Page images

hence the conflict between the flesh and the spirit, and the repeated admonitions of the Word, to “ mortify our members which are upon the earth ;' to “crucify the flesh with its affections and lusts;" to "purge out the old leaven-the leaven of malice and wickedness."

But in the offerings typical of the Person or work of our adorable Substitute, leaven was strictly forbidden : "No meat offering which ye shall bring unto the Lord shall be made with leaven ; for ye shall burn no leaven, nor any honey in any offering of the Lord made by fire." (Lev. ii. 11.) Nothing savouring of the evil of our nature was to be found in the perfect humanity of Jesus. In marked contrast, however, to this express injunction concerning the Meat offering, the two wave loaves of the “new meat offering ” were to be baken with learen; for they typified sinners, though sinners saved by grace" the redeemed from among men—the first fruits unto God and the Lamb." (Rev. xiv. 3, 4.) The evil in them, signified by the leaven, was by the same Divine appointment, fully met and atoned for, as expressed by the sacrifices which accompanied the offering that typified them as " a kind of first-fruits of His creatures" (James i. 8); “predestinated to be conformed to the image of His Son,” even of Him who is pre-eminently " the First-fruits," the “First begotten from the dead "-united to Him by a living faith in the atoning sacrifice by which He has perfected for ever them that are sanctified." Therefore we read (ver. 18), “ And ye shall offer with, or over (al) the bread, seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock and two rams; they shall be for a burnt offering unto the Lord, with their meat offering and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire of sweet savour unto the Lord ;" the presentation of this unblemished sacrifice, with its offerings of joy and thanksgiving covering over the leavened bread, setting forth, in their unmistakable typical import, the heartreassuring, soul-satisfying truth, that, accepted in the Beloved," Jehovah

blessing, indicated by the provision for “the poor and the stranger," who were to glean in the fields of Israel during “the harvest," following immediately after the Pentecostal feast (ver. 22), and separating by an andefined interval, the three feasts which have already received their antitypi. cal fulfilment, from the three which remain to be accomplished on the return of Israel and Judah to the land of their fathers. Meanwhile, and consequent on Judah's rejection of their King, the Gospel to be preached in all the world for a witness to the nations, was sent forth more especially in the direction where " backsliding Israel" was to be found, when driven out of the countries to which they were originally deported ;"* for the wife of youth," seemingly so long rejected, yet“ loved with an everlasting love," was now to be betrothed to the Lord in loving kindness and great merciesgraffed back into their own olive tree as" a fulness of Gentiles," having lost their name, “the remembrance of them having well-nigh ceased from among men;"'oblivious themselves, or ignorant of their origin, and needing “this mystery" to be shown unto them, they have, nevertheless, as the na. tural branches restored to God's favour, been the channels of His grace; earnestly contending for and preserving those saving doctrines of free, unconditional grace, of which the olive tree was the emblem, even of the covenant made with their father Abraham and his seed, which is Christ; doctrines which the wild olive branches--early degenerated into a paganised Christendom-sought to suppress ; persecuting unto death, as long as they had the power to do so, those who held and proclaimed them. A glorious harvest, nevertheless, has, and will yet be reaped out of all nations, kindreds, and tongues, to the praise of His grace who appointed these tribes of His chosen people to this work of faith and labour of love, gathering in the sheaves for the hea. venly garner.

When passing through Samaria, the blessed Lord of the harvest had in. structed His disciples that the fields were already white to the harvest; but alas, how soon were the tares mingled with the good seed, the leaven with the meal ; but now, as the day of His long. suffering draws to a close, is not the Lord manifestly lifting up a standard

no iniquity in Jacob, neither perverseness in Israel ;"

this unspeakably precious truth, applicable not only to them, but to all made partakers with them of the blessings which are in Christ Jesus ;-the participation of the Gentiles in their


* Ezek. XX, 32-37.

+ Deut. xxxi. 26.

against the enemy, and giving an ear. who knew no sin, that we might be nest of the victory that awaits His wit- made the righteousness of God in Him." nesses, in the times of refreshing from And having by the one offering of HimHis presence so blessedly experienced self once for all," fulfilled the types and at the present day in these isles afar shadows of the law, “He broke down off, thus renewing the strength of His the middle wall of partition-blotting people for the last great conflict ;-His out the hand-writing of ordinancesadversaries and theirs, simultaneously nailing it to His cross, in order that mustering their forces, energised by “ aliens from the commonwealth of unclean spirits, the spirits of devils, Israel, and strangers from the covegathering their deluded victims to the nants of promise, having no hope, and battle of "the great day of GOD Al. without God in the world, might be mighty ?" But the Captain of Israel's made fellow-citizens with the saints, host proclaims, “Behold, I come ! and of the household of God, -builded Blessed is he that watcheth ;' and we together for an habitation of God, believe that He will come, and that through the Spirit,"*-made one in soon, to vindicate His cause and ours. Christ; their spiritual and eternal

But reverting to the more immedi- blessings essentially the same, how. ate object of this paper, we would in ever distinguished and pre-eminent conclusion observe that, not only the Israel's position and national blessings, persons of the worshippers, as typified when caused to rest from the sword by the two leavened loaves, but their that had so long pursued them, and worship and communion with the Holy having found grace in the wilderness, One of Israel, equally required the Jebovah showed Himself to be indeed blood of atonement, to come up with " a Father to Israel, and Ephraim His acceptance before Him. Therefore in first-born,"f the appointed heir of the law of the “Peace-offerings,” (and the birth-right blessings. I in no other, except the two Pentecostal October 8th.

ZETA. loaves,) we read that leavened bread was to be offered. Yet, though sin be

IS THE CHIEF RABBI OF ENGLAND in us, it does not hinder our fellowship with God, because of the abounding

A RELIABLE BIBLICAL EXPOSITOR? grace, which sees only the blood that

SIR-I was always under the im. cleanseth from all sin ; for in the

pression that the Chief Rabbi, the Peace-offering, as in the " new meat

representative of Orthodox Judaism offering," the leaven, or evil, was met

in this country, belonged to that class by the blood of the sacrifice, " the blood

of modern Rabbis of Germany, who of sprinkling.” (Lev. vii. 13, 14.) have long since given up their faith in

Fellowship with Him who is Light, the divine origin of the Talmud, whose cannot however be maintained, if we orthodoxy at best consisted only in an walk in darkness; and, instead of re

enthusiastio reverence for the curious sisting and overcoming the sin that

literary monuments of the Post-Bibdwells in us, we allow it to break forth

lical history of our nation. Their into sing and transgressions of God's holy

hearts, however, were steeled against law. Peace can then only be restored

the belief, that the traditional laws by the confession of our sins, and cast

were equally delivered to Moses, on ing ourselves anew on the efficacy of

Mount Sinai, along with the decalogue His perfect sacrifice, who ever liveth and the written law. to make intercession for us – -our

The old religious faith of their forevocate with the Father, Jesus Christ, fathers in tradition crystalised itself the Righteous;" His sinless, spotless

amongst the educated German Jews of nature typified in the law of the peace- the present century, into an historic offerings by "the unleavened cakes and scientific faith ; and in the spirit mingled with oil, and the unleavened of that faith they bestow a remarkwafers anointed with oil, of fine flour

able amount of industry and research fried(ver. 12), signifying the fiery

on the ancestral and patristic literatrials and sufferings of Him, who, ture. "though he were a Son, yet learned

Some sarants of this school do not obedience by the things which He suf- indeed manifest an open rupture with fered ;" "tempted in all points like as

the old faith, but manage to conceal we are, yet without sin; holy, harm- well their opinions respecting it, in the less, undefiled, and separate from sin. ners,” though loving us with a love * Eph. ii. 11-22; Col. ii. 14. stronger than death; "made sin for us + Jer. xxxi. 1-9. 1 1 Chron. v. 1, 2.

" Ad

here is not to be rendered נתינה

.תתגנה away implied in the verb

הא גברא והא ! culture do unite

! טסקא I do not נתינה לגר The title

-in Bib ,מתנה or ,מתן present is

guise of a highly wrought phraseo- learned readers and the Dr, himself, logy, in order not to compromise their if he reads your journal, that the noun positions as public instructors and preachers, and to fulfil the more effec- gift or present, but the act of giving tually the mission which they impose

. upon themselves.

Having shown your readers the con. The Dr. Adler, I was induced to be

nection in which the two words occur, lieve, belonged to the latter ; but I am

they will easily perceive the, ugliness now entirely disabused of this opinion

, in the work lying before me, entitled

in the above quoted passage deal of a 7057723, a commentary on Onkelos, GAIR Toshob, and not of a GAIR Tzedek, written in Hebrew, in which the and therefore offensive to the memory author makes a full confession of his

of Onkelos. religious faith in tradition and the I have not the leisure nor the incliTalmud, worthy of any unsophisticated nation at present to enter into a discusPolish Rabbi. I was once told by an sion about the entire body of the work, educated Rabbi, that belief in Rab- I shall leave this for a future period, binism cannot co-mingle with modern when I may discuss the merits of this culture, no more than oil and water do. work, the absence of originality in the But here we have a fact that disproves author, and the want it supplied. At this comparison fetched from chemical

present, however, I cannot let our regions, and Rabbinism and modern

Rabbi go unchallenged in his exposi!

tion on the Messianic passages, and the !

views he takes of the expression I

1997 X720, equivalent with the like; it is an ugly one, to say the least λογος του θεου of the Gospel of of it. This noun is not found in the

St. John, employed so frequently by Hebrew Scriptures. The word gift or Onkelos. , ,

Dr. Adler's opinion is that the ex: lical Hebrew, and not 70'nd. We pression is merely figurative ; and used however find it in the Talmud, trac. by Onkelos whenever Scripture, in Pesachim, p. 21, b, where a legal dis. condescension to human understandcussion is raised between Rabbi Judah ing, attributes bodily attributes to and Rabbi Mair, as to the exact mean. Deity. This definition is appli,

cable to many passages where the


yet there can be scarcely a doubt that Onkelos

(. 20.) “Ye shall eat nothing that died of


several places as a designation of a its own accord, ye may give it to the

divine personal agent apart from Jeho. stranger who is in thy gates that he

vah. Ās, for instance, in Gen. xxviii. may eat it, or sell it to the alien." (Deut. xiv. 20.)

20. Jacob says, if the '97 x70' Rabbi Judah renders this verse ac

will be my help, and will keep me in cording to its natural construction and that way in which to go, and will give holds the law strictly to the letter, i.e.,

me bread to eat and raiment to wear, and the carcase in question must only be bring me again in peace to my father's

house the MEMRA D'JEHOVAH will be given away to the 7, but not sold to him; and to the alien sold only and

my God. Here the Doctor comments

on the expression in question to signify not given. Rabbi Mair holds that the law is that you may give or sell to

providence, but he himself finds it to both Gair and alien, and makes the

be a difficult rendering, and concludes

with the well known 'YS'), and it to depend on each noun in succession,

wants looking into. I say too it wants , ) ,

looking into earnestly and devoutly, ;MEMBA, D'JEHOVAH

and the key to it will be found. The ),


even from eternity. The 12'28 117 It is here in this passage, which I

, quote for the benefit of your learned trils, the Messiah Jehovah. readers, that the two words 725 naging I am afraid, dear Editor, that this my

לא, תאכלו כל ,ing of the verse ;expression occurs נבלה לגר אשר בשעריך תתננה

.Deut . xiv) ואכלה או מכר לנכרי in מימרא דיי' uses the expression

תתננה ואכלה או מכור three verbs and reads the verse ,גר or נכרי i.e.

, on ERA 53EHovAH is He that existed לגר אשר בשעריך תתננה-; thus

and then again ,ואכלה או מכור ,before His works קדם מפעליו מאז

תתננה ואכלה או מכור לנכרי -the breath of our nos ,משיח יהוה

And first I must remind your letter will take up too much space of


אשר בן יקותיאל

your valuable magazine. I shall leave spirit and genius of Christ's Kingdom, therefore the rest of my observations is Divine truth. When He said, I am for another occasion,

the truth-He said in effect, I am a I am, yours obediently, King. He conquers by the convincing

evidence of truth, rules by its com

manding power, “and in His Majesty, [We received the above letter when rides prosperously, because of truth our preliminary notice of Dr. Adler's (Ps. xlv. 4). With His truth He shall work was in type ; we print it as a great judge the people (Ps xcvi. 13). Truth curiosity. The writer is still a pro- is the sceptre of His kingdom. He fessing member of the Synagogue; he came a light into the world, He rules is by no means a solitary instance of as the Sun by day, aandela, not conhalters between two opinions amongst cealed. The subjects of this kingEnglish and Continental Jews, but dom are of the Truth (Isa. Ixv. 16). rather a type of a considerable class. “ He that is blessed on the earth is To make room for this letter, we are

blessed in the God of The AMEN :" some obliged to postpone our own strictures understand it of Messiah, The Amen : of the book under review to a future The Faithful and True Witness (Rev. issue.- Edit. H. C. W. & P. I.]

iii. 14), in whom all the promises are Yea and Amen. (2 Cor. i. 20.) He

that is blessed in the earth, shall be “ WHAT IS TRUTH?"

blessed in the true God, for Christ is Quid est Veritas ? Vir est qui adest.-Ana.

the true God, and eternal life. (1 John gram on Christ before Pontius Pilate.

v. 20; Jer. x. 10.) The Lord is the

True God-God of Truth. (Ps.xxxi. 5.) REV, SIR, I took notes at the Clifton

Messiah is the fulness of revealed Conference. The Rev. A. A. Isaacs, of Leicester, spoke very scripturally.

truth; the Infallible Prophet, true.

certain. All the promises are estabYour readers may be interested in the

lished by His word and oath : are irreperusal of my recollections. What is Truth ? Christ is the Truth.

vocably ratified by His death; and Jesus is the Truth. (John xiv. 6.)

sealed by his Spirit. When our Saviour

uttered some distinct, important, and (1.) As truth is opposed to figure and shadow. Christ is the substance

solemn truth, he strengthened the

assertion thereof, “ Amen, amen, I say of all the Old Testament types, hence

unto you.” “Blessed be the Lord God called figures of the true (Heb. ix.

of Israel from everlasting, and to ever24). Christ is the true Manna (John

lasting. Amen, and Amen." (Ps. xli. vi. 32), the True Tabernacle (Heb. viii. 2), the True Vine (John xv. 7), the

13.) I am yours respectfully.

HEEMANTI, True Light (John i. 9).

(2.) As truth is opposed to error : his doctrine is true : when we inquire THE SEVEN ATTRIBUTES OF for truth, we need learn no more

THE GODHEAD. than the truth as it is in Jesus. It centres in him, being represented in

DEAR SIR,-Turning over the pages his person, office, work (Ephes. iv. 21). of the HEBREW CHRISTIAN WITNESS,

(3.) As truth is opposed to deceit for 1873, pp. 512-516, I met with a (John iv. 24). He is true to all who paper by Professor Warschawski, “ On trust in him (Ps. xxxi. 5 ; lxxi. 22). the seven attributes of the Godhead, He is truth itself (2 Cor. i. 20).

as revealed through Moses and the Christ's errand into the world was prophets." to bear witness to the truth. (1.) The NAMES (I prefer this word to To reveal to the world that which that of attributes) have had my atotherwise could not have been known tention for many years, and have concerning God and his will and good- afforded me instruction and consolawill to all men (John i. 18 ; xvii. 26). tion beyond my utterance ; but I feel (2.) To confirm it (Rom. xv. 8). By exceedingly surprised that the learned his miracles he bare witness to the professor should have omitted one truth of Divine revelation, of God's most glorious name "bg"! I preperfection and providence, and the sume the wish was to confine the truth of his covenant, that all men names to seven, the emblem of completethrough Him might believe. By doing ness.” This is, however, a strained this, He is a king, and sets up å king- theory, for the names exceed seven ;dom. The foundation and power, the but why omit this truly glorious and

important name 5x ? See Psalm cannot, nor can any Gentile language, xix. 1, and compare with Colossians i. give a rendering of these three princi16-17. See also Psalm lxviii. 20, A.V., pal names, which probably include all 21, H. V.

others, and concentrate in the adorable Why should this name give place

and precious name JESUS! John i. “ This latter is an

1, 3, 4, viii, 58; Heb. i. 8, with Pa adjective noun.

xiv. 7 ; Rev. i. 8, Colos. i. 15. must not be omitted! See its promi

Yours faithfully, nent position in Psalm 1. i-58

SAMUEL SAMPSON. 1717) Duathy. Our A. V. does not, Norwood, 22nd Sept., 1874.

יי? צבאות " to

אל This name


All Letters, intended for the Rev. DR. MARGOLIOUTH, to be addressed to 13, Onslow Crescent, South Kensington, London, S.W.

Subscribers' names, accompanied by Post Office Order for Six Shillings—payable at the Post Office, 127, Fulham Road, Brompton, - for the ensuing year, 1875, should be communicated to Dr. M. Margoliouth at an early date. The Editor does not hold himself re- him," rather than “I know him." sponsible for the expressed opinions of The verb YT has frequently the for. his correspondents.

mer meaning. As regards the omission The Editor has but very little time

of the tribe of Dan from amongst for private correspondence, and this he the sealed ones, recorded in Rev. vii. applies to old and cherished friends. 5-8. We have no written authority to

Several important articles, Literary explain the circumstance. All the Notices, Replies to Queries, &c.- some

reasons which were proposed were already in type-are unavoidably post

merely conjectures. We are averse

from guess-work on that which is not poned.

revealed in Holy Scriptures. If we

were disposed to hazard an opinion, we AN INQUIRER.–The original word should suggest the probability that the HEBRON signifies, literally, conjunc- tribe of Dan was absorbed in one of tion, consolidation. The place was his neighbouring tribes, Ephraim, originally known as KIRJATH-ARBA, Judah, or Benjamin. We have no quadruple city, built upon four hillocks, more confidence in this our conjecture and belonged to four brothers. Even- than we have in the far-fetched tually the four hillock-hamlets became

guesses of others. the property of one, and it was named

All Communications and Books for HEBRON, conjunction, consolidation, Review to be addressed To the Editor or unification. The root of that term

of the Hebrew Christian Witness and is man. The name HEBREW applied Prophetic Investigator, Pelham Library, to Abraham, is from the root yy, 151, Fulham Road, Brompton, s.W. which signifies to pass over, in allusion

The Editor will not, in any case, reto the Patriarch's passing over the turn rejected communications. Euphrates, on his journey southward. No communication unauthenticated The name may also claim another by real name and address-not necesorigin, namely Abraham's descent sarily for publication—will be noticed. from ÉBER, also spelt in the original We regret to find that this notification . Abraham's relationship with

is still unheeded by some. God, in the bonds of friendship, is sufficiently described by the events re

LETTERS RECEIVED. corded in Genesis xvii. xviii., especially The Revs. W. D. Isaac ; R. A. Taylor;. in verses 1-8 of the former chapter, and A. A. Isaacs ; M. Wolkenberg ; E. B. in verses 17-19 of the latter chapter. Frankel ; H. A. Stern ; Messrs. Saml. The first sentence of ihe 19th verse Hanson ; S. A. Binion ; B. Landau ; may be translated “For I have loved

Captain Clarke ; J. Lynch ; &c. &c. &c.


« PreviousContinue »