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THE "HEBREW CHRISTIAN WIT.
NESS" IN RUSSIA. An esteemed correspondent writes to us :—“You will be glad to hear that we send the HEBREW CHRISTIAN WITNESS all the way to Ostroff, in Russia, to the Princess Marie and the Baroness Wrewsky, both of whom are deeply interested in the evangelising of God's ancient people."
Then shall Jerusalem
His own right hand restore, And set her as a gem
In Earth for evermore. Thy King, O Israel,
In glory comes to thee; Thy mourning, who shall tell
When thou His face shalt see ? But He will wipe thine eyes
From every tear of gloom ; And bid thee to arise
Because thy Light has come. 0, then, what joy shall glow
Throughout the whole wide earth, When thou who mournest now
Hast, for thy sadness, mirth! But darkness comes before
That day of gladness bright; Darkness the whole world o'er,
Mid-darkness of the night. A War, to end all wars,
Before God makes them cease. From heaven shall fall the stars
Ere dawns the Sun of Peace. Then upon all things high
The LORD'S great day shall be : Man's haughtiness shall die
Before His Majesty. Jan. 1874,
E. S. G. S.
ISAIAH II. CEASE ye, O men, from man !
Make not weak flesh your arm : Yet is there One who can
Deliyer souls from harm. Thou Man, Who too art God,
As both, all Love Thou art I The earth Thy feet have trod
Thou bearest in Thine heart. A covert from the wind
Shall that Man be to all
As in a Citadel,
Or hide thee in the dust
To test thy spirit's trust : When all unsheltered souls
Shall to the ground be cast, While the loud tempest rolls,
The fiercest and the last. For upon all things high
The LORD'S great day shall be ; Before His Majesty
Man's loftiness shall flee. Lebanon's cedars tall,
And Bashan's stalwart oaks, Shall in an instant fall
Before His lightning's strokes. Then neither wealth nor might
Shall any refuge give; Art's fair reflected light
Shall aid no soul to live. The LORD of Hosts alone
Shall be adored that day Exalted on His throne,
Sole Sovereign for aye. Surely it quickly comes,
That Day of joy and dread; Its whispers fill our homes,
It comes to wake our dead. It comes to break man's pride,
To bring his strength to nought : Then shall their tears be dried
Who have God's comfort sought.
THE PRINCIPLES OF CHRISTIANITY,
ACCORDING TO SOME PROFESSORS. To the Editor of the Hebrew Christian Witness and Prophetic Investigator. The Reading Room, British Museum,
17th of March, 1874. DEAR SIR, -My attention has been directed by a Jewish gentleman, with whom I often sit side by side in this students' paradise, to a letter headed as in the first line above, which appeared in the Jewish Chronicle of the 6th inst., from the pen of "Robert C. Jenkins, Rector of Lyminge, and Hon. Canon of Canterbury.” The epistle of our modern apostle, to our modern Anglo-Hebrews, consists of a puff of " the admirable sermon of my friend, Dr. Hermann Adler ;" of a foggy statement of his own religious views on a most vital point, and winds up with the following crude paragraph :
“ Hence those missionary efforts which Dr. Adler has so well and eloquently denounced ought to be discouraged, which make faith a mere in
fluence of one mind upon another, and * regard not the work of the Lord, neither consider the operation of His hands' (Isa. y. 12). The large and profound views on this subject, of the early Christian fathers, especially of the Apologists and of St. Augustine (Quaestion. ad Paganos, de Civitate Dei,' xviii. 47, and Retract. i. 13), may be known to many of your readers, but would open too large a field to enter upon in a letter like this. But I may venture to appeal to a very learned writer of the English church of another day, Dr. Burnett, the Master of the Charterhouse, and Chaplain to William III., who in his work de Statu Mortuorum et Resurgentium,' affirms 'Ex dictis satis constat omnes recolligendos esse, Gentes et Judaeos in idem corpus sub Christo capite cum regnum suum integrum cæptum fuerit in terris gloriosum et universale' (p. 215), ad. ding : 'Judaei suis vitiis et suae legis abusu locum fecere Christianis, justo Dei judicio-et Christiani vicissim suis vitiis atque suae legis abusu locum dabunt Judaeis alternatim abusi bonitate Dei, et succedent alii aliis, His notatis aequum est credere Judaeos partes habituros esse non exiguos in Christi regno millenni.' After meeting various objections he concludes : His igitur non obstantibus concedenda est Israelitis sua sors in futurâ Canaan, restauratis et quies promissa' (p. 217). It is indeed difficult on any other ground to explain the remarkable words of St. Paul, Rom. xi, 26, 32, which certainly contemplate some wonderful and comprehensive work of mercy very unlike that which would be satisfied by the exclusive doctrine of modern proselytisers.— Yours obediently,
“ROBERT C. JENKINS. “Rector of Lyminge and Hon.
“Canon of Canterbury, “ Lyminge Rectory. Feb. 24, 1874."
When I perused the extraordinary epistle and returned it to its owner, I was startled by the following remarkable question-very remarkable ! coming as it did from “ a Hebrew Jew, as Shakespeare would have expressed himself—"Now what are the principles of Christianity ? Those taught by your Christ and His apostles ? Or those propounded by Augustine, Burnett and Jenkins ? Your uninspired teachers seem sadly to conflict with your inspired Doctors." My reply was, “ Neither Augustine nor Burnett conflict-whatever Canon Jenkins's principles may
do-in their respective teaching with the principles laid down by our Saviour and His Apostles on the subject of missionary efforts. I happen to know something of Mr. Jenkins, he and I were alumni together at the same time, at the same University, and at the same College. We took, however, different degrees, and left our Alma Mater at different times; he for a curacy, at Willesden, I remained, for some time fellow of my College. He eventually promoted himself to the living of Lyminge, my College appointed me to the cure of souls which I now hold, and endeavour to serve conscientiously. Mr Jenkins is not the theologian whose ipse dizit, on the ‘Principles of Christianity,' one in a hundred Christian Divines would endorse.” “I do not think many would," was the honest Israelite's rejoinder. I then mentioned to my interlocutor your article on the subject, entitled “The Messiah and His Apostles on Conversion and Conversionists," which appeared in your April number of last year. I offered to send him my copy for perusal. “Thanks," was the reply, “I won't trouble you to do so; somebody is kind enough to send me the Monthly regularly. I recollect that article very well. The principles of Christianity' enunciated in it are certainly more in accordance with the teaching of your New Testament than those propounded by Mr. Jenkins and his School, You had better send your copy of The HEBREW CHRISTIAN WITNESS to the * Rector of Lyminge and Hon. Canon of Canterbury.'” I acted upon the suggestion, with what effect I cannot tell.
The reason why I trouble you with this communication is this :-You often warn your readers against accepting the expositions of modern judaism, on the part of certain oracles, in the modern English Synagogue, as bona fide. I also wish to warn your readers against accepting the expositions of the Principles of Christianity, on the part of certain oracles, in the English Church, as Gospel. I like your motto :
To THE LAW AND ,לתורה ולתעודה
TO THE TESTIMONY. Whenever any of your readers notice such statements as Mr. Jenkins has so amiably volunteered, let them ask the all-important question - which I put to the “Rector of Lyminge and Hon, Canon of Canter
* It produced a somewhat unamiable and abusive letter to ourselves. See our Notices to Correspondents.
bary"_What saith the WORD OF Pole understood that perfectly well, GOD ?
and he might have taken his deparI enclose my card, and have the
ture, accompanied by the best wishes honour to subscribe myself,
of the steward, and even a trifling preA HUMBLE STUDENT OF THE BIBLE.
sent, as is generally done, had it suited his purpose. He, however,
thought it more convenient to conceal THE TRIUMPH NOTE OF THE himself on the premises, and, whilst SYNAGOGUE ORGANS.
all were absent at the evening service,
he decamped. On the return from Palestine Place, March 12th, 1874.
chapel, it was discovered that two MY DEAR SIR,—In conformity with boxes, belonging to inmates, had been the request contained in your note broken open and the contents carried received this evening, I write a few off. The suspicions of the steward lines on the subject of the young naturally fell upon the runaway, as no Polish Jew, whose case afforded such one else had been in the house ; and delirious delight to the Jewish papers. having ascertained his former abode, The young man in question, attended he went there, accompanied by sevemy daily Bible class for about a fort. ral inmates. On their arrival, they night, during which time he constantly found the suspected culprit. Mr. importuned me to admit him into the Halbmillion, the steward, demanded Wanderer's Home; I resisted his the stolen articles, and, in order to appeals, as I do not admit any one, obtain them, offered to give the with whose antecedents I am not ac- young man five shillings, and also quainted, or who is not recommended assured him that no further notice to me by a city missionary or a well- would be taken of the matter. A known proselyte. His entreaties and large crowd of Jews immediately supplications, however, induced me to collected, who pelted Halbmillion accede to his request. This took and his companions with stones, and place on Thursday, February 5th; on abused them in the most violent lan. Saturday I went to Nottingham, guage. Finding he could not succeed where I had engagements, and did in his object, he procured a policeman not return till late on Tuesday even- and gave the Pole in charge. This ing. It appears that on Sunday the is the simple account of the affair, young man objected to go to chapel in concerning which you desire inforhis own clothes, which he thought mation. I had nothing to do with were not good enough. The steward, the prosecution, nor did I or any under these circumstances, ought at connected with the mission once to have dismissed him, as such under my charge, or the Home, as a plea for not attending the House was stated, engage Mr. Cooper to act of God was quite sufficient to betray as counsel. In fact I would not even his insincerity. Having only re- have been in court, had I not been cently been appointed to his post, he subpænaed by the solicitors of the justly hesitated to take such a step in prisoner. Poor Halbmillion, who is my absence. In the afternoon two but little acquainted with the English Israelites were baptized in our chapel, language, if he even understood, as and this, the young man asserted, I am sure he did not, the queries put made such an impression upon his to him by Mr. Oppenheim, one of the mind, that he was determined to prisoner's counsel, became so nerrun away. Now every one in the vous, when he saw so many eyes Home has, before his admission, to turned towards him, as he stood in read the rules, to which he must the witness-box, that he scarcely strictly conform, and the least de- knew what he was saying. I will viation from them involves instant not weary your patience by adding dismissal. The liberty to go, when- anything more, as I have no inclinaever any one feels disposed to do so, tion to imitate the beautiful lanis not only stated on admission, but it guage of the synagogue organs. is almost daily repeated, whenever &
I am, yours truly, complaint is uttered. The young
H. A. STERN.
THE HOLY OBLATION AND THE of every wing, in the shadow of the SANCTUARY.
branches thereof shall they dwell ; and
all the trees of the field shall know EZEKIEL XLVIII.
that I, the Lord, have brought down DEAR SIR, - In a former paper, the high tree, have exalted the low “ Immanuel's land,"'+ I pointed out tree, have dried up the green tree, and the full extent of the territory given have made the dry tree to flourish :"in irreversible possession to the pos
the Lord thus declaring his purpose terity of Abraham-a point necessary
to frustrate the designs of the great to establish before proceeding to aecer- potentates of the earth, and establish tain, as we would now desire to do, by the kingdom of his Son, Israel's Lord the light of the written word, the site and King ; "sending forth the rod of of the Holy Oblation and the Sanctuary His strength out of Zion,"* "the mountherein.
tain of His holiness ; beautiful for From the clear details, in Ezek. xlvii., situation, the joy of the whole earth, xlviii., of the future location of the on the sides of the north ; "t even that tribes, so different from the former mountain of which we have so early division under Joshua, we find that mention in the Scriptures, and to the they are each to possess an equal por- foot of which Moses brought the chil. tion of that vast territory which is yet dren of Israel, but besought the Lord to be theirs, by the promise of Jehovah : in vain that he might "
go over and “ye shall inherit it, one as well as ano- see the good land that is beyond Jorther ;” each tribe extending “ from dan, that goodly mountain and Leba. the east side to the west side,”-i.e. non ;f the Lord's denial of His servant's from the great sea, the Mediterranean, prayer seeming to imply that the law to the great river, the Euphrates. could never secure the promised bles.
The breadth of the land, we saw em- sings connected with that“ holy mount," braced upwards of eighteen degrees and the new and better covenant. and a half, and the length of it up- Therefore was Israel turned back from wards of seven degrees and a half ; “the mountain of the height of Israel” allowing therefore half a degree for to which they had come, even unto each tribe and more than double that Mount Sion, which is Hermon, $ and a portion for the Holy Oblation. Seven temporary holy place was assigned tribes are to be situated to the north them in the lower part of the land, of it, extending as far as Mount Hor, instead of occupying the elevated, comat the entering in of Hamath on the manding position to which they had Orontes, and Berothah on the Euphra- been in the first place brought-their tes ; and five tribes to the south of it, history thenceforward identified with extending down to “ the waters of the hill of Zion ; its very signification, strife,” Kadesh Meribah. Now, in the dry, arid, expressive of what Israel was very centre of the land, in the portion under the law-barren and unfruitful, thus assigned to the Holy Oblation, we and as such rejected of God ; even as find a mountain, “a very high moun
" the earth which beareth thorns and tain," as mentioned in Ezek. xl, 2, and briers is rejected and nigh unto cursagain in xliii. 12, where we read : ing," || so has “the curse been poured “ Upon the top of the mountain, the upon them,” because of their rejection whole limit thereof round about shall of Sion's King. be most holy".
'-even of that mountain But how different are the prospects called by the Lord Himself (ch. xx. 40) connected with the mountain of the “Mine holy mountain, the mountain height of Israel, “the Mount Sion," of the height of Israel ”- which moun- occupying, in the centre of Immanuel's tain, we learn from ch, xvii. 3, was in land, the very position assigned to the Lebanon ; and the Lord declares there Sanctuary, as the place where the glory (vers. 22, 24) that He would also take of of the Lord is to be displayed in the *the highest branch of the high cedar midst of Israel. In confirmation of and set it, and crop off from the top of this view, let us trace the intimations his young twigs, a tender one and plant given in the Scriptures regarding this it upon a high mountain and eminent ; mountain. in the mountain of the height of Israel In the first place, we would remark will I plant it; and it shall bring forth that Mount Hermon is the original boughs and bear fruit, and be a goodly cedar, and under it shall dwell all fowl
* Psa. cx. 2.
† Psa. xlviü. 1, 2,
I Deut, iii, 8, 9, 25. & Deut, iv. 48. * Hebrew Christian Witness, Feb., 1874. || Heb. vi. 8.
Sion, first spoken of in them (Deut. dents of the Word of God, to have been iv. 48); and it is there spelt as it is the scene of the Transfiguration, and invariably in the New Testament; and not Mount Tabor, as monkish tradition 80 spelt signifies (in contrast with "the
had alleged. hill of Jerusalem ") height, greatness, When locality was last mentioned in excellency, and is known at this day as the Scripture narrative, previous to “ Jebel es Sheikh," the mountain of that solemn and glorious event, our the Prince or Ruler. In Psa. cxxxiii., Lord and His disciples were in the We find Mount Hermon mentioned in coasts of Cæsarea Philippi. * "The conconnection with the mountains of Zion, text of the narrative seems to imply, as . its refreshing dew descending upon has been shown by Lightfoot and Rethem, and fertilising the whole land ; land, that the mount of Transfiguration 6 for there the Lord commanded the is rather to be sought somewhere round blessing, even life for evermore," as we the northern part of the lake of Galilee, shall have occasion to explain later. It not very far from Cæsarea Philippi ; was in the vicinity, too, of this moun. and a circumstance which puts Mount tain, that Melchizedec appeared unto Tabor out of the question in this case, Abraham, when he pursued the captors and which those writers overlook who of his nephew Lot"unto Hobah, which argue in its favour, is the well-subis on the left of Damascus ;" for it is stantiated fact that, long before and evident from his reply to the king of after the event of the Transfiguration, Sodom, on his return from the slaughter the summit of Tabor was occupied by of Chedorlaomer and the kings that a fortified city (see Josephus' Life and were with him, that his interview with Antiquities ). Yet the legend having Melchizedec had taken place before the once got footing, continued to gain king of Sodom met him.*
ground; the mountain became more We would ask further, of what other sacred, and churches were erected." + than Mount Hermon does the Psalmist Meanwhile, “the holy mount," the orispeak so expressly as “ the hill of God, ginal and true Sion, has remained, as the hill of Bashan, a high hill, the hill had been predicted, “ desolate and forof Bashan," emphatically adding, “this saken” for centuries past, owing to the is the bill which God desireth to dwell raids of the Bedouin Arabs; though, of in; yea, the Lord will dwell in it for late years, that sacred locality has beever," + even in His "holy hill of Zion," come an object of greater attraction, where He hath anointed His King and and even of evangelistic effort ; for declared the decree, "Thou art My Son, “out of the mouths of babes and suckthis day have I begotten Thee.”! And lings” the praises of Jesus now resound when and where was this inauguration in the schools of Hasbeiyeh and Rasheiof the kingdom of His Son? Surely, yeh, on its verdant slopes. not in Jerusalem that rejected Him; But, till recently, we read concerning but unquestionably, on the mount of that mountain : “ Travellers are in so Transfiguration, from the inspired testi- much danger from the wild beasts that mony of an eye-witness. “ For,” saith baunt it, and the scarcely tamer Arabs the Apostle, we have not followed that rove about it, that they dare not cunningly-devised fables, when we search it with such care and deliberation made known unto you the power and as an exact description would require:" coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but so truly has the prophetic testimony of were eye-witnesses of His majesty ; for its desolate condition been fulfilled : He received from God the Father “Whereas thou hast been forsaken and honour and glory, when there came hated, so that no man passed through thee, such a voice to Him from the excellent I will make thee an eternal excellency, glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom a joy of many generations.” But, howI am well pleased. And this voice, ever true of the “Zion of the Holy One which came from heaven, we heard of Israel,” could such a description apwhen we were with Him in the holy ply to Jesusalem and the hill thereof ? mount,”Ş even the same designated by Instead of being 80 " forsaken and the Lord Himself, as we have already hated that no man passed through her," shown, "Mine holy mountain, the moun. has she not rather been an apple of distain of the height of Israel," " Mount cord to the nations,Jews, Turks, MoSion, which is Hermon," now so general- hammedans, and all lands dominated by ly admitted by most travellers and stu
* Matt. xvi. 13; Mark viii. 27. * Gen. xiv. 15-28. † Psa. lxviii. 15, 16. + Robinson's Biblical Researches. | Psa. ii. § 2 Pet. i. 16-18. | Brown's Dictionary of the Holy Bible.