« PreviousContinue »
BREAKFAST. 11. s (from the verb.] 7. The seat of the passions.
Margarita first possess'd,
If I remember well, my breast. Cowley. pasts in this world.
Each in his breast the secret sorrow kept,
Aud thought it safe to laugh, though Cæsar 2. The thing caten at the first meal.
a bad sup
wept. Hope is a good breakfast, but it
To BREAST. v. a. (from the noun.] To per.
A good piece of bread would be often the best meet in front ; to oppose breast to breakfast for my young master. Locke. breast. 3. A meal, or food in general.
The threaden sails
Drłw the huge bottoms thro' the furrow'd sea, I would have been a breakfast to the beast. Shak. Breasting the lofty surge. Shakspeare. I lay me down to gasp my latest breath,
The hardy Swiss The wolves will get a breakfust by my death,
Breasts the keen air, and carols as he goes. Yet scarce enough their hunger to supply. Dryd.
Goldsmith. BRE'AKNECK 1. s. [from break and neck.] BRE'ASTBone. n. s. [from breast and A fall in which the neck is broken; a
bone.] The bone of the breast; the
sternum. steep place endangering the neck. I must
The belly shall be eminent, by shadowing the Forsake the court ; to do 't or no, is certain
flank, and under the breastbone. Peacban, To me a breakneck.
Sbakspeare. BRE'ASTCASKET. n. s. [from breast and BRE'A K PROMISE. 1. s. [from break and
casket.] With mariners, the largest and promise.] One that makes a practice longest caskets, which are a sort of strings of breaking his promise.
placed in the middle of the yard. I will think you the most atheistical break
BRE'AST FAST. n. s.[from breast and fast.1 promise, and the most hollow lover. Shakspeare.
In a ship, a rope fastened to some part BkE'akvow.9.s [from break and vow.] of her forward on, to hold her head to a He that practises the breach of vows.
warp, or the like.
Harris. That daily hreakvozu, he that wins of all, BRI'ASTHIGH, adj. (from breast and higb.] Of kings, of beggars, old men, young men, Up to the breast. maids.
Shakspeare. The river itself gave way unto her, so that she . BREAM. n. s. [brame, Fr. cyprinus latus, was straight breastligh.
Sidney. Lat. A fish.
Lay madam Partlet, basking in the sun, The bream, being at full growth, is a large Breastbigb in sand.
Dryden's Fables. fish; he will breed both in rivers and ponds, BRT'ASTHOOKS. n. s. [from breast and but loves best to live in ponds.
He is, by book.] With shipwrights, the compassing Gesner, taken to be more elegant than whole timbers before, that help to strengthen some. He is long in growing, but breeds exceedingly in a water that pleases him, and in
the stem, and all the forepart of the many ponds so fast as to overstock them, and ship.
Harris. starve the other fish. He is very broad, with a BRE'ASTKNOT. 1.s.[from breast and knot.] forked tail, and his scales set in excellent order. A knot or bunch of ribands worn by He hath large eyes, and a narrow sucking
women on the breast. mouth, ew sets of teeth, and a lozing bone, to Our ladies have still faces, and our men hearts; help his grinders. The male is observed to have two large melts, and the female two large bags
why may we not hope for the same achievements
from the influence of this breastknot? Addison. of eggs or spawn.
Walton's Angler. BRE'ASTPLATE. n. s. [from breast and A broad breem, to please some curious taste, While yet alive in boiling water cast,
plate.] Armour for the breast. Vex'd with unwonted heat, boils, flings about. What stronger breastplate than a heart un
tainted? BREAST. n. s. [brieorz, Saxon.] :
Thrice is he arm’d, that hath his quarrel just. '1. The middle part of the human body,
Sbakspeare. between the neck and the belly.
'Gainst shield, helm, breastplate, and, instead
of those, No, traytress! angry Love replies, She's hid somewhere about thy breast;
Five sharp smooth stones from the next brook he chose.
Cowley. A place, nor God vor man denies, For Venus' dove the proper nest.
This venerable champion will come into the Prior.
field, armed only with a pocket-pistol, before 2. The dugs or teats of women which his old rusty breastplate could be scoured, and contain the milk.
his cracked headpiece mended. Szeift. They pluck the fatherless from the breast. Job. BRE'ASTPLOUGH. n. s. [from breast and 3. Breast was anciently taken for the pow plough.) A plough used for paring turf, er of singing.
driven by the breast. The better breast,
The breastplough which a man shoves before The lesser rest. Tusser of Singing Boys: him.
Mortimer. 4. The part of a beast that is under the BRE'ASTROPES. 1. s. [from breast and neck, between the forelegs.
rope.] In a ship, those ropes which s. The diposition of the mind.
fasten the yards to the parrels, and, with I, not by wants, or fears, or age opprest, Stem the wild torrent with a dauntless breast.
the parrels, hold the yards fast to the mast.
Harris. 6. The heart; the conscience.
Dryden. BREASTWORK: 1. s. [from breast and Needless was written law,where none opprest;
work.) Works thrown up as high as the The law of man was written in his breast.
breast of the defendants; the same with Dryden. parapet.
Or does my glutted spleen at length rene?
Sir John Astley cast up breastworks, and made
They wish to live, a redoubt for the defence of his men. Clarendon. Their pains and poverty desire to bear, BREATH. 1. s. [brade, Saxon.]
To view the light of heav'n, and breathe the vital 1. The air drawn in and ejected out of the
Drulen. body þy living animals.
They here began to breatbe a most delicious
kind of æther, and saw all the fields about them
covered with a kind of purple light. Tatler. Into the air: and what seem'd corporal Melted, as breath, into the wind.
2. To inject by breathing: with into.
He breathed into us the breath of life, a vital 2. Life.
active spirit; whose motions, he expects, should No man has more contempt than I of breath: But whence hast thou the pow'r togive me death?
own the dignity of its original
. Decay of Picty. Dryden.
I would be young, be handsome, be belov'd,
Could I but breatbe myself into Adrastus. Dryd. 3. The state or power of breathing freely; opposed to the condition in which a
3. To expire; to eject by breathing: with
out. man is breathless and spent. At other times, he casts to sue the chase
She is called, by ancient authors, the tenth Of swift wild beasts, or run on foot a race,
muse; and by Plutarch is compared to Caius, T'enlarge his breath, large breath in arms most
- the son of Vulcan, who breathed out nothing but
Spectator: Or else, by wrestling, to wax strong and needful.
4. To exercise ; to keep in breath. Spenser.
Thy greyhounds are as swift as breatbed stags. What is your difference? speak.
Sbakspears I am scarce in breath, my lord. Sbakspeare. 5. To inspire; to move or actuate by
Spaniard, take breath; some respite l’li attord; breath.
The artful youth proceed to form the quire;
They breatbe the flute, or suike the vocal wire.
Prior. That they, at length, grew weary to destrcy ; 6. To exhale ; to send out as breath. Refus'd the work we brought, and, out of breath,
His altar breuibes Made sorrow and despair attend for death. Dry!. Ambrosial odours, and ambrosial flow'rs. Milt, 4. Respite; pause ; relaxation.
7. To utter privately. Give me some breath, some little pause,
dear I have tow'rd hearen breatb'd a secret yow, lord,
To live in pray'r and contemplation. .Sbaksp.
The ready cure to cool the raging pain,
BRE'ATHER.». s. [from breathe.]
Addison's Cato. 1. One that breathes, or lives. 6. A single act; an instant.
She shows a body rather than a life,
I will chide no brcatber in the world but my.
Sbakspeers may be breathed; as, breathable air.
2. One that utters any thing. TO BREATHE. v.n. [from breath.]
No particular scandal once can touch,
But it confounds the breatber. Shakspeare 1. To draw in and throw out the air by the lungs ; to inspire and expire.
3. Inspirer; one that animates or infuses by He safe return'd, the race of glory sast,
The breather of all life does now expire: New to his friends embrace, had breatb'd his last.
His milder father summons him away. Norriso
Pope. 2. To live.
BREATHING. n. s. [from breathe.] Let him breathe, between the heav'ns and 1. Aspiration ; secret prayer. earth,
While to high heav'n his pious brecibings A private man in Athens. Shakspeare.
turn'd, 3: To take breath; to rest.
Weeping he hop'd, and sacrificing moura'd. He presently followed the victory so hot upon the Scots, that he suffered them not to breathe, 2. Breathing place ; vent. or gather themselves together again. Spenser. Three times they breath'd, and three times did
The warmth distends the chinks, and makes
New breathings, whence newy nourishnient she
BREATHLESS. adj. [from briath.]
1. Out of breath ; spent with labour. And too much breathing put him out of breath.
Milton. The prince, with patience and sufferance sły, When Francchad breatl'dafter intestine broils,
So lusty heat soon cooled to subdue ; And peace and conquest crown'd her foreign
Tho' when he breatbless wax, that battle 'gan toils.
Resconnon. 4. To pass as air.
I remember, when the fight was done, Shall I not then be stified in the vault,
When I was dry with rage and extreme teil
, To whose foul mouth no healthsome air brea!bes
Breathless, and faint, leaning upon my sword, in,
Çame there a certain lord. And there be strangled ere my Romeo cores?
Many so strained themselves in their racé, znas
they fell down breathless and dead. Hayzasd. To BREATHE.6. a.
Breathless and tird, is all my fury spent 1. To inspire or inhale into one's own body, and eject or expire out of it.
Kneeling before this ruin of sweet life,
Thereat he roared for exceeding pain, And breathing to this breathless excellence That to have heard, great horrour would have The incense of a vow, a holy vow. Shakspeare.
Fairy Queens Yielding to the sentence, breathless thou
Our own hearts we know, but we are not cerAnd pale shalt lie, as what thou buriest now. tain what hope the rites and orders of our church
Prior. have bred in the hearts of others. Hooker. bred. The part. pass. of To breed.
What hurt ill company, and overmuch liberty, Their malice was 'red in them, and their cogi
breedetb in youth ! Ascham's Schoolmaster. tation would never be changed. Wisdom. Intemperance and lust breed infirmities and BREDE. n. S. See BRAID.
diseases, which, being propagated, spoil the strain of a nation.
Tillotson In a curious brede of needie-work, one colour falls away by such just degrees, and another 4. To contrive; to liatch; to plot. rises so insensibly, that we see the variety, with
My son Edgar ! had he a hand to write this? out being able to distinguish the total vanishing
a heart and brain to breed it in ? Sbakspeare. of the one from the first appearance of the other. 5. To give birth to; to be the native place:
so, there are breeding ponds, and feeding BREECH. n. s. (supposed from bræcan, ponds. Sax.]
Mr. Harding, and the worthiest divine chris1. The lower part of the body; the back tendom hath bred for the space of some hundpart.
reds of years, were brought up together in the When the king's pardon was offered by a
Hooker. herauld, a lewd boy turned towards him his
Hail, foreign wonder! naked breech, and used words suitable to that
Whom certain these rough shadés did never breed.
Hayward The storks devour snakes and other serpents;
6. To educate ; to form by education. which when they begin to creep out at their
Whoe'er thou art, whose forward ears are bent breeches, they will presently clap them close to
On state affairs, to guide the government; a wall to keep them in. Greru's Museum. Hear first what Socrates of old has said 2. Breeches.
To the lov'd youth whom he at Athens bred. Ah! that thy father had been so resolved !
Dryder - That thou might still have worn the petticoat,
To breed up the son to common sense, And ne'er had stol'n the breech from Lancaster.
Is evermore the parent's least expence. Dryd. Sbakspeare.
And left their pillagers, to rapine bred, 3. The hinder part of a piece of ordnance.
Without controul to strip and spoil the dead.
Dryden. So cannons, when they mount vast pitches, Are tumbled back upon their breeches.
His farm may not remove his children too far Anon,
from him, or the trade he breeds them up in. 4. The hinder part of any thing.
Locke. To BREECH. v. a. [from the noun.] 7. To bring up; to take care of from in1. To put into breeches.
fancy. 2. To fit any thing with a breech; as, to
Ah'wretched me! by fates averse decreed
To bring thee forth with pain, with care to breed. BRE'ECHES., n. s. [bræc, Saxon, from
Dryden. bracca, an old Gaulish word; so that
8. To conduct through the first stages of
life. Skinner imagines the name of the part
Bred up in grief, can pleasure be our theme? covered with breeches, to be derived Our endless anguish does not nature claim? from that of the garment. In this sense Reason and sorrow are to us the same. Prior. it has no singular.]
TO BREED. V. n. 1. The garment worn by men over the 1. To bring young. lower part of the body.
Lucina, it seems, was breeding, as she did noPetruchio is coming, in a new hat and an old
thing but entertain the company with a discourse jerkin, and a pair of old brecches, thrice turned.
upon the difficulty of reckoning to a day. Spect. Shakspeare.
2. To be increased by new production. Rouch satires,sly remarks,ill-natur'd speeches,
But could youth last, and love still breed; Are always aim'd at poets that wear broeches.
Had joys no date, and age no need;
Prior, Then these delights my mind might move Give him a single coat to make, he'd do 't;
To live with thee and be thy love. Raleigh. A vest or breeches, singly; but the brute 3. To be produced ; to have birth. Could ne'er contrive all three to make a suit. Where they most breed and haunt, I have ob
serv'd, 2. To wear the breeches, is, in a wife, to
The air is delicate. Shakspeare's Macbeth. usurp the authority of the husband.
There is a worm that breedeth in old snow, and The wife of Xanthus was domineering, as if
dieth soon after it cometh out of the snow. Bacon. her fortune, and her extraction, had entitled her
The caterpillar is one of the most general of to the breeches.
worms, and breedetb of dew and leaves. Bacon. TO BREED. v. a.pret. I bred, I have bred.
It hath been the general tradition and belief,
that maggots and flies breed in putrified carcases. (brædan, Sax.)
Bentley. 1. To procreate ; to generate ; to produce 4. To raise a breed. more of the species:
In the choice of swine, choose such to breed of None fiercer in Nurnidia bred,
as are of long large bodies.
Mortimer. With Carthage were in triumphled. Roscommon. BREED. 11.5. (from the verb.] 2. To produce from one's self. Children would breed their teeth with less
1. A cast; a kind; a subdivision of species.
I bring you witnesses,
Lecke. Twice fifteen thousand licarts of England'sbreed. 3. To occasion; to cause ; to produce.
breech a gun.
bent for man to know, is comprised in one
The horses were young and handsome, and of A fierce loud buzzing brzese, their stings draw the best breed in the north. Sbokspeare.
blood, Walled towns, stored arsenals, and ordnance; And drive the cattle gadding through the wood. all this is but a sheep in a lion's skin, except the
Dryden. breed and disposition of the people be stout and BREEZE. n. s. [brezza, Ital.] A gentle warlike.
gale; a soft wind. Infectious streams of crowding sins began, We find that these hottest, regions of the And thro' the spurious breed and guilty nation world, seated under the equinoctial line, or near
it, are so refreshed with a daily gale of easterly Rode fair Ascanius on a fiery steed,
wind, which the Spaniards call breeze, that doth Queen Dido's gift, and of the Tyrian breed. Dryd.
everinore blow stronger in the heat of the day, 2. A family, a generation : in contempt.
Raleigó. A cousin of his last wife's was proposed : but From land a gentle breeze arose by night, John would have no more of the breed. Arbuthnot. Serenely shone the stars, the moon was bright, 3. Progeny; ofispring.
And the sea trembled with her silver light. Dryd. If thou wilt lend this money, lend it not
Gradual sinks the breece As to thy friend; for when did friendship take Into a pofect calm; that not a breath
A breed of barren metal of his friend ? Sbúisp. Is heard to quiver through the closing woodle 4. A number produced at once; a hatch.
Tbomsor. She lays them in the sand, where they lie till BREEZY. adj. [from breeze.] Fanned with they are hatched; sometimes above an hundred gales. at a breed.
Grew. The seer, while zephyrs curl the swelling deep,
you, no teltale, nor no breedbate. Sbakspeare. judge, will compound between the murderer and BRE'EDER. 11. s. (from breed.]
the party murdered, which prosecute the action, 1. That which produces any thing.
that the malefactor shall give unto them, or to Time is the nurse and breeder of all good.
the child or wife of him that is slain, a recomSbakspeare. i
pence, which they call an eriach. Spenser. 2. The person which brings up another.
BREME, adj. (from bremman, Saxon, to Time was, when Italy and Rome have been rage or fume.] Cruel; sharp; severe. the best breeders, and bringers up of the worthiest Not used,
Ascban's Schoolmaster. And when the shining sun laugheth once, 3. A female that is prolifick.
You deemen the spring come at once : Get thee to a nunnery; why would'st thou be But eft, when you count you freed from fear, a breeder of sinners? Shakspeare's Hamict. Comes the breme winter with chamfred brows,
Here is the babe, as loathsome as a toad, Full of wrinkles, and frosty furrows. Spenser. Amongst the fairest breeders of our time. Sbaks. BRENT: adj. [from biennan, Saxon, to
Let there be an hundred persons in London, burn.] Burnt. Obsolete. and as many in the country, we say, that if What flames, quoth he, when I thee present see there be sixty of them breeders in London, there
In danger rather to be drent than brent. F. Queen. are more than sixty in the country. Graunt. Yet, if a friend a night or two should need her,
BREST. n. s. [In architecture.] That He'd recommend her as a special breeder. Pope.
member of a column, called also the 4. One that takes care to raise a breed.
torus, or tore. The breeders of English cattle turned much to
Brest Summers. The pieces in the outdairy, or else kept their cattle to six or seven
ward parts of
any timber building, and
Temple. in the middle foors, into which the BRE'EDING. N. s. [from breed.]
girders are framed.
Harris. J. Education ; instruction ; qualifications.
BRET. N. 5. A fish of the turbot kind, also She had her breeding at my father's charge,
burt, or brut. A poor physician's daughter. Sbakspeare: I am a gentlemen of blood and breeding. Shak.
BRE'THREN.». s. [The plural of brotber.) I hope to see it a piece of none of the meanest
See BROTHER breeding, to be acquainted with the laws of nature.
All these sects are brethren to cach other in
Sevift. 2. Manners; knowledge of ceremony.
As men of breeding, sometimes men of wit, BREVE. n. s. [In musick.) A note or T' avoid great errours, must the less commit. character of time, equivalent to two
measures or minims. The Graces from the court did next provide Breeding, and wit, and air, and decent pride.
BRE'VIARY. 7. s. [breviare, Fr. brevia.
Swift. 3. Nurture ; care to bring up from the
1. An abridgment; epitome ; a compeninfant state.
dium. Why was my breeding order'd and prescribid,
Cresconius, an African bishop, has given us As of a person'separate to God,
an abridgment, or breviary thereof. Design'd for great exploits ? Milton's Agonistes.
2. The book containing the daily service BRE'ESE. n. š. [bniora, Saxon.] A sting
of the church of Rome. ing fly; the gadfly.
BRE'VIAT. N. s. (from brevis, brevio, Lat.}
A short compendium.
It is obvious to the shallowest discourser, that The learned write, the insect breese
the whole counsel of God, as far as it is incumIs but the monrel rince of bees, Hudibras. breviat of evangelical truth.
Decay of Pidy.
BREVIATURE. n. s. [from brevio, Lat.] BRE'WJS, N. S.
1. A piece of bread soaked in boiling fat BRE'VIER. 1. so A particular size of
pottage, made of salted mcat. letter used in printing ; so called, pro 2. It scems anciently to have meant broth. bably, from being originally used in What an ocean of brewis shall I swin in! printing a breviary.
Beau, and Fletc. Dioc BRE'VITY. n. s. [brevitas, Lat.) Concise- BRI'AR. N. s. See BRIER
ness; shortness; contraction into few BRIBE. n. s. [Bribe, in French, originally words.
signifies a piece of bread, and is applied Virgil, studying brevity, and having the com to any piece taken from the rest; it is mand of his own language, could bring those therefore likely, that a bribe originally words into a narrow compass, which a translator
signified, among us, a share of any thing cannot render without circumlocutions. Dryden. 1. BREW. v. a. [brouwen, Dutch ; bra
unjustly got.] A reward given to per
vert the judgment, or corrupt the conwen, German; bruipan, Saxon.)
duct. 1. To make liquors by mixing several in
You have condemn'd and noted Lucius Pella, gredients.
For taking bribes herc of the Sardians. Sbaksp. We have drinks also brewed with several Nor less may Jupiter to gold ascribe, herbs, and roots, and spices.
Bacon, When he turn'd himself into a bribe. Waller. Mercy guard me!
If a man be covetous, profits or bribes may Hence with thy breau'd enchantments, foul de put him to the test.
Milton. There's joy when to wild will you law's pre2. To put into preparation.
back her bribe. weather at all, and another storin brezving
Dryders Sbrikspeare. T. BRIBE. v. a.[from the noun.] 3. To mingle.
1. To gain by bribes; to give bribes, reTake away these chalices; go, brew me a wards, or hire, to bad purposes. pottle of sack finely.
The great, 't is true, can still th' electing tribe; 4. Pope seems to use the word indetermin
The bard may supplicate, but cannot bribe. ately
Prologue to Goodi-atured Man.
How pow'rful are chaste vous! the wind and
tide tick surmise, and the most contrary to his nature, You bril'd to combat on the English side. Dryd. that, I think, had ever been brorved from the
Bru'BER. 1. 's. [from bribe.]. One that beginning of the world, howsoever countenanced by a libeilous pamphlet of 2 fugitive physician,
pays for corrupt practices.
Affection is still a' briber of the judgment;
and it is hard for a man to admit a reason To BREW. v. n. To perform the office of
against the thing he loves, or to confess the force
of an argument against an interest. South, I keep his house, and wash, wring, brew; BRIBERY. 11. 5. (from bribe.] The crime bake, scour, dress meat, and make the beds, and do all myself.
of taking or giving rewards for bad BREW. 11, s. [from the verb.] Manner of
practices. brewing; or thing brewed.
There was a law made by the Romans, against Trial would be made of the like brew with
the bribery and extortion of the governours of
provinces: before, says Cicero, the governours potatoe roots, or burr roots, or the pith of arti
did bribe and extort as much as was sufficient for chokes, which are nourishing meats.
themselves; but now they bribe and excort as BRE'WAGE. n. s. [from brew.] Mixture much as may be enough not only for themselves, of various things.
but for judges, jurors, and magistrates. Bacon. Go, brew me a portle of sack finely.
No bribery of courts, or cabals of factions, or - With eggs. sir ?
advantages of fortune, can remove him from the - Simple of itself: I 'll no pullet-sperm in my
solid foundations of honour and Adelity. Dryden, brerage.
Sbakspearé. BRICK: n. s. [orick, Dutch; brique, Fr.
use of builders. Men every day cat and drink; though I think For whatsoever doch so alter a body, as it reno man can demonstrate out of Euclid, or Apol turneth not again to that it was, may be called lonius, that his baker, or brewer, or cook, has not conveyed poison into his meat or drink.
alteratio major ; as coals made of wood, or bricks
They generally gain enough by the rubbish and
bricks, which the present architects value niuch house.] A house appropriated to brew beyond those of a modern make, to defray the ing.
charges of their search.
Addison. In our brewhouses, bakehouses, and kitchens, But spread, my sons, your glory thin or thick, are made divers drinks, breads, and meats. Bacon.
On passive paper, or on solid brick,
2. A loaf shaped like a brick.
The sexton comes to know where he is to be
even in print.