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true, if it were not an object of utility ; || sessed of natural affectiop, furnish a powa! and as the first of all truths is the exis-erful motive to righteousness : and to tence of God, that God would not exist, then who sinned, prove an aggravation if it were not for the advantage of the to their punishment. creation that he should esist.

This part of divine providence was C. This consequence is certainly in objected to in the times of Ezekiel as admissible; but I can hardly see how unjust. “The fathers (said they) have you make it out.

eaten sour grapes, and the childrens' F. Try it again. If moral good be teeth are set on edge-the ways of the moral good, because it tends to general Lord are not equal.” To this objechappiness; why is not truth, truth, be- tion, two things were suggested in recause it is of utility ?

ply But farther: an action may tend to (1.) That though it was so that the natural good, though it be performed sins from the times of Manasseh fell froin the worst of motives, as the reliev upon that generation, yet there was no ing of the needy from ambition; yetinjustice in it; but on the contrary, with such a motive there is no moral much mercy; for what they bore was good in it. If therefore you will main-no more that what their own sins detain your position, you must give up all served : and its not baving been infict purity of motive as essential to morali-ed before, was owing to divine forbearty; and maintain, with Volney, that in-ance. God might have punished both tention is nothing. You will also find their fathers and them. Hence, “ As I your opinion largely defended by Hume, live, said the Lord, ye shall not have ocwho has written a treatise to prove that casion any more to use this proverb in all virtue arrises from its utility; and Israel, the soul that sinneth, it shall die!" that as " broad shoulders and taper legs Which is as if he had said, I will no are useful, they are to be reckoned a more forbear with you as I have done; mongst the virtues !" I hope you will but will punish both father and son innot be elated with your company.

stead of the son only. Ezek. XVIII.

ALPHA. | 1-4 Seeming Contradictions Reconciled. (2.) that if the sins of the fathers fell

Exod. xx. 5. I the Lord thy God am upon the children, it was not without the a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of children having adopted, and persisted the fathers upon the children, unto the in their fathers' crimes. The visiting of third and fourth generation of them that the iniquity of the fathers upon the chil

dren, unto the third and fourth generaEzek, xviii. 20. The soul that sin-tion, is only of them that hate him; that neth, it shall die : the son shall not bear ||is, where the fathers hate bim, and the the iniquity of the father, neither shall children tread in the fathers steps. If juthe father bear the iniquily of the son.

dah in the times of Ezekiel had been

righteous, they had not gone into capNeither of these passages appear to tivity for what was done in the times of be applicable to men, as the individual Manasseh. subjects of God's inoral government, and with respect to a future world; but Genesis xiii. 17. Arise, walk through merely as members of society in the the land : for I will give it unto thee.. present life. Nations, and other com Genesis xxiii. 17, 18. And the field munities, as such, are considered in the of Ephron, which was in Machpelah ; divine administration as persons. That the field, and the cave which was therein which is done by them at one period, is and all the trees which were in the field, visited upon them at another; as the that were in all the borders round about, history of Israel, and of all other nations were made sure unlo Abraham for a posevinces. The effects of the conduct of session. every generation not being confined to Acts. vii. 5. He gave him none inheritself, but exiended to their posterity,|| itance in it, no nol so inuch as to set his would, in proportion as they were pos- foot on ; yet he promised that he would

hate me.

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Toy Sets, vi. G. He gare digne

Lince in il, no nol so saudi a3 88
a foot on; yet he promised to

for it lo him for a possession, and to his occasion was human, though, belong
ed after him.

ing to one that was divine. Jacob said,
The first of these passages is the lan. " I have seen God face to face.Thus
uage of promise : the last intimates also that which was beheld by Moses is
at the promise was not performed to A-called “ the similitude of Jehovah"
daraham, but reserved for his posterity. (Num. xii. 8.) or a glorious divine ap-
*** is true, he purchased a burying appearance; of which, though we are
round of the sons of Heth, according unable to form an adequate idea,

the second passage ; but that could yet we may be certain that it came
ardly be called ground" to set his foot short of what he was afterwards told be
an,” which expresses an idea different could not see and live.” Though, in
on that of a place to lay his bones in ; comparison of other dark speeches and
od much less an inherilence of God's visions, it was seeing him face to face;
iving him, to set his foot on. His have yet when compared with a perfect

rag to purchase even a grave, was rather knowledge of the glory of God, it was
wproof that he was considered as a stran-but seeing what among creatures would
zer, than of his being a native of the soil. be called the shadow, or at most“ the
will inherilance given of God he had not: back parts” of a great personage.
at only was such which his posterity

Biblical Mag
njoyed without purchase, the inhabi-
pants of the land being driven out before MR EDITOR,
bein.

Mr. Miles P. SQUIER, who finished the

usual course of studies in Divinity at the Gen. xxxii. 30. I have seen God

Theological Institution at Andover, was ice to face, and my life is preserved.

appointed a missionary by the Board of

Directors of the General Missionary So-
Exod. xxxiii. 20. · Thou canst not

ciety of young people of the Western
ee my face, for there shall no man see me District. He received his appointment
und live.

and set out to perform his mission on

the twelfth of June last. He has since The difference here seems to arise returned and made report of his Migrom the phrase, face of God. In the

sionary labours on the route prescribed. irst instance it is expressive of great fa

The report has been approved by the priliarity, compared with former vis

Directors, and they believing that it will

be interesting to the readers of your
ons and manifestations of the divine
glory : in the last, of n fullness of

Mazazine, especially to those who are

members of their Society, beg the favor knowledge of this glory, which is incom of

your giving it an early insertion in Jenny i jem in patible with our mortal state, if not

your publication. By order of the Board,
with our capacity as creatures. What

SAM. F. SNOWDEN, Chairman:
Jacob said of himself, that he had seen

Nen-Hartford, Sept. 22, 1815.
God face to face, is repeatedly spoken of TO THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE

Moses, and as that by which he stood dis-
Steen tinguished from other prophets. (Deut.

YOUNG PEOPLE FOR THE WESTERN
Hey that wa diame

xxxiv. 10.) Even in the same chap-
ter wherein it is said, he could not see

Gentlemen, I sit down with deffer
his face and live," it is said that Jehovabence to recount to you, and through you
spake unto him, face to face. (Exod. to that interesting society of youth
xxxiii

. 11, 20.) He whom Jacob saw whose Agents you are, the history of my Desie Di. 17, 18

had at least the appearance of a man, labors, and travels, while employed inErron, which was in

who conversell and wrestled with him their service.
litt day break. Yet before they parted,

bid
ats
, cal the loves which rere he was convinced that he was more than track of the mission, and beg leave oc-

In giving the recital, I shall pursue the
anaume tere umlo
mere made sure unto

debes athn, even God; who on that, as on casionally to digress, and mingle opin-
other occasions, assumed a visible and ions with facts; that you may be bene-

fitted Tants

, as a prelude of his future incarna-way, and he enabled the better to untion. The face which was seen on this iderstand the state of that section of couv

GENERAL MISSIONARY

SOCIETY

OF

DISTRICT.

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try, which I visited. To the first divis-|| more anxious for the word, which will ion of it, viz. from Camden to Oswego, also contribute its mite. To these places and thence to Geneva, I shall first direct might be added a congregation on this your attention.

side of the river in Scriba, or on the othOn this part of my rout I spent three er side in Cato or Sterling, in each of weeks, and preached the first Sabbath which last there is a Presbyterian at Williamstown-the second at Oswe- church and society. go and the third at Junius. I preached Should a Missionary be sent statedly three times each Sabbath, and once on to labor in the above mentioned places, each week day, except Mondays and I am persuaded he might gain half his Saturdays--visited families as I had op- support from the places themselves, and portunity, and made it, as I hope, the thereby be organizing them into permaobject of my conversation, to instruct nent societies, while he would see before them into the things of the kingdom of him the largest prospects of usefulness. God, -and as they were growing settle I pass on to the next section of counments, to show the importance of their try to which you directed me: that from building np also, religious institutions, Canandaigua to Rochester, at the falls of of hastening the time when they should, Genesee River, and thence on the Ridge of themselves, be possessed with a stat-Road to Lewiston. On this roule I spent ed dispensation of the gospel.

four weeks, two on this side of the riv. In most of the towns within the comer in the towns of Pennfield, Perringpass I have mentioned, Presbyterian orton, Pittsford, and Brighton; and two I found, norerer, but one Minister, (mr) on the towns I have mentioned on this Dixon.) The inhabitants are mostly side of the river will soon cease to be emigrants from New England, and yet missionary ground, though missionary retain the religious habits of that section labor is now quite acceptable, and highof country from which they emigrated. I ly useful. Churches are established in They were glad to see your Missionary, them, and they have preaching a part and doubly so as he came from the of the time, I found many who seemyouth, to teach the way of life to theired to be sincerely the friends of Zion, children. Congregations on the Sab- and whose hearts gladdened at the disbath were large ;-on week days con- pensation of the word. siderable, and at all times respectful, Rochester though new, is a flourishand serious. I think this a profitable, ing place : property and business is field for missionary labor. But dismis- chiefly in the hands of the pious. They sing other parts of it, allow me to de- bare formed under the statute into a retain you a little at Oswego, and its im- ligious society, in connexion with Brighmediate vicinity. Oswego is getting to ton on this side of the river, and since I be a place of importance-its population was there the church obtained some is encreasing, and it has already 300 in-li preaching, and are wishing to get one, habitants. It is the only outlet to the who, as a faithful under shepherd, shall lakes in the centre of the state, and the statedly break to them the bread of life, only communication by water with the and declare the ways of God to his peostates on the Atlantic. Although no ple. church is formed in the place, the peo Your Missionary found the towns of ple desire to have preaching. They say this neighborhood an interesting field of if the Missionary is acceptable they will labor, and although no special seriousemploy him one third, or one half of the ness was on the minds of the people, time. Twelve miles up the river is an- yet the general regard wbich was paid other settleinent, which, though I have to his appointments on week days, the not visited it, I learn is anxious to have large congregations on the Sabbath, the # dispensation of the gospel among willing reception of the word sown, the them, and will do something to obtain it. Il encouragement which seemed to be givna To the west of the village of Oswego, li en to the friends of the Redeemer, and Fögr miles, is anotber settlement still the silent, sober thoughtfulness of all;

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14.271 ery much want preaching; and will manifested towards the missionary-at ulus main the second Lewiston and its vicinity. Iize a Moral Society there, while I was Om mig which is nipe miles west of Parma, he me to stay longer. “We want, (they

u tube to proceeditation for the strengthened his hands and encouraged both these towns which embrace a conhorapa adancantramente its maite I his heart in the work assigned him. siderable extent of territory, and popuini disebut be added a compra

Twelve miles to the west of Genesee lation, hungering for the bread of life, was will be nicer in Scrie River, on the Ridge road, is Parma, and in the opinion of one of their best Leth i'vies is alles in einer Stens, where I witnessed an out-pouring of the informed, and most influential men; List otes de piept : Spirit. The schools were serious—The might derive much of his support from

youth were serious, and so were others. the places themselves. 1- Numbers were smitten with a sense of But no where have I found a people pare their sin; others were rejoicing in the more anxious for a ministration of the 1- liberty of the christian. It was a seri- word, than at a settlement five miles to

ous, and a profitable time. I preached the east of Lewistown. There and at and prayed with them. Mr. HUMPHREY Lewistown also, a readiness is shown to and Mr. WILLIAMS, in succession were do something for the support of the mis

there immediately before me. Twelve sionary who should be sent them. But on the or fourteen sermons were preached, and the settlements are so new, and so little

religious meetings attended with them, recovered from the desolations of the in the space of a fortnight, and I since war, that much ought not to be expects learn that something of an ingatheringed. These two places, and Manchester; has been made to the church.

seven miles up the river, and YoungsProceeding west from Parma, I made town and Fort Niagara at its mouth, it my daily business as before, to preach, would frnish congregations and the hope to visit families, and to visit schools : the of abundant usefulness to the missionary last of which I found peculiarly interest on this station. Other places he night ing, and profitable-It was interesting to find in the neighborhood, where his labors tell a listening group of children, that would be acceptable, and greatly iostruthey had immortal souls, and that they mental in building up the interests of Ziwere bound to the eternal world; to tell on. them of that Saviour who took just such I refer you in the next place to Buffain his arms, and blessed them; and in loe and its vicinity, and the towns on the prayer to implore for them the covenant great road, from that place back to Gen: mercies of the God of Abraham. I spentesee river. one sabbath at Ridgeway, and one at As there was but a solitary house or Lewiston, on each of which I preached two from the Falls to the immediate vithree times, and on week days as before cinity of Buffalo, I went directly to the in the places about, and between. latter place, and was enabled as I hope

To the west of Parma ou the Ridge under the blessing of God, to make a road there are no churches organized, greater impression on it than I had exalthough some pious people may be-pected. I spent two Sabbaths at the vilfound in almost every place. The poplage of Buffalo--preached four lectures ulation of the town, however is getting in other parts of the town-attended to be considerable, and though worldly four funerals, and visited fifteen or twenenterprize is the predominant character ty fainilies. I was rather surprised at istic of the people, yet they say they the tenderness, and regard that was do what they can for the support of the the attention that was paid to his apmissionary who may be sent to thein. pointinents, and at the seriousness of

On this section of my route I shall the congregations that listened to his beg leave to recommend two stations, spreaching. There is an evident dispowhich I wish you to regard in apportion sition for reformu from the inoral degraing the future labors of your inissiona-datious of the war at Bufalo. They ries. The first is Murray-four corners were enabled to set on foot, and organ

Should a Missionary be stationed at with them, with the best prospects of the above mentioned plare in Murray, usefulness and success.

They wished miglit have for the field of his labor, said,) we want scady preaching. No.

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thing else will answer. We are getting pointed out by the gentlemen of this to be a great people. We are at a dis- Board, the organization of additional tance from the land of candidates, there Branches of your Society. is no one to teach salvation to our chil-il My first attempt was at West Bloomdren." My heart bled for them. The field. During the day or two that I fields were already white with the bar could tarry with them, I preached and vest, but not a laborer was seen! I can laid the subject before them; and read truly say the People of Buffalo heard the your address and constitution to the word gladly, and at the close of the ex. youth. They voted to form a Branch ercises of the second Sabbath, they pre- there, filled out the blanks in the constisented me, for you, the sum of twenty-tution, appointed a committee to circunine dollars, as a testimony of their grat- | late it for signers, and a day on which itude to that dear Society of youth that to meet and fill the offices. sent them the gospel.

At East Bloomfield, the minister told On the returning route, eleven miles me the thing should be attended to. this side of Buffalo, is Williamsville. I spent on my return a week at GeThis might be considered a profitable neva-preached out in destitute congreseat for missionary labor: the townsgations and towns, generally in the afterabout it are destitute, and have a large noons, and in the forenoons carried forand an increasing population. I preach ward my objects in the formation of a ed there, and at Clarence, the next| Branch--spent the Sabbath theretown to the east.

preached once, four miles west of GeneAt Batavia, an Episcopalian Society va, and twice for Mr. AXTEL, who spent is just formed, but as it embraces only, the Sabbath at Junius, and preached and will most probably be confined to twice to the church and society where I the village, missionary labor would be spent the Sabbath in going out, and once highly useful.

to a destitute congregation in Phelps. I spent a Sabbath at Le Roy, and I am happy to state to you, gentlemen, preached twice, four and a half miles that before leaving Geneva I could witfrom the great road, and a third sermon ness the complete organization of a flour. upon the same day, where they have ishing branch of your society, consisting preaching one half of the time, and pass. at its outset, of about 70 members. The ing through Caledonia where they have subject, though cautiously approached at a settled clergyman, I recrossed Gene-first, when become familiar, received a see river, and shall take leave of the full approbation and hearty concurrence country beyond it, with only one or two of the friends of Zion. As I had not general remarks.

timne to visit more than the most conOn the Holland Purchase there are siderable places, my next attempt was fifteen churches, but not to my knowl-at Auburn. But on coming there, I edge, one settled clergyman. One sol-found the clergyman absent, and thinks itary missionary alone (Mr. SPENCER,)||ing it not best to set about my work missionates upon it. Methodists, how there in bis absence, could do nothing ever, more or less, ride their circuits ;| more than to converse the subject over Baptist Elders may occasionally, tho' with some of his good people; leave very seldoin be found. It is a vast field him a copy of the constitution and for missionary labor. With a popula- write him a letter, stating the history of tion rapidly increasing, feeble and dis- the society-its objects—its tendencies tant are the songs of salvation, wild and on the youth, and requesting him to untutored the notes of praise. “Mine join in aiding its views. eyes have seen the nakedness of the The day that I was at Skeneateles, land, and wept over it.” The call there was spent in ridiọg about with the cleris loud to missionaries, and to the soci- gyman of the place, to a number of his eties that employ them “come over in principal families, during which, 10 or to Macedonia, and help us."

12 names were put to the paper, and a A prominent object with me since re-pledge given of the speedy organization crossing the Genesee river, has been as of a Branch there.

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