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Sal. What other harm have I, good lady, done,
But spoke the harm that is by others done ?
As it makes harmful all that speak of it.
Ugly and slanderous to thy mother's womb,
45. and sightless] unsightly Collier MS.
45. sightless) equivalent in mean- 53, 54. lilies ... rose] These ing to the “unsightly” of Collier's flowers have been generally deemed corrector. Compare the opposite the fairest by poets. It is interesting meaning of “sightly" (11. i. 143 to remember in this connection that supra).
the lily is the flower of France, the 46. swart] black. This was hide- rose that of England. There are ous in Elizabethan eyes. Compare many comparisons of the beauty of Much Ado About Nothing, v. iv. 36: youths and maids to the beauty of “I'll hold my mind were she an lilies and roses to be found in ShakeEthiope."
speare and other Elizabethan liter. 46. prodigious] of the nature of a ature. Compare A Midsummerprodigy in the worst sense, therefore Night's Dream, I. i. 96:monstrous. Compare Richard III. « Most lily like in hue 1. ii. 22: “If ever he have child, Of colour like the red rose." abortive be it, Prodigious ..." Cot- See also Tennyson's Maud, xxii. 9:grave has “ Prodigieux: prodigious, “ Queen rose of the rosebud garden wondrous, monstrous, most unnatural of girls . . : or out of course."
Queen lily and rose in one."
She adulterates hourly with thine uncle John,
Am bound to under-bear.
Pardon me, madam, 65
I will instruct my sorrows to be proud;
[Seats herself on the ground. 64. those) these F 4.
56. She adulterates] The Folios suspect “stoop" and perhaps "his print “Sh'adulterates," thus indicat owner." All the suggested emendaing the scansion ; meaning = "com- tions wrest some meaning out of the mits adultery." This somewhat rare passage, but not one of them carries use is almost paralleled by Hamlet, conviction with it. Perhaps “proud" 1. v. 41: “that adulterate beast" = is the corrupt word, which ought to be that "adulterous” beast.
“poor” (as suggested by H. A. C., 65. under-bear] support. Compare Athen. 1867) or some such equivalent. Richard II. 1. iv. 29: “And patient This would make Constance say in underbearing of his fortune."
effect, “I will, --in spite of my grief 69. For grief ... stoop] There is which is apt to bow me down and evidently some corruption of the text make me humble,-be proud in my here, and the context leads one to sorrow and make kings come to me."
Enter KING JOHN, KING PHILIP, LEWIS, BLANCH,
ELINOR, the BASTARD, AUSTRIA, and Attendants.
Ever in France shall be kept festival :
Shall never see it but a holiday.
What hath this day deserved ? what hath it done,
82. holiday] holy day Ff 1, 2, 3; holy-day F 4.'
77-80. To solemnise ... gold] Opening on Neptune with fair Compare Sonnet xxxiii. :
blessed beams, " Full many a glorious morning Turns into yellow gold his salt have I seen
green streams." Flatter the mountain tops with 85. golden letters] Probably a refersovereign eye,
ence to the “golden number" used in Kissing with golden face the calculating the feast days of the Church. meadows green,
86. tides] in the sense of time. ComGilding pale streams with pare “Time and tide wait for no man." heavenly alchemy."
* High tides” would mean festivalCompare also A Midsummer-Night's days, e.g. Whitsun-tide, Shrove-tide. Dream, III. ii. 390:
90. fall? Whether this means "fall “[I] like a forester, the groves due” or “ to fall” literally is not may tread
quite clear. Even till the eastern gate, all91. prodigiously] Compare line 46 fiery-red,
But on this day let seamen fear no wrack;
Yea, faith itself to hollow falsehood change! 95 K. Phi. By heaven, lady, you shall have no cause
To curse the fair proceedings of this day:
Have I not pawn'd to you my majesty ?
Resembling majesty, which, being touch'd and tried,
92. on this day] For some inscrut- the forge or the mynt, currant by the able reason the Folios put “on this stampe or counterfeit by the anvill.” day" within brackets. Mr. Craig has 100. touch'd and tried] tested by suggested that brackets sometimes being rubbed on a touchstone. A played the part of commas in F 1. touchstone was generally made of See Cymbeline, 1. i. 120:
black jasper and the trained eye could “As I (my poor selfe) did ex. tell the fineness of gold rubbed on it change."
by the character of the streak left. “ But” here means “except,” which Compare Richard III. iv. ii. 8:Pope printed.
“Now do I play the touch, 92. wrack] I keep the old form, To try if thou be current gold which indicates the pronunciation.
indeed.” 93-95. break ... come ... 102, 103. in arms] armed (line 102); change] These verbs here are in the in one another's arms (line 103). subjunctive mood expressing a wish. As Johnson said, “I am afraid here
99. Counterfeit] i.e. a counterfeit is a clinch intended." coin. Cf. Ben Jonson, Magnetic 105. cold] The inconsistency of the Lady, iii. 1 (Routledge, p. 453 a) :- metaphor has led to many suggestions,
“had the slip slurr'd on me most of them introducing other and A counterfeit.”
equally great inconsistencies. It Compare also Lyly, Alexander and seems to me that the process of transCampaspe (1584), Prologue at Court: forming vigour and a frown into amity “As yet we cannot tell what we may as well be expressed by “coolshould tearme our labours, iron or ing" as by any other figure. I bullion; only it belongeth to your therefore see no reason to tamper Majestie to make them fit either for with the text.
And our oppression have made up this league.
Hear me, O, hear me!
Lady Constance, peace!
O Lymoges ! O Austria! thou dost shame
A ramping fool, to brag and stamp and swear 110. day] So Theobald; daies F 1; dayes F 2; days Ff 3, 4. 122. and stamp) to stamp F 4.
106. And our ... this league) and 121. Soothest up] i.e. flatterest, your oppression of us has joined you dost humour. The tendency so prevatogether.
lent nowadays to add “up” to verbs 114. O Lymoges ! O Austria] An without adding much to the sense, unwarrantable identification of the except perhaps making the verb emDuke of Austria and the Viscount phatic (e.g. “ pay up," smash up"), of Limoges, two entirely different is to be detected in Elizabethan people. See Introduction.
English. Compare Spanish Tragedy, 115. bloody spoil] the lion's skin III. X. 19: “Salve all suspicions, only which had previously raised the ire soothe me up"; and Friar Bacon of the Bastard.
(1594), 1. iii. 21, 22:119. humorous] i.e. full of differ- “This is a fairing, gentle sir, ent humours, capricious. Compare
indeed, Love's Labour's Lost, 111. i. 76:
To soothe me up with such “ I, that have been love's whip;
smooth flatterie.” A very beadle to a humorous 122. ramping) wildly gesticulating. sigh.”
Cotgrave gives “grimpement: a