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yea rather, for that they are not done everlasting salvation, as vessels made to as God hath willed and commanded honour. Wherefore, they which be enthem to be done, we doubt not but they dued with so excellent a benefit of God have the nature of sin.
be called according to God's purpose by
his Spirit working in due season : they XIV. of Works of Supererogation.
through Grace obey the calling : they VOLUNTARY Works besides, over be justified freely : they be made sons
and above, God's Commandments, of God by adoption : they be made like which they call Works of Supereroga. the image of his only-begotten Son Jesus tion, cannot be taught without arro. Christ: they walk religiously in good gancy and impiety: for by them men works, and at length, by God's mercy, do declare, that they do not only render they attain to everlasting felicity. unto God as much as they are bound to | As the godly consideration of Predesdo, but that they do more for his sake, tination, and our Election in Christ, is than of bounden duty is required : where full of sweet, pleasant, and unspeakable as Christ saith plainly, When ye have comfort to godly persons, and such as done all that are commanded to you, feel in themselves the working of the say, We are unprofitable servants. Spirit of Christ, mortifying the works
of the flesh, and their earthly members, XV. Of Christ alone without Sin.
and drawing up their mind to high and CHRIST in the truth of our nature heavenly things, as well because it doth was made like unto us in all things,
greatly establish and confirm their faith sin only except, from which he was
of eternal Salvation to be enjoyed clearly void, both in his flesh, and in
through Christ, as because it doth ferhis spirit. He came to be the Lamb
vently kindle their love towards God : without spot, who, by sacrifice of him.
So, for curious and carnal persons, lackself once made, should take away the ing the spi
ing the Spirit of Christ, to have contisins of the world, and sin, as Saint John nually be
nually before their eyes the sentence of saith, was not in him. But all we the
God's Predestination, is a most dangerrest, although baptized, and born again
ous downfal, whereby the Devil doth in Christ, yet offend in many things;
thrust them either into desperation, or and if we say we have no sin, we deceive
into wretchlessness of most unclean liv. ourselves, and the truth is not in us.
ing, no less perilous than desperation.
Furthermore, we must receive God's XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. promises in such wise, as they be geneN OT every deadly sin willingly com
rally set forth to us in holy Scripture : mitted after Baptism is sin against
and, in our doings, that Will of God is the Holy Ghost, and unpardonable.
to be followel, which we have expressly Wherefore the grant of repentance is
declared unto us in the Word of God, not to be denied to such as fall into sin
XVIII. Of obtaining eternal Salvaafter Baptism. After we have received the Holy Ghost, we may depart from
tion only by the Name of Christ. grace given, and fall into sin, and by THEY also are to be had accursed the grace of God, we may arise again, I that presume to say, That every and amend our lives. And therefore man shall be saved by the Law or Sect they are to be condemned, which say, which he professeth, so that he be dilithey can no more sin as long as they live gent to frame his life according to that here, or deny the place of forgiveness to Law, and the light of Nature. For such as truly repent.
holy Scripture doth set out unto us only
the Name of Jesus Christ, whereby men XVII. Of Prcdestination and
must be saved. Election. DREDESTINATION to Life is the
XIX. Of the Church. I everlasting purpose of God, where- THE visible Church of Christ is a by (before the foundations of the world 1 congregation of faithful men, in the were laid) he hath constantly decreed which the pure Word of God is preachby his counsel secret to us, to deliver ed, and the Sacraments be duly minisfrom curse and damnation those whom tered according to Christ's or linance he hath chosen in Christ out of man. in all those things that of necessity are kind, and to bring them by Christ to requisite to the same.
his may it so es prepugnant Christian ertain sure wind God's good
hey be an assembly ofth the Sacraments of the of the corrupt
As the Church of Jerusalem, Alexxxiv. Of speaking in the Congrega. andria, and Antioch, have erred; so
tion in such a tongue as the people also the Church of Rome hath erred,
understandeth. not only in their living and manner of
TT is a thing plainly repugnant to the Ceremonies, but also in matters of Faith.
1 Word of God, and the custom of XX. Of the Authority of the Church. the Primitive Church, to have publick
Prayer in the Church, or to minister the Mhe Church hath power to decree
Sacraments in a tongue not understand1 Rites or Ceremonies, and authority
ed of the people. in Controversies of Faith : And yet it is not lawful for the Church to ordain
XXV. Of the Sacraments. any thing that is contrary to God's Word
QACRAMENTS ordained of Christ written, neither may it so expound one place of Scripture, that it be repugnant
be not only badges or tokens of to another. Wherefore, although the
Christian men's profession, but rather Church be a witness and a keeper of
they be certain sure witnesses, and efholy Writ, yet, as it ought not to decree
fectual signs of grace, and God's good
will towards us, by the which he doth any thing against the same, so besides the same ought it not to enforce any
work invisibly in us, and doth not only thing to be believed for necessity of Sal. |
quicken, but also strengthen and con
firm our Faith in him. vation.
There are two Sacraments ordained XXI. Of the Authority of General of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that Councils.
is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of GENERAL Councils may not be the Lord. U gathered together without the com
| Those five commonly called Sacramandment and will of Princes. And ments, that is to say, Confirmation, when they be gathered together, (foras. Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and ex
treme Unction, are not to be counted for whereof all be not governed with the Sacraments of the Gospel, being such as Spirit and Word of God, ) they may
have grown partly of the corrupt followerr, and sometimes have erred, even in
ing of the Apostles, partly are states of things pertaining unto God. Wherefore
life allowed in the Scriptures; but yet things ordained by them as necessary
have not like nature of Sacraments with to salvation have neither strength nor
Baptism, and the Lord's Supper, for authority, unless it may be declared that
that they have not any visible sign or they be taken out of holy Scripture.
ceremony ordained of God.
The Sacraments were not ordained XXII. Of Purgatory.
of Christ to be gazed upon, or to be M HE Romish Doctrine concerning carried about, but that we should duly
1 Purgatory, Pardons, Worshipping use them. And in such only as worthily and Adoration, as well of Images as of receive the same they have a wholesome Reliques, and also invocation of Saints, effect or operation : but they that receive is a fond thing vainly invented, and them unworthily purchase to them grounded upon no warranty of Scrip- damnation, as Saint Paul saith. ture, but rather repugnant to the Word
XXVI. Of the Unoorthiness of the ML of God.
nisters, which hinders not the effect XXIII. Of Ministering in the of the Sacrament. Congregation.
ALTHOUGH in the visible Church TT is not lawful for any man to take A the evil be ever mingled with the
good, and sometimes the evil have chief preaching, or ministering the Sacra- authority in the Ministration of the ments in the Congregation, before he Word and Sacraments, yet forasmuch be lawfully called, and sent to execute as they do not the same in their own the same. And those we ought to judge name, but in Christ's, and do minister by lawfully called and sent, which be cho his commission and authority, we may sen and called to this work by men who use their Ministry, both in hearing the have publick authority given unto them Word of God, and in the receiving of in the Congregation, to call and send the Sacraments. Neither is the effect Ministers into the Lord's vineyard. of Christ's ordinance taken away by
atory, Parden Of Images ases, effect o
also infocat Images paping use the
preaching him the office man to take ALTHOUGH i
their wickedness, nor the grace of God's! The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper gifts diminished from such as by faith was not by Christ's ordinance reserved, and rightly do receive the Sacraments carried about, lifted up, or worshipped. ministered unto them; which be effectual, because of Christ's institution and
XXIX. Of the Wicked which eat not promise, although they be ministered by
the Body of Christ in the use of the evil men.
Lord's Supper. Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the The Wicked, and such as be void discipline of the Church, that enquiry 1 of a lively faith, although they do be made of evil Ministers, and that they carnally and visibly press with their be accused by those that have know- teeth (as Saint Augustine saith) the Sa. ledge of their offences; and finally being crament of the Body and Blood of Christ, found guilty, by just judgement be de- yet in no wise are they partakers of posed.
Christ : but rather, to their condemna
tion, do eat and drink the sign or SaXXVII. Of Baptism.
crament of so great a thing. DAPTISM is not only a sign of pro
XXX. Of both kinds. D fession, and mark of difference, whereby Christian men are discerned
T HE Cup of the Lord is not to be from others that be not christened, but I denied to the Lay-people: for both it is also a sign of Regeneration or new
the parts of the Lord's Sacrament, by Birth, whereby, as by an instrument,
Christ's ordinance and commandment, they that receive Baptism rightly are
ought to be ministered to all Christian grafted into the Church; the promises men alike. of the forgiveness of sin, and of our
XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ adoption to be the sons of God by the
finished upon the Cross. Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and seal. ed: Faith is confirmed, and Grace in
MHE Offering of Christ once made creased by virtue of prayer unto God.
1 is that perfect redemption, propiThe Baptism of young children is in
tiation, and satisfaction, for all the sins any wise to be retained in the Church,
of the whole world, both original and as most agreeable with the institution of
actual; and there is none other satisChrist.
faction for sin, but that alone. Where
fore the sacrifices of Masses, in the XXVIII. of the Lord's Supper.
which it was commonly said, that the
Priest did offer Christ for the quick M HE Supper of the Lord is not only and the dead. to have remission of vain I a sign of the love that Christians
or guilt, were blasphemous fables, and ought to have among themselves one
dangerous deceits. to another, but rather it is a Sacrament of our Redemption by Christ's death : XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests. insomuch that to such as rightly, wor DISHOPS, Priests, and Deacons, thily, and with faith, receive the same,
are not commanded by God's Law, the Bread which we break is a partaking
either to vow the estate of single life, of the Body of Christ; and likewise the or to abstain from marriage : therefore Cup of Blessing is a partaking of the
it is lawful also for them, as for all other Blood of Christ.
Christian men, to marry at their own Transubstantiation (or the change of
discretion, as they shall judge the same the substance of Bread and Wine) in to serve better to godliness. the Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by holy Writ; but it is repug. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, nant to the plain words of Scripture, how they are to be avoided. overthroweth the nature of a Sacra- MTHAT person which by open denunment, and hath given occasion to many 1. ciation of the Church is rightly cut superstitions.
off from the unity of the Church, and The Body of Christ is given, taken, excommunicated, ought to be taken of and eaten, in the Supper, only after an the whole multitude of the faithful, as heavenly and spiritual manner. And an Heathen and Publican, until he be the mean whereby the Body of Christ openly reconciled by penance, and reis received and eaten in the Supper is ceived into the Church by a Judge that Faith.
hath authority thereunto.
XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the 17 For the Rogation-days.
18 of the state of Nutrimony. TT is not necessary that Traditions and
19 of Repentance.
20 Against Idleness. 1 Ceremonies be in all places one, or
21 Against Rebellion. utterly like; for at all times they have been divers, and may be changed ac XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops cording to the diversities of countries,
and Ministers. times, and men's manners, so that nothing be ordained against God's Word. THE Book of Consecration of Arch. Whosoever through his private judge- 1. bishops and Bishops, and Ordering ment. willingly and purposely, doth open-of Priests and Deacons, lately set forth ly break the traditions and ceremonies in the time of Edward the Sixth. and of the Church, which be not repugnant confirmed at the same time by authority to the Word of God, and be ordained of Parliament, doth contain all things and approved by common authority, necessary to such Consecration and Or. ought to be rebuked openly, (that others dering: neither hath it any thing, that may fear to do the like,) as he that of.of itself is superstitious and ungodly. fendeth against the common oriler of the And therefore whosoever are conse. Church, and hurteth the authority of crated or ordered according to the Rites the Magistrate, and woundeth the con. of that Book, since the second year of sciences of the weak brethren.
the forenamed King Edward unto this Every particular or national Church time, or hereafter shall be consecrated hath authority to ordain, change, and or ordered according to the same Rites; abolish, ceremonies or rites of the Church we decree all such to be rightly, orderly, ordained only by man's authority, so and lawfully consecrated and ordered. that all things be done to edifying.
XXXVII. Of the Civil Magistrates. Xxxv. Of Homilies.
THE Queen's Majesty hath the chief HE second Book of Homilies, the 1 power in this Realm of England, L several titles whereof we have join. and other her Dominions, unto whom ed under this Article, doth contain a the chief Government of all Estates of godly and wholesome Doctrine, and ne.
this Realm, whether they be Ecclesias. cessary for these times, as doth the
tical or Civil, in all causes doth apper. former Book of Homilies, which were
tain, and is not, nor ought to be, subject set forth in the time of Edward the to any foreign Jurisdiction. Sixth ; and therefore we judge them to
| Where we attribute to the Queen's be read in Churches by the Ministers, Majesty the chief government, by which diligently and distinctly, that they may
Titles we understand the minds of some
Titles we under be understanded of the people,
slanderous folks to be offended, we give
not to our Princes the ministering either of the Names of the Homilies.
of God's Word, or of the Sacraments,
the which thing the Injunctions also 1 OF the right Use of the Church.
lately set forth by Elizabeth our Queen 2 Against peril of Idolatry.
do most plainly testify; but that only 8 of the repairing and keeping clean of prerogative, which we see to have been Churches.
given always to all godly Princes in holy 4 Of good Works : first of Fasting.
Scriptures by God himself; that is, that 5 Against Gluttony and Drunkenness.
they should rule all estates and degrees 6 Against Excess of Apparel.
committed to their charge by God, whe. 7 Of Prayer.
ther they be Ecclesiastical or Temporal, 8 Of the Place and Time of Prayer.
and restrain with the civil sword the 9 That Common Prayers and Sacraments
stubborn and evil-doers. ought to be ministered in a lenown tongrie. 10 of the reverend estimation of God's Word.
The Bishop of Rome hath no juris. 11 of Alms-doing.
diction in this Realm of England. 12 of the Nativity of Christ.
The Laws of the Realin may punish 13 of the Passion of Christ.
Christian men with death, for heinous 14 of the Resurrection of Christ.
and grievous offences. 15 of the worthy receiving of the Sacrament It is lawful for Christian men, at the of the Body and Blood of Christ.
commandment of the Magistrate, to 16 of the Gifts of the Holy Chost.
wear weapons, and serve in the wars.
whereof oth containe- Hical of Ci
XXXVIII. of Christian men's Goods, XXXIX. Of a Christian man's Oath. which are not common.
AS we confess that vain and rash Swear. THE Riches and Goods of Christians ing is forbidden Christian men by
are not coinmon, as touching the our Lord Jesus Christ, and James his right, title, and possession of the same, Apostle, so we judge, that Christian Reas certain Anabaptists do falsely boast. ligion doth not prohibit, but that a man Notwithstanding, every man ought, of may swear when the Magistrate requirsuch things as he possesseth, liberally to eth, in a cause of faith and charity, so it give alms to the poor, according to his be done according to the Prophet's teachability.
|ing, in justice, judgement, and truth,
TAIS Book of Artides before rehearsed, is again approved, and allowed to be
holden and cxecuted within the Realm, by the assent and consent of our Sovereign Lady ELIZABETH, by the grace of God, of England, France, and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith, &c. Which Articles were deliberately read, and confirmed again by the subscription of the hands of the Archbishop and Bishops of the Upper-house, and by the subscription of the whole Clergy of the Nether-house in their Convocation, in the Year of our Lord 1571.
A TABLE OF THE ARTICLES.
1, OF Faith in the Holy Trinity.
21. Of the Authority of General Councils.
Body of Christ.