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oric making atonement, others are passed mined to give his Son to die for soine POD I ther, becomes of eternal elertion ?-into sin, he determined to give bis Son

# The answer is easy. " Known unto God to be a prouitiniu for the sins of the

Doctrine of Election Staled.

83 3 altogether more heveuth day was

nacted, in which those, who are left to are all his works, from the beginning of Melli

jeir own chosen way, do not share.--the world.” The election of some unto and his family as

till, however, the grace already mani- salvation, therefore, was " from the beaccounts for the

sted to them, in the gift of a Savior, in ginving." Those, whom God blesses na and bis posteri

je atonement he has made, and in the" with all spiritual blessings in heavenly

ffer of salvation to them, remains the places," or things, " in Christ,” he so -8 again incidenta

ame. It is not diminished, surely, by blesses, “ according as he hath chosen" sacred writer,

he farther displays of grace, which God them "in him, before the foundation of Genesis.

pleased to make, in the actual salva- the world, that" they" should be holy, an to Jacob.

on of others. What God does for oth- and without blame before him in love." Iso, (i. e. Rav

rs, lays no bar in the way of their com- But, though they were " chosen before ou shall serta

ng to Christ, and obtaining salvation. the foundation of the world,” the choice

Jothing binders this, but the wicked was made in view of such circumstan

ververseness and obstinacy of their owoces as God foresaw wonld actually exist. mi week. 17

- vil hearts. Now, this representation is Those, who would have it that some consisted

ot mere hypothesis ; it is according to were chosen, not only to salvation, but

Mir wuct. As has been stated already, men that atonement might be made particu

"; sepertin ere all sinners, and under condemnalarly for them, must admit, that, in maEh other:

ad hos et on. Christ has been set forth a propitia- king the election, God contemplated

So We on for the sins of the whole world.-men as fallen, and under condemnation.

333 Through bin, salvation is freely offer- What is now contended for is, that he able :

E, sal d ; and, when offered, it is universally contemplated them, not merely as fallin

3M grei od most ungratefully rejected. In viewen, and under condemnation; but, as 121, of these circumstances, God says, con- fallen creatures, to whom salvation has sprejeli erning the ungrateful and guilty race, been offered, and by whom it has been TË * I will bave mercy on whom I will rejected.

have mercy.” He sends his Spirit, to These different views of the subject olenew the hearts of some, and to forin assign to election different places, in the att hem“ vessels of mercy prepared unto order of divine purposes. It is true,

glory ;" and he leaves others to their the purposes of God, being all eternal own choice, who continue to reject the are necessarily coexistent. In the or

salvation offered, and after their hard-der of time, no one purpose could have

ness, and impenitent heart, treasure up existence, in his all comprehensive mind, - z unto themselves wrath, against the day prior to another. In the order of nature,

of wrath, and revelation of the righteous however, one divine purpose may be judgment of God. Those, on whom considered as preceding another. The God thus has mercy, are the elect.— purpose to give existence to men, for They are “ chosen unto salvation, example, unust have been prior, in orssthrough sanctification of the Spirit, and der of nature, to the purpose of giving

belief of the truth.” But, the election Christ to redeem and save men. Accor* cis made, not from among men, viewed ding to those, who maintain that some

merely as transgressors of the law, and were elected, that Christ might die for under condemnation ; but, from among them, in particular, the order of nature, *men, viewed as having rejected salva- in the divine purposes effecting the saltion, when graciously offered.-Hence, vation of men, must be as follows; God it is not an election of some, that Christ determined to create men ; foreseeing

might die for thein in particular, while, that they would fall into sin, he detersi by : but, it is an election of some, from of them only ; and then inade his elecme among all,for whom atonemeot has been tion of the individuals, to whom this faLes per you made ,and who have refused to obey the vor should be granted. But, as the * calls of the gospel, “unto obedience and subject has now been contemplated, the

sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ." order is this ; God determined to create But, here some may inquire, What, men; foresceing that they would fall

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whole world, and that, through him, sal- || and it is true, that, in thcir election in vation should be freely offered, only | salvation; in the renovation of their on condition of repentance and faith in hearts ; in being enabled to persevere Christ; and, foreseeing that the gracious in holiness, and in being brought home offer would be, universally, ungratefully to glory, the elect do receive, from the rejected, lie said, “ I will have mercyfulness there is in Christ, and “ grace on whom I will have mercy,” and, ac- upon grace,” in which the non-elect do cordingly, chose some “ unto salzation not share.-Ver. Adviser. through sanctification of the spirit, and belief of the truth."

PARTIALITY. The order, first stated, not only leaves An officer of the revenue, rich by opTo room for any manifestation of grace, pression, had a son and a servant intiin the offer of salvation, to the non-elect; mate companions. They would pass the but it gives opposers opportunity to urge live-long day in conversing about masagainst the doctrine of election, argu-ters and fathers. Masters now-a-days inents drawn from such passages of are mere Turks, says Martin the salei, scripture, as speak of the atonement of no regard for us;-labor intolerable, Christ as m de for the sins of all, and threatenings, blows; but of wages, not from those, also, in which the invita a word. Do they take us for uobaptiztions of the gospel are addressed to all ed beasts of burden? All true says the with very great effect, if not unanswera-son; but my dear Martin, are fathers less bly. Besides, it does not well harmon-hard hearted ? Incessant chiding, vexaize with the order of events.

tious admonitions, tedious lectures.-Against the order last stated, no such Can the fools expect we should have all objections can lie. Ji takes out of the the dull gravity of old age? Does a haods of opposers all arguments drawn young man incline to the army ? he is from the universality of the atonement, condemned to the long robe. Crossed and the general invitations of the gospel, he must be in every inclination, as if the and leaves them, in producing these ar-old dotard were to chuse for him, not guments, to fight, as one that beat-he for himself. No! adds he, there is eth the air.” For, the universality of not a race of men more intolerable than the atonement, and the general invita-fathers.” This was their constant theme. tions of the gospel potwithstanding, sin- Martin, employed in the finances, sucners reject the offer of saivation, and, ceeded, became a tax-gaiherer, had a from ainong those who reject, God has sumptuous house, a luxurious table, a chosen some to salvation : and his pur- grand equipage, and a nation of valets. pose according to election, inust stand. The son improved his father's stock, It perfectly harmonizes, also, with the took a wife, and find children. Martin, order of events. Man was created before now rich, became a reputable compan. be fell; he fell, before salvation was of-ion. They continued good friends.fered, through Christ ; salvation was of But what was now their theme? Why, fercd, before rejected; and it was re- children and servants.

O the cross of jected, before the Spirit was sent to domestics, says Monsieur Martiniere, communicate"all spiritual blessings" to (for Martin's name was now extended a some, "accorling as they were chosen full span), thoughtless and lazy ; threats in Christ, before the foundation of the and blows are in vain,-thieves, traitors, world, that they should be holy." Ac- liars, they eat our bread and laugh at us cording to this view of the subject, too, to the bargain. Ab! says the farther of the there is the same grace manifested to family, talk to me of children, there's the the non-elect, as to the elect, in the gift real cross, good for nothing boy or girl, of a Saviour, in the atonement, which no obedience. We fatigue ourselves he has made, by his obedience, and suf-| to death for them ; but as to gratitude, ferings, iud death, and in the offer of sal- your servant. They long for our death, vation. But, when all ungratefully re-watch the instant; and how happy when fuse the saivation offered, God has relieved of a burden." "imercy on whom he will have mercy ; || A man is a partial judge in his own


S. N:7: 80 well satisfied with themselves, and so any defects; but put him upon thinting
S'unni of self-partlality, it would have solved to attack his character. Let him be-
idren arxl servan's will not readily submit to a cure who is Bishop, “ of making our enemies con-

lies, says Vossies hot sensible of needing it. The great tribute to our good.” If even by such fixs Martin's name was not in Cicero is a mortifying instance of this|| discipline self-partiality cannot be totalAlura, they eat our bread azis who was writing the History of Rome, against that of iny opponent, what if I tu', 'to the bargain an: the birth to bestow the utmost energy of bis pen should rack my invention to discover te famils, tall auf children in magnifying his exploits.

mal cross par la sobirine 47says he, a splendid story; for, in relat-practice may possibly abate my self-parTi ho obel, 6. - laligue log the transactions of your friend, a de- tiality. This lesson is with energy ex.

tu death ive, but a 0.5 Fiation from truth may well be excus-pressed in the following golden rule,
Tours Red." Did any man ever betray an ap- l“Do as you would be done by.”

Hause. Full of his imagined superior-|| was entirely free from vanity; and that
ity, he loses sight of what he owes to no other mortal bad less regard to com-
others. Fancying himself on a throne, mon fame and vulgar applause.

to him all must bend the knee. A low gentleman of a peevish temper, but to
man rails at his superiors: he is exalt- which self partiality made him blind,
ed, loses sight of what he was, and now had a small estate in the neighborhood
rails at himself in his former condition. I of a nobleman who delighted in hunting.
The poor never cease wondering at the If the chace led the hunters into his
narrrow views of the opulent, and at fields, he was impatient and discontent-
their want of charity. Give them riched, even without suffering any harm.-
es, their tone varies; and now not a syl-One time in the bitterness of wrath, he
lable but of the respect due to people wrote to the Earl, that there could not
of their rank. When such is the prepos- be a greater curse than to be his neigh-
session even of the lowest classes, can bor. Urged by debt, he offered his es-
a more sober way of thinking be expec-tate to sale; and the Earl, to be rid of
ted from those of high birth? Kings wat him, was glad to give the price de-
urally are not more depraved than oth-manded much above the value. But
er men; and but for self partiality, it change of residence did not change his
would be difficult to account why sel-temper. Every new neighbor appear-
fishness is their ruling passion; with|ed to him worse than all the former.-
scarce any sense of justice, far less of “Strange!" exclaimed he,“ that I can-

pot settle any where without finding a
Self partiality is the source of inani. " Lord H~." Know thyself, is a diffi-
fold distresses A man infected with cult lesson, especially for a young per-
that disease, never thinks he is treated son who is not aware of self-partiality.
with sufficient respect: needs there The tutor ought to apply himself dili-
more to imbitter his life, and io unfit gently to correct it in his pupil; assur-
him for society? peevishness and dis-ing him, that of all vices it is the aptest
content render him miserable, in the to raise disgust. Bishop Butler in one
very circumstances that make others of his admirable sermons, gives the fol.
happy. It was a problem among the lowing sagacious lesson :-"Do not
ancient sages, why men commonly are pretend,” says he," that your friend has
little with their condition. Had they tho't what his enemies would say were they

the problem. A man of that temperware of what he suspects they would
never imagines that his condition equals mention as vicious or defective; not
bis merit.

that he is to suppose them in the right,
Self-partiality is difficult to be cured. but that there may be some weakness
It is a distemper that a man sees clear there which he ought to guard against.
ly in others, never in himself; and one This is the true way,” adds the good
distemper. He was vain of his consu- ly eradicated, it may at least be con-
late, and exhorts his friend Lucceius, cealed. Io weighing my owa

“ Make it," what may be urged for him ? Frequent petite for fame more gross and unjustió. Partiality, checked or disguised, when able? Yet in several of his epistles to | entirely selfish, is allowed full scope Brutus and to Cato, he declares that he when our country is the object, or our

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friend or our religion*. This sort of ||ed the whole Roman people, was & parliality is laudable, if it provoke not mong us confined to our tribe or clan. our hatred against others. Excited by What inveteracy of one tribe against anpartiality to their country, the old Ro-other! worse than lions and tigers, which mans were flaming patriots. But their spare their own kind, we hunted one partiality was indulged to an ungene- another down, and man became the rous excess: they became proud, inso-most formidable enemy of man. lent, intolerable, holding all other na People acquainted with their conntrytions as brutes and barbarians, the men only, are apt to take up a prejudice Greeks scarcely excepted. Such par- against the manners and customs of othtiality is not unjust only, but inexcusa- er nations; which tends to narrow the ble ; being an infallible symptom of a spirit of benevolence, and to lesson mean understanding and of a contract their satisfaction in the society of their ed heart. It must be a bad frame of fellow creatures. Liberal education, mind that sets us at variance with our and travelling with a view to instruction, fellow creatures, and foments discord in-| are the only remedies. Ap incident restead of sweetening society.

corded by Herodotus, sets in a striking But the bad effects of partiality in light the partiality of a nation to its owu hurting others, are not to be compared customs. Darius king of Persia, having with its bad effects in hurting ourselves. an army composed of different nations, Every enmity we indulge, is to us a real demanded of his Greek soldiers what misfortune: it so far imbitters our chief bribe would prevail to make them eat fund of happiness, which consists in be. the bodies of their dead parents, as the nevolence and internal quiet. What Indians did. It being answered, that thren must he suffer, who hates every nothing should ever tempt them to person who ditfers from him in senti-commit a crimne so atrocious, the ment. Such is the dismal condition of Prince in their presence demanded of the bigot in religion, and factious man in some lodiaps, what sum would tempt the state, objects however of pity more them to burn the bodies of their parents than of aversion.

after death. The Indians intreated the Benevolence, the most estimable of King to impose upon them any thing all principles, may, by a wrong direction less horrible. That this was rank preof our passions, generate malevolence judice in the Indians, will be acknowlin abundance. If we be taught to con-edged by every European. But were fine our good will to our connections, the learned and polished Greeks free and to hold others at defiance; the from that taint? We prefer the Greek man who has from nature the greatest manners and customs, which are familstock of benevolence becomes by that|iar to us, as their books make a capital wrong bias the most zealous clansman, branch of a learned education. The and the most violent stickler for a par-| laying of a dead body on a funeral pile, ty; which inflames his aversion to oth- | appears to us as natural as the laying of ers in proportion. Thus the spirit of it in earth. But let us figure an Egypfaction, opposition and enmity, are by tian, who, proud of his own country, wrong education raised and fostered.

never gave himself the trouble to think Pictures of that kind are far from being of foreign customs. Embalıning was a rare. Reflect only on the state of this sacred rite among that people, in order nation two centuries ago. The Old to preserve entire the bodies of their Roman patriotism, which comprehend | ancestors: the palaces of the dead

* A very sensible and religious woman, late, were little lesy sumptuous than of the ly deceased, had a great friendship for David | living. What notion would an EgypHume the philosopher. When rallied on insisted that he was the best christian of her tian have of a people, whose practice acquaintance, that she read all his works, as he should be told it was, to throw their they were published, that to be sure there ancestors into the fire, or to let them rot was a little philosophical nonsense in them ;-ll in the earth? Yet the sentiment of the but still that he was a good christian. added she, have I not been intimately acquain: simple Indian was the same. Being igted with David Huma since he was a child."

norant of the art of embalming, the rev:

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dnite among that people!
I preserve entire the model
ancestors: the palaces of 1

an hare of a people, where in
incestors into the fire, or to katika
borant of the art of embalagement of social life, Lord Kaimes. I might affirm, that truth would not be

erence he had for his parents, prompted MORALITY NOT FOURED IN UTILITY.,
him to give them the most honorable Mr. Editor,
grave in his power, which was, to con In a late excellent sermon which has
vert them into his own substance. Bru-passed under your review, the author
tality or savageness it could not be, with great success combats the notion
when they expressed such horror at the of morality being founded in utility:-
Grecian mode, Their reverence in. On looking over some loose papers the
deed for their parents must have been other day, I found a short conversation
excessive, when it was sufficient to c-lon this subject which took place a few
verbalance the aversion that inen, as years since between two friends, and
well as other animals, have to feed on which was taken down immediately af
their own species.

ter they had parted. It will occupy but
If in this manner, young persons can a small part in your magazine: if you
be trained to examine with candor the think it worthy of a place, it is at your
manpers and customs of different na- 1 service.
tions, they will find less reason than is C. I hare been thinking of the rea-
commonly thought for preferring their son why we are required to love God,

Lead them to reflect that the and one another; and why the contrary
manners and customs of nations, depend is forbidden.
more on accident than on solid causes, F. And what do you conceive it to
The following is a ludicrous instance.-be?
A long beard is among us a mark of C. Would there be any such thing as
gravity, and commands respect; nor is sin in the universe, if it were unproduce
it without reason that we imagine this to tive of evil consequences ?
be a natural impression. Yet in the F. You mean, would there be moral!
reign of Francis I. of France, the grave evil, if there were no natural evil arising
judges of the parliament of Paris were out of it?
obliged to be close shaven.

C. I do.
fashionable among the courtiers and F. I allow that all moral evil tends to
young beaux, to encourage the beard || natural evil, as disorder in the animal
and to cut it into shapes. The beard frame tends to pain and misery : but we
accordingly was at that time a mark of do not usually consider the effect of a
levity, and therefore inconsistent with thing as the reason of its existence. In-
the solemn air of a judge.

stead of saying, it is wrong because it
As it is difficult to suhdue partiality tends to misery, I should say, It tends
when it has once got a seat in the inini, to misery because it is wrong.
parents and tutors ought to give pecul C. What idea do you affix to right
iar attention to preserve those under and wrong, distinct from that of its
their care from the infection, noxious good or evilteudency ?
to themselves and noxious to others. F. That which is in itself fit or unfit.
Self-partiality is in particular the parent or which agrees or disagrees with ihe

nf opiniatrety, and young persons can: relations we sustain to other Beings, 11. But not have a worse guide, in their com- whether Creator or creatures. Thus it

merce with the world. Let them keep is commanded : " Children obey your
in mind, their frequent mistakes and parents in the Lord; for this is right.
frequeut change of sentiment. Candor C. Yes, it is right: but its being so,

friends, more certainly than the mere render the universe happy.
negative of never having erred. Such F. Then it has no excellence in itself,
candor will prevent many a blush and but merely a relative one. Will you
irksome reflection, which they are well say, that because moral good tends to
acquainted with, who cannot bear ever general happiness, therefore it must
to be thought in the wrong. A habit of needs be what it is on that account?
ingenuity makes a man a comfortable!

C. What if I were to affirm this?
companion, and fits him for every en F. By the same mode of reasoning

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were little less sumpiroma

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a the earth! Yet the statura
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