's refuge made.
sell him for brawn.
Mortimer, TO BRAWL. v. n. [brouiller, or brauler, Bra’wner. N. s. [from brawn.] A boar French.]
killed for the table. 1. To quarrel noisily and indecently.
At Christmas time be careful of your fame;
See the old tenant's table be the same;
Then if you would send up the brawner head,
Sweet rosemary and bays around it spread. King. Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice
BRA'WNINESS. n. s. [from brawny.] Hath often stiil'd my brawling discontent. Sbak. Strength ; hardiness.
I had purpose
Gay. 5. A boar.