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It is also useful to employ Technical Terms, which estrange your style from the great and general ideas of nature: and the higher your subject is, the lower should you search into mechanicks for your expression. If you describe the garment of an angel, say that his * Linen was finely Spun, and bleached on the banpy Plains. + Call an army of angels, Angelic Cuiraliers, and, if you have occasion to mention a number of misfortunes, style them
| Fresh Troops of Pains, and regimented Woes.
Style is divided by the Rhetoricians into the Proper and the Figured. Of the Figured we have already treated, and the Proper is what our authors have nothing to do with. Of Styles we shall mention only the Principal which owe to the moderns either their chief Improvement, or entire Invention.
1. The Florid Style, than which none is more proper to the Bathos, as flowers which are the Lowe!t of vegetables are most Gaudy, and do many times grow in great plenty at the bottom of Ponds and Ditches.
A fine writer in this kind presents you with the following Pofie: § The groves apt ear all drest with wreaths of flowers,
And from their leaves drop aromatic Mowers,
To beautify and shade the grove, which indeed most branches do.) But this is still excelled by our Laureat, * Prince Arthur, p. 19.
+ Ibid. p. 339. Job, p. 86. Ś Dehn's Poems, p. 2.
* Branches in branches twin'd compose the grove,
And shoot and spread, and bloffem into love.
Hear also our Homer.
An endiess Train of lustre spreads behind:
2. The Pert Style.
But the beauty and energy of it is never fo conspicuous, as when it is employed in Modernizing and Adapting to the Taste of the Times the works of the Antients. This we rightly phrase Doing them into English, and Making them English; two expressions of great Propriety, the one denoting our Negleit of the Mariner how, the other the Force and Compulsion with which it is brought about. It is by virtue of this style that Tacitus talks like a Coffee-House Politician, Josephus like the British Gazetteer, Tully is as short and smart as Sem neca or Mr. Argill, Marcus Aurelius is excellent at
* Guardian, 12mo 127.
+ Blackm. Pf. civ.
Snipsnap, and honest Thomas à Kempis as Prim and Polite as any preacher at court.
3. The ALAMODE Styles which is fine by being new, and has this happiness attending it, that it is as durable and extensive as the poem itself. Take some examples of it, in the description of the Sun in a Mourning coach upon the death of Queen Mary. * See Phoebus now, as once for Phaeton,
Has mask'd his face, and put deep Mourning on;
Of Prince Arthur's Soldiers drinking, * While rich Burgundian wine, and bright Cham
paign Chase from their minds the terrors of the main. (whence we also learn, that Burgundy and Champaign make a man on shore despise a storm at sea.)
Of the Almighty encamping his Regiments.
# He sunk a vast capacious deep, Where he his liquid Regiments does keep, Thither the waves file off, and make their way, To form the mighty body of the sea ; Where they encamp, and in their station stand, Entrench'd in Works of Rock, and Lines of
Of two Armies on the Point of engaging. § Yon' armies are the Cards which both must play";
At least come of a Saver if you may :
+ Pr. Arthur, p. 16. Blackm. Pf. civ. p. 261.
* * * * *
* * * * * * * * *
Throw boldly at the Sum the Gods have fet;
These on your side will all their fortunes bet. All perfectly agreeable to the present Customs and best Fashions of our Metropolis.
But the principal branch of the Alamode is the PRURIENT, a Style greatly advanced and honoured of late by the practice of persons of the first Quality; and by the encouragement of the Ladies, not unsuccefsfully introduced even into the Draw. ing-room. Indeed its incredible Progress and Conquests may be compared to those of the great sea Softris, and are every where known by the same Marks, the images of the genital parts of men or
It consists wholly of metaphors drawn from two most fruitful sources or springs, the very Bathos of the human body, that is to say * and * * * Hiatus * Hiatus magnus lachrymabilis. *
* And selling of Bargains, and double Entendre, and ΚιβέρισμG- and 'Ολδφιέλδισμ@, all derived from the faid sources.
4. The FINICAL Style, which consists of the most curious, affected, mincing metaphors, and partakers of the alamode.
As this, of a Brook dry'd by the Sun.
Th’ eloping Aream did from her channel fray,
Of an easy Death.
And see thee ripe with age, invite the hook ;
+ Ibid. p. 23.
Of Trees in a Storm. * Oaks whose extended arms the winds defy, Tise tempeft sees their strength, and fighs, and
Of Water simmering over the Fire. of The sparkling flames raise water to a Smile, Yet the pleas'd liquor pines, and lessens all the
while. 5. LASTLY, I shall place the CUMBROUS, which moves heavily under a load of metaphors, and draws after it a long train of words. And the BUSKIN, or Stately, frequently and with great felicity mixed with the former. For as the firft is the proper engine to depress what is high, so is the second to raise what is base and low to a ridiculous Visibility : When both these can be done at once, then is the Bathos in perfection; as when a man is set with his head downward, and his breech upright, his degradation is compleat: One end of bim is as high as ever, only that end is the wrong
Will not every true lover of the Profund be delighted to behold the most vulgar and low actions of life exalted in the following manner?
Who knocks at the Door? For whom thus rudely pleads my loud-tongưd gate, That be may enter ?
See who is there? [ Adtance the fringed curtains of thy eyes,
And tell me zaho comes yonder
t Anon. Tonf. Misc. Part vi. p. 224.
# Denn. I Temp.