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affliction of the widow, and to become been printed and circulated, at home, the father of the fatherless.

on the Continent of Europe, in the “ Moreover, the Directors of the Mediterranean, and in the East Indies. London Society cannot but be per “ Auxiliary Societies have been insuaded, that compassionate and zeal- | stituted in various parts of the United ous exertions, to collect the dispersed Kingdom; and many benevolent perof Israel and Judah, will be accepta-| sons, impressed with the obligations of ble to the God of Abraham; and may Christians to seek the conversion of prove a means of bringing the blessing the Jews, have forined, and are now of that eminent Patriarch more largely forming, Associations to promote a on the Gentiles. For if the casting a- subscription, in which the poorest disway of the Jews be the reconciling of ciple of Christ may take a share, by the world, what shall the receiving of contributing one penny per week, or sixthem be, but life from the dead ? For pence per month.

blindness in part is happened to Is " It must be evident to all, that an rael, until the fulness of the Gentiles Institution embracing such a variety shall come in. This argument estab- of objects cannot be carried on withlishes the duty, the Christian policy, out a considerable annual income, the holy obligation, of endeavoring to which it is earnestly hoped the charity promote Christianity amongst the Jews; of the British public will continue to in the hope that we may be the hon-supply. ored instruments of accelerating the “The success which has already atday when both to Jews and Gentiles tended the efforts of this Society, has

the glory of the Lord shall be reveal- been sufficient to encourage perseveed, and all flesh shall see it together as rance in this labor of love, and to inthe mouth of the Lord hath spoken.' spire a lively hope that under the Di

“ The following means have already vive blessing we shall in due time reap been adopted by the London Society, if we faint not. for the furtherance of this great and de 666 The children of Israel have abode sirable object:

many days without a king, and with“The establishment of Lectures ad- out a prince, and without a sacrifice, dressed to the Jews, and the erection and without an image, and without an of a large Episcopalian Chapel, for ephoul, and without teraphim. But

let us not forget that God hath also “ Schools bave also been establish-said, 'Afterwards they shall return, and ed, of nearly 100 Jewish children, || seek the Lord their God and David boys and girls ; also a Female Asylum, their King, and shall fear the Lord and Printing office, and Basket Manufacto- his goodness in the latter days!' Let ry, for the employment of such Jews us rejoice that we have the distinguishas are deprived of subsistence amongsted honor of being called to be instrutheir brethren, for having manifestedments in the hand of Providence to a desire to inquire into the truth of hasten the approach of the glorious Christianity.

period, when the promise of the Lord “ Nearly the whole of the New Tes- shall be fulfilled; I will surely astament has been translated into the semble, O Jacob, all of thee; I will Hebrew. The Gospel of St. Matthew surely gather the remnant of Israel ; has already been published ; dedicated, I will put them together as the sheep by permission, to the Right Reverend of Bozrah, as the lock in the midst of the Bishops of Durham, Salisbury, their fold: they shall make a great Norwich, St. David's, Cloyne, and noise by reason of the multitude of Meath: and the Gospel of St. Markmen.' Micah ii. 12. is in the press, and almost finished. “ The Directors of the London So.

• Various appropriate tracts, in ciety have great satisfaction in being English, Hebrew, anıl German, have able to inform the public, that means

their use.

a

have been afforded which will speedi-|| ber, probably, who have hitherto made ly liberate the Institution from the a public profession of Religion, in conpressure of its debt; and that the pe- sequence of this revival, is about one cuniary aid which is now solicited, is the best reason to believe, that numbers

There is for the sole purpose of carrying on its more will still be found among its fruits. designs in future : the most effectual methods are also adopting to preventy

From the Boston Recorder. the recurrence of debt.

À letter from a gentleman in Phila" It should be further remarked, delphia, dated March 12, mentions" that although, for the preservation of revival of Religion in Mr. Patterson's unity of design and operation, the man- Society. At their last communion, 70 agement of the London Society has were added to the church. Between i been placed in the hands of such of its and 200 more are under serious impres

sions." members as are of the Established

The same letter says, “ In Ogechee, Church, yet the contributions of every Georgia, more than 400 persons have, denomination of Christians are earnest- since May, 1812, been admitted to the ly invited and will be most thankfully church, all of whom exhibit evidence of received:

a saving change of heart, “ N. B. Pious persons exercising March 26. A letter from New York, handicraft or other trades, such as states that there is a great Revival of ReliShoemakers, Tailors, Wrights, Smiths, necticut (Ohio); also in a large propor

gion in 11 contiguous towns in New-ConBook-binders, Bakers, &c. may aid tion of the towns in Orange County ; in the this Institution effectually, by enga-towns of Catskill and Troy; and in the ging to take Jewish youths from the Eastern part of Long-Island. Shelter-Islschool as apprentices.

and, although dëstitute of a minister, has “Ladies may also forward the cause

been visited with a signal display of divine

grace. It is calculated that one third of by assisting in placing out the girls in the inhabitants of this island are hopeful service or business."

converts. In the city of New-York 70 per

sons have hopefully obained an interest in From the Religious Intelligencer.

Christ. It is supposed that two or three NEW-HAVEN, April 1816. hundred are under deep conviction: REVIVALS OF RELIGION.

In a letter from New-Hartford (Con.) it

is stated that a revival of Religion had comA Revival of Religion began in Yalemenced in that place, conferences were College, in April, 1815. In the month held four evenings in a week, and also a of June, a similar revival commenced in special prayer meeting by the church; that the Academy of Young Ladies, under eight persons had become hopefully pious, the care of the Rev. Mr. Herrick in this and that many more were under deep contown; and soon after a general solemni-victions. The letter states also that a simty was visible throughout the two Con-lilar account may be given of Canton; and gregational Churches. At present, the that a revival of Religion had lately comEditor is prepared only to state the re- menced in Torringford. sults : Of the Students of Yale College,

A revival of Religion commenced in New about forty-five made a profession of Canaan (Con.) in January last. A letter, Religion. The number cannot be stated, dated March 25, states that between 40 however, with absolute precision, be- and 50 are hopefully renewed. The same cause some of them were united to the letter states that 100 had united with the church in the towns where they reside. church in Norwalk ; 15 in Middlesex, and In the School of Young Ladies, about In Goshen and its vicinity, (Orange Co.

that the work has extended to Stamford.-thirty-two (out of sixty, the whole num-New-York) 500 hopeful converts are menber) are believed to have become chris- tioned. Intelligence of a revival of Relitians. As they were soon to disperse, gion in Buffalo, New-York, had reached the but few of them joined the churches in writer of the letter. New-Haven. In the two Presbyterian April 1.--The number of hopeful conCongregations, 103 have been added to verts in Hadley, (Mass.) is 150. ' In Westthe church : viz. 61 to the Church of Hampton a work of grace has recently comthe First Society ; and 42 to the church menced, 12 or 14 have exhibited evidence of the United Society. The whole num-Hof a saving change of heart.

THE

UTICA CHRISTIAN MAGAZINE.

Vol. III.

MAY 8 JUNE, 1816.

No. 115 12.

ON THE SABBATH.

NO VIII.

more.

his place on the seventh day. We find Exceptions to the 4th Commandment. no license here, for any kind of labor

An extremely important inquiry is The Israelites might not so much as go suggested by the preceding observa- out to gather their daily portion of food. tions, viz. Do the Scriptures author-It must be brought into their tents the ize any exception to the prohibitions preceding day. It seems, however, of the fourth commandment, which that they were allowed to prepare, i.e. have been quoted; or do they give to bake or boil it, on the Sabbath; for such a construction to the law, as will Moses did not require them to cook justify a departure from the letter of the whole on the sixth day. Bake it, in any supposed circumstances ? If that, said he, which ye will bakerto-day, they do not, then no human authority and seethe that ye will seethe, and that may presume to make a single excep-which REMAINETH over lay up for you tion, or to give the law any such liber- to be kept until the morning. From al construction. We may not go be- this we may fairly infer, I think, that yond the word of the Lord, to do less or the necessary preparations of plain and

To the law and to the testimo-wholesome fare, on the Sabbath, is not ny we must appeal in this case, as well inconsistent with the spirit of the fourth as every other, and must cheerfully commandment. Having got all things abide by the decision, whatever it may ready on the day preceding, the chilbe.

dren of Israel might cook their manna, Let us, then, in the first place, see in a plain way, and that was all. The what further light we can obtain from law, I apprehend, allows us to do as the Old Testament. Turning to the much for our present comfort, but nosixteenth chapter of Exodus we find, thing more. that the Israelites, of their own accord, The following passage in the thirtygathered twice as much manna on the first chapter of Exodus, may serve to sixth day, as they had gathered upon throw some additional light on the subany preceding day. When this came ject before us. Ye shall keep the Sabto the ears of Moses, it met with his bath, therefore, for it is holy unto you. entire approbation; and he directed Every one, that defileth it, shall surely the people to bake and boil what was be put to death ; for whosoever doetk necessary for that day's use, and lay any work therein, that soul shall be cut up the rest until the morning ;-telling off from amongst his people. Six days them, at the same time, that as the may work be done, but in the seventh is morrow would be the Sabbath, no the Sabbath of rest holy to the Lord ; manna would be found in the field. whosoever doeth ANY WORK in the SabMost of the people did as they were bath day, he shall surely be put to death. commanded, but some went out on the Wherefore the children of Israel shall seventh day. They, however, found keep the Sabbath to observe the Sabbath, nothing. And the Lord said unto Mo-throughout their generations, for a perses, how tong refuse ye to keep my com- petual covenant. It is a sign between mandments and my laws? See, for that me and the children of Israel forever :the Lord hath given you the Sabbath, for in six days the Lord made heaven therefore he givelh you, on the sixth day, and earth, and on the serenth day he the bread of two days; abide ye every rested and was refreshed. This seems man in his place; let no man go out of to be a sort of commentary upon the

fourth eommandment, and, viewed in required in preparing the sanctuary :this light, comfirms the literal import but none even of that work might be of its prohibitions. At any rate, the done on the Sabbath. If fires in genIsraelites were forbidden under pain oferal be understood, we must suppose, death, to do any work upon the Sab- either that it was a temporary institubath. The same prohibition is repeat- tion, for the time during which the peoed in chapter 34. Six days thou shall ple in the wilderness were miraculouswork; but on the seventh day thou shaltly provided for; or that some exceprest; in earing line and in harvest thou tions were allowed, in favor of the sick, shalt rest. No instance of transgres-infirm and children, who must suffer sion is mentioned, till we come to the extremely at some seasons, even in fifteenth chapter of Numbers. The warm climates, for want of fire. No crime and the punishment of one indi-intimation is given, that in the times of vidual are there related in the follow-Christ and his Apostles, the Jews had ing words : And while the children of no fires on the Sabbath, or even that Israel were in the wilderness, they found they prepared no victuals. The sacred à man that gathered slicks upon the festivals would sometimes happen on Sabbath day. And they that found him that day, and the paschal lamb was gathering slicks, brought him unto Mo- roasted in the house where it was eatses and Aaron, and unto all the congre-en; some exception therefore must be gation. And they put him in ward, be supposed, if we understand the prohicause it was not declared what should bebition concerning fires in general." done unto him. And the Lord said un I do not know that any light can be to Moses, The man shall surely be put obtained from the Old Testament, in to death : all the congregation shall regard to the prohibitions of the Sabstone him with stones without the camp. bath, which is not comprised in the And all the congregation brought him preceding quotations. And what is the without the camp and stoned him with result of our examination? Why, upon stones and he died. The gathering of the most liberal construction and comsticks, in this case, was no doubt a parison of the different texts, that the presumptuous violation of the preced-Israelites might prepare their meals ing law, and the offender was execut- upon the Sabbath, but that they were ed as a warning to others not to pro- not allowed to do any thing on that fane the Sabbath.

day, which might be called work, at There is a passage in Exodus 35,| any season of the year; ncilher they, which seems to be attended with some nor their sons, nor their daughters, nor difficulty, and has given rise to various their servants, nor their cattle. expositions and conjectures. It is in Let us now turn to the New Testathe words following : Six days shall 1:ient. The son of Man was the Lord work be done, but on the seventh day of the Sabbath. In what light did he there shall be to you an holy day, a regard the institution ? I had occasion Sabbath of rest to the Lord. Whosoev-|| to show, in a former number, that the er doeth work therein, shall be put to Gospels contain no hint of his having death. Ye shall kindle no fire through-|| abrogated the fourth commandment, out your habitations, on the Sabbath but much to the contrary.

It is cerday. The difficulty lies in the clause, tain, however, that he gave it a more Ye shall kindle no fire, fc. I have liberal and merciful construction than seen nothing more satisfactory on this the Scribes and Pharisees did. When text, than the following brief observa-on a particular Sabbath he wrought a tions of Dr. Scott. “The connexion miracle of healing upon a woman who favors the opinion, that the prohibition had been grieveously afflicted for eighwas meant of fires used in manufacto-llteen years, the ruler of the synagogule ries, or trades, by smiths, plumbers indignantly rebuked the people. There and others, of which many would bellare six days, said he, in which men

ought to work; in them, therefore, come || suffering, or danger, on the Sabbath, and be healed, and not on the Sabbath while they absurdly objected to the day. 'Our Lord, knowing that the re-healing of the sick, and to plucking å buke was intended for him, answered: few ears of grain to satisfy hunger. Thou hypocrite, doth not each one of Secondly, that works of mercy are you on the Sabbath loose his ox, or his lawful upon the Sabbath, and of course ass, from the stall and lead him away to that they may be performed by any the watering ; and ought not this wo-||person, whenever occasion requires. man, being a danghter of Abraham, it is worthy of remark, that works of whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eigh-mercy are the only works on the Sabteen years, be loosed

from this bond on| bath, to which our Lord gives any the Sabbath day? This was a mode countenance. It was to relieve the ox, of adılress which admitted of no reply or the sheep, from present suffering, -and accordingly the Evangelist says, that he might be pulled out of a pit, on that all his adversarics wcre ashamed. the Sabbath day. It was to save him

On another occasion, Jesus went on from suffering, that he might be led the Sabbath dny through the corn, and away to watering. It was to deliver his disciples were an hungered, and be- men and women from pain and disgan

to

pluck the ears of corn and to eat. tress, that Christ healed them on the But when the Pharisees san it, they said Sabbath. And it was because the disunto him, Behold thy disciples do that|ciples were then hungry, that he excuwhich is not lawful to do on the Sab- sed them for plucking and rubbing a

balh day. Jesus justified his disciples few ears of grain, as they passed 2:45on the ground, that it was proper, at through a field, on their way, (as it

any time, to satisfy the cravings of hun-would seem) to public worship. Nei.

ger; that to obtain relief from present ther the precepts, nor the example of ble distress, things might be done upon the Christ, can be pleaded, to sanction

Sabbath, which, under other circum- works of any other character, than stances, would be unlawful. said such as are here enumerated. In vain he, ya had known what this meaneth, I will those, who wish to make the law will have mercy and not sacrifice, ye of the Sabbath void, by doing their own noutil not have condemned the guiltless. work, and finding their own pleasures;

The same day, our Lord found in the in vain will they look for a hint to jusap" synagogue a man, whose hand was tify them, either in the Old Testament he wilhered.

The Jews, who were pres-or the New. real' ent, and who were anxious to find The preceding observations will, if

some accusation against Christ, asked I mistake not, help us to understand kubim, Is it lanful to heal on the Sabbath and limit the word necessity, in the sixpole day? And he said unto them, what man tieth answer of our Shorter Catechism. V shall there be among you, that shall "The Sabbath is to be sanctified,” say grihave one sheep, and if it fall into a pit the venerable Assembly of Divines, d!! on the Sabbalh day, will he not lay hola" by an holy resting all that day, even

on il and lift it out? How much, then, from such worldly employments and bi is a man beller than a sheep. Where-recreations as are lawful on other days, 1) i fore it is lanful to do well on the Sab- and spending the whole time in public

and private exercises of God's worship The preceding quotations contain -except so much as is to be taken up, what may be called our Lord's expo-in works of necessity and mercy.sition of the prohibitory clause of the Without presuming to express a decifourth coinmandment. Froin the ded opinion, in regard to the use of the whole taken together we learn,

word recessity here, I am sure that it First, that the Jews themselves con-has often been laid holil of, to justify sidered it proper to feed their cattle, works upon the Lord's day, which the and extricate ihem from any place of pious authors of the calechism would

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