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glorious Constitution both in Church and State. It was thought that those, who were to become the authorized instructors of others, should themselves be taught to walk in the good old paths, alluded to by Mr. Stevens in the letter above quoted ; and it was also feared, that the department of literature would, if not narrowly watched, be made the vehicle of disseminating unsound opinions both in politics and in religion. Accordingly, to promote this counteraction of false opinions, Mr. Stevens, Mr. Jones, of Nayland, and some others, formed “A Society for the Reformation of Principles," from which originated the Review, called “ The British Critic," and a most admirable collection of tracts compiled for the use of the younger Clergy, with a preface by the Rev. William Jones *, of Nayland, entitled, « The Scholar armed against the Eirrors of the Times.” · In consequence of the alarm, which at that time pervaded the minds of all good and serious men, Mr. Jones sent out two letters, of which Mr. Stevens thus speaks in a letter to Bishop Skinner:
.“ Our good friend, Mr. Jones, did great execution by a letter from Thomas Bull to his brother John. It took the public fancy hugely, and hurt the Republicans not a little, as was plain by their barking; for you know, when you throw a stone at a dog, and he yelps, you may be sure you have hit him? Probably you have seen it, as well as a second letter, and a small whole length of Dr. Priestley; but lest you should not, I will send them.”
1. In the year 1798, the truly learned and most pious Mr. Jones, of Nayland, became so much shaken in his health, that he was obliged to relin
*See Jones's printed Works, Vol. XII. p. 376..! quish the further care of pupils : a matter not only to be deplored on account of the pecuniary loss thereby occasioned to the venerable teacher, but by those parents who might look forward to have the future characters of their sons formed by such: á guide. Another distress in Mr. Jones's case, and à most serious one to a person of his thoroughly conscientious mind was, his incapacity to discharge, agreeably to his own wishes, all his pastoral functions, and his inability to pay a Curate. But here ágain the active and benevolent mind of Mr. Stevens, exerted in the cause of friendship, shewed itself, as usual, with such a delicacy to his friend's feelings, and at the same time with such a fixed determination to do what he thought would tend to the benefit of that friend, as cannot fail to raise our admiration and esteem. The whole transaction is better related than I could do it by Mr. Stevens himself, in a letter to Mrs. Gunning, dated the 8th of September, 1798, including a passage of a letter from Mr. Jones himself, which proves the delicacy and secrecy with which Mr. Stevens had conducted the business.
oracle at Cotected shame spenclose the very race of
" As concerning Old Jones, (as he sometimes called him, and sometimes the Old Boy) about whom we were in no small distress, when I left Farnborough, I have much to say. I sent the letter which gave me so much uneasiness to my oracle at Cheltenham, who said, it was very affecting, and reflected shame somewhere; he advised me to do as I proposed, and enclose the very letter, which he returned for that purpose, to his Grace of Canterbury (Dr. Moore), which I accordingly have done, accompanied with a short one from myself, in which I express my persuasion that the case being so, his Grace would, from his particular regard for the party, wish to be acquainted with it. And this I did, although before the letter went, I received one from the Old Boy, in answer to mine, which I had written to comfort him, by taking upon me the expence of a Curate for him, wherein, to my great satisfaction, he says, that I have dispelled at once the dark cloud that hung over him, and given him hope that he may finish his voyage without being aground. The prospect of wanting a Curate whom he could not afford to pay, and the assessments swallowing up his income, under the infirmities of age, overcame, and overthrew him: what was to be done he could not foresee: but now there is a way to escape; and if I will give him. leave to thank God first, he will thank me next. Well, what a blessed thing, says he, is Christianity, which teaches the strong to support the weak, and help the helpless !” · Then in a Postscript Mr. Stevens says:
. “Since writing the foregoing, I have received a letter from Old Jones, in which are these words:
On the present occasion I write to you first, to tell you that the Archbishop, hearing of illness, (Did you tell him ?) has offered me something to comfort me under the form of a sinecure, where, or of what value, I know not."".
Mr. Stevens adds, and well he might thus write :
"I do not know that I ever did any thing which gave me greater, or so much satisfaction, as my writing first to the Old Boy, with an offer which comforted him so much, and then writing to the Archbishop, which has produced so good an effect. I never mentioned to him that I had written to his Grace, not knowing what might be the success, though I had no doubt in my own mind but it would answer : and now I am clear that the: sinecure is only a piece of delicacy in his Grace, choos.
I never not kino no doubt i an, in his
ing to express in that manner his intention of allowing him one hundred pounds per annum out of his own pocket.",
This whole transaction is equally honourable to Archbishop Moore and Mr. Stevens, and proves decidedly what their opinion was of the merits of Mr. Jones, for whose comfort, without solicitation, they were willing, voluntarily and instantaneously, to make such exertions. But it was only for a short time that these good men were thus called upon to assist the venerable Pastor; for on the morning of the Epiphany, 1800, he was called to the reward of his labours. Although I am not writing the life of Mr. Jones, but of his biographer, I cannot refuse myself the pleasure of copying, nor my reader the pleasure of reading, the following extract of a letter from Mr. Stevens, dated the 230 of January, 1800, which conveys the sentiments of Bishop Skinner respecting Mr. Jones, before he knew of his death, and the account of the close of his life by another hand in very affecting terms : :
. I' thought you would admire the preface to the Life of Bishop Horne.. The Archbishop (Moore) approves it much; and I told his Grace I hattered myself that Hutchinsonianism would appear to be such, a harmless thing that nobody need be afraid of it. Bishop Skinner (not knowing, alas! that we had lost our champion) says, in a letter I received from him two days ago, In the limited: circle of my: acquaintance, I know not where one could be found, so capable as Mr. Jones of writing the cha. racter of a lively, ingenious, entertaining writer, with that of a truly Christian, learned, and orthodox: Divine; one who, since the death of his vene: rable: friend, the late Bishop of Norwich, seems to standt unrivalled as an author, who traces the glorious scheme of Christianity from its proper. source; and shews how it may be found in the Book of Na. ture, rightly understood, as well as in the two grand repositories of divine truth, the Old and New Testaments.' The Bishop sincerely wishes and (prays that Mr. Jones may yet live to offer to the public now and then such well drawn sketches of what is called the Hutchinsonian scheme, as may at last remove that disgust with which it has been too generally viewed. But the good Bishop's prayers and wishes were vain; the world was not worthy of him, and he was removed. You have seen an affecting letter, containing a full account of his last illness and death, which you could not fail to admire, though full of enthusiasm : but I have seen a letter mentioning the event, not full of enthusiasm—it came from a neighbouring clergyman; and part of it I will transcribe: ! On the morning of the Epiphany, that good and wise man was conducted to the presence of that Saviour in whom he trusted, and the fruition of the three persons in the Eternal Godhead, whose doctrine he maintained upon earth with so much ability and conviction. Could he have foreseen that his death would happen on the morning of the Epiphany, how his pious and fertile imagination would have dwelt upon the subject!' He was warmly engaged on some important subject of Christian doctrine to the last; and the Bible and Common Prayer Book were almost the only books he looked into for some considerable time back. I found them always before him ; and I am persuaded that he shed as many tears over the Psalms of David as the author himself. In him I have lost an agreeable and most useful friend, and the Church one of its most able champions. The Church might fairly be denominated militant on earth with regard to him, for he was constantly fighting its battles; and in him the Devil and the wicked world experienced an active and undaunted opponent. He loved his son and