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the divine agency. Joseph's brethren since they are opposition to it. Whenever men are un- moral agency; then there is no room are soted freely and voluntarily under great propriedy make Beher feel his operation, nor any voluntary sion, or the least obstruction to their
to act in the most unfeeling and with his will in burdeningder compulsion, they feel the power that for the supposition of a self determining wel manner, when, according to the they have no gvul compels them, and their own desire and power in moral agents, which Arminians vine din and under the divine|| bim, though they must inability to overcome that power. Samp- maintain, and upon which they build
they threw him into a pit, and condemn themselves begon, after he had lost his locks, was their whole system. This observation
Ini Ngopi Pharaoh, whom find, that those who ter compelled to be bound ; and he felt the may be illustrated and confirmed by the wir derdeel, and whom the freely acknowledge the power of those who bound him, but ramarks of Monsieur BAYLE, one of the
fers in the passage under ity. Joseph's brethren si found hinself unable to overcome it. most ingenious and learned men that ... to lisbelieve the other, “We are rerilygs This holds true in all cases of compul-| France ever produceil. In his life of 10 Blu's and disobey the ex-lour brother, in that we satsion. The person compelled feels a ARMINIUS, speaking of his controversy
itus ad iud. The heathen of his soul, when he best power, which he endeavors, but cannot with the Calvinists, he observes, “ It 43
Disquisition on Romans ix. 19.
Disquisilion on Romaeus a. 14
in the hearts were hardened, we would nol hear." Wovercome.
If sinners, therefore, were were to be wished that he had made a betw
.” To this he the there were destroyed... he said, "I haeresiendegis operation upon their hearts, they would subjoins the following note, which is exSi vousy Cris for thirty your God, and against you s necessarily feel both the power that ope- tremely luminous, witerQurger te wustürevart he said, " I have sinned this rates upon thein, and their own endeav
“I mean, that he had governed himautor batek erediente bad the Lord is 'righteous, and I unds or and inability to oppose and overcome self by St. Paul's rule. That great apos
bene dimed and are wicked." And Judas dhe i that power. But do they ever feel ei- tle, inspired by God, and immediately 18 v bendeleri care to lition freely acknowledged the thier of these things ? Did Judas feel the directed by the Holy Ghost in all his
RighTV, ani ziveet the ity of "what he had done under divine influence upon his heart, or any writings, raised to himself the objection UN BRRits la ence of his hardened heart. 1 opposition to that influence ? All that he which natural light forms against the SE* VA Gree: janlening das, who betrayed him, wel felt was a willingness to betray Christdoctrine of absolute predestination; he
Williste ki muutu hat he was condemned, reed for thirty pieces of silver. Did Pharaoh | apprehended all the force of the objecis brut (tke.
ide and brought again the thiet feel the power that hardenerl his heart, tion; he proposes it without weakening ***.23 wlis silver to the chief priests and or any desire to resist it? All that he it in the least. God hath mercy on whom **** * qring, I hare sinned, in that I be felt was a strong and voluntary propen-he will have mercy, and whom he will he * *?...selepre... 2 rare innocent blood." Thusi sity to destroy the people of God. And hardeneth. This is St. Paul's doctrine,
3 szemce of every hardened sile it is as true now as ever it was, that sin- and see here the difficulty which he starts serta w wer or later condem him for li ners do not feel, nor oppose that divine upon it. “ Thou will say then unto me,
nimes of heart. The reason á influence, by which they are hardened. Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath ..sl saidiers to be hardened. If since They feel themselves entirely free and resisted his willThis objection cannot
de l Tisdeche desired, and endere voluntary as to all their internal affec-be pushed further : Twenty pages of the tout ceteract the divine influence bsi tions and external conduct. But if God|subtilest Molinist could add nothing to Jeta e they are banieged, then the fault's actually hardened their hearts by comit. What could they infer from it more
e failupuie twe, and not upon thema' pulsion, they would naturally feel a than that in Calvin's hypothesis, God will webes. Basis derer the case, and di struggle and opposition to his hardening have men to sin ? Now this is what St. halos a este gratis sapien ey are as justly to be influence. They would be conscious of Paul knew could be objected against
e el sed, as if they sinned his influence, and conscious of their own him. But what does he answer ? Does tell meeting semily i Ged. The divine i exertions to overcome his influence.- he seek for distinctions and molifica
12 meiteit hearts does nothing And since they never do have this con- tions? Does he deny the fact ? Does he to mas se eiling in aet, and its sciousness, they know that there is no in part only? Does he enter into any parde herkeses: 10 zet, which alune carte ground for their objection, that he com- ticulars ? Ducs he remove any equivo
Their choice is de pels them to sin. They know that they cations in the words ? Nothing of all vice God changes o never felt bis power operating upon this; he only alleges the sovereign powse no right to change their hearts, and that they never felt anyer of God, and the supreme right which : sole objection opposition to a power they never felt. the Creator has to dispose of his creaay is that b They know, therefore, by their own tures as it seems good to him. Nay, but this objeća constant experience, which is the high-||0 man, who art thou that repliest against
est kind of knowledge, that God never God ? Shall the thing formed say to him does compel them to sin, and that their that formed it, Why hast thou made me only plausible objection against his har-thus ? All Christians ought to receive a dening their hcarts, is absolutely ground-definitive sentence here; a judginent final
and without appeal, in the dispute about Now, if God can both soften and har. | grace; or rather they ought to learn den the hearts of men, wilhout compul- this contluct of St. Paul, never to
e', and there
pute about predestination, and at the || begin with it, since he was doomed to first motion to oppose it in bar against || coine to it soon or late? He is mistak. all subtilties of human wit, whether, en who inagines, that after having enthey offer of themselves, while they are tered the lists with a great disputant, he meditating on that great subject, or will be allowed to triumph only because whether another suggests them. The he bad gained some advantage over best and shortest way is, to oppose this him at beginning. A wrestler, who strong bank betimes against the inunda- should outrun his adversary three parts tions of argunents, and consider the de or more of the race, does not win the finite sentence of St. Paul, as those im- crown, unless he preserves his advait moveable rocks, whose foundation is in tage to the end of the course. It is the the midst of the sea, against wbich the same in controversies; it is not sufficient proudest billows cannot prevail, but turn to parry the first thursts. The replies to froth, and dash and break themselves and the rejoinders must all be satisfied, upon thein in vain.
If ever it be safe till every doubt is perfectly cleared.to give the mind some exercise on Nor is this what the hypothesis of Arpoints of this kind, at least we ought to minius, nor that of the Molinists, nor that sound a retreat betimes and retire be- of the Socinians, is able to do. The syshind the bank I spoke of. Had Armi- of the Arinivians is only fit to obtain nius acted thus, as often as bis reason some advantages in those preludes of suggested to him difficulties against the the combat in which the forlorn hope is hypothesis of the reformers, or at all| detached to skirmish; but when it comes times when he found himself called to to a general and decisive battie, it is answer any disputants, he would have forced to retire, as well as to rest betaken a perfectly wise and apostoliehind the incomprehensible mystery.” course, and made use of the lights of his
PHILONOUS. understanding just as he ought to have
Nlass. M. u. done. Arminius was no way pressed to oppose the common doctrine, be did E.ciracl from u Newspaper. not believe that any one run the hazard of salvation by following the hypoth
I am one of those unhappy persons, esis of Calvin. Let us see another cir- who have been brought up under a cumstance by which he rendered him-minister that has spent 6fty years in self inexcusable. To a system full of teaching his people that they cannot great difficulties, he substituted another love Godi and from the time I was len system, which, to speak truly draws af-|| years old, till a few Sabbaths since, I ter it no less difficulties than the former. bave felt myself not at all to blame for One may say of this doctrine what I want of love to Gud, because my minishave said of the innovations of Saumur. ter, whom I have constantly taken to it is more vehement and less constrain-be an understanding and good man, for ed than the opinion of Mr. Amyraut, fifty years upon the stretch, has been but after all, it is no better than a pallia- sounding this my inability in my ears.tive remedy; forthe Arminians have soon Till now I have had no uneasy feelings answered some objections, which, as they respecting my own conduct, during my pretend, cannot be refuted on Calvin's whole life, though I have had ten thousystem; but they find themselves expos- sand respecting the conduct of Adam, ed to other difficulties, which they cannot and ten thousand times more respecting get clear of but by a sincere acknowl- the conduct of God towards sioners. I edgment of the infirmity of the human have often wondered how an infinitely mind and the consideration of the in good Goci could ever find it in his heart comprehen:ible infinity of God. And to punish any of bis creatures for not was it worih while to contra.lict Calvin aning that, which they could not do ! for this? Ought be to have been so ve- This has sometimes caused me to hearry delicate in the beginning, seeing in | ken to Arminians, at other times to the the end he must have recourse to such Universalists, to see if their schemes of an asylum? Why might be not as weli | religion would not remove this diiliculty,
A DISTRESSED OLD MAN.
otpr Code' go on with his cannots, I dare not tell New York and Vermont.
"Win! wuld ever ind i li 1 punte allt of his creatures iling that, which they cou?
niles Drunimaur, at other tiger
either of which I find would effectuallyy more to be seen among the men of the
Language cannot describe the con-| charms. I am now in the most retired sterpation, the surprise and indignation place I can get. I am ashamed to show of heart, wbich I was thrown into, uponiny face to my children and children's the above mentioned Sabbath, at hear- | children, to my neighbors and familiar ing a ininister gravely and solemnly af- acquaintance, and therefore keep out of Girin, that fallen men are endowed with their view as much as I can. But alas! natural powers and faculties to love God, I cannot get out of the view of the omand this was the only reason that God niscient God. These things have worn required them to love birn, and blamed || down my constitution, and the king of them for not loving him. If this be terrors is making fast strides towards true, said I, I am certainly to blame for me. I read, I pray, I weep, I tremble; not loving God, and therefore God may but it is all with a voluntary enmity of with infinite justice punish me accor-beart against God, whom I am now conding to the utmost rigour of his holy,|| vinced is just. I feel nothing in my way just and good law. For a few moments of repenting, believing, and loving God, I felt myself like a man at his wit's end; but the free choice of my heart: and then I thought this doctrine could not this is like ten thousand daggers plunbe true, after all, for if I was able to lovelged into my soul. I know not that ever God, why did I not love him? But up any was in my situation. I dare not re. on more mature relection I found that veal it to any of my acquaintance. My the great difficulty I laboured under, inminister will think hard of me, if I tax loving God, was not seated in the want him with preaching errors. of natural powers and faculties, nor in I have been your constant customer, the weakness of them, as I had always ever since you published your paper, before thought; but in the voluntary and now ask it as a favour that you pubopposition of my heart to God. This lish the above, that if I am in an error, caused me to view myself, in inany re- || some kind hand may put me right. spects, in quite a different point of light from what I had heretofore done ; I al CONNECTICUT MISSIONARY SOCIETY. tered my view of God, and of his con- This Society is believed to be the oldduct towards sinners ; of myself, andest of the kind in this country, except my conduct towards God. Now I could the Society for propagating the Gospel clearly see, as I thought, the justice of|among the Indians ind others in North God in condemning gospel sinners to a America. The latter was instituted at more aggravated punishment than those,|| Boston, in 1787. who never had the light of the gospel. The occasion and origin of the ConBut ob! what distress did all these necticut Missionary Society are briefly things throw me into ! Blackness of dark- as follows: ness forever and ever seemed to be my Soon after the peace of 1783, great just portion from the Lord. I have had numbers of families emigrated from no comfort in hearing my old minister Connecticut to the newly settled parts of
, I -. Many of him that he is preaching souls to hell.-them were deeply affected, when they 1.1.0 ma 16 tipes mor
I dare not tell anybody what I feel, knew by experience the loss of religious - 1ue vind usaru: *
what horrors upon horrors harass and privileges ; when they saw their children 15etik 1944. #autreu hon ai
torture my mind. Sin now appears to exposed to the danger of growing up ini me an evil infinitely greater than ever it ignorance of public religious worship, did before. I see it in all my imagin- and thus of neyer enjoying the vull ben
ations, feelings and actions. · I secl my-efit of the Sabbath and its inestimable "hilo sumetimes caused are: self an accursed creature. I cannot eat, blessings.
I cannot eat, blessings. As they were occasionally nor drink, nor sleep, nor labour, nor i visited by their friends from Connecti
converse, as I used to do. I choose no cuf, some of whom were ininisters would not remove tius clause
Gospel, and as they in turn visited their, the commencement of the business, parents and friends, they made frequent than they would have been if no legis complaints of their destitute situation, lative provision had been resorted to. in regard to religious ordinances. These This legislative permission has been recomplaints powerfully excited the Chris-l peated, whenever asked for, till the tian sympathy of the friends of religion present day. During one interval of So early as 1788, some small attempts ihree years, we believe, (perhaps more, were made to afford a partial supply of the Society did not ask for the privilege, preaching in the new settlements. The as they had acquired considerable fonds, first plan adopted was this : An associa-|| and it was feared the people would be ation of neighboring ministers would impatient under the long continued anthemselves supply the pulpit of one of nual call upon their liberality. If we their number, who would labor several might venture to suggest any error, in weeks as a missionary in the new set the proceedings of so venerable a Sotlements. This plan was found to be ciety, it would be their yielding to such very inadequate, and was liable to some a fear. We earnestly desire, that a genobjections, which the establishment of aerous annual contribution from every Missionary Society completely removed. congregation in the state may flow into
In 1791, the subject was brought be this treasury of the Lord, till all the desfore the General Association of Contitute places of our country shall have necticut, and was referred to the particu || their spiritual wants supplied. far associations, that a permanent system The designs of the Association were of operations might be agreed upon.- opposed, both in the Legislature and Accordingly a plan was devised, report-vut of it, by certain classes of men, who ed, and adopted in June 1792. It was will always oppose every good thing. drawn up and reported by the Rev. Dr. Their opposition, however, did not pre Edwards, of New Haven, a truly illus- sent any serious obstacle! and is mentiontrious man, whose memory, for hised here only for the sake of reminding the agency in this business and for many der, that a Society formed for the other reasons, will be cherished by the sole purpose of conmunicating Chrispious in succeeding times.
tian knowledge to the emigrants to our In October 1792, the Association pe- new settlements, by sending them regutitioned the Legislature of Contecticutlarly licensed preachers of the Gospel, to permit an annual contribution to be and distributing among them Bibles and made, by the congregations, for the sup- other religious books, could not escape port of missions to the new settlements. opposition and very decided hostility. The necessity of such a permission was So thorough is the nature of pious and a consequence of a rigid interpretation public-spirited associations now underof an ancient law on the subject of stood, that it is easy to foresee every Briefs; which was supposed to forbid objection wltich will he made to any any public contrihution whatever, unless new institution of this kind. the avails of the contribution were ap At the contribution in the spring of propriated for the benefit of persons in 1793, the Association received between the town where the contribution was eight and nine hundred dollars. This made. It is now the general opinion, sum has been gradually increasell, till that the law was never intended to for- the last year it amounted to about four bid, and that by a fair and liberal con-thousand dollars. The Society has restruction it does not forbid, contribu-ceived handsome donations from inditions for religious purposes. It was well viduals; and the profits of the Connectifor the cause of missions, however, that|cut Evangelical Magazine for seven the rigid interpretation was then suppos- years, from 1800 to 1807, made a great ed to be the true one, as the Legislature addition to the permanent fund, which granted permission to have a contribu- now amounts to more than $30,000.tion, on the first Sabbath in May annu- We hope the annual contributions and ally, for three years ; and as the contri | the permanent fund will be greatly inbutions were much more numerous, ati creased.
Kui : au: the past
In June 1793, the Association ap-|| MASSACHUSETTS MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
Among the first missionaries and successfully engaged in dissemina-- re the Rev. Cotton Mather Smith, ofting the great truths of Christianity, by Jaron, avd the Rev. Ammi R. Robbins, means of Missionaries and religious
Norfolk, two venerable men, who books. The District of Maine has reive since rested from their labors. Dr.|ceived the largest share of attention dwards, we think, performed a mis from the Society; though New-Hampnary tour in the state of New York,|| shire, Vermont, and Rhode Island, have an early stage of the business. The not been forgotten. ociety now employs above tbirty mis Among the most important enteronaries for a part of the year, nearly prises in which this society has been 'I of whom are ordained ministers.
engaged, was the missionary tour of The General Association did not take Messrs. Mills and Schermerhorn in the le form of a Missionary Society till year 1812. Not all the expense of this 797 or 1798. At that time it was tour, however was sustained by the und, that the missionary concerns Massachusetts Missionary Society; othere so complicated, as to require more er Societies took a liberal part. These me than the Association could bestow missionaries conferred a great benefit pon them. Twelve trustees, six cleron all religious societies, by exploring ymen and six laymen, were therefore the south-western parts of the United ppointed to manage all the details of States, and describing at large the destiusiness. They are re-appointed annu- tute condition of the inhabitants of lly, and, together with the Treasurer, those regions. gake an annual report of their transac At the annual meeting of the Society ions. The Society has since been in-lin May 1814 the Trustees resolved to Corporated.
lead the way in fitting out another exT'he fields, in which the Society hasploring mission. Mr. Mills offered himprincipally, labored, are the newly set-self for the service, provided he could -tled parts of Vermont, New York, Pennind a suitable companion. The trustees
sylvania, and Ohio. In that part of|| appropriated 8600 toward the expenses Ohio, which is usually called New of the tour, expecting that other Socie-, Connecticut, the exertions of the Soci- ties would make appropriations, accorety have been peculiarly important.-ding to their means, for the same object. . In all places, whither their faithful inis-Such encouragement was offered, that sionaries have been sent, much good has Mr. Mills and Mr. Daniel Smith, two been done,-much fruit has been gath-respectable candidates for the ministry ered, which will be manifest in the great set out on their long journey in July.day of the Lord. The writer of these par- They intended to go by the way of * agraphs lived in the new settlements, Philadelphia to Pittsburgh, and thence
when they were first visited by mission-down the Ohio and Mississippi to 1:1 aries, more than twenty years ago. He New Orleans, visiting the principal
is fully convinced, that the benefits con- | towns and settlements by the way, and ferred on inany parts of our country, by laboring as missionaries whenever op
the Connecticut Missionary Society, are portunity would permit. They receivfear is a L1,1 inconceivably great. He is convinced, cd for distribution 600 Bibles from the uzun dular. Tey also, that the affairs of the Society have Massachusetts Bible Society, and inore ******; Hals-om been conducted with great wisdom,—than 10,000 Tracts, from subscribers to i rapelica Lizzaimes of God and the good of mankind.
of God and the good of mankind.- was expected, that they would superine iron 1800 to 17 May the sphere of its usefulness be tend the distribution of the edition of Cavimon te tipu permanent in a greatly extended, and may the Divine the New Testament, recently printed maurouni- to more tiga. blessing rest upon its officers, and allll in French by the Philadelphia Bible Sa
ciety. They were to collect religious
information, respecting the countries m. cream
the permanent fund will be