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Becond, that travelling for other purposes, || an express. The expense of sending cannot be very criminal. And thus | expresses cannot be urged as an objectheir reverence for the Lord's day is tion, because, in fact it would bear no gradually weakened, and, in many cases, proportion to the additional expense inultimately destroyed. The mail-stages curred by the regular transportation of being filled with passengers, and per the mail on the Sabbath. The public mitted to go on, others think they have good, then, does not require the latter, as good a right to travel in their private in time of peace. carriages, and the pressure becomes so

2. Does it in time of war? Here great, that after a few efforts to stop the something more plausible may be urgcurrent, magistrates and informing offi-| ed, in the affirınative. It may be said, cers are discouraged.

that when a country is invaded, or Such are the evils of transporting the threatened with invasion; when impormail upon the Sabbath. It takes off tant military operations are going on, at carriers and post-masters from the reli- many different points, the orders of goxgious duties of the day; interrupts pubernment, especially in the war-departfic worship; disturbs thousands of fami- ||ments, must become very numerous; lies on the post-roads; induces men of that these require the utinost despatch, business and curiosity to profane the sa

as well as the official returns from com. cred rest in many ways; injures the manding officers, to the head of that derising generation by bad example ;||partment; and that to keep up these strengthens the hands of Sabbath-break-necessary communications, the transers, and weakens those of magistrates.* portation of the mail upon the Sabbath

In view of all these evils, I ask con-|| is unavoidable. fidently, whether any thing short of the Now, I readily admit, that in time of plea of absolute necessity, and that war it may be necessary to transmit desplea well supported, can justify the prac-patches, on the Lord's day. But is there, tice under consideration ? To the ques. | permit ine to ask, no way of doing this, tion of necessity, then, let me now call without keeping all the mails constantthe reader's attention.

ly going? How easily might expresses Does the public interest require the be kept in readiness, at the seat of govtransportation and opening of the mail, ernment; and what hinders, but that on the Sabbath, either in time of peace similar arrangements might be made, in or war?

each of the military districts ? Such ar1. Is it necessary in time of peace ? rangements would not only supersede For what purpose ? , facilitate the or- the necessity of transporting the mails, dinary operations of government? Sure in the manner complained of, but would ly the public interest could not often suf- || produce a very considerable saving of fer, by the short delay which the law of expense. Nearly a seventh part of what the Sabbath requires; and when there it now costs to carry the mail, would be is danger of public injury, how easily saved in the first instance, by letting that might it be prevented, by sending of establishment lie still on the Sabbath ; * The inroads which are made and making lone seventh part of this saviug, would

and it is presumed, that not more than upon the Sabbath, by the arrival of the mail and the keeping-open of post-offices, are aston-be requisite to pay all the necessary exishingly great. It is principally owing to this presses. eause, that there is more conversation in re But conclusive as this view of the gard to the news of the day, on the Sabbath, || subject is, why should 1 rest the ques. than on any other day of the week. Great mul- tion here, when every body knows, that titudes in our large towns are entirely engrossed, during the whole Lord's day, by the news expresses are now employed by the and their business. We do not believe that it is government, on those very routs, where in the power of man to invent any other practice, the mails are inost expeditiously car. which shall aim so directly, so powerfully, and ried? This fact destroys at once the 60 constantiy, at the subversion of the Sabbath, and shall at the same time excite so little alarm, plea of necessity, so far as the public is as the practice of carrying the mail on that day, concerned. If, then, it is still urged, it es it is now tolerated in the United States. must be on the ground, not of public,

many bun

but private interest. And here, un- The plea of necessity, then, for trane doubtedly, we are to look for the mighty i porting and opening the mail on the necessity, so earnestly pleaded. It is to Sabbath, cannot be supported on any accommodate the merchants, and other ground. The practice ought therefore men of business, who have agents and to be discontinued. Let every christian correspondents in different parts of the country, that the mails must be kept the state of the markets, &c. 2. Cases of sick. constantly in motion. But what claim friends would be glad to receive early intelli

ness, &c. &c. may occur, in which relatives and have they to this iudulgence? What|gence from each otber. claim, I should rather have said, have As to the first argument, it would be worse tbey upon the public, which inakes it than ridiculous to pretend, that merchants are, necessary that a practice, most perni- of the Sabbath. But so far as merchants are to

or ought to be, exempted from the general law cious to the community, most destruc-profit by the arrival of the mail ou the Sabbatlı, tive to themselves, should be continued. so far are they acting as if exempted from a Is their business more important to wise general law, which was given for the benthem, than that of the farmer, or the me- efit of all mankind.

Besides, to assert that merchants derive even chapic, is to him ? Must

an apparent benefit from the opening of the dreds of men, acting under the head of mail on the Sabbath, is altogether an upwarthe post-office department, be deprived ranted assumption. Suppese all the merchants of the rest and all the blessings of holy of Boston, for instance, to receive intelligence time, to advance the imagined private day morning instead of. Sabbath morning is

from their New-York correspondents on Moninterests of a part of the community ? not the intelligence as new on Monday, as it Must the Sabbath, the main pillar of would have been on the Sabbath? Let the Sab. our moral and religious institutions, be bath be perfectly removed from the days of thus gradually undermined? Must the business, as it was intended to be ; let Monclay great interests of the nation be sacrific. worldly purposes, just as Tuesday morning

morning succeed Saturday crening, as to all ed, out of complaisance to the unreason-succeeds Monday evenwg, and no inconvenience able wishes of a small part of its popu- will be perceived. But why need we argue? lation ? Surely, the most craving specu-Facts, irresistible facts, prove, that the imperi. lator alive will not say this.

ous necessity of conveying the mail on the

Sabbath is perfectly inaginary. Till the year And what is gained after all, by writ- 1801, or 1802, if we are correcily informed, the ing and receiving letters on the Sabbath?| mail was not conveyed, on the Sabbath, thro' Was any man a loser, in the long run, any part of New-England, perhaps not through by keeping that sacred day holy ? Let any part of the United States. Did the com. it be remembered, that obedience to the few years past, during a great part of the time;

munity then suffer? Further ; within these commandments of the Lord, has the there has been no southern mail at Boston, and promise of the life that now is, and of consequently none at Salem, Newburyport, that which is to come. Men may seem

Portsmouth, &c. &c. on Mondays. Was this to be gainers for a time by doing their arrangement deemed an intolerable şrievance ?

Far from it. If any thing was said about news own work on the Lord's day, but this on Monday, the answer was; We have ne mail making hasle to be rich undoubtedly to day; and the complaint ended. Yet at this will not leave them innocent, and proba- very time, when the commercial world and the bly will tend to poverty.*

political world kept on in their usual courses

without a Monday's mail, it would have been * We have often been surprised to observe on strenuously contended, that absolute necessity what slender arguments the defence of the required the arrival of the mail on the Sabbath.. most pernicious practice is occasionally rested. But why not change the mail-day from the Saba Duelling, gambling, the theatre, and especially bath tó Monday? Indeed, that is more than war and its consequences, are often defended we can answer. by their respective advocates, in a train of rea While upon this subject, it is proper to state, soning, which betrays a union of childisb imbe-that, to our certain knowiedge, some of the cility and inveterate profligacy. In a similar| mail-carriers would be gladly released from manner, the most outrageous violations of the carrying the mail on the Sabbath. The stageSabbath are too frequently palliated and even proprietors, on a certain roui of 210 piles, defended. The only arguments of a private were accustomed to carry the mail through the nature, which we have ever heard used in fa- whole distance twice a week ; viz. from Monvor of carrying the mail on the Sabbath, are day morning to Wednesday evening, and from these two : 1. The interest of merchants re- Thursday morning to Saturday evening. This quires, that they should have early notice of arrangement permitted drivers, post-masters;


to it, or nut have their contracts renewed ; sosition wbich I am far from making, Papp

patriot; let all who have the best inter- l' voice of the people will be so strong and were

, u ests of the nation at heart, exert their || decisive, as to induce Congress to take CET whole influence in favor of the general the subject into their serious considerapetition, which is to be presented next tion, and pass a law to reinedy the evil. Autol winter to the National Legislature. This Will it be said, by any body, that is no party question. The object aimed such an application as is contemplated en at, in the petition, is one, in which the would be disrespectful to the national Assen whole body of the people are deeply in- legislature ? Elow so? I never heard of favor

, terested. Let christians of different de- its being deemed improper, to petition paniera nominations vie with each other, in gir-Congress on subjects of ininor imporing the petition currency and swellingtance; how then can it be, io a case usings the list of subscribers. Attempts at which involves the highest and best in hearts reformation are apt to fail for waut ofterests of the presenf, and of succeeding, trees union and perseverance. Every man, generations ? The intended petition set of who is likely to favor the object, must does not imply even a virtual condem. Rumele have the petition presented to him for nation of any former legislative act; ure of subscription. To this end, let the bu- for I am well assured, that no law ex perbich siness be done systematically, by en-ists, which requires, or in'express terms satabis trusting it to some thorough person, or permits, the evil complained of. Carry begel persons, in every town, who will engageing and opening the mails on the Sab- papirer to see to it effectually. Let this course bath, is a mere regulation of the Post-opet be adopted every where, and it can master General. hardly be doubted, I think, that the Let not the timid and faithless suggest, kitob

that the application, however well sup the and inn-keepers to rest on the Sabbath. At ported, will be ineffectual. It is not to con; last, for a reason which is very inadequate, as be believed, until the trial shall have each we could easily show were it particulars, a change was made, so that the been fairly made, that the great council stage now runs from Monday morning to of our nation will hastily reject so reaWelnesday evening, and from Friday morning sonable a request, especially when made Mihato to Sabbath evening : leaving a day of rest in by the great body of the wise and good, 1 more deel, but changing it from the Sabbath to Tlurs- from one end of the United States tó falari day! When this change was proposed, every stage proprietor on the whole rout remonstra- the other. Even if Congress were known fils e ted against it; yet all were compelled to agree to be hostile to the application, a suppothat row the stage travels every Sabbath 70 miles at each end of the rout, making 140 would be very unbecoming in those

, hora miles out of 210, contrary to the wishes of the who believe that all hearts are in the stage-proprietors, drivers, post-masters and inn. hand of the Lord, to despair of success. Ang wine kecpers, and, we have a right to presume of Let us do our duty and cheerfully leave the passengers also. Let it be added, that pas- the event with God. Let us bestow our sengers on a part of this rout must proceed on the Sabbath, or be left on Saturday evening labor, and in due season we shall reap, if * without any means of advancing on their jour. we faint nol. mey, till the ensuing Wednesday; and even then they could not be admitted it the stage should be full.

TRINE OF ELECTION ANSWERED. As to the argument that friends may be sick, or in trouble at a distance, and intelligence

In two former essays, an attempt has may be desired from them on the Sabbath; it been made fairly to state the scripture is a sufficient reply, that the proposed advan. doctrine of election, and to exhibit sattage is so small and so contingent, as to bear isfactory evidence of its truth. In sfa. no sort of proportion to the magnitude of the cvil in question. According to this argument, ting the doctrine, an answer fias bera it would be the duty of thousands in a popu- given to one of the most popular and lous city to send for their letters, and read plausible objections, which are urged a them, on the Sabbath, on account of the prob. I gainst it: viz. T'hat, if it be true, there ability that some one out of a thousand would is no grace in the offer of salvation to the receive a letier containing something of the kind supposedl. A demand so extravagant as non-elect. It has been shown, that, in this cannot be considered as requiring further choosing some sinners to salvation, God consideration,

contemplated mankind, not merely v

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TRITT bere have been some such men åssaw.

inners, under the curse of his law, but, ftitute, afilicted, tormented." These
& sinners, for whom atonement had things, too, are all under divine direc**
een made, to wbom salvation had been jį tion. It is God, who thus maketh one

reely offered, and by whom it had been to differ from another. But who will
: agratefully rejected. Hence, in the say, that, because God thus does more

tonement, which has been made for for one, than he does for another, he is
e sins of the world, and in the offer of a refpecter of persons ? Why, then, call
alpation, there is the same manifesta-it respect of persone, if one be chosen to
-on of grace to the non-elect, as to the salvation, and formed a vessel of mercy
lect. It is granted however, that, in prepared unto glory, while another is
hoosing some to salvation, in renewing left to follow the evil inclinations of his
seir hearts, and in raising them to the own heart, and to perish in his sins? It
appiness of hearen, God does make is only to do more for one, than for a-
isplays of grace, to the elect, of which other.
le non-elect are not partakers. But, The truth is, this is not that, in wbich
jere are other ohjections to the doc- respect of persons consists. To respect
ine, which are often made to appear persons is to treat one with more honor,
onsiderably plausible, and are some or faror, than another, on account of
tnes urged with so much effect as to circumstances, which furnish no proper
ad inquirers away from the simplicity ground for such a distinction. If, for
f the gospel into the mazes of error, an example, a rich may be treated witir
ngwer to which may possibly be useful. more respect, or favor, than a poor mad

I. It is objected that if the doctrine of merely on account of his wealth: if a

Tection be true, then God is a respecter neighbor, or relative, be preferred in en vir persons ; whereas the seriptores ex judgment, to a stranger; or if, in any

ressly teach us, that this is not his char-respect, on account of some prejudice,

or prepossession, one person is treated Fa ÍF I-3This objection rests, entirely, on the better than he should be, to the injury it ur lauze round, that respect of persons consists of another, this is respect of persons. It * Pegetal for doing more for one than for another,||is what the scriptures condemn, as odious itu peri body dender similar circumstances. But, if this and wicked. But, surely, nothing like

ere really respect of persons, it would this can be charged on God. If he be*** ciber. EreniQue*ot be difficult to show, that God is in stow greater favors on one of his crca

Sobe bostile to theqjeed, a respecter of persons, whether tures, than on another, it is not on ac-
Blution wbich I am lege doctrine of election be true, or false. count of any partial, or unreasonable re.

would be rery unter To recurrence to this doctrine, or to a- gard to him, who is most favores; nor
who believe that d y thing which God does to effect the is the favor granted to him, to the injury
hard of the Lord, & valvation of sinners, in pursuance of his of another.
Let us do our dayu urpose of election, can be necessary, In relation to the sohject under consi-
the event with Giá -o show that Gad actually does more deration, the case is this. Men are ein-
labor, and in die prone, thau for another. This is evi- ners, under contemnation. A Saviour

lent from what is continually passing is provided. Salvation is freely offered.

inder our view, in the common dispen- But, when offered, it is universally reORJECTIONS S 1 -ations of divine providence. Though jeeteil

. This, from clerrily; God fore

At the saine time, he saw that it In two faces Paul, as Newton, as Washington, and would be for his glory, and the greatest wom:03 ist is 15 Eilwarels, we know that multitudes good, that some of these ungrateful crca.

irë neither such in fact, nor capable of tures should be saved," through sanctiSCOTT

= -106. Some, ton, are rich, fcation of the Spirit, and belief of the

Some are weak and truth;" and that others should be left to

ire strong and continue in their rejection of the offered

ed with great grace. Accordingly, from a regard to useful known his own glory, in the highest good of his 10 such privi- kingdom, he elected some to salvation, to live in pros-anil determined to leave others to their thers are “des- own choice. Those, who were thos

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chosen from eternity, are, in time, re- will ever be saved. It cannot be eieenewed by the Spirit of God, and made i tion, therefore, which keepa sinners frons willing subjects of divine grace. Others, doing what is necessary to their salvabeing left to their own choice, persist in tion; since, even if the doctrine be not their rebellion, and finally perish. But, true, the indisposition of their own heart not for their sakes, who were chosen to what is required, is an effectuał highas lie done this, he would have them drance. On the other hand, if the docknow; but, for his holy name's sake, tripe be true, the situaiton of sinners is and for the good of his kingdom. Where, as above described; saving, that when then, is the alleged respect of persons ? they all ungratefully refuse the salvation Surely it has no existence.

offered, the purpose of election takes ef: 2. By ray of objection to the doc- | fect. God says, I will have mercy, on trine of election, it is often asked, If this whom I will have mercy. Having, from doctrine be true, what can sinners do ? the beginning, chosen some to salvation, as if election must necessarily stand in he is pleased to grant his Spirit to renew the way of their doing any thing to ob- and sanctify their hearts ; and they re. tain salvation.

pent, believe the gospel, and are saved. In answering this objection, it may Thus, the purpose of election secures be pertinent to ask, What can sinners the coming of some to Christ; but it do, if the doctrine be not true? Let keeps no one hack. It leaves the nonthis question be fairly answered, and elect sinner just where it found bim. He the answer to the objection will be ob- is in the same situation, that himself, {ained. For, whatever sinners may do and all others, would be io, supposing to obtain salvation, in the one case, they salvation to be provided, and offered to may do in the other. The election, sinners, as it is, and that no election contended for, places no bar in the way were made. of doing. Supposing the doctrine to 3. It is sometimes objected, that, if be pot true, the situation of mankind is the doctrine of election be true, then sinthis. They are sinners, under condemners are not blameable for continuing ia nation. Christ, however, has atoned sin. for their sins. Through him, salvation It has already been shown, that the is offered. His gracious invitation, to election of some to salvation does not them, is, Come unto me, and I will give | affect the condition of those, who are you rest. But, their hearts are still op- not elected ; and it certainly does not posed to God, and to the way of salva- alter the condition of the elect, so as to tion by Jesus Christ; and they will not make it more unfavorable. How, then; come unto him, that they may have can it possibly furnish either the one or life. Now under these circumstances, the other with any excuse for rejectiog what can, or, to speak more properly, the salvation of the gospel, and continuwhat will the sinner do? There is, in-ing in sin ? Perhaps it will be contended, deed, nothing in the way of his doing all however, that, if God has elected some that is required of him, in order to salto salvation, then be has already detervation, but the obstinate wickedness of mived that others shall not come to his own heart. But this keeps him back Christ, and obtain salvation. And how, anıl be rill do nothing, with which sal-then, are they to blamc? To this, it may varion is connected. Hence, unless he answered, that God has no otherGod be pleased to interpose, and change wisc deterinined, that the non-elect sinhis heart, he will persist in his rejectionner shall not repent, believe, and be savof the salvalinn offered, and perish ined, than as he has determined to leave his sins. But, if the doctrine in question; him to his own chosen way. The trutla be not true, God has not determined to appears to be, that such is the depravity, change the heart of any one; and, if he of the sinver's heart; such his opposihave not already determined upon this. tion to God, and to the way of salvation, he never will so determine ; for he can by Christ, that he certainly will persist have no new purposes. Hence, unless in his wickedness, and reject, finally, the the doctrine be true, not one siuner.I salvation offered, unless his heart be

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