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ceremonies, were first of all brought up among
When other limbs we plainly see, the politer part of mankind, who lived in courts Each in his way, as brisk as he? Prior. and cities.
Spectator. 2. Powerful; spirituous. 25. To bring up. To cause to advance. Our nature here is not unlike our wine :
Bring up your army; but I think you 'll find, Some sorts, when ola, continue brisk and fine. They 've not prepar'd for us. Shakspeare.
Denbam. 26. Bring retains, in all its senses, the
Under ground, the rude Riphæan race
Mimick brisk cyder, with the brake's product idea of an agent, or cause, producing a
wild, real or metaphorical motion of some
Sloes pounded, hips, and servis' harshest juice. thing toward something ; for it is oft
Phillips: said, that he brought his companion out :
It must needs be some exteriour cause, and the meaning is, that he was brought to
the brisk acting of some objects without me, whose efficacy I cannot resist.
Locke. something that was likewise without. BRI'NGER. n. s. [from bring.] The per
3. Vivid ; bright. Not used.
Objects appeared much darker, because my son that brings any thing.
instrument was overcharged; had it magnified Yet the first bringer of unwelcome news
thirty or twenty-five times, it had made the obHath but a losing office: and his tongue
ject appear more brisk and pleasant. Newton. Sounds ever after as a sullen bell, Remember'd tolling a dead friend. Shakspeare. BRI'SKET. n. s. [brichet, Fr.] The breast
TO BRISK UP. V. n. To come up briskly. Best you see safe the bringer Out of the host : I must attend mine office.
of an animal.
Shakspeare. See that none of the wool be wanting, that BBI'NGER UP. Instructor ; educator. their gums be red, teeth white and even, and the
briskct skin red. Italy and Rome have been breeders and
Mortimer. bringers up of the worthiest men. Ascham. BRI'SKLY. adv. (from brisk.] Actively ; BRI'Nish. adj. [from brine.] Having the vigorously. taste of brine ; salt.
We have seen the air in the bladder suddenly Nero would be tainted with remorse
expand itself so much, and so briskly, that it maTo hear and see her plaints, her brinish tears.
nifestly lifted up some light bodies that leaned Slakspeare,
Boyle. For now I stand, as one upon a rock,
I could plainly perceive the creature to suck in Environ'd with a wilderness of sea,
many of the most minute animalcula, that were Who marks the waxing tide grow wave by wave;
swimming briskly about in the water. Ray. Expecting ever when some envious surge
BRI'S KNESS. n. s. [from brisk.] Will, in his brinish bowels, swallow him. Shaksp. 1. Liveliness; vigour; quickness. BRI'NISHNESS. n. s. [from brinish.] Salt Some remains of corruption, though they do ness ; tendency to saltness.
not conquer and extinguish, yet will slacken and BRINK. *. s. [brink, Danish.] The
allay, the vigour and briskness of the renewed principle.
South. edge of any place, as of a precipice or
2. Gayety. a river,
But the most distinguishing part of his characTh' amazed flames stand gather'd in a heap,
ter seems to me to be his briskness, his jollity, And from the precipice's brink retire,
and his good humour.
Dryden. Afraid to venture on so large a leap. Dryden. BRI'STLE. n. s. ,[bristl, Sax.] The We stand therefore on the brinks and confines
stiff hair of swine. of those states at the day of doom. Atterbury.
I will not open my lips so wide as a bristle So have I seen, from Severn's brink,
Sbakspeare. A flock of geese jump down together;
He is covered with hair, and not, as the boar, Swim where the bird of Jove would sink,
with bristies, which probably spend more upon And, swimming, never wet a feather. Swift.
the same matter, which, in other creatures, BRI'N Y. adj. (from brine.] Salt.
makes the horns; for bristles seem to be nothing He, who first the passage try'd,
else but a horn split into a multitude of little In harden'd oak his heart did hide;
Grew. Or his, at least, in hollow wood,
Two boars whon love to battle draws, Who tempted first the briny food. Dryden. With rising bristles, and with frothy jaus,
Then, briny seas, and tasteful springs, farewel, Their adverse breasts with tusks ublique they Where fountain nymphs, confus'd with Nereids, wound.
Addison. To BRISTLE. v. a. [from the noun.] To A muriatick or briny taste seems to be pro
erect in bristle. duced by a mixture of an acid and alkaline salt; Now for the bare pickt bone of majesty, for spirit of salt, and salt of tartar, mixed, pro Doon dogged war bristle his angry crest, duce a sale like sea salt.
Arbuthnct. And sleth in the gentle eyes of peace. Shak. BRI'Ony. See BRYONY.
Which makes him plume himself, and bristleup BRISK. adj. (brusque, French.]
The crest of youth against your dignity. Shaks.
To stand erect as 1. Lively; vivacious; gay; sprightly: TO BRISTLE. v. n.
bristles. applied to men.
Be it ounce, or cat, or dear,
Pard, or boar with bristled hair,
In thy eye that shall appear,
When thou wak'st, it is thy dear. Shakspeare. A creeping young fellow, that had committed Stood Theodore surpriz'd in deadly fright, matrimony with a brisk gamesome lass, was so With chatt'ring teeth, and bristling hair upright; altered in a few days, that he was liker a skele Yet arm'd with inborn worch. con than a living man.
L'Estrange, Thy hair so bristles with unmanly fears, Why should all honour then be ta'en
Aslidds of corn thai rise in bearded ears. From lower parts to load the brain;
Dryden. VOL, 1.
In mean time he, with cunning to conceal would be no more afraid than in broad sunshinc. from each other, as much as the lady priores
and the broad-speaking, gap-toothed wife of
T. BRISTLE a thread. To fix a bristle 2. To pierce a vessel in order to draw the to it.
liquor; to tap. Bri'stly. adj. [from bristle.] Thick set 3. To open any store. with bristles.
I will notably provide, that you shall want The leaves of the black mulberry are some
neither weapons, victuals, nor aid; I will open what bristly, which may help to preserve the
the old armouries, I will broacb my store, and dew.
Thus mastful beech the bristly chestnut bears, When Hudibras in haste approach'd. Hudibras.
Dryden. This errour, that Pison was Ganges, was first
broached by Josephus.
Raleig: Forth hasted he to tend his bristled care. Pope. Those who were the chief instruments of BRISTOL ŠIONE. A kind of soft diamond raising the noise, made use of those very opinions found in a rock near the city of Bristol.
themselves had broacbed, for arguments to prove, Of this kind of crystal are the better and that the change of ministers was dangerous. larger sort of Bristol-stones, and the Kerry Stones of Ireland.
Woodward. BRO'ACHER. 11. s. [from broacb.] BRIT.1. -S. A fish.
1. A spit. The pilchards were wont to pursue the brit, The youth approach'd the fire, and, as it upon which they feed, into the havens. Carew.
burn'd, TO BRITE. v. n. Barley, wheat, or On five sharp broachers rank'd, the roast they To Bright.} hops, are said to brite,
turn'd; when they grow over ripe.
These inorsels stay'd their stomachs. Drydes. BRI'TTLE. adj. [brittan, Sax.] Fra
2. An opener, or utterer of any thing;
the first author. gile; apt to break; not tough The wood of vines is very durable; though no
There is much pride and vanity in the affect, tree hath the twigs, while they are green, so
ation of being the first broacber of an heretical
L'Estrang. brittle, yet the wood dried is extremely tough.
Numerous parties denominate themselves, not From earth all came, to earth must all return,
from the grand Author and Finisher of our faith, Frail as the cord, and brittle as the urn.
but from the first broacher of their idolized opie
Decay of Pidy.
This opinion is commonly, but falsely, a.s.
cribed to Aristotle, not as its first broacher, but
, it will often crumble, BROAD. adj. [brad, Saxon.] and Pass in the form of gravel.
Arbuthnot, Bri’rTLENESS. n. s. (from brittle.] Apt
1. Wide; extended in breadth, distinness to break; fragility.
guished from length; not narrow. A wit quick without brightness, sharp without
The weeds that his broad spreading leaves did brittieness.
Are pull'd up, root and all. ing it but a minute or two longer or lesser in the
The top may be justly said to grow broader
as the bottom narrower. fiame, give it very differing teinpers, as to brittleness or toughness.
Of all your knowledge this vain fruit you hare,
Boyle. To walk with eyes broad open to your grave,
So lofty was the pile, a Parthian box,
drawn, must send the shaft below, Spenser.
The bottom was full twenty fathom broad. Drzd. BROACH. n. s. [broche, French.)
He launch'd the fiery bolt from pole to pole, I. A spit.
Broad burst the lightnings, deep the thunders
roll. He was taken into service to a base office in his kitchen; so that he turned a broach, that had
To keep him at a distance from falsehood, and
falsehood; this is the fittest preparation of a
cunning, which has always a broad mixture de And drip their fatness from the hazle broach.
child for wisdom.
Dryden. 2. A musical instrument, the sounds of
3. Clear ; open ; not sheltered ; not af. which are made by turning round a
fording concealment handle.
All thought of this from others, himself bore 3. [With hunters.] A start of the head In broad house, with the wooers, us before.
of a young stag, growing sharp like the end of a spit.
It no, longer seeks the shelter of night and TO BROACH. v. a. (from the noun.]
darkness, but appears in the broadest light, 1. To spit; to pierce as with a spit.
If children were left alone in the dark, they
He felled men as one would mow hay, and sometimes broached a great number of them upon his pike, as one would carry little birds spitted upon a stick.
worn a crown.
Decay of Pity.
The reeve and the miller are distinguished
Love made him doubt his broad barbarian I. The side of a ship, distinct from the sound;
head or stern. By love, his want of words and wit he found.
From vaster hopes than this he seem'd to fall,
That durst attempt the British admiral:
From her broadsides a ruder flame is thrown,
Than from the fiery chariot of the sun. Waller.
the side of a ship.
Pepe. Broadsword. n. s. [from broad and 5. Obscene; fulsome; tending to ob sword.] A cutting sword, with a broad scenity.
blade. As chaste and modest as he is esteemed, it Hc, in fighting a duel, was run through the cannot be denied, but in some places he is broad
thigh with a broadsword.
Wiseman. and fulsome.
Dryden.' BROADWISE. adv. [from broad and swise.] Though now arraign'd, he read with some de
According totbe direction of thebreadth. Because he seems to chew the cud again,
If one should, with his hand, thrust a piece of When his broad comment makes the text too
iron broadwise against the flat cioling of his champlain.
ber, the iron would not fall as long as the force
of the hand perseveres to press against it. Boyle. 6. Bold; not delicate ; not reserved. Who can speak broader than he that has no
BROCA'DE. n. s. [brocado, Span.] A house to put his head in ? Such may rail against
silken stuff, variegated with colours of great buildings.
Shakspeare. gold or silver.
I have the conveniency of buying and import-
ing rich brocades,
Spectator. Macduff lives in disgrace. Shakspeare. Or stain her honour, or her new brocade ; BROAD as long. Equal upon the whole.
Forget her pray’rs, or miss a masquerade. Pope. The mobile are still for levelling; that is to say,
BROCA'VED. adj. [from brocade.] for advancing themselves: for it is as broad as I. Drest in brocade. long, whether they rise to others, or bring others 2. Woven in the manner of a brocade. down to them.
L'Estrange, Should you the rich brocadet suit unfold, BROAD-CLOTH. n. s. [from broad and Where rising flow'rs grow stiff with frosted gold. cloth.] A fine kind of cloth.
BRO'CAGE. n. s. [from broke.]
1. The gain gotten by promoting bargains. Or else, be sure, your broad-cloth breeches
Yet sure his honesty
And filthy brocage, and unseemly shifts,
And borrow base, and some good ladies gifts. Having a wide survey.
Spenser. In despite of broad-eyed watchful day, 2. The hire given for any unlawful office. I would into thy bosom pour my thoughts: As for the politick and wholesome laws, they But, ah! I will not.
Shakspeare. were interpreted to be but brocage of an usurer, BROAD-LEAVED. adj. (from broad and
thereby to woo and win the hearts of the people.
Bacon. lenf.] Having broad leaves. Narrow and broad-leaved cyprus grass.
3. The trade of dealing in old things; the
Woodward on Fossils. trade of a broker,
Poor poet ape, that would be thought our chief,
Whose works are e'en the frippery of wit, grow broad. I know not whether this
From brocage is become so bold a thief,
4. The transaction of business for other Just o'er the verge of day.
So much as the quantity of money is lessened, manner.
so much must the share of every one that has a BRO'ADNESS. n. s. [from broad.]
right to this money be the less; whether he be 1. Breadth ; extent from side to side.
landholder, for his goods; or labourer, for his
hire; or merchant, for his brocage: Lockc. 2. Coarseness; fulsomeness.
BROCCOLI. 1. s. [Italian.] A species of
On broccoli and mutton round the year;
But ancient friends, tho' poor or out of play, between the shoulders.
That touch my bell, I cannot turn away. Pope. Big-bon’d, and large of limbs, with sinews
To B4OCHE. Sce To BROACH.
So Geoffry of Bouillon, at one draught of his Broadskouldcr’d, and his arms were round and
bow, shooting against David's tower in JerusaDryden.
lem, broched three feetless birds. Camden, I am a tall, broadsbouldered, impudent, black
BROCK. 1. s. (brioc, Sax | A badger.
Spectator. BROGUE, n. s. [brog, Irish.]
I thought he slept; and put
He hath sent me to bind up the broker. My clouted brogues from 'off my feet, whose bearted.
BRO'KENLY. adv. (from broken.] WithAnswer'd my steps too loud. Sbakspeare.
out any regular series. Sometimes it is given out, that we must either
Sir Richard Hopkins hath done somewhat of take these half-pence, or eat our brogues. Swift.
this kind, but brokenly and glancingly; intending 2. A cant word for a corrupt dialect, or chiefly a discourse of his own voyage. Hakeuiii. manner of pronunciation.
BRO'KE!. n. s. (from To broke.] His brogue will detect mine. Farquhar,
1. A factor; one that does business for TO BROIDER. v. a. [brodir, Fr.) To
another; one that makes bargains for adorn with figures of needlework.
another. A robe, and a broidered coat, and a girdle.
Brokers, who, having no stock of their own, Exodus.
set up and trade with that of other men ; buying Infant Albion lay In mantles broider'd o'er with gorgeous pride.
here, and selling there, and commonly abusing Tickel. both sides, to make out a little paultry gain
Templo BROIDERY. n. s. [from broider.) Em Some South-sea broker, from the city,
broidery ; flower-work; additional or Will purchase me, the more 's the pity; naments wrought upon cloth.
Lay all my fine plantations waste, The golden broidery tender Milkah wove,
To fit them to his vulgar taste. Swift. The breast to Kenna sacred, and to love, 2. One who deals in old household goods. Lie rent and mangled.
3. A pimp; a matchmaker. BROIL. n. s. [brouiller, Fr.) A tumult ;
A goodly broker! a quarrel.
Dare you presume to harbour wanton lines; Say to the king thy knowledge of the broil, To whisper and conspire against my youth? As thou didst leave it. Shakspeare:
Sbakspears He has sent the sword both of civil broils, and In chusing for yourself, you shew'd your judg. public war, amongst us.
ment; Rude were their revels, and obscene theirjoys; Which being shallow, you shall give me leave The broils of drunkards, and the lust of boys. To play the broker in mine own behalf. Sbebis.
Granville. BRO'KERAGE. n. s. [from broker.] The To BROIL. v. a. [bruler, Fr.] To dress pay or reward of a broker. See Bro.
or cook by laying on the coals, or be CAGE. fore the fire.
BRO'KING. particip. adj. Practised by Some strip the skin, some portion out the brokers. spoil,
Redeem from braking pawn the blemish'd Some on the fire the reeking entrails éroil. Dryd.
croin, T. BROIL. V. n. To be in the heat.
Wipe off the dust that hides our sceptre's gilt. Where have you been broiling?
Sbakspeare. -Among the crowd i' th' abbey, where a BRO'NCHIAL. adj. [Broyx .] Belongiog finger
BRO'NCHICK. to the throat. Could not be wedg'd in more. Sbakspeare,
Inflammation of the lungs may happen either Long ere now all the planets and comets had
in the bronchial or pulmonary vessels, and may been broiling in the sun, had the world lasted
soon be communicated from one to the other, from all eternity.
when the inflammation affects both the lobes. TO BROKE. v. n. [Of uncertain etymo
Arbuthnet, logy. Skinner seems inclined to derive BRONCHOCELE. 1. s. [Broyxoxú.n.] A tuit from To break, because broken men mour of that part of the aspera arteria, turn factors or brokers. Casaubon, from called the bronchus.
Quincy. acaleove Skinner thinks, again, that it BRONCHO'TOMY. n. [Spórt and may be contracted from procurer. Lye Tifkww.] That operation which opens more properly deduces it from bruccan, the windpipe by incision, to prevent Sax. to be busy.) To transact business suffocation in a quinsey. Quincy. for others, or by others. It is used ge The operation of broncbotomy is an incision into nerally in reproach.
the aspera arteria, to make way for the air into He does, indeed,
the lungs, when respiration is obstructed by any And brokes with all that can, in such a suit, tumour compressing the larynx. Sbar. Corrupt the tender honour of a maid. Sbaksp: BROND. 1. s. See BRAND. A sword.
The gains of bargains are of a more doubtful Foolish old man, said then the pagan wroth, nature, when men should wait upon others ne That weenest words or charms may force withcessity; broke by servants and instruments to
stond; draw them on.
Bacon. Soon shalt thou see, and then believe for troth, BRO'KEN. The part. pass. of break.
That I can carve with this enchanted broad. Preserve men's wits from being broken with
Spenser, the very bent of so long attention. Hooker. BRONTO'LOGY.n. s. [Boysy and asyiz.) A BRO'KEN MEAT. Fragments; meat that dissertation upon thunder. Dicta has been cut.
BRONZE, n. s. [bronze, Fr.] Get three or four chairwomen to attend you I. Brass. constantly in the kitchen, whom you pay at Imbrown'd with native bronze, lo! Henley small charges; only with the broken meat, a few
stands, coals, and all the cinders.
Szeift. Tuning his voice, and balancing his hands. Peter BRO'KENHEARTED.adj. [from broken and
2. Relief, or statue, cast in brass. beart.) Having the spirits crushed by
I view with anger and disdain, grief or fear.
How little gives thee joy or pain;
A print, a bronze, a lover, a root,
Such things become the hatch and brood of A shell, a butterily, can do 't. Prior.
Sbakspeare. BROOCH. n. s. [broke, Dutch.]
5. The act of covering the eggs. 1. A jewel; an ornament of jewels.'
Something 's in his soul, Ay, marry, our chains and our jewels.
O'er which his melancholy sits on brood;
And I doubt the hatch and the disclose
Will be some danger.
Sbakspeare. brooch and the toothpick, which we wear not BRO'ODY. adj. [from brood.] In a state of
Sbakspeare. sitting on the eggs ; inclined to sit, I know him well; he is the brooch, indeed,
The common hen, all the while she is broody, And gem of all the nation. Sbakspeare. sits, and leads her chickens, and uses a voice 20 [With painters.] A painting all of which we call clocking.
Ray. one colour.
Dict. BROOK. N. s. (broc, or broca, Sax.] A T. Brooch. v. a. (from the noun.] To running water, less than a river. adorn with jewels.
A substitute shines brightly as a king,
a king be by; and then his state Of the full-fortun'd Cæsar, ever shall
Empties itself, as doth an inland brook
Shakspeare. TO BROOD. v. n. (brädan, Sax.]
Or many grateful altars I would rear 1. To sit as on eggs, to hatch them.
Of grassy turf; and pile upevery stone
Of lustre from the brook; in memory,
Of monument to ages.
Milton. Wast present, and, with mighty wings outspread, Dove-like sat'st brooding on the vast abyss,
And to Cephisus' brook their way pursue : And mad'st it pregnant.
The stream was troubled, but the ford they Milton. knew.
Dryden, Here nature spreads her fruitful sweetness
Springs make little rivulets ; those united, round, Breathes on the air, and broods upon the ground.
make brooks; and those coming together, make
rivers, which empty themselves into the sea. Dryden.
Locke. 2. To cover chickens under the wing. Exaired hence, and drunk with secret joy,
T. BROOK. v. a. (brucan, Sax.) To Their young succession all their cares employ;
bear; to endure ; to support. They breed, they brood, instruct, and educate;
Even they, which brook it worst that men And make provision for the future state. Dryd.
should tell them of their duties, when they are Find out some uncouth ceil,
told the same by a law, think very well and reaWhere brooding darkness spreads hisjealous wings,
sonably of it,
Hooker. And the night raven sings.
A thousand more mischances than this one Milton.
Have learned me to brook this patiently. Sbaks. 3. To remain long in anxiety, or solicitous
How use doth breed a habit in a man! thought.
This shadowy desart, unfrequented woods, Defraud their clients, and, to lucre sold, I better brook than flourishing peopled towns. Sit brooding on unprofitable gold. Dryden.
Shakspeare. As rejoieing misers
Heav'n, the seat of bliss, Broed o'er their precious stores of secret gold. Brooks not the works of violence and war. Milt.
Most men can much rather brook their being 4. To mature any thing by care.
reputed knaves, than for their honesty be acIt was the opinion of Clinias, as if there were counted fools.
Soutb. ever amongst nations a brooding of a war, and Restraint thou wilt not brook; but think it hard, that there is no sure league but impuissance to Your prudence is not trusted as your guard. do hurt. Bucon.
Dryden. TO BROOD. v. a. To cherish by care. T. BROOK, v. n. To endure ; to be con
Of crowds afraid, yet anxious when alone, tent. You 'll sit and brood your sorrows on a throne. He, in these wars, had Aatly refused his aid;
Pryden. because he could not brook that the worthy prince BROOD.n. n. s. [from the verb.]
Plangus was, by his chosen Tiridate's, preferred 1. Offspring; progeny. It is now hardly before him.
Sidney. used of human beings, but in contempt. Bio'o KLIME. n. s. [becabunga, Lat.) A The heavenly father keep his brood
sort of water speedwell, very common ; From foul infection of so great a vice. Fairfax. in ditches,
With terrours and with clamours compáss'd BROOM. n. s. [genista; brom, Saxon.]
round, Of mine own brood, that on my bowels feed.
I. A small tree.
Ev'n humble broom and osiers have their use,
And shade for sheep, and food for flocks, pro-
Dryden. Lei down in cloudy throne to do the world some good.
2. A besom: so called from the matter of Ælian discourses of sterks, and their affection which it is sometimes made. toward their brood, whom they instruct to fiy.
Not a mouse Brown's Vulgar Erreurs. Shall disturb this hallow'd house ; 2. Thing bred ; species generated.
I am sent with broom before, Have you forgotien Lybia's burning wastes, To sweep the dust behind the door. Shakspeare. Its barren rocks, parch'd earth, and hills of sand,
If they came into the best apartment, to set Its tainted air, and all its broods of poison ?
any thing in order, they were saluted with a Addison. broom.
Arbuthnet. 3. A hatch; the number hatched at once. BRO'OMLAND. 11. s. [broom and land.]
I was wonderfully pleased to see the different Land that bears broom. workings of instinct in a hen followed by a I have known sheep cured of the rot, when brood of ducks.
Spectator. they have not been far gone with it, by being 4. Something brought forth ; a production.
put into bruomlands,