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too just ground to fear, that God is about to take away his kingdom from us also, and to give it unto the American world, who are receiving it with joy and gladness. He has ordained how long the gospel and a faithful ministry Mall stay in any parilh or congregation allo.

3. He has ordained what souls or persons shall be converted, edified, or built up, by the gospel : when he sends it unto any nation or congregation of Zion (that is, the place where thọ gospel-lamp is set up), “it shall be said this man and that man was born there,” &c. The election of grace thall obtain, when others are hardened. To the one it is the favour of life unto life, and to others the favour of death unto death. He will order a beam of this lamp to shine into one heart, ip hearing the gorrel, when it pafles by tweniy, thirty, or an hun. dred, or a thousand, who lie as fair as to the external means as others.

4. ile ordains by what inftrumenr or minister the gospel, lamp fall be brought unto a people or particular perfon. Paul is ordained for the Gentiles, Peter for the Jews, and every one of the apostles and other ministers, led by the ru. ling hand of the lovereign Lord, to labour in this, or that, or the other spot of his vineyard;' for the stars are all in his right hand ; and he ordains them to shine in this or the other orb of his church; and, whenever he pleases, he removes them from one place to another of his church militant, where he has any work for them; or else, when their work is ended upon earth, he removes them to the church triumphant, where they that have “turned many to righteousness, shall thine like the brightness of the firmament, and like the stars for ever and ever."

5. He ordains what fruit and success a minister with his lamp Mall hve, what number of fouls fail be edilied, and who thall be hardened and blinded by his light. It is not always the greatest and brightest ministers that are molt succéisful; for Christ and his apostles, when lifting up the lan'p amongri the Jews, were put to complain, “ We have laboured in vain,” &c. “ Who bath believed our report ? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed? We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced,” &c. So much for the third thing proposed, namely, concerning God's ordination of this lump. .

IV. The fourth thing in the method waș, to give the reasons aby God has ordaind this lamp for his Anointed. And,

1. In the first placa; it is ordained for the honour of God's A.ointed; for it is the will of God, " That all men should

honour

honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son, honoureth not the Father which hath sent him," John v. 23. He will have him highly exalted both on earth and in heaven.

2. God has ordained this lamp for his Anointed, that his name may be remembered through all nations, and to all generations. God has ordained that "his name shall endure for ever, that his name shall last like the sun." When Paul gót his commission, the Lord tells him, that he was to " catry his name among the Gentiles, and kings,” Acts ix. 15. It is by the gospel-lamp, that the church causes his name to be remembered to all generations.

3. He has ordained the gospel-lamp for his Aniontext, that the gathering of the people may be unto the blessed Shiloh, according to the ancient prediction of Jacob upon his death-bed, "The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come, and unto him fhall the gathering of the people be," Gen. xlix. 10. The perfume of the name of God's Anointed has such a drawing and gathering virtue with it, that whenever finners ger the smell of it about their hearts, they “ fly as a cloud, and as doves unto their windows."— Other reasons might be added; but I do not inlift further upon the doctrinal part. I proceed now to,

V. The fifth thing in the method, which was the Applicae tion.

Ure first shall be in two or three inferences at present.

Inf. 1. See how dear Christ is in his Father's eye, how warmly and affectionately he speaks of him here, and every where in scripture. He, as it were, glories in him, and in his relation to him before all the world. Oh! says he, he is inine Anointed; he is my fervant; he is mine eleft: he is my fellow, and mine equal. Why doth God speak so affectionately of him unto a world of loft finners, but that they may fall in love with him, and say as he says, by an applying faith, as the spouse doth, « My beloved is mine, and I am his? This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem?" or, as Thomas, “My Lord, and my God ?”

Inf. 2. See from what has been faid, the amazing love of God towards loft finners of the tribe and family of Adam, in giving and sending the Son of his love to be our Mediator and Redeemer, and in his anointing and fitting him for the service of our redemption with an unmeasurable measure of the Hcly Ghost : and then in ordaining the lamp of the gofpel, for dit playing his glory and excellency through all the world, and

unto

hise alk, and the ice the map of this

unto every creature. Does not this argue strange love that God has unto loft man? “God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son," &c. Oh Sirs ! admire the height and breadıl, and length and depth, of this love.

Inf. 3. See hence the melancholy and deplorable condition of thefe who want the lamp of the gospel, or who have provoked God to lift his lamp, and to leave them in darkness. Solomon tells us, that “where no vision is," i. e. where the gospel-lamp is not, “the people perish.” Their destruction is unavoidable, seeing they want the only means of salvation, there being “110 name given under heaven among men whereby to be saved, but by the name of Jesus.” Thus the apostle argues. It is only they that “call upon the name of the Lord, that shall be saved. But how shall they call on him in whom they have not believed ? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher? and how shall they preach except they be sent?” Rom. .X. 14. 15. By all which the apostle seems plainly to make it appear, that the salvation of finners is imposible, without the lamp of gospel-light to shew them the way to it. This should stir our bowels on the behalf of the blinded nations who imabit the dark places of the earth, which are full of the habitations of horrid cruelty, where poor souls are just laughtered and butchered by the roaring lion for want of the gospel, &c.

Inf. 4. See hence what reason we have to contend earnestly for the faith once delivered unto the saints, and to be valiant for the truth. Why, if the gospel-lamp be taken away out of the land, we are unchurched, and left among the dark places of the earth, and our house is left unto us defolate. What would this earth be, if that great luminary, the sun, were taken out of the heavens? We would be ftuinbling and breaking our necks upon every thing in our way; it would be a molt doleful and melancholy habitation. But far better want the fun out of the firmament, than the gospel-lamp out of the Jand. Strong efforts have been used by hell and earth in all ages, to put out the lamp of God's Anointed, that his soulcaptivating glory might not be seen by the fons of men. This is, and has been, the desigii of all the errors that were ever broached since the Christian church and the gospel-Jamp was fet up in the world. The Arian heresy is deligned to darken the glory of his supreme Deity. The Socinian error agrees with the Arians, and also overclouds, or rather obliterates, his satisfaciion. The Arminian error darkens the freedom and efficacy of his grace, by exalting the freedom of man's will in his depraved flate. Papists and Legalists, of whatever deno

mination, mination, they impugn and disparage his everlasting righteous. ness, by subftituting something of their own legal workings, doings, or personal qualifications, in the room of it. And now-a-days, the idol of self-love is substitute in the room of the glory of God, &c. All these, and the like errors, are just like so many damps or milts cast out of hell, through the malice and subtlety of the old serpent, in order to darken and ob{cure the lamp of gospel-light, that men may not perceive the glory, fulness, and suitableness of Christ, and so believe in him, to the salvation of their souls. However, through the over-ruling hand of God, these mists and clouds have only ferved in the issue to make the gospel-lamp, and the glory of God's Anointed, to shine with the greater lustre ; like the clouds in the air, which you observe have just now overcast the fun in the firmament, they obscure his light for a while, and yet ferve only, in the event, as a foil to set off the glory of the fun, when he breaks through these clouds, and darts his beams down upon this earth among the children of men, &c.

Inf. 5. See from this doctrine, what we are to think of the conduct of the judicatories of the established church at this day, and for many years by-past, who seem to be upon a con{piracy to put out the gospel.lamp, which God lighted at our reformation from Popery. Perhaps some hearing me may think this charge both heavy and calumnious, and say, Now you are turned very uncharitable. But if it be not so, I would have you to solve these few plain questions. What means the bleating of the sheep? What means that swarm of lax, legal, and erroncous ministers that are to be found almost through all the corners of Scotland ? What means that violent way in which men are obtruded upon Christian congregations by presentations or tham calls, without the call, and against the inclinations, of the Christian people? What means the abuse of church discipline, whereby the erroneous are screened from censure, truth falls in the streets, and error patronized? What means their suspending, outcasting, and depofing seven men from the holy ministry, for no other cause but their bearing up the gospel-lamp, and witnessing for God's anointed Prophet, Prielt, and King, in opposition unto che prevailing defections and corruptions of the day? What can we think of these things, especially when they have Nain the witnefles and condemned their teftimony, but conclude that they have rejected the stone which God has ordained to be the head lione of the corner? And because they have rejected him (I do not speak of every individual), thrrelurt God has r« je died th.m, and is saying of the judicatories and ministry of Scotland,

" Because o Because ye have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you, that ye shall be no priests to me ; seeing ye have forgotten the law of your God, I will also forget your children," Hor. iv. 6.

Inf. 6. See what good reason we of the Associate Presbyfery have for the work we are about at this day, in licenling and ordaining ministers through several corners of the land, ini a way of secession from the present judicatories, however irregular it may appear in the eyes of some men. Why, the gospel. lamp must by no manner of means be lost or extinguished. By the attempts that have been made to put it out, or make it useless, we are driven to preserve it in a way of fecession from the judicatories, and we can see no other way of keeping up the gospel-lamp in the land, than by fulfilling that conimand given by Paul unto Timothy, “ The things that thou haft heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also," 2 Tim. ii. 2.

And in regard the lamp-bearer at Kinclaven is thrust

out of his station there, through ecclefiaftical and civil violence; thercfore we are this day to change his station, and set him up at Glasgow, upon a cali given him by the dissenting congregation in and about this place.

After psalms, proceeded to this purpose. “ You in this correspondent congregation having a confie « derable time ago petitioner the Associate Presbytery for " the nioderation of a call, they accordingly appointed myselr. “ Which appointment I accordingly obeyed. And you may “ remember, by a great majority of votes, the call came out for “ the Reverend Mr James Fisher, minister of the gospel at Kin" claven ; and was not harmoniously subscribed for him even « by the few who had voted otherwise.

“ His call being attested, was presented unto the prefbyttery, and sustained as orderly proceed din. Together “ with the call, reasons of transportation were offered by you " of the correspondence of Glagow. The parish of Kinclave :I " were summoned, compeared, and heard, and the matter " fully reasoned on both (des. After some considerable de. " lay, the presbytery, which met at Abbotshall, taking to con“ Gideration the whole affair, together with the conduct of “ holy providence, which plainly cleared their way, they " transported him to be minifcr of this correspondent con

“gregation,

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