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trine, as stated, and to answer some come holy, they utterly refusé. When popular objections. It must be remem- kindly invited to the gospel feast, they bered, that the doctrine is, T'hat God, will not come. In this wicked refusal, from eternity, foreseeing that, when a- they persist, until their hearts are retonement should be made for the siits newed by the Divine Spirit, and they of men, and when salvation should be are made willing. Those, to whom freely and graciously offered to their power is given to become the sons of acceptance, they would all ungrateful. God, even those who believe on the ly reject the offer, was pleased, in mere name of Jesus, are " born, not of blood sovereign grace, to choose some of nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the them" to salvation, through sanctifica- will of man, but of God.” Hence Paul ion of the Spirit, and belief of the says to Christians, “ By grace are ye truth.” It is not, that some were chos- saved, through faith, and that not of en, that atonement might be inade for yourselves, it is the gift of God." “ Not theirsins in particularz forChrist is a pro- by works of righteousness, which we pitiation for the sins of the whole world. have done z but according to his mercy In choosing some to salvation, God con- he saved us, by the washing of regenertemplated sinners as actually rejecting ation, and renewing of the Holy Ghost." salvation, when offered to them, thro'li it clearly results, an atonement already made. And as 4. That God either bath chosen, he contemplated them as actually re- from eternity, or does choose, in time, jecting salvation when graciously offer. some persons, to salvation, throug! ed, he chose them, not because he fore- sanctification of the Spirit, and belici if saw that they would believe and obey the truth. This inference is unavoidathe gospel but “ unto obedience, and ble, unless God actually sanctiôes and sprinkling of the blood of Jei 05 Christ;' saves men, without ever designing it ; not because he foresaw that they would which, surely, no one will pretend. The he holy, but," that they might he holy, apostle Paul, thoughi. once among the and without blamne before him in love." chief of sinners, is now among the saved. Such is the doctrine, which the follow-How did he obtain salvation ? Through ing observatio:s are designed to prove. sanctification of the Spirit, and belief of
1. It is a plain doctrine of the Bible, the truth. But, how came Paul to be that some of mankind are saved, and sanctified, and to believe the truth ?that others perish in their sins. Our Did he sanctify hiinself, and producc Saviour himself, has solemnly assured | faith in his own heart? No, certainly.is, that, at the day of judgment, a final | When Christ called, he refused. He was separation shall be made; and that even exceedingly mad; and breathest some" shall go away into everlasting out threatenings and slaughter against punishment," and others, " into life e- the disciples of Jesus. But, the Lord terna!.”
had mercy on him, sent his Spirit to re2. Those, wiro are saved, are those new and sanctify his heart, and caused only, rhu arc sanctified, and who be- him to believe to the saving of luis soul. lieve he truth, or those, who become | It was all the work of God; and to holy. Except a man be born again, him, Paul himself gives all the glory. he cannot see the kingilom of God." Was this work effected, then, without * He that believeth, and is baptizedt, design? This cannot be pretended.shall he saverl; but he that believeth What, then, is the fair conclusion ? Cernot, shall be damned.” "Follow holi- tainly; that, either from eternity, or in ness, swithout which no inan shall see time, God chose, or delerinined, to the Lord."
sanctify the heart of Paed, and to effect 3. To sanciisy mnen, or make thein bis salvation The same reasoning is holy, and to cause them to believe the applicable to every individual who is truth is entirely the work of God, by saved. But, his Holy Spirit. Naturally, men are all 5. If God docs ever choose some unhely; and when called upon to re-li persons "to salvation, through sanctifi. pent, and turn unto the Lord, or to be- || cution of the Spirit, and belief of thie
20 oz onst have been just as much disposed tribulation should be shortened. And " ...lids ibis Mews
tidest lesin! This ilierethrinat, then,
Sectiv the desi saocrified and saved, which was not e.cerning his sheep in the 10th chapler of belire the applicable : ery indvie Ing. Hence, as with the reasons, which which is under consideration.
said! 3. I Cod derechos hess then disposed him to choose, that full and explicit, in asserting this doca persons " to setration througe Paul should be sanctified and saved and trine. Risot the Spiri, and held as he always possessed the same good-" to the Romans, he has this very rerack
h, then, being infinite in perfection,|| ness, and had always the same reasons must have thus chosen them, from in view, we may be certain, that he nity.
must from eternity, have chosen the that God is, and has ever been, infi. same thing. Does not the truth of the
in wisdom and knowledge, abund-doctrine of election, then, rest immovaET
in goodness, and unchangeable, is bly, on the infinite and unchangable perzerally admitted, by those, who pro- Section of Jehovah? If some are saved ** to receive the Bible as an unerring and soine do perish; if those who are sadard of faith. As God has ever saved, are those only who are sanctified
in infinite in knowledge, he must and who believe the truth ; if those, han stainly have known, from eternity, who are sanctifier, are all sanctified by
- well as he kpows now, or can know God himself: if, when be effects a work
the day of judgment, who would be of sanctification he chooses, or deterdasyat. .:red, and who would perish. This he mines, to effect it; and if God be inlin .
monit te w, cerlainly, when no ot!:er being, ite in knowledge and goodness, and unErunt; el himself, had existence; when, changable, can it possibly be, that he
kitrefore, the existence of all creatures, has not chosen some “to salvation, d all their circumstances, must have through sanctification of the Spirit, and
pended, entirely, on his own sove-belief of the truth,” from eteruity ? It wign pleasure. Can it be otherwise, is not necessary, liowever, to, rely, soleflet pren, than that he himself, fixed the cer-ly, on these obvious deductions for evi
inty of those things, which he then dence, in support of the doctrine in queswebwinkew would be effected? If he then tion. It is supported, also, 14 new that one would be saved, and that 6. By many very plain declarations
Jotherwould perish, how could he of scripture, which are directly in point. es now these things, but as things, the cer- In the discourses of our Saviour, we sue feilich, songwinty of which himself had established ? find particular and frequent mention of
Hi this is not all. Being infinite in the elect, and of those, who were given nowledge, and wisdom, he must have to bim. He told his disciples, that, in nown, from eternity, in every conceiv. the last days, false Chrisis and false
ble instance, what was wisest aud best, teachers should arise, who, were it possitien Betwas well as he can ever know; and being ble, should deceive the very clect; and
finitely and unchangeably good, he that for the elect's sake, the days of
choose what was wisest and best, as he said, “ All that the Father giveth me *** sortie de can ever be. The consequence is, shall come to me." And again, “ This
le must always have chosen just as hell is the Father's will, that of all that he low chooses. It must be confessed, li hath given me I should lose nothing;
hat when God actually sent his Spirit but should raise it up again at the last 5. THE AS
to renew anıl sanctify the heart of Paul, day,” Now, who are these elect, avd and to form him a vessel of mercy pre- those, who were given to Christ, but pared unto glory, he in his infinite wis- | those, who were “ chosen in him, from
dom, saw it beet, and, in the exercise before the foundation of the world, that LIt Pite en ”MPE ZI, 10, Paui lutusta
of his infinite goodness, chose that the they should be holy;" who were "choheart of Paul should be sanctified, and sen unto salvation;" who, therefore, that he should be saved. But, as God should never be fatally deceived by imwas ever infinite in knowledge, there posters, and who shall certainly be
could not possibly be any reason, why raised up, and glorified with Christ at "zimboa holi- taini: that
, vilier penis was then best, that Paul should be the last day? What Christ says con. Pn niall see time, God chur i think Mais sem nic saleration de serie to qually in the view of God, from everlast. John, also, strongly implies the doctrine
The alie then had in view, bis infinite good-postle Paul, in his writing, is also very 0.14, bu sared. But, !
“ And we know that all || not incidentally but with design; atte thiogs work together for good, to them || he has answered some of the objec. . that love God, to them, who are called i tions, which to this day, continue to be according to his purpose.” It must be urged against it. He dircctiġ asserts carefully obscrved, that this gracious the doctrine of election, and the sore. assurance respects those, “who fovereignty of God, in making this clection, Gud; and that those who love God, declaring, that "he hath mercy are those who are called according to whom he will have mercy; and whom his purpose." According to what pur- he will be lrardeneth." In the 11th chap.
What purpose can it be, Hutter of the same epistle, the doctrine iz that purpose of God, which the same again brought into view, and forcibly apostfe, in another place, calls "the eler-insisted on. In view of the then existral purpose, which he purposed ining state of the Israelitish nation, the Christ Jesus our Lord." The apostle qoestion naturally arose, “ Hath God proceeds,“For, whom he did foreknoiv" | cast away his people ?" To this question Hový forekrrow? There is a sense the Apostle answers, ** God forbid.certainly, in which God foreknew all God hath not cast away his people, men. But, these were cvidently fore-whom he foreknew;" that is, evidentknown in a peculiar and appropriately, whom be foreknew, as his elect.
What can be intentieul, then, Accordingly, he goes on to potice, that, but that they were foreknown as those, even in the most dark and degenerate who, being called according to God's times, with that nation, God had always purpose, should love him: “ For, whorn a remnant among them. In the time of he did foreknow, he also did predesti Elijah, when the prophet was ready to nate to be conformed to the image of conclude that there were none left in his Son." Let it be carefully observed, Israel on the Lord's side, but himself to what they were predestinated. It alone, the answer of God assured him, was, to be conformed to the image of that he had reserved to himself sever God's Son. And, what can it be to be thousand men. “ Even so then, (says conformed to the intage of God's Son, the apostle,) there is at this present time but to be made like Christ; to become also, a remnant according to the elecpossessed of his spirit? Is it not to ltion of grace.' " What then ?" he de " put on the grew inan, which is rénew mapds. What is the conclusion ? *ilsed in knowledge, after the image of him rael hath not obtained that which he that created bim ?" Moreover, (con seekéth for; bat, the election hath obtinues, the apostle,)“ whom he did pre- tained it, and the rest were blinded.”destinate, then he also cafted." How To the Ephesian Christians, the same did he call them? No doubt, effectu-l apostle says, " Blessed be the God anit Ally, by his Spirit. He called them to Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who that, to which they were predestinated. laih hlessed us with all spiritual bless. ** And whom he called, them he also ings, in heavenly places," or things, in justified; and wiroin he justified, them Christ; according as he hath chosen 05 he also glorified." Here, the apostle in him, that we should be holy, ard has exbibiled a brief summary of the without blame before him in lore; harplan of divine grace, respecting individing predestinased us to the adoption of uals who are saved, in its proper order. children, by Jesus Christ, to himself, ar. It begins, with the eternal purpose ofcording to the good pleasure of his will." God, to conform them to the image of|Let it be observer, that those Christians his Sao, and issues in their final glorifi-| were blessed with all spiritual blessings, calion. Were it needful, the whole of according as they were chosen in Christ; the 9th chapter of this epistle to the Ro-that they should be holy, and without mans might be cited, as decidedly in blame before him in love, and predesti pipint. In this chapter, which the read. nated to the adoption of children. To
inay do well to re-examine, with the Thessalonians, also, Paul says, “We much attention and candor, the apostle are bound to give thanks alway to God treats to have discussed this subject, for you, brethren, beloved of the Lord,
- ? apostle in him, that we shouk lain
e children, by Jesus Christ to be belief of the truth?
: bar frererhaal
* * that all ll not incidentalis foot wit den because God hath, from the beginning, For the Utica Christian Magazine, ", a them | he lias zusgered some de chozen you to salvalion, through sancti- Jesus Christ, in his DJVIŅE NATURE, the " } 42 called tions, which to this dar, crede fication of the Spirit, and belief of the
Son of God. * Tast be urged against it. He die truth.” To Timothy, too, he says,“Be This is a subject on which pious diIS Trious the doctrine of election, all thou partaker of the afflictions of the vins, and others, hare formed different • vw lore reignty of God, in making the gospel, according to the power of God; opinions. It has been the general sen
God, declaring, that "he hall me who hath saped us, aud called us with timent,,amongst the learned, that Christ, I ming to whom he will have mery a un holy calling, not according to our in his innst exalted nature, is the Son of un pat pur he will lie Itardenetk." fu works, but according to his own purpose. God. Of divines, however, who ac
t be, Butter of the same epistte, that and grace, which was given us in knowledge the true and real divinity : tip same again brought into vien
, en Christ Jesus, before the world began.” Christ, some are of opinion, that it is the cler. insisted on. In rient of the The apostle Peter, in the very introduc-merely as man that he is to be consider1: in ing state of the lszelk ni tion of his first epistle, holds the same ed as a Sop. All who hokl to the doc*** apostle qoestion naturally erce, " baxuage. " Peter, an aposte of Jesus trine of the real, essential Divinity of P100w"cast away iris people ?" Pol: Christ, to the strangers, scattered Christ, will be sensible, that it is a mat
2 sense the apostle anstrers, "Gudi throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappado-ter, at least, of some importance, that Eder alt God hath not cast arayir sia, Asia, and Bithynia, elect accorxling we understand in what respect it is, that
-11fore-Imbom he foreknew;" h's to the foreknowledge of God the Fa: he is to be considered as a Son-whethE apropriately, whom be forekner, at ther
, through sanctification, unto obedi-er only as bejog supernaturally begotsed, then, Accordingly
, he goes on tenience and sprinkling of the blood of Je- ten, and hom of the virgin; or, in his
S113 Christ." as those, even in the most dark and Los
After what has already || dirine and most exalted nature. to God's times, with that nation. Gely been said, can these passages need any Whether we nught to consider the - For
, whon a remnant among them. It commeat ?: Are they not plain, intelli- Lord Jesus as a Son only in his human d predesti Elijah, when the proptet et cible, and decisive ? Many other texts nature, and not in his divine, is a ques . te image of conclude that there were we dwight be easily adduced, were it need- tion, which must be decided only by voðserved, I Israel on the Lord's side,
ful, in which the doctrine under consid: | the word of God." It is proposed to j.vated. Halone
, the answer of Gowa eration is either directly asserted, or show, that there is sufficient eridence, he image of that he had reserred to his fairly implied. But, can inore evidence that he is represented, in the holt n it be in be thotsand men: « Evene te possibly be wanting? Does not the duc- scriptures, to be the Son of God in his God's Son, the apostle, ) there is at this page foundation of the infinite perfection of ture.
Irine rest, immovably, on the broaui divine, as really as in bis bunan na. to become also, a remnant accordings ?
Jehovah ? Is it pot firmly establishei As an evidence, that this is so, we do Is it not to tion of grace." " What ther"
by the scriptures already cited.
already cited. ..And not find that Christ, when on earth ever is repew. mands. What is the concler eutze of him rael hath not obtained that my salvation, can wish it reinoveci? If such that of the Son of God. #ho, desiring to indulge any hope of took to himself a higher character than
By this, both Fer 'ona seeketh for; bat, the electie
be, indeed the awful depravity of the his friends and his enemies understood ! pre- tained it, and the prst were al
human heart, that siuners will not come him to claim an equality with God, Bow To the Ephesian Christianity unto Christ, that they may have life,un- Tipus, when he asked his disciples, Nat. *, effrete- 'apostle says
, “ Blessed be tiek
less God make there willing, who will xvi. 15. Whom say ye that I ain ?” Pcs - ? titem to Father of oor Lord Jesus (3
ever be saved, unless God do sanctify|ter answered and said, thou art the '
stinated fauh blessed us with ale she hearts of suine, and cause them to Christ, the son of the living God. Tiere -> he also ings, in hcavenly place; believe? Surely, not one.
In whom, is sufficient reason to suppose that Peind them Christ; according as then will God etect this work of salle- ter here expressed a belief of the true
lification, unless he havo; froin tlie be- and real divinity of Christ. Por had ginning chose some to salvation, it been, that he meant to express noth. through sanotification of -he Spirit, und ing inore than that the man Jesus was
In no one, cer-l'fupernaturally begotten and born into lainly. Could this doctrine be proved the world; we can hardly suppose, that false, then what would be the effect, Christ would have replied in the manbut 10 annihilate every well grounded ner he did, “ Blessed art thou, Simon hope of salvation, and plange every Barjona; for flesh and blood hath not pinner into the horrors of 'utier despair? revealed it unto thee, but my Father TROPHIUS. which is in henven.
Christ's styling himself the Son of God was, also, considered by the Jews, his enemies, as his claiming an equality
of the li without blame before hiablo
espre blessed with all spaces
with God. Thus, when he said to considered, it must be utterly unaccoun.' them, Joho x. 30, “I and my Father table, that he did not do it; and, more are one,” they took up stones to stone surpassingly so, that he would suffer him. Christ answered them, many himself to be put to death for tlie infagood works have I shewed you from mous crime of blasphemy. It musta my Father; for which of those works therefore, be manifest, that, by styling do ye stone me. The Jews answered himself the Son of God, he meant to him saying, For a good work we stone claim an equality with God. · Aild not theé not, but for blasphemy; and be- || less unaccountable is it, if his Sonship, cause that thou, being a man, makest consisted wholly in his humanity, that thyself God." In the reply which he should think of asserting his own Christ made, he is so far froin accusing equality with God, by applying to himthem of making a false inference from self the title of his Son. his expressions, that, certainly in their But we proceed to attend to some view, and undoubtedly in reality, he vin- other passages of Scripture relative to dicates the claim which they supposed the subject before us. Christ tells the hiin to make, of an equality with God. Jews, John v.21, 22. « As the Father “ Therefore they sought again to take raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth him : but he escaped out of their hand." || them; even so the Syn quickeneth If this was the understanding, which whom he will. For the Father judgeth Christ knew, both his friends and his no man, but hath committed all judy. enemies bad, of his calling himself the ment unto the Son. That all men Son of God; why did not he correct should honor the Son, even as they honthe error, if it were one, of supposing or the Father.” Every one will see, that he meant, by styling himself God's that Christ here claims powers and preSon, to claim any thing above whatrogatives, which are peculiar to God; may be found in a mère creature ? Will and that worship, and honor, which are it be said, that as he was supernaturally due only to the one living and true God. begotten by the power of the Highest And yet all these claims he founds on coming on his mother, he was really | his being the Son of God. Can it be beGod as well as man; and, as the Son of lieved, that the Lord Jesus would claim God, partook of the essence of divinity; all this honor as a man, even though -and thence he urged, that his calling miraculously brought into the world ? himself the Son of God will not imply Yet, on the impleaded hypothesis, he is that he was a Son antecedently to his styled the Son of God in no other charbeing born into the world ? It is to be acter than that of a man. Christ pronoted, that this admits Christ to be aceeds in his discourse with the Jews; Son in his divine, as well as human na “ verily, verily, I
you, the hour ture.
is coming, and now is, when the dead To suppose that the Lord Jesus never shall hear the voice of the on of God; claimed to be the Son of God in any and they that hear shall live. For as the other respect than as man, will imply, Father hath life in himself, so hath he that he was unjustly charged with blas- given to the Son to have life in himself. phemy ;-yea, that he died under the And hath given him authority to exeignoining of being a blasphemer, when, cute judgment, also, because he is the by a word's speaking, he could have re- Son of man.". It may here be noted, moved the whole ground on which the that they, who urge that Christ is the charge was made. The whole pretext, Son of God only as man, say, that " a which the Jews had for charging him dependance and subjection incompatiwith blasphemy, was that by styling him-ble with divinity, are ascribed to him as self the Son of God, he in fact, made Son. The Son can do nothing of him. himself God. Had he meant by so of- self-of that day and hour knoweth no ten taking to himself this title, to claim man, no not the Son. This Son was ignothing higher than what may belong tol norant of future events." These are inere man, he could at once have satis- | the expressions of an ingenious writer on tied the Jews of it. These things, being A the subject; and are urged as a proof,