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opposed, by the civil power; nor did it ficient or ordinary food, and want of terminate for more than two hundred enjoyment and luxury. Here indeed years. The great sword, therefore, de- there is nothing to prompt our symnotes this great contention and strife pathy, or allure us into imitation, and in the Church which destroyed or yet it is evidently recommended by weakened the true spirit of Christian- the call, Come and see. ity. “I will kill her children with The voice proceeds not from the death."*
beasts, but from their midst, viz., "And when he had opened the from the throne of God and the Lamb. third seal, I heard the third beast It professes to come from God. The say, Come and see. And I beheld, measure (chenix) was about a quart, and lo a black horse ; and he that sat and was proverbially used to denote on him had a pair of balances in his the daily bread, perhaps of a slave, hand. And I heard a voice in the
but still it was reckoned enough for midst of the four beasts say, A mea
his subsistence. The word also transsure of wheat for a penny, and three
lated penny is employed in Scripture measures of barley for a penny; and
in the same sense, and denotes a see thou hurt not the oil and the day's wages. Now, so long as the lawine." (Verses 5, 6.)
bourer procured the food he needed The breaking down of Paganism for his wages, there could be no here again lets loose other errors al
famine. But he generally subsisted ready indeed existing in the Church :
on barley-bread; here, however, he but, till then, only in an incipient state.
was fed with wheat; or if he declined The face of a man considered as a
to deviate from his customary habits symbol denotes intelligence, and this his wages procured three times the taken in a good sense would signify quantity he required. His penny the Scriptural knowledge of the triune purchased three measures of barley. covenant God; but that it here in- Is this like a famine? Some other vites attention to one going forth on a
solution then must be devised. Nor black horse implies the contrary, and
is it implied there was any scarcity with this interpretation the other sym
of wine and oil. The expression is Blackness or darkness
remarkable. It is forbidden to hurt denotes in Scripture a famine of the
them. Now, to hurt is, to inflict an word of the Lord, or ignorance, injury: it has no reference whatever error, and sin. Ye are not in dark- to want or abundance, nor always to ness; t now are ye the children of the justice or wrong, but means simply light and of the day ;I if the light to give pain, You can only infer that is in you be darkness, how great
from the prohibition that they were is that darkness.
not to be used, and that a disregard Taken in this sense it is the light of the injunction resembled hurt done of the blind leaders of the blind. And
to a sentient being. But though it it is here cherished, for the Church is impossible a famine can exist as recommends or solicits attention to long as the wages of a slave pur. what is coming forward : the words
chased three times his ordinary food, employed in these four seals are those yet as wine and oil are prohibited, not of Philip to Nathanael, when he indeed from scarcity, but from superstiwished him to recognise the claims of
tion, a sense of pain, or scrupulosity, Jesus to the Messiahship:
a joyless life is evidently described. The term here translated a pair of
The yoke also denotes some kind of balances is in every other part of the
slavery, whilst the blackness of the New Testament translated yoke,
horse implies ignorance, error, and which is perhaps its meaning here.
sin, or a famine of the word of the A balance denotes justice, not sever
Lord, Put all these symbols togeity, but fairness and equity ; but a
ther, and what do they describe as yoke is nothing less than slavery,
recommended by the Church, or apwhich is generally attended with de- parently urged upon it as of Divine
authority? It is another feature of * Rev. ii. 23. 1 Thess. v. 4.
the Church in the fourth century, 11 Thess. v. 5. $ Matt. vi. 23. which in various forms has continued
down to the present day;
a feature is honourable unto all men.* The so contrary to the New Testament saints held up for our imitation in that it could not be passed over in the Bible filled the busiest situations the description of the great Apostasy. of public life, and partook of every I refer to monkery, self-torture, and enjoyment which this world affords. asceticism, which originated from ig. Daniel, whose history records no norance or rejection of the Gospel. blemish against him, was chief minNothing else can account for the sub- ister to several heathen governors to stitution of self-torture in the place of extreme old age. Paul deemed it no the self-denial which Holy Scripture derogation from his apostolic office inculcates. God does not require us to procure subsistence by working as to put ourselves in pain by a periodi- a tent-maker. In short, Holy Scripcal fast, or a voluntary humiliation, ture implies that true self-denial is under the impression that such self- most suitably and beneficially exerinfliction is meritorious in His eyes. cised in all the busiest engagements The self-denial which he requires is of every-day life. Christians then to restrain and overcome our depravity mistook the mortification of the body when it is awakened in us during our for that of the evil principle called by performance of public, private, and Paul, the body of sin. They imdomestic duties. Fasting (which the agined that denial of the appetite Jewish Church and Christ's apostles would destroy the desire to yield to employed only on mournful and im
it, and that departure from the busy portant occasions), and other acts of haunts of life would expel worldliness self-denial, were perverted in the from the soul, and leave it in the defourth century to self-righteousness, lightful enjoyment of heavenly conand put in the place of Christ. If templation. But was it so? It was this interpretation be correct, favour
not. They worked at the wrong end. with God or the highest Christian
They meddled with effects, and left life is exemplified by the fare and con
their causes to run into wild luxuridition of a slave or labourer. The Christian Church of the fourth cen
A holy principle must be
wrought within, in order to destroy tury invited attention to, or commend
sin in the life. A perception of the evil ed as most acceptable to God, a con- and odiousness of sin, is the only dition which can only be regarded foundation of a successful war against as slavish. There is little joy beyond it by rooting it first out of the heart
, mere existence in it. But if this
and, as a consequence, from the life. be a satire on the Divine service, it
Asceticism in its every form was a is only a true description of the selftormentor and recluse. An opinion plied an ignorance of God in Christ,
departure from the Gospel, and imprevailed in the Church, as early as and of the joyful hope of immortality, in the second century, that the Gospel grounded entirely upon the Saviour's proposes two standards of morals, viz.,
merits. I regard these symbols, precepts for ordinary Christians, and
therefore, as an apt and striking decounsels for the devoted, which latter
scription of heavy ascetic burdens proposed celibacy, seclusion from the
then recommended by the Church, world, and emaciation of the body,
which oppressed the mind, and in as the highest Christian attainments.
proportion, as they prevailed, bereft The Gnostic opinion that there is
it, of religious satisfaction and joy. All something essentially evil in matter
these evils existed in the fourth censo far obtained in the Church, that
tury, and are very forcibly symbolised the following truths were explained in this seal. Its character may be away or virtually denied: Every
described in one word, self-righteouscreature of God is good, and nothing
ness, in the form of an atonement for to be refused; I know, and am per
felt, tortured, and yet unsubdued suaded of the Lord Jesus that there is
iniquity. nothing unclean of itself: marriage
(To be continued.) * Mosheim, contury ii., part ii., chap. iii., sect. 11 and 12.
* 1 Tim. iv. 3, 4.
“ THE JEWISH CHRONICLE" ON the paucity of eminent Jewish be
THE CHURCH CONGRESS. lievers, and the great numbers of THE Anglo-Hebrew Weekly of Fri.
eminent Jewish unbelievers, as prof. day, the 16th ult., has a somewhat ing anything else but that Christianity angry leader, under the heading of was the religion which the Prophets The Church Missions Congress, anent predicted to be the development of to the Fourteenth Annual Church Scriptural Judaism. Who are they Congress, lately held at Brighton. The who are predicted as the Missionaries writer of that article seems particu- to the Jewish people ? Let the larly displeased at the suggestion of Evangelical Prophet answer the moone of the speakers that the Clergy, mentous question. Amongst the conin whose parishes Jews resided, were
comitant events of the close of this bound to attend to the spiritual exi. dispensation we read :—"And it shall gencies of their Hebrew parishioners.
come to pass in the last days, that We cannot help thinking that the
the mountain of the Lord's house writer's animadversions and strictures
shall be established in the top of the owe their origin to a misapprehen- mountains, and shall be exalted above sion and misconstruction of the import
the hills; and all nations shall flow of the suggestion. It was never
unto it. And many people shall go hinted, or insinuated, that the Jews, as
and say, Come ye, and let us go up to a body, were either ignorant, immoral,
the mountain of the Lord, to the or dishonest. If such an intimation
house of the God of Jacob; and He were attempted, we should have been
will teach us of His ways, and we foremost to proclaim aloud the superi
will walk in His paths : for out of ority of the unbelieving Jew, to the
Zion shall go forth the law, and the mere professing Gentile Christian, in
word of the Lord from Jerusalem. mental culture, morality, honesty, And He shall judge among the nations, and even in zeal for God. Those of and shall rebuke many people : and our Jewish brethren who know us they shall beat their swords into best, are aware of the jealousy with plowshares, and their spears into which we vindicate all those Jewish pruninghooks: nation shall not lift characteristics, and how ready we are up sword against nation, neither to hurl back any reflection cast upon
shall they learn war any more. 0 our people as a nation.* A great
house of Jacob, come ye, and let us deal of that irate article is simply
walk in the light of the Lord."* malapropos. We feel positive that
“Nations " and peoples "—who are the speakers at the Church Congress not supposed to be of the House of on Church Missions, “especially in
Jacob-are the predicted Missionaries relation to modern Judaism," to our people, the burden of whose ferred solely and entirely to faith in
sermon was dictated thus:-“Come the Redeemer of Israel, as the Lord
ye, and let us walk in the light of of Hosts; which faith our people, as
the LORD.” This is a most suggesa nation, have trampled under foot
tive and significant apostrophe. It ever since they have rejected Him
implies that nations and peoples, who was at first sent to themselves, as
disowned by the House of Jacob “the lost sheep of the House of as belonging to that household, Israel." The speakers, especially he were to be in possession of the
LIGHT OF upon whom the vial of wrath has been
THE LORD, whilst the poured to its dregs, have only fol
“ House of Jacob," the elect family, lowed the example of the Prophets,
was to be deprived for a time, of the our Blessed Lord, and His holy Apos
LIGHT OF THE LORD. We cannot postles. This we have demonstrated,
sibly separate this appeal from Him over and over again, in this our pub
who proclaimed Himself, saying, “I lication.* It is arrant folly to talk of
am the Light of the world !”ť In con
nection with this we would quote * See, for instance, our articles on “The
another prophecy from the visions of Lessons from Moses and the Prophets,” in our vol. for 1872; « The Promises made
the same seer :-"Stay yourselves, unto the Fathers," &c, &c. in our vol. for 1873.
* Isaiah ü. 2-5. + Jobn viii, 12; ix. 5.
and wonder :cry ye out, and cry: they same theme:-“And He said unto are drunken, but not with wine; they me, Son of man, stand upon thy feet, stagger, but not with strong drink. and I will speak unto thee. And the For the Lord hath poured out upon Spirit entered into me when He spake you the spirit of deep sleep, and unto me, and set me upon my feet, hath closed your eyes : the prophets that I heard Him that spake unto me. and your rulers, the seers hath He And He said unto me, Son of man, I covered. And the vision of all is be. send thee to the children of Israel, to come unto you as the words of a book a rebellious nation that hath rebelled that is sealed, which men deliver to against Me: they and their fathers one that is learned, saying, Read have transgressed against Me, even this, I pray thee; and he saith, I can- unto this very day. For they are imnot; for it is sealed: and the book is pudent children and stiff-hearted. I delivered to him that is not learned, do send thee unto them, and thou saying, Read this, I pray thee : and shalt say unto them, Thus saith he saith, I am not learned. Where- the Lord God. And they, whether fore the Lord said, Forasmuch as they will hear, or whether they will this people draw near Me with their forbear, (for they are a rebellious mouth, and with their lips do honour house,) yet shall know that there hath Me, but have removed their heart far been a prophet among them."* As from Me, and their fear toward Me is regards the paucity of Jewish betaught by the precept of men : there- lievers in the Lord of Hosts, the Profore, behold, I will proceed to do a phet Zephaniah has been inspired to marvellous work among this people, anticipate the objection based on that even a marvellous work and a won- circumstance by the following predicder: for the wisdom of their wise men tion :-"I will also leave in the midst shall perish, and the understanding of thee an afflicted and poor people, of their prudent men shall be hid."* and they shall trust in the name of Isaiah is not the only inspired teacher the LORD.”+ on the subject. Thus was Jeremiah in- We would most affectionately ask spired to remonstrate with our people : our Jewish brethren-for we are not —“Run ye to and fro through the their enemies because we tell them streets of Jerusalem, and see now, the truth-Is there anything in the and know, and seek in the broad writings of Moses and the Prophets places thereof, if ye can find a man, which could possibly lead them, or any if there be any that executeth judg. one else, to infer that their spiritual ment, that seeketh the truth: and I condition before God would be more will pardon it. And though they favourable now, during this present say, The Lord liveth ; surely they dispensation, under uninspired pastors swear falsely. O Lord, are not Thine and teachers, than it was during the eyes upon the truth? thou hast former one, when their pastors and stricken them, but they have not teachers were the inspired prophets grieved; thou hast consumed them, of Judah and Israel ? If Holy but they have refused to receive cor- Scriptures do not lead up to such an rection: they have made their faces inference-which assuredly they do harder than a rock; they have re- not-was it treason against the Most fused to return. Therefore I said, High, to suggest that the Church of Surely these are poor ; they are fool. Christ in this land, who is in the posish; for they know not the way of sesion of the Light OF THE LORD, the Lord, nor the judgment of their should take up the words dictated by God. I will get me unto the great our own prophet Isaiah, for the nations men, and will speak unto them; for and peoples, and say, O house of they have known the way of the Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in Lord, and the judgment of their God : the Light of the Lord." Is it not but these have altogether broken the rather treason against the Most High, yoke, and burst the bonds." + The on the part of the Clergy of this land, burden of one Prophet more on the to accept the spiritual oversight of Isaiah xxix. 9-14. + Jer. v. 1.5.
* Ezek. ii. 1-5. + Zeph. iii. 12.
parishes, in which there are Jews, words. Let him take any sentence and and not to invite their Hebrew pa- experiment on. He will find that any rishioners in the inspired words of the two words may not be indifferently used, Evangelical Prophet? We speak as however synonymous they are preunto wise men, judge ye on it calmly sumed to be. Ashade of difference will and impartially, as in the sight of God. give one a greater fitness thananother. Our appeal in all things is, in accord- There is sometimes a difficulty in ance with our motto, TO THE LAW bringing out the whole that is strug. AND TO THE TESTIMONY. gling for utterance; a single word
The writer of the article in the will not do it. Hence a series of Jewish Chronicle, under notice, con- words, especially of qualifying words, siders it a great hardship and perse- are used; because, it may be, no cution, that certain Christian people single word will be an enunciation of send Christian publications to some the speaker's or writer's thoughts. A members of the Synagogue. We must great idea sometimes makes this an say that our people are much too imperative resource. easily provoked. When certain anti- An opinion might be urged that christian Jewish authors favour us, by this is the expedient in the text bepost, with their publications, such, fore us. But a careful consideration for instance, as the blasphemous To- of the whole determines the fact of ledoth Yeshu, published by the Jews gradations in the process. in London, a few months ago; Nathan In dyeing it is usually necessary to Meyer's Panchristianism, &c., after wash from something contracted in theirkind, -we neither whine about it, the use of the garment: it is then nor do we feel even provoked. We read clean. But this is only preparatory; them, and make our remarks in the not, however, an unimportant step; margin of the book, or tract, and feel not an unnecessary one; not, indeed, more than ever satisfied that hitherto anything short of a necessitous meanothing has been published which
Without this the next step could possibly move us from the would be a failure: yet, the both comTRUTH AS IT IS IN JESUS. bined accomplish what is afterwards When we repel coarse abuse in the spoken of as one act. It thus becomes manner which it deserves, it is not a thoroughly changed article. It was because we feel, individually, enmity soiled, it is cleansed. It was, peragainst any one, but because we con- haps, white; now it is red. Somesider it a conscientious duty which times the plunging of an article into we owe to Hebrew Christians, as a a preparation entirely changes its body, to protect them from malicious nature: it was combustible, it is no misrepresentations. The Jews' mis- longer so. Sometimes the combination sionary monthlies, let it be put on of two substances changes the nature record, have never done anything of of both. It is thus with our table salt: the kind. We love our brethren with any one of its two ingredients would a love which passeth their understand- be injurious to the human system ; in ing; albeit our being aware that the their chemical affinity they make a more we love them, the more do they good thing : “Salt is good, but if the hate us. We are no stipendiary friends salt have lost its savour, wherewith of Israel. We love our people, because shall it be salted ?" we know all about them. We love Whilst the washing in the blood is them, for the same reason that Saul the first step in the complete process, of Tarsus loved them.*
and imperatively the first, we make
bold to say that to stop here the work THE PRECESSION OF GRACE.
would be incomplete. It would, inII.-SANCTIFICATION.
deed, make man again what he was It has been said, and rightly, that no
in the garden of Eden before he fell;
but he would be no nearer his Creator two words are strictly synonymous.
than he was then: whereas, by the This any one mayjudge of who is tolerably conversant with the power of
whole process, or by the whole effect
of the one application of the precious * Rom. ix. x.
blood of Christ, he is, with Christ,