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REIGN OF CLAUDIUS.-DEFEAT OF THE GOTHS.-VICTORIES, TRIUMPHI, AND

DEATH OF AURELIAN.

A.D.

Page | A.D.

268. AUREOLUS invades Italy, is

Succession of Usurpers in

defeated, and besieged at

Gaul . . .

Milan . . . . . . .

271. The Reign and Defeat of Te-

Death of Gallienus . . . .

tricus . . . . . . . 18

Character and Elevation of 272. Character of Zenobia ...
the Emperor Claudius . .

Her Beauty and Learning

268. Death of Aureolus . . .

Her Valour:, :;

Clemency and Justice of

She revenges her Husband's

Claudius . . . . . .

Death . . . . _

He undertakes the Reforma-

She reigns over the East and

tion of the Army . . .

Egypt . . . . . . . 21

269. The Goths invade the Empire 272. The Expedition of Aurelian. 22

Distress and Firmness of

The Emperor defeats the Pal-

Claudius . . . . . .

myrenians in the Battles of

His Victory over the Goths.

Antioch and Emesa . ..

270. Death. of the Emperor, who

The State of Palmyra . . .

recommends Aurelian for

It is besieged by Aurelian .

his Successor . . . . . 273. Aurelian becomes Master of

The Attempt and Fall of

Zenobia, and of the City .

Quintilius . .

9

Behaviour of Zenobia . . .

Origin and Services of Aurelian 9 Rebellion and Ruin of Pal-
Aurelian's successful Reign.

myra . . . . . . .

His severe Discipline . . .

Aurelian suppresses the Re-

He concludes a Treaty with

bellion of Firmus in Egypt

274. Triumph of Aurelian ...

He resigns to them the Pro-

His Treatment of Tetricus

vince of Dacia . . . .

and Zenobia , . . . ,

270. The Alemannic War. . .

His Magnificence and Devo-

The Alemanni invade Italy.

tion . . . . . . : 29

They are at last vanquished

He suppresses a Sedition at

by Aurelian . . . . .

Rome · · · · · · · 29

271. Saperstitious Ceremonies..

Observations upon it . . .

Fortifications of Rome . . 16 Cruelty of Aurelian . . .
271. Aurelian suppresses the two

| 275. He marches into the East,

Usiirpers . . . . . .

and is assassinated . .. 32

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CONDUCT OF THE ARMY AND SENATE AFTER THE DEATH OF AURELIAN.REIGNS

OF TACITUS, PROBUS, CARUS AND HIS SONS.

A.D.

Page A.D.

Page

Extraordinary Contest be-

Introduction and Settlement

tween the Army and the

of the Barbarians . . .

Senate for the Choice of an

Daring Enterprise of the

Emperor . . . . . . 33

Franks . . . . . .

275. A peaceful Interregnum of 279. Revolt of Saturninus in the

eight Months . . .

East . . . . . . .

The Consul assembles the 280. of Bonosus and Procu-

Senate . . . . . . .

lus in Gaul . . . . .

Character of Tacitus . . . 281. Triumph of the Emperor

He is elected Emperor.

Probus . . . . . . .

He accepts the Purple . . .

His Discipline · · · · ·

Authority of the Senate .. 282. His Death . ..

Their Joy and Confidence .

Election and Character of

276. Tacitus is acknowledged by

Carus . . . . . . .

the Army . . . . . :

The Sentiments of the Senate

The Alani invade Asia, and

and People . . . . .

are repulsed by Tacitus. 39 Carus defeats the Sarmatians,
276. Death of the Emperor Ta-

and marches into the East
citus . . . . .

283. He gives Audience to the
Usurpation and Death of his

Persian Ambassadors . .
Brother Florianus . . . 283. His Victories, and extraordi-
Their Family subsists in Ob-

nary Death . . . . .

scurity . . . : : : 41

He is succeeded by his two

Character and Elevation of

Sons, Carinus and Numerian
the Emperor Probus . . 41 284. Vices of Carinus . . . .
His respectful Conduct to-

He celebrates the Roman

wards the Senate . .. 42

Games . . . . . . .

Victories of Probus over the

Spectacles of Rome ...

Barbarians. . . . . .

The Amphitheatre . . . .

277. He delivers Gaul from the

Return of Numerian with the

Invasion of the Germans .

Army from Persia . . .

He carries his Arms into

Death of Numerian . . .

Germany . . . . . . 45 284. Election of the Emperor Dio-
He builds a Wall from the

cletian . . . . . .

Rhine to the Danube . . 46 | 285. Defeat and Death of Carinus 63

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A.D.

Page A.D.

Page

He is acknowledged by Gale-

Rattie of Turin . . . . . 128

rius, who gives him only

Siege and Battle of Verona . 129

the Title of Cæsar, and that

Indolence and Fears of Max-

of Augustus to Severus . 112

entius . . . . . . .

The Brothers and Sisters of 312. Victory of Constantine near

· Constantine . . . . .

Rome . . . . . . . 131

Discontent of the Romans at

His Reception . . . . . 133

the Apprehension of Taxes 113 His Conduct at Rome . . . 134

306. Maxentius declared Emperor 313. His Alliance with Licinius . 135

at Rome . . . . . . 114 War between Maximin and

Maximian reassumes the

Licinius : : :.. · ·10

Purple . . . . . .

of Maximin . . 136

307. Defeat and Death of Severus 115 His Death . . . . . . 136

Maximian gives his Daughter

Cruelty of Licinius . . . . 136

Fausta, and the Title of

Unfortunate Fate of the Em-
Augustus, to Constantine . 116

press Valeria and her

Galerius invades Italy. . . 117

Mother . . . . . . . 137

His Retreat . . . . . . 118 314. Quarrel between Constantine

307. Elevation of Licinius to the

and Licinius . . . . . 139

Rank of Augustus . . . 119 First Civil War between them 140

Elevation of Maximin. . . 119 314. Battle of Cybalis . . . . 140

308. Six Emperors . . . . . 119 Battle of Mardia . . . . 141

Misfortunes of Maximian.

Treaty of Peace . . . . . 141

310. His Death . . . . . . 121

315-323. General Peace and Laws

311. Death of Galerius . . . . 122

of Constantine . . . 142

His Dominion shared between 322. The Gothic War . . . . 144

Maximin and Licinius . . 122 323. Second Civil War between

306-312. Administration of Con-

Constantine and Licinius . 145

stantine in Gaul . . . . 123 Battle of Hadrianople. . . 146

Tyranny of Maxentius in

Siege of Byzantium, and

Italy and Africa . . . . 124 Naval Victory of Crispus . 147

312. Civil War between Constan-

Battle of Chrysopolis. . . 148

tine and Maxentius . . . 125 Submission and Death of

Preparations . . . . . 126

Licinius . . . . . 149

Constantine passes the Alps . 127 | 324. Reunion of the Empire . . 150

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